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Economic Survey: Initiatives Like Swachh Bharat Mission Have Improved Access To ‘Bare Necessities’ In The Country

The Economic survey 2020-21 tabled by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Friday, January 29 talked about the achievements of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and said initiatives like these have helped improve access to bare necessities like sanitation, drinking water in the country

Economic Survey: Initiatives Like Swachh Bharat Mission Have Improved Access To ‘Bare Necessities’ In The Country

New Delhi: Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Economic Survey 2020-21 in the Parliament today. The Ministry of Finance’s annual report on the country’s economic health, highlighted the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’s performance over the years and noted that because of initiatives like Swachh Bharat and Jal Jeevan Mission, the progress made in “access to bare necessities” have improved in India. The Economic Survey also reiterated the established link between sanitation and economic performance and how good sanitation can boost the economy, as has been seen across developed countries in the world.

Also Read: Parameswaran Iyer From World Bank Shares The ‘ABCDEF’ Of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan And India’s ODF Journey

Here are the key highlights of Economic Survey 2020-21 on sanitation:

  1. Access To Safe Drinking Water: According to the survey access to drinking water to households in most of the states has improved in 2018 compared to 2012 in rural as well as urban areas. States such as Sikkim, Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat are at the top while Odisha, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh are at the bottom OF the drinking water accessibility index.
  2. Safe Sanitation Practices: The survey also shows that the sanitation access has improved for all states in rural areas and for most of the states in urban areas in 2018 compared to 2012. It also notes that regional disparity in access to sanitation has declined as the states having low access to sanitation in 2012 have gained more access. Similarly, the level of access to safe sanitation has also seen an increase.
  3. Swachh Bharat Mission Achievements: Highlighting the targets and achievements of the government’S flagship programme the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the survey noted that under SBM, rural sanitation coverage has made an incredible leap with more than 10 crore toilets built across rural India. Whereas, in urban areas, 4,327 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) have been declared open defecation free so far with the construction of more than 66 lakhs individual household toilets and over 6 lakhs community/ public toilets.
  4. Way Ahead For Swachh Bharat 2.0: In a bid to sustain the gains made under the programme in the last five years and to ensure that no one is left behind and to achieve the overall cleanliness in villages, the survey said that the SBM phase II from 2020-21 to 2024-25 is being implemented with a focus on ODF (Open Defecation Free) sustainability and Solid & Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) through convergence between different verticals of financing and various Schemes of Central and State Governments such as 15th Finance Commission grants to local bodies, MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds etc. According to the survey, the Mission is now focusing on holistic sanitation through its ODF+ and ODF++ protocols with a total of 1,319 cities certified ODF+ and 489 cities certified ODF++ as OF NOW.Whereas, in the solid waste management front, the survey noted that 100 per cent of wards in India have complete door-to door collection. Further, out of 1,40,588 Tonnes Per Day (TPD) waste generated per day, 68 per cent (i.e., 95,676 TPD) is currently being processed.
  5. Access To Bare Necessities Linked To Improvements In Health Indicators: The survey noted that because of the improved access to the ‘bare necessities’ in the country, improvements in health indicators such as infant mortality and under-5 mortality rate have been seen.

Also Read: Thinking Beyond Toilets: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 Should Focus On Faecal Sludge Management, Experts Say That’s The Need Of The Hour

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

24,36,58,646Cases
20,51,42,869Active
3,35,67,367Recovered
49,48,410Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 24,36,58,646 and 49,48,410 have died; 20,51,42,869 are active cases and 3,35,67,367 have recovered as on October 25, 2021 at 4:04 am.

India

3,41,89,774 14,306Cases
1,67,6954,899Active
3,35,67,367 18,762Recovered
4,54,712 443Deaths
In India, there are 3,41,89,774 confirmed cases including 4,54,712 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,67,695 and 3,35,67,367 have recovered as on October 25, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,02,961 1,410

27,506 128

64,35,439 1,520

1,40,016 18

Kerala

49,15,331 8,538

77,964 3,191

48,08,775 11,366

28,592 363

Karnataka

29,85,986 388

8,740 203

29,39,239 586

38,007 5

Tamil Nadu

26,95,216 1,127

13,034 246

26,46,163 1,358

36,019 15

Andhra Pradesh

20,63,577 400

5,102 120

20,44,132 516

14,343 4

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,095 13

103 9

16,87,093 4

22,899

West Bengal

15,86,455 989

7,882 151

15,59,518 828

19,055 10

Delhi

14,39,603 37

320 14

14,14,192 51

25,091

Odisha

10,38,411 447

4,185 33

10,25,917 410

8,309 4

Chhattisgarh

10,05,847 20

219 11

9,92,056 31

13,572

Rajasthan

9,54,402 2

31 1

9,45,417 3

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,418 16

164 4

8,16,167 20

10,087

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,749 9

85 6

7,82,141 3

10,523

Haryana

7,71,157 16

127 12

7,60,981 4

10,049

Bihar

7,26,058 4

38 2

7,16,359 2

9,661

Telangana

6,70,274 135

3,950 34

6,62,377 168

3,947 1

Assam

6,08,589 139

3,857 111

5,98,759 244

5,973 6

Punjab

6,02,209 20

229 2

5,85,429 22

16,551

Jharkhand

3,48,627 35

224 22

3,43,268 13

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,821 6

163 6

3,36,259 11

7,399 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,31,638 72

866 4

3,26,343 68

4,429

Himachal Pradesh

2,22,638 69

1,496 82

2,17,406 149

3,736 2

Goa

1,77,886 34

545 29

1,73,983 63

3,358

Puducherry

1,27,735 61

467 10

1,25,411 49

1,857 2

Manipur

1,23,292 63

931 30

1,20,450 89

1,911 4

Mizoram

1,17,419 158

8,080 863

1,08,927 1,016

412 5

Tripura

84,389 5

98 3

83,475 8

816

Meghalaya

83,371 49

639 56

81,286 102

1,446 3

Chandigarh

65,323 2

28 1

64,475 1

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,089

132 10

54,677 10

280

Sikkim

31,900 32

200 5

31,306 27

394

Nagaland

31,712 5

243 7

30,790 12

679

Ladakh

20,904 5

37 1

20,659 6

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,679

4 0

10,671

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

0 0

10,314

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,648

6 2

7,513 2

129

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