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What Causes Obesity, How Can It Be Prevented? Nutritionist Tapasya Mundhra Explains

Team Banega Swasth India speaks with Nutritionist Tapasya Mundhra to talk about the rising issue of obesity in the country and how can we tackle it

हिन्दी में पढ़े
What Causes Obesity, How Can It Be Prevented? Nutritionist Tapasya Mundhra Explains

New Delhi: In India, obesity is becoming a new health scare. According to the Indian Journal of Community Medicine presently India has more than 135 million obese people. The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 5 survey released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, conducted in the year 2019-20 also found a drastic rise in obesity among children under five years of age in 20 out of the 22 states, where the study was conducted.

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2021: India’s New Health Scare – Obesity, Experts Say We Need To Tackle It On An Urgent Basis

The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines obesity as excessive fat accumulation that presents several health risks. A Body Mass Index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight, and above 30, it is considered obese.

Team Banega Swasth India speaks with Nutritionist Tapasya Mundhra to further talk about the rising issue of obesity in the country, what can be done to prevent it.

NDTV: What is the difference between obesity and overweight?
Tapasya Mundhra: Obesity is the situation where we get warning signs that our health is in danger. Obesity generally means a much higher amount of body fat. It is an alarming state whereas being overweight is the stage where you can rectify the problem.

NDTV: What are some of the symptoms that highlight that the person is falling in the obese category?
Tapasya Mundhra: When you start to feel breathless, when your stomach circumference increases to a large extent, you start experiencing knee pains, start facing issues while sitting or standing, start getting issues with cholesterol, your lipid profile goes haywire, and you experience the problem of sugar; then that means you are in an obese category.

NDTV: COVID-19 and the increasing burden of obesity – How can we tackle it?
Tapasya Mundhra: The trend that I have seen in my practice is that in the first wave of COVID19, the obesity factor wasn’t there as much as at that time people were also doing their own homework. But in the second wave, we saw a gradual shift in the lifestyle of people – their movements were restricted, they preferred sitting at one place, as a result growing obesity factor was seen.

But there is an urgent need to rectify it as soon as possible and take care of our health. We should go out for walks, do some sort of exercise or Yoga on a daily basis, follow 10k steps rule. Everything is possible if we want to do it, so we need to stop giving an excuse that we don’t have time.

Also Read: Late-Childhood Obesity Associated With Low-Quality Maternal Diet During Pregnancy: Study

NDTV: What are some health tips that can help one lose excess weight?
Tapasya Mundhra: These days, people follow the intermittent fasting trend, it is not a bad thing, but most of the people do it in the wrong way. They think they can eat junk or whatever they like in the eating window. I suggest, if people are looking to lose weight, they should avoid starvation, ensure they include fruits and vegetables in their meals. They should also avoid processed grains, instead opt for fibrous grains like millets, ragi, wheat atta. One should eat good fats, which doesn’t mean one should only have avocados or nuts. Have a roti with ghee on it. If someone is looking for weight loss, the key is portion control. Another important thing is to have dinner as early as possible. We should avoid eating at night and sleep immediately after that.

NDTV: Why are we seeing an increasing trend of obesity in children?
Tapasya Mundhra: The biggest problem is that there are so many options available to us. One can order junk in a minute with a tap of a button. To tackle childhood obesity, parents will have to play an important role. There is no age barrier in obesity, the youngest of the youngest lot can be tackled if they are given a balanced diet.

Childhood obesity needs to be tackled as if children grow up with obesity, their immunity will be compromised in later stages.

Also Read: There Has Been Drastic Rise In Obesity Among Children Under 5-Years In 20 States, Reveals NFHS 5 Report

NDTV: Why do some people find it difficult to lose weight?
Tapasya Mundhra: Everybody is different, for some bodies calorie deficit doesn’t help. It can be a possibility that a person is eating way too little or is not eating the right food at a right time, has an important role to play in the weight loss journey. So, there are many factors associated when a person doesn’t lose weight.

