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Will Third Wave Be Severe? When Can Children Get COVID-19 Vaccine? AIIMS Chief Dr Randeep Guleria Tells NDTV

Dr Randeep Guleria said that the vaccines are working against hospitalisation and deaths due to COVID-19 and this has been seen in the UK where infections have gone up but the deaths and hospitalisation haven’t gone up

Will Third Wave Be Severe? When Can Children Get COVID-19 Vaccine? AIIMS Chief Dr Randeep Guleria Tells NDTV

New Delhi: Amid the discussions and conversations of the third wave of COVID-19 that could hit India soon, AIIMS Chief Randeep Guleria tells NDTV that the country may say a rise in the number of daily cases in the near future. Dr Guleria said that this timeline depends upon how Indians behave when it comes to the COVID appropriate behaviour and says that if more and more people are vaccinated, the third wave will not be as severe.

If we look at the sero survey, we can see that there is still a large number of people who are susceptible and they have not been vaccinated either. So they are likely to get the infection at some point which may lead to some increase in the number of cases. The spread of the infection will vary on the degree of vaccination in a particular area, the degree of COVID appropriate behaviour, and the degree of people who have already been infected based on the sero survey, Dr Guleria said.

Dr Guleria also said that the vaccines are working against hospitalisation and deaths due to COVID-19 and this has been seen in the UK where infections have gone up but the deaths and hospitalisation haven’t gone up.

Also Read: Understanding The Pace Of India’s Coronavirus Vaccination Drive

Dr Guleria also said that the country is likely to start vaccinating children by September. He further underlined that vaccinating children will be an important move to break the chain of transmission.

With over 44 crore doses of vaccines given in India so far, the country has inoculated nearly 6 per cent of its population while the government aims to vaccinate all adults by the end of this year.

I think Zydus has already done the trials and they’re waiting for the emergency authorisation. The Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin trials should be over by August or September, and by that time we should get approval. Pfizer vaccine has been already approved by the FDA (US regulator – Food and Drug Administration). Hopefully, by September, we should start vaccinating children, and that will be a big boost as far as breaking the chain of transmission is concerned, Dr Guleria said.

India is yet to clear a vaccine for children amid concern over a third wave. Recently, the European medicines watchdog approved the use of Moderna’s coronavirus vaccine for children aged 12 to 17. In May, the United States had authorised the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for children aged 12 to 15 years old.

We need to get our own vaccines too, that’s why both Bharat Biotech and Zydus are important. Getting the Pfizer vaccine will also be helpful, as there is enough data to suggest it’s safe, but we can’t be sure if we will get the required numbers. We will hopefully have more than one vaccine for children by September, Dr Guleria explained,

Also Read: Impact Of COVID-19 On The Mental Health Of Children And How Parents Can Help Them

A study published earlier this week by The Lancet underlined that “living with 11-17 year olds increases the risk of COVID infection by 18-30 per cent.” Addressing this finding, Dr Guleria,

It’s an important issue. Vulnerable people like the elderly or those having illnesses are at an increased risk of getting the infection in such cases. That’s one of the reasons why people are worried about children going to school. they may get a mild infection, but they may pass it to their grandparents. We need more data, but this is something that has been shown even with influenza.

Furthermore, Dr Guleria also said that sero survey 4, which found that about 67 per cent of the country’s population has developed antibodies, is ‘encouraging to see.’

What is encouraging is the sero survey this time also looked at the younger population also. There was a lot of worry that children may be vulnerable in the third wave. The survey suggested that even children may have got the infection, and to some extent, they’re protected, he explained.

India can hope to reopen its schools fully by the end of this year as children get vaccinated, the AIIMS chief lastly said.

I personally feel, in a graded manner, physical classes should start. A lot of children who don’t have access to online classes are suffering. By October, November or end of the year, when children start getting vaccinated, we should be in a position that schools open fully, Dr Guleria said.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

22,95,44,435Cases
19,20,52,504Active
3,27,83,741Recovered
47,08,190Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,95,44,435 and 47,08,190 have died; 19,20,52,504 are active cases and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 3:49 am.

India

3,35,31,498 26,964Cases
3,01,9897,586Active
3,27,83,741 34,167Recovered
4,45,768 383Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,31,498 confirmed cases including 4,45,768 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,01,989 and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,27,629 3,131

44,269 960

63,44,744 4,021

1,38,616 70

Kerala

45,39,926 15,768

1,61,765 5,813

43,54,264 21,367

23,897 214

Karnataka

29,69,361 818

13,769 617

29,17,944 1,414

37,648 21

Tamil Nadu

26,48,688 1,647

16,993 9

25,96,316 1,619

35,379 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,40,708 1,179

13,905 483

20,12,714 1,651

14,089 11

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,693 13

194 0

16,86,612 13

22,887

West Bengal

15,62,710 537

7,741 69

15,36,291 592

18,678 14

Delhi

14,38,556 39

400 21

14,13,071 18

25,085

Odisha

10,21,216 462

4,844 103

10,08,226 560

8,146 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,120 26

297 0

9,91,260 26

13,563

Rajasthan

9,54,275 12

99 8

9,45,222 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,751 14

133 0

8,15,536 14

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,410 8

90 6

7,81,803 14

10,517

Haryana

7,70,754 8

328 12

7,60,618 20

9,808

Bihar

7,25,907 6

60 9

7,16,188 15

9,659

Telangana

6,63,906 244

4,938 53

6,55,061 296

3,907 1

Punjab

6,01,359 36

304 3

5,84,554 37

16,501 2

Assam

5,98,864 441

5,081 97

5,87,970 338

5,813 6

Jharkhand

3,48,139 14

65 10

3,42,941 4

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,405 12

249 18

3,35,765 29

7,391 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,214 145

1,450 11

3,22,345 154

4,419 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,403 263

1,715 99

2,12,033 162

3,655 2

Goa

1,75,690 107

886 76

1,71,507 29

3,297 2

Puducherry

1,25,618 101

922 55

1,22,864 46

1,832

Manipur

1,18,870 197

2,174 9

1,14,861 203

1,835 3

Tripura

83,956 51

353 7

82,794 44

809

Mizoram

82,815 1,355

15,363 223

67,184 1,127

268 5

Meghalaya

79,817 150

1,878 18

76,558 167

1,381 1

Chandigarh

65,195 7

44 3

64,333 4

818

Arunachal Pradesh

54,190 64

413 3

53,504 60

273 1

Sikkim

31,014 43

627 27

30,007 70

380

Nagaland

30,959 52

470 3

29,832 46

657 3

Ladakh

20,743 6

144 6

20,392

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,360 1

9 1

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,607 7

17 4

7,461 3

129

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