Fighting COVID-19 With Hand Hygiene: Lack Of Water And Handwashing Infrastructure Pose Challenge For The Poor

Fighting COVID-19 With Hand Hygiene: Lack Of Water And Handwashing Infrastructure Pose Challenge For The Poor

Access to proper handwashing facilities as well as water needed for handwashing and exposure to messages regarding effective handwashing is critical during times like COVID-19 pandemic, say experts
Living through a global pandemic, hand hygiene has gained immense importance in our lives but for many poor and needy, washing hands regularly is a challengeLiving through a global pandemic, hand hygiene has gained immense importance in our lives but for many poor and needy, washing hands regularly is a challenge
Highlights
  • Handwashing is an effective preventive measure against COVID-19: Experts
  • Hand should be washed regularly with soap and water
  • Many people facing scarcity prefer using water for cooking over handwashing

New Delhi: Sangeeta, 35-year-old domestic worker living in an unauthorized slum of Govind Puri in South Delhi spends the first two hours of her day standing in a long queue, where no social distancing is being followed, waiting to fill her buckets and plastic cans from Delhi Jal Board’s water lorry. For her, water is a limited and very precious resource which she and her family ration daily for various purposes like cooking, drinking, bathing and sanitation and frequent handwashing does not make the cut.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: Experts Guide On “How To Wash Hands Properly” And Why It Is So Crucial

While talking to NDTV, she said,

I know that these days because of the new diseases (COVID-19) we should wash our hands frequently. I have seen on TV. But from where should we get water for that? The water we manage to store every morning, should we drink that and cook with that or spend it in washing hands the whole day. We are four people in the house. If all four of us keep washing hands for 20 seconds, what will we drink? We make sure that we wash hand after defecation in the community toilet and so sometimes when there is no soap there, we take our own soap.

According to experts, handwashing is evidently the first act of defence against COVID-19. World Health Organisation (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and other health agencies like CDC (Centres for Disease Control) and ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) have advised washing hands more frequently than usual at this given point. Dr. Randeep Guleria Director, AIIMS (All India Medical Science), New Delhi said,

Wash your hands before you touch any sort of eatables. If you step out and visit a shop or neighbourhood, wash hands with soap and water again. Currently, India is under lockdown, we are not going out that frequently, but that doesn’t mean we will not wash hands. If there is a delivery of an item, I would suggest washing that parcel or package with a hand sanitiser or water and soap. After that, wash your own hands thoroughly.

In many low- and middle-income households, handwashing is not as frequent as required, according to V R. Raman, policy expert at WaterAid India. Mr. Raman highlights that there are significant gaps in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities at home and even at the community healthcare facility in villages and slum areas. Lack of water is the biggest reason, he said. He pointed out that mostly, in poor households, women and girls are responsible for arranging domestic water supply. However, still, they are unable to access water for handwashing and good menstrual hygiene management. He said,

Most of the people from marginalised communities might not have even heard what hand sanitisers are. For them, clean hands can be achieved from soap and water but water is a kind of a luxury for them. Not easily accessible.

Also Read: Soaps Or Sanitisers? What Fights Coronavirus Better

Vikas Bagaria, Founder, Pee Safe, a manufacturer of daily hygiene products said that a topic such as hand hygiene was probably never discussed at a community level until the pandemic wreaked havoc. He highlighted that as per an estimate, less than 20 per cent of women have access to soap for washing hands and instead, they use materials like ash or even sand to rub their hands before washing. He said,

Lack of proper hand hygiene is the reason why the numbers of mother and infant child death cases are high. Communicable diseases such as diarrhoea and pneumonia are common occurrences, and now Covid-19 poses a great risk to these women. The lack of education or access to mass media in the form of TV and the internet also creates obstacles in spreading awareness among them. As an organisation dedicated to improving female hygiene in India, we are constantly trying to engage with these marginalized women and spread awareness among them by supporting information campaigns. We currently have limited reach but we will soon collaborate with WaterAid with a mission to change hand hygiene scenario among women and children from marginalised communities.