NDTV: Foods one should have to get better immunity?
Tapasya Mundhra: One should focus on a plant-based diet in order to get better immunity. Have tulsi, amla, ginger & ashwagandha on a regular basis.

NDTV: PCOD disease and obesity – what’s the link?
Tapasya Mundhra: PCOD is a lifestyle disorder, first one needs to take care of the disease and then only you will be able to lose weight. Exercise is a must for people struggling with PCOD, get yourself a chart, cure PCOD and you will start to see weight loss happening.

NDTV: Why sugar is bad for your health?
Tapasya Mundhra: Sugar is like smoking, it is a slow poison, so one should avoid it as much as possible. We get sugar from food items like fruits, grains, milk or dairy products – so there is anyways a lot of sugar consumption happening through the day. If you have sugar cravings, have gudh, dates, prunes, swap your food items.

You can listen to the full Banega Swasth India podcast discussion by hitting the play button on the Spotify player embedded above.

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NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

22,95,44,435Cases
19,20,52,504Active
3,27,83,741Recovered
47,08,190Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,95,44,435 and 47,08,190 have died; 19,20,52,504 are active cases and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 3:49 am.

India

3,35,31,498 26,964Cases
3,01,9897,586Active
3,27,83,741 34,167Recovered
4,45,768 383Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,31,498 confirmed cases including 4,45,768 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,01,989 and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,27,629 3,131

44,269 960

63,44,744 4,021

1,38,616 70

Kerala

45,39,926 15,768

1,61,765 5,813

43,54,264 21,367

23,897 214

Karnataka

29,69,361 818

13,769 617

29,17,944 1,414

37,648 21

Tamil Nadu

26,48,688 1,647

16,993 9

25,96,316 1,619

35,379 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,40,708 1,179

13,905 483

20,12,714 1,651

14,089 11

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,693 13

194 0

16,86,612 13

22,887

West Bengal

15,62,710 537

7,741 69

15,36,291 592

18,678 14

Delhi

14,38,556 39

400 21

14,13,071 18

25,085

Odisha

10,21,216 462

4,844 103

10,08,226 560

8,146 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,120 26

297 0

9,91,260 26

13,563

Rajasthan

9,54,275 12

99 8

9,45,222 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,751 14

133 0

8,15,536 14

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,410 8

90 6

7,81,803 14

10,517

Haryana

7,70,754 8

328 12

7,60,618 20

9,808

Bihar

7,25,907 6

60 9

7,16,188 15

9,659

Telangana

6,63,906 244

4,938 53

6,55,061 296

3,907 1

Punjab

6,01,359 36

304 3

5,84,554 37

16,501 2

Assam

5,98,864 441

5,081 97

5,87,970 338

5,813 6

Jharkhand

3,48,139 14

65 10

3,42,941 4

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,405 12

249 18

3,35,765 29

7,391 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,214 145

1,450 11

3,22,345 154

4,419 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,403 263

1,715 99

2,12,033 162

3,655 2

Goa

1,75,690 107

886 76

1,71,507 29

3,297 2

Puducherry

1,25,618 101

922 55

1,22,864 46

1,832

Manipur

1,18,870 197

2,174 9

1,14,861 203

1,835 3

Tripura

83,956 51

353 7

82,794 44

809

Mizoram

82,815 1,355

15,363 223

67,184 1,127

268 5

Meghalaya

79,817 150

1,878 18

76,558 167

1,381 1

Chandigarh

65,195 7

44 3

64,333 4

818

Arunachal Pradesh

54,190 64

413 3

53,504 60

273 1

Sikkim

31,014 43

627 27

30,007 70

380

Nagaland

30,959 52

470 3

29,832 46

657 3

Ladakh

20,743 6

144 6

20,392

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,360 1

9 1

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,607 7

17 4

7,461 3

129

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