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COVID-19 Outbreak: Why Are Asymptomatic Patients, A Worry For India? Doctors Explain 

Indian Council Of Medical Research has said that in India almost 80 per cent cases of COVID-19 are asymptomatic. What does it mean for fight against the spread of coronavirus? NDTV speaks with top doctors to find out

COVID-19 Outbreak: Why Are Asymptomatic Patients, A Worry For India? Doctors Explain 
Highlights
  • 80 per cent of the coronavirus cases in India are asymptomatic: ICMR
  • Asymptomatic patients don’t show any symptoms for coronavirus 
  • Finding such patients is a really difficult task: Doctors

New Delhi: “80 per cent of the coronavirus cases in India are asymptomatic. Our biggest worry is on their detection. There is no other way than contact-tracing,” said Dr Raman R Gangakhedkar, a senior scientist at the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to NDTV. So, what does ‘asymptomatic’ actually mean and why is it proving to be a challenge in India’s fight against coronavirus. NDTV speaks with top doctors to know all about it.

Also Read: Nutrition And COVID-19: Drink Ample Water, Eat Unprocessed Food, Advises WHO To Lower Risks Of Infections

What Asymptomatic Actually Means In The Context Of Coronavirus?

In simple terms, asymptomatic means a person who doesn’t show any symptoms of the disease. So, a person could be infected with COVID-19 but may not show any symptoms of the disease such as cough, cold, fever and others.

Also Read: Doctor’s Advice: Studies On BCG Vaccine’s Role In Preventing Coronavirus Not Yet Confirmed Through Trials

Why Is Being Asymptomatic A Cause For Concern?

It is a worry because a patient who has COVID-19 and is asymptomatic could unknowingly spread the infection, because even though there are no visible symptoms but the person is still infectious and has the potential to spread the virus to others. And also by virtue of being asymptomatic, the person may also not qualify for immediate testing and may slip detection, till the scope and reach of coronavirus testing are widened.

Dr SK Sarin, Chairman Delhi Government COVID Panel while explaining the meaning of the term said,

A true asymptomatic is defineD as a person who harbours the infection, can transmit the infection to someone but does not get the disease. In COVID-19 cases, however, from the past cases, we know that the fair asymptomatic patients over a period of time develop the symptoms for the disease.

Highlighting the challenges faced by the authority, Dr Sarin added,

In this case, our challenge is to identify those people and test just when the patient becomes a pre-symptomatic (which is 3 days before the symptoms occur in an individual) from asymptomatic, when he starts to develop the symptoms like fever, cough and others. In this period, the patient is most likely to spread the infection and the identification of such patients is a huge-huge challenge. And the other challenge is to manage these asymptomatic patients, we need to make sure that they are kept in some kind of isolation and if they develop symptoms, we need to track who all they were in contact with to further check the spread of the virus.

Also Read: The Decision To Lockdown India Was Taken Early And It Was Smart But Testing Needs To Scale Up: Expert On Country’s Fight Against Coronavirus

Dr. Paramesh Shamanna, Diabetes Centre Bengaluru talking about the pros and cons of asymptomatic patients said,

Being a patient with asymptomatic symptoms have both good and bad side to it. If we look at the positive side, having asymptomatic symptoms for this infection means that the patient has higher immunity, which means chances of coming out of this highly contagious infection are high. But the downside of this is the biggest worry for the community. Being asymptomatic still means that the patient is a carrier of the infection and poses a potential to spread the virus. The only precaution that one can take at this point in time is social distancing.

Talking about the common queries about the asymptomatic patients like do they never show any symptoms or do they automatically recover from the virus, Dr Santosh K Singh, Endocrinologist in Patna added,

No, the asymptomatic patients won’t just recover on their own. They are still infected with the disease and at some point, they will need medical care. Usually, COVID-19 patients start to show signs within 2 to 14 days. If the person is asymptomatic the symptoms take time to appear, usually by the 14th day it starts to appear.

World

26,71,08,375Cases
22,77,48,418Active
3,40,89,137Recovered
52,70,820Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,71,08,375 and 52,70,820 have died; 22,77,48,418 are active cases and 3,40,89,137 have recovered as on December 8, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

3,46,48,383 6,822Cases
95,0143,402Active
3,40,79,612 10,004Recovered
4,73,757 220Deaths
In India, there are 3,46,48,383 confirmed cases including 4,73,757 deaths. The number of active cases is 95,014 and 3,40,79,612 have recovered as on December 7, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,39,296 518

10,528 298

64,87,593 811

1,41,175 5

Kerala

51,69,198 3,277

41,386 2,724

50,86,044 5,833

41,768 168

Karnataka

29,98,400 301

7,096 65

29,53,067 359

38,237 7

Tamil Nadu

27,31,235 719

8,013 28

26,86,683 737

36,539 10

Andhra Pradesh

20,73,852 122

2,030 92

20,57,369 213

14,453 1

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,485 10

137 3

16,87,437 7

22,911

West Bengal

16,19,722 465

7,590 49

15,92,579 505

19,553 9

Delhi

14,41,398 40

344 26

14,15,955 65

25,099 1

Odisha

10,50,354 105

2,010 144

10,39,921 248

8,423 1

Chhattisgarh

10,07,011 44

337 7

9,93,081 37

13,593

Rajasthan

9,54,920 29

221 0

9,45,743 28

8,956 1

Gujarat

8,27,745 38

350 1

8,17,300 37

10,095

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,258 17

137 4

7,82,593 13

10,528

Haryana

7,71,851 32

203 18

7,61,594 14

10,054

Bihar

7,26,244 7

28 2

7,14,126 5

12,090

Telangana

6,77,138 195

3,810 23

6,69,328 171

4,000 1

Assam

6,17,758 182

2,544 54

6,09,088 122

6,126 6

Punjab

6,03,509 21

333 28

5,86,565 46

16,611 3

Jharkhand

3,49,352 10

131 4

3,44,080 6

5,141

Uttarakhand

3,44,364 11

172 2

3,36,781 13

7,411

Jammu And Kashmir

3,37,915 108

1,661 45

3,31,771 151

4,483 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,27,630 112

776 21

2,23,001 90

3,853 1

Goa

1,79,209 35

413 1

1,75,409 34

3,387

Mizoram

1,36,784 330

3,120 19

1,33,156 310

508 1

Puducherry

1,29,093 8

250 30

1,26,968 38

1,875

Manipur

1,25,389 29

341 12

1,23,063 38

1,985 3

Tripura

84,866 8

93 3

83,948 5

825

Meghalaya

84,599 16

246 2

82,878 14

1,475

Chandigarh

65,500 12

62 4

64,618 8

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,294 1

35 1

54,979 2

280

Sikkim

32,374 5

214 1

31,755 6

405

Nagaland

32,140 4

120 3

31,321 1

699

Ladakh

21,723 9

270 25

21,238 34

215

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

0 0

10,679

4

Lakshadweep

10,404

10 0

10,343

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,690 2

3 1

7,558 3

129

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