World Iodine Deficiency Day 2020: Understanding The Importance of Iodine For The BodyWorld Iodine Deficiency day is marked every year on October 21
Highlights
  • Globally, 1·9 billion individuals have inadequate iodine nutrition: Report
  • In our country, Iodine is not naturally present in soil and water
  • Rich sources of Iodine are milk, egg yolk, sea