While talking about hand hygiene practices among women and children, Nicolas Osbert, Chief, WASH UNICEF India said that handwashing with soap, when done correctly, is one of the cheapest, most effective ways to protect children and their families from coronavirus, and numerous other infectious and diarrheal diseases.

Mr. Osbert further said that even after being one of the cheapest preventive measures, for millions globally, this effective practice is out of reach because they do not have access to basic handwashing facilities, water and soap – at home, in schools or in healthcare facilities. He said,

Children from the poorest families and those living in fragile ecosystems such as those affected by drought or urban poverty are at a greater risk. Beyond it being a resource problem, handwashing with soap is also about behaviour change. It is important for parents to reinforce children’s’ practice of handwashing at critical times, especially during the crisis brought on by COVID-19, and for children, in turn, to take home the hygiene lessons learned at school and from peers.

Mr. Osbert said that the current situation should be seen as an opportunity to cement handwashing as a standard behaviour that will have long term payoffs for the people and subsequent generations. Mr. Raman, on the other hand, recommended that the government must focus on providing water, as part of their relief package, to each poor and needy person so that they may be able to maintain hand hygiene.

Also Read: Only 2 Out Of 10 Poor Households In India Use Soap, Survey

World

3,04,91,096Cases
87,62,381Active
2,07,76,975Recovered
9,51,740Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 188 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 3,04,91,096 and 9,51,740 have died; 87,62,381 are active cases and 2,07,76,975 have recovered as on September 19, 2020 at 3:48 am.

India

53,08,014 93337Cases
10,13,964 -3790Active
42,08,431 95880Recovered
85,619 1247Deaths
In India, there are 53,08,014 confirmed cases including 85,619 deaths. The number of active cases is 10,13,964 and 42,08,431 have recovered as on September 19, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Akola757
Aurangabad1974
Dhule228
Jalgaon1039
Mumbai45478
Mumbai Suburban5363
Nagpur692
Nashik1575
Palghar1421
Pune9920
Satara629
Solapur1291
Thane13660
Yavatmal150
Ahmednagar190
Amravati291
Beed54
Bhandara41
Buldhana88
Chandrapur32
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Kolhapur646
Latur139
Nanded176
Nandurbar42
Parbhani78
Raigad1462
Ratnagiri350
Sangli145
Gadchiroli42
gondia69
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Wardha11
Washim13

1167496 21656

301273

834432 22078

31791 440

DistrictCases
Chittoor319
Guntur511
Krishna557
Kurnool795
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Prakasam104
Srikakulam183
Visakhapatnam103
West Godavari199
Y.S.R.205
Vizianagaram23

609558 8096

84423

519891 11803

5244 67

DistrictCases
Bengaluru Rural40
Bengaluru Urban529
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Ballari60
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Chikkaballapura149
Dakshina Kannada179
Dharwad61
Gadag45
Kalaburagi669
Mandya346
Tumakuru36
Uttara Kannada95
Vijayapura201
Chamarajanagara0
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Davangere204
Hassan205
Haveri24
Kodagu4
Kolar29
Koppal5
Raichur369
Ramanagara3
Shivamogga67
Udupi1176
Yadgir538

502982 8626

101148

394026 10949

7808 179

DistrictCases
North Goa57
South Goa69

27379 596

5730 118

21314 470

335 8

DistrictCases
Chengalpattu1314
Chennai23324
Kanchipuram503
Madurai322
Namakkal83
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Thiruvallur774
Thiruvarur67
Tiruppur116
Vellore71
Virudhunagar185
Ariyalur444
Coimbatore188
Cuddalore477
Dharmapuri15
Dindigul175
Erode75
Kallakurichi324
Kanniyakumari110
Karur88
Nagapattinam99
Perambalur133
Pudukkottai53
Ramanathapuram119
Salem258
Sivaganga46
Tenkasi103
The Nilgiris17
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Tirunelveli433
Tirupathur45
Tiruvannamalai496
Tuticorin333
Villupuram509
Krishnagiri43

