New Delhi: Children have a right to basic facilities such as school toilets, safe drinking water, clean surroundings and also basic knowledge about hygiene. Yet, in our country, the under-five mortality rate is highest. Every year, we lose 1.2 lakh children under the age of five to diarrhoea. Moreover, we are home to 48.2 million stunted children (which means an impaired growth and development of a child because of poor nutrition, repeated infection, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation). The main cause behind the prevalence of these diseases in India is poor sanitation and hygiene.
Also Read: World Health Day 2018: Nationwide Deaths Due To Diarrhoea Have Come Down Since Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Began, Though India’s Per Person Disease Burden Remains High
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) education if provided in all the schools, can be a game changer. Children are more receptive and quick to adapt and sustain changes. If they are taught the basic rules of good health and hygiene, they can become agents of change among their peers, families and communities.
On this World Health Day, NDTV visits a South Delhi Municipal Corporation primary school in New Delhi’s Raghubir Nagar, to understand how Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) education is helping in decrease the disease burden from India and how the young guns are spreading the word about Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
Speaking to NDTV, 11-year-old Kajal, said
In my hygiene class, I learnt a lesson that I was washing hands in a wrong manner all my life. The class taught me how important the role of soap is while washing hands. Whatever I have learned and whatever I am learning, on daily basis I tell it to all my friends back at home and my family.
Water, sanitation and hygiene are the simplest yet most concrete steps to prevent many diseases from spreading. These are essentially key habits that can be inculcated in children from a very young age. It helps improve cognitive function and attention, and also reduces days missed from school and increases dignity and safety.
Another student, Manika said,
Now that I have learned about hand washing, I will tell my younger brother and parents at home and also tell them to use a nail cutter instead of a knife to cut nails.
Also Read: World Health Day 2018: How Not Having Access To Safe Sanitation And Hygiene Is Killing Millions In India
The WASH programme has been created by WaterAid India and is divided into five-module curriculum. All the classes from nursery to 5th standard follow different curriculums – from save water safe water to personal hygiene and good habits, sanitation in school, ills of open defecation, menstrual hygiene and use of toilet and community sanitation, everything is covered in the curriculum to educate children on the basic hygiene for good health.
Yogita Relan, the teacher, added,
There is a remarkable change in the behaviour of these students. They follow these hygiene habits as a ritual as a result now the attendance of the students have increased.
This one school alone has 500 girls, who today are not only living healthy but are regular to school and are making sure whatever they learn here they take it with them to their communities and family.
As part of NDTV Dettol Banega Swachh India campaign, we have also prepared Swachhta Curriculum and are working towards reaching out to more and more people.
April 18, 2018 at 9:12 am
Hats off to these kids who are more smart and sensible to their adult counterparts.As I see this sense of basic hygiene missing in many adults and even educated ones like us.
They think washing hands with soap is not important simply water will do,even before eating food.They fail to provide soap in school restrooms,poor state of affair, even in reputed CBSE school where my kids study in Chennai,I feel sad and frustrated even after repeated reminder from my side to school management.
So eventually along with lunch box I daily send small soap box,of wet wipes piece soaked in liquid soap, for my kids to wash hands before lunch in school.
I feel pity for those kids who fall sick because of adult’s ignorance or lack of following basic hygiene .