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World Environment Day 2022: How Climatic Change Is Depleting Lives in Sundarbans

The world's largest mangrove forest is facing the heat of climatic change, affecting the human population of 4.5 million in India, as per World Wildlife Fund.

Global warming and climate change have imposed a vulnerable danger to the Sundarbans. These low-lying mangrove forests are witnessing a shrinking of land due to an increase in sea-level rise. Having exposure to storms and an increase in coastal erosion, Sundarbans is dealing with all kinds of dire consequences.

According to World Wildlife Fund, four islands have vanished, making Sundarbans a place of a perfect catastrophe. Even, the NASA Landsat satellite has confirmed the rise in sea level in this area, leading to one of the fastest rates of coastal erosion in the world.

Due to this coastal erosion, as an impact of climate change, the famous Bengal tigers have been a threat, thus making local's lives at stake; as they were forced to target the livestock of villagers, including the villagers themselves.

Mangrove cover in West Bengal has declined from 1,038 square km in 2011 to 994 square km in 2021, thus raising concern about saving life for both tigers and humans.

Planting more trees by locals has been one of the sustainable measures to restore life in Sundarbans. Restoration of mangrove plant species should be prioritized, as it is an effective shield to evade any disasters, since it protects the earthen banks and also reduces any climatic damage.

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