530908 5488

46506

475717 5525

8685 67

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kottayam73
Alappuzha76
Idukki40
Kasaragod333
Kollam118
Kozhikode90
Malappuram119
Palakkad224
Pathanamthitta98
Thiruvananthapuram104
Thrissur106
Ernakulam60
Wayanad36

126381 4167

35795 1415

90085 2740

501 12

DistrictCases
Raipur46
Korba100
Balod41
Baloda Bazar85
Balrampur17
Bastar2
Bemetara21
Bijapur2
Bilaspur100
Dantewada0
Dhamtari6
Durg31
Gariyaband10
Janjgir-Champa56
Jashpur77
Kabirdham52
Kanker19
Kondagaon0
Korea39
Mahasamund54
Mungeli87
Narayanpur0
Raigarh47
Rajnandgaon52
Sukma0
Surajpur9
Surguja14

81617 3842

36580 544

44392 3281

645 17

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2475
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Vikarabad40
Warangal Urban32
Adilabad22
Jagitial77
Jangoan8
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Kamareddy11
Karimnagar17
Khammam26
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Mahabubnagar30
Mancherial43
Medak11
Nalgonda33
Narayanpet3
Nirmal21
Nizamabad76
RajannaSircilla16
Sangareddy26
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Mahabubabad10
Mulugu3
Nagarkurnool8
Peddapalli5
Siddipet7
Wanaparthy1
Warangal Rural4
YadadriBhuvanagiri40

169169 2123

30636

137508 2151

1025 9

DistrictCases
Baleshwar190
Bhadrak137
Jajapur322
Dhenkanal36
Kalahandi33
Kendrapara164
Khordha238
Koraput16
Sundargarh102
Anugul26
Balangir129
Bargarh16
Boudh34
Cuttack155
Deogarh33
Gajapati61
Ganjam581
Jagatsinghapur91
Jharsuguda8
Kandhamal28
Kendujhar34
Malkangiri20
Mayurbhanj73
Nabarangpur2
Nayagarh86
Nuapada69
Puri103
Rayagada2
Sambalpur16
Sonepur29

171341 4180

33092 66

137567 4101

682 13

DistrictCases
Barwani60
Bhopal1880
Dewas140
Dhar132
East Nimar266
Gwalior211
Indore3839
Jabalpur276
Ujjain799
Agar Malwa15
Alirajpur3
Betul35
Burhanpur351
Chhindwara16
Dindori29
Harda4
Hoshangabad37
Khargone196
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Raisen71
Ratlam51
Sagar228
Shajapur39
Shandol14
Sheopur26
Tikamgarh18
Vidisha37
Anuppur22
Ashoknagar13
Balaghat9
Bhind87
Chhatarpur35
Damoh26
Datia12
Guna8
Jhabua14
Katni3
Mandla15
Narsinghpur17
Neemuch319
Niwari0
Panna20
Rajgarh31
Rewa39
Satna24
Sehore12
Seoni2
Shivpuri15
Sidhi17
Singrauli13
Umaria10

100458 2552

21605

76952 2554

1901 24

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17125
Anand107
Arvalli134
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Gandhinagar410
PanchMahals107
Surat2311
Vadodara1555
Bharuch56
Botad55
Chhotaudepur37
Dang5
Dohad43
GirSomnath45
Jamnagar63
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Mahesana159
Mahisagar125
Narmada25
Naysari35
Patan105
Rajkot135
SabarKantha101
Surendranagar55
Tapi6
Valsad47
Amreli16
DevbhumiDwarka22
Junagadh31
Morbi4
Porbandar11

120336 1410

16076 101

100974 1293

3286 16

DistrictCases
Ajmer379
Banswara91
Bharatpur563
Jaipur2177
Jhalawar329
Jodhpur1748
Kota503
Nagaur500
Alwar90
Barmer34
Bhilwara250
Bikaner112
Chittorgarh188
Churu81
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Dungarpur374
Hanumangarh31
Jaisalmer53
Jhunjhunu64
Karauli17
Pali352
Rajsamand140
SawaiMadhopur26
Sikar231
Tonk171
Udaipur724
Baran59
Bundi5
Ganganagar8
Jalore164
Pratapgarh14
Sirohi130

111290 1817

17717 222

92265 1580

1308 15

DistrictCases
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Ambala93
Bhiwani60
CharkiDadri43
Fatehabad38
Gurugram2950
Hisar98
Jhajjar114
Jind38
Kaithal48
Karnal104
Kurukshetra55
Nuh68
Palwal120
Panchkula39
Panipat78
Rohtak145
Sirsa50
Yamunanagar19
Mahendragarh47
Rewari56

106261 2488

21291 277

83878 2188

1092 23

DistrictCases
Agra933
Aligarh215
Amroha80
Bareilly17
Bijnor157
Bulandshahr166
Firozabad190
Gautam Buddha Nagar1119
Kanpur Nagar286
Lucknow386
Mathura129
Meerut504
Moradabad252
Muzaffarnagar117
Rae Bareli78
Rampur203
Saharanpur298
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Varanasi243
Auraiya37
Ayodhya120
Azamgarh138
Baghpat68
Bahraich73
Balrampur49
Banda27
Basti214
Bhadohi60
Budaun23
Etah52
Etawah46
Ghaziabad794
Ghazipur159
Gonda59
Gorakhpur166
Hapur225
Hardoi49
Jalaun41
Jaunpur194
Jhansi41
Kannauj69
Kasganj16
Kaushambi6
Mainpuri46
Mau48
Mirzapur22
Pilibhit15
Pratapgarh15
Prayagraj30
Sambhal116
Shamli40
Shravasti23
Sitapur32
Sultanpur97
Unnao42
Ambedkar Nagar92
Amethi206
Ballia60
Barabanki168
Chandauli38
Chitrakoot4
Deoria143
Farrukhabad36
Fatehpur3
Hamirpur3
Hathras43
Kanpur Dehat4
Kheri72
Kushi Nagar67
Lalitpur3
Maharajganj85
Mahoba3
Shahjahanpur25
Siddharth Nagar159
Sonbhadra10

342788 6494

67825

270094 6806

4869 98

DistrictCases
Central4817
East2472
New Delhi3405
North3059
North East1914
North West5463
Shahdara1580
South2329
South East2446
South West2391
West4768

238828 4127

32250 529

201671 3568

4907 30

DistrictCases
Dhubri30
Goalpara19
Marigaon50
Baksa14
Barpeta28
Biswanath16
Bongaigaon12
Cachar80
Charaideo29
Chirang6
Darrang20
Dhemaji47
Dibrugarh61
Dima Hasao86
Golaghat203
Hailakandi57
Hojai89
Jorhat24
Kamrup42
Kamrup Metro276
KarbiAnglong13
Karimganj85
Kokrajhar37
Lakhimpur57
Majuli2
Nagaon143
Nalbari23
Sivasagar20
Sonitpur27
South SalmaraMancachar4
Tinsukia84
Udalguri28
West KarbiAnglong5

152858 2509

28631 423

123687 2074

540 12

DistrictCases
East District3
North District0
South District3
West District0

2303 29

422

1857 68

24 2

DistrictCases
Buxar134
Gaya115
Munger188
Patna279
Rohtas256
Arwal52
Aurangabad75
Banka134
Begusarai243
Bhagalpur266
Bhojpur103
Darbhanga143
Gopalganj123
Jehanabad178
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Lakhisarai72
Madhepura82
Madhubani199
Nalanda123
Nawada122
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Saran101
Siwan139
Vaishali87
Araria68
Jamui47
Katihar175
Khagaria253
Kishanganj75
Muzaffarpur96
Pashchim Champaran57
Saharsa88
Samastipur139
Sheikhpura118
Sheohar20
Sitamarhi73
Supaul87

165218 1167

12609

151750 1710

859 4

DistrictCases
24 Paraganas North1031
24 Paraganas South281
Darjeeling97
Howrah1435
Jalpaiguri88
Kalimpong18
Kolkata2777
Maldah235
Medinipur East153
Medinipur West159
Hooghly604
Murshidabad125
Nadia139
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purba Bardhaman130
Alipurduar39
Bankura116
Birbhum206
Coochbehar210
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Dinajpur Uttar216
Jhargram9
Purulia66

218772 3192

24509 173

190021 2960

4242 59

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

3631 27

165

3414 36

52

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Karaikal2
Mahe4
Yanam0

21913 485

4736

16715 462

462 31

DistrictCases
Anjaw0
Changlang31
Dibang Valley0
East Kameng0
East Siang1
Kamle0
KraDaadi0
KurungKumey0
Leparada0
Lohit3
Longding0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0
Lower Subansiri0
Namsai2
PakkeKessang1
Papum Pare8
Shi Yomi0
Siang0
Tawang1
Tirap0
Upper Siang1
Upper Subansiri0
West Kameng0
West Siang1

7005 154

1886 15

5106 139

13

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Kiphire3
Kohima7
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Mon8
Peren2
Phek1
Tuensang3
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

5357 51

1213 20

4129 31

15

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

2859 28

218

2639 31

2

DistrictCases
Ranchi148
Bokaro16
Deoghar5
Dhanbad32
Garhwa80
Giridih19
Hazaribagh110
Jamtara2
Koderma58
Simdega48
Chatra1
Dumka5
East Singhbum170
Godda2
Gumla28
Khunti10
Latehar14
Lohardaga8
Pakur4
Palamu27
Ramgarh75
Sahebganj0
SaraikelaKharsawan20
West Singhbhum21

68578 1478

13924 221

54052 1245

602 12

DistrictCases
Gomati74
North Tripura14
Dhalai196
Khowai24
Sepahijala174
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45

21484 535

7107

14142 583

235 7

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

3635 59

987 15

2600 42

48 2

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Bandipora175
Shopian255
Srinagar300
Baramulla271
Budgam110
Ganderbal37
Jammu138
Kathua53
Kulgam295
Kupwara231
Rajouri39
Ramban151
Reasi26
Samba25
Udhampur155
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0
Doda27
Kishtwar10
Poonch35
Pulwama108

61041 1330

20770 531

39305 784

966 15

DistrictCases
Chamba29
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Sirmaur11
Solan32
Una41
Bilaspur21
Kinnaur2
Kullu4
Lahaul And Spiti0
Mandi21
Shimla10

11622 432

4430 284

7081 135

111 13

DistrictCases
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Patiala132
Amritsar485
Barnala25
Faridkot74
Firozepur50
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Moga65
Pathankot86
S.A.S Nagar137
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Tarn Taran163
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Rupnagar (Ropar)74

92833 2801

21662 94

68463 2645

2708 62

DistrictCases
Haridwar94
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Almora71
Bageshwar31
Chamoli36
Champawat45
PauriGarhwal36
Pithoragarh43
Rudraprayag30
Tehri Garhwal110
Udam Singh Nagar83
Uttar Kashi24

38007 868

11293

26250 1285

464 4

DistrictCases
Bishnupur7
Chandel5
Churachandpur32
Imphal East10
Imphal West21
Jiribam3
Kakching2
Kamjong5
Kangpokpi26
Noney1
Pherzawl3
Senapati6
Tamenglong2
Tengnoupal9
Thoubal18
Ukhrul4

8607 177

1926 85

6629 91

52 1

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

9506 250

2978

6415 353

113 4

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
North Garo Hills1
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Garo Hills4
South West Khasi Hills0
West Garo Hills5
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1

4445 89

1976

2437 95

32 1

DistrictCases
Aizawl10
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Kolasib11
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Mamit8
Saiha0
Saitual1
Serchhip0

1548 14

575

973 24

0

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0

0

0

Coronavirus Outbreak: Full CoverageTesting CentresFAQs

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may also like

Amid Rising COVID-19 Cases In Kashmir, Free Tests Conducted In Budgam District

Under the orders of the Budgam administration, the COVID-19 testing camp has been established in Sheikhpora village in Budgam district