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COVID-19 Outbreak: Why Are Asymptomatic Patients, A Worry For India? Doctors Explain 

Indian Council Of Medical Research has said that in India almost 80 per cent cases of COVID-19 are asymptomatic. What does it mean for fight against the spread of coronavirus? NDTV speaks with top doctors to find out

COVID-19 Outbreak: Why Are Asymptomatic Patients, A Worry For India? Doctors Explain 
Highlights
  • 80 per cent of the coronavirus cases in India are asymptomatic: ICMR
  • Asymptomatic patients don’t show any symptoms for coronavirus 
  • Finding such patients is a really difficult task: Doctors

New Delhi: “80 per cent of the coronavirus cases in India are asymptomatic. Our biggest worry is on their detection. There is no other way than contact-tracing,” said Dr Raman R Gangakhedkar, a senior scientist at the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to NDTV. So, what does ‘asymptomatic’ actually mean and why is it proving to be a challenge in India’s fight against coronavirus. NDTV speaks with top doctors to know all about it.

Also Read: Nutrition And COVID-19: Drink Ample Water, Eat Unprocessed Food, Advises WHO To Lower Risks Of Infections

What Asymptomatic Actually Means In The Context Of Coronavirus?

In simple terms, asymptomatic means a person who doesn’t show any symptoms of the disease. So, a person could be infected with COVID-19 but may not show any symptoms of the disease such as cough, cold, fever and others.

Also Read: Doctor’s Advice: Studies On BCG Vaccine’s Role In Preventing Coronavirus Not Yet Confirmed Through Trials

Why Is Being Asymptomatic A Cause For Concern?

It is a worry because a patient who has COVID-19 and is asymptomatic could unknowingly spread the infection, because even though there are no visible symptoms but the person is still infectious and has the potential to spread the virus to others. And also by virtue of being asymptomatic, the person may also not qualify for immediate testing and may slip detection, till the scope and reach of coronavirus testing are widened.

Dr SK Sarin, Chairman Delhi Government COVID Panel while explaining the meaning of the term said,

A true asymptomatic is defineD as a person who harbours the infection, can transmit the infection to someone but does not get the disease. In COVID-19 cases, however, from the past cases, we know that the fair asymptomatic patients over a period of time develop the symptoms for the disease.

Highlighting the challenges faced by the authority, Dr Sarin added,

In this case, our challenge is to identify those people and test just when the patient becomes a pre-symptomatic (which is 3 days before the symptoms occur in an individual) from asymptomatic, when he starts to develop the symptoms like fever, cough and others. In this period, the patient is most likely to spread the infection and the identification of such patients is a huge-huge challenge. And the other challenge is to manage these asymptomatic patients, we need to make sure that they are kept in some kind of isolation and if they develop symptoms, we need to track who all they were in contact with to further check the spread of the virus.

Also Read: The Decision To Lockdown India Was Taken Early And It Was Smart But Testing Needs To Scale Up: Expert On Country’s Fight Against Coronavirus

Dr. Paramesh Shamanna, Diabetes Centre Bengaluru talking about the pros and cons of asymptomatic patients said,

Being a patient with asymptomatic symptoms have both good and bad side to it. If we look at the positive side, having asymptomatic symptoms for this infection means that the patient has higher immunity, which means chances of coming out of this highly contagious infection are high. But the downside of this is the biggest worry for the community. Being asymptomatic still means that the patient is a carrier of the infection and poses a potential to spread the virus. The only precaution that one can take at this point in time is social distancing.

Talking about the common queries about the asymptomatic patients like do they never show any symptoms or do they automatically recover from the virus, Dr Santosh K Singh, Endocrinologist in Patna added,

No, the asymptomatic patients won’t just recover on their own. They are still infected with the disease and at some point, they will need medical care. Usually, COVID-19 patients start to show signs within 2 to 14 days. If the person is asymptomatic the symptoms take time to appear, usually by the 14th day it starts to appear.

World

26,27,61,966Cases
22,35,18,265Active
3,40,28,506Recovered
52,15,195Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,27,61,966 and 52,15,195 have died; 22,35,18,265 are active cases and 3,40,28,506 have recovered as on December 1, 2021 at 3:56 am.

India

3,45,96,776 8,954Cases
99,0231,520Active
3,40,28,506 10,207Recovered
4,69,247 267Deaths
In India, there are 3,45,96,776 confirmed cases including 4,69,247 deaths. The number of active cases is 99,023 and 3,40,28,506 have recovered as on December 1, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,35,658 678

11,226 299

64,83,435 942

1,40,997 35

Kerala

51,41,814 4,723

44,314 824

50,57,368 5,370

40,132 177

Karnataka

29,96,148 291

6,445 462

29,51,492 745

38,211 8

Tamil Nadu

27,26,917 720

8,244 47

26,82,192 758

36,481 9

Andhra Pradesh

20,72,909 184

2,149 47

20,56,318 134

14,442 3

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,399 12

89 3

16,87,399 8

22,911 1

West Bengal

16,16,083 705

7,731 2

15,88,866 694

19,486 13

Delhi

14,40,934 34

287 2

14,15,549 32

25,098

Odisha

10,49,108 228

2,188 23

10,38,509 203

8,411 2

Chhattisgarh

10,06,813 34

318 0

9,92,902 34

13,593

Rajasthan

9,54,785 15

193 6

9,45,637 9

8,955

Gujarat

8,27,475 40

275 13

8,17,108 27

10,092

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,170 20

119 7

7,82,523 27

10,528

Haryana

7,71,709 17

163 2

7,61,492 19

10,054

Bihar

7,26,223 4

36 3

7,16,524 7

9,663

Telangana

6,75,994 196

3,591 10

6,68,411 184

3,992 2

Assam

6,16,852 144

2,625 30

6,08,124 109

6,103 5

Punjab

6,03,279 21

325 4

5,86,352 22

16,602 3

Jharkhand

3,49,244 12

98 3

3,44,006 9

5,140

Uttarakhand

3,44,255 28

141 9

3,36,706 19

7,408

Jammu And Kashmir

3,36,852 171

1,625 1

3,30,751 172

4,476

Himachal Pradesh

2,27,195 102

834 10

2,22,513 91

3,848 1

Goa

1,78,928 38

284 8

1,75,260 30

3,384

Mizoram

1,35,175 365

3,751 54

1,30,927 415

497 4

Puducherry

1,28,924 31

284 12

1,26,768 43

1,872

Manipur

1,25,205 36

649 6

1,22,579 40

1,977 2

Tripura

84,805 14

81 3

83,900 10

824 1

Meghalaya

84,480 19

294 9

82,713 9

1,473 1

Chandigarh

65,465 9

65 7

64,580 2

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,276 3

35 0

54,961 3

280

Sikkim

32,242 9

124 3

31,715 6

403

Nagaland

32,122 13

133 7

31,293 20

696

Ladakh

21,578 38

276 26

21,088 12

214

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

1 0

10,678

4

Lakshadweep

10,394

24 0

10,319

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,683

6 2

7,548 2

129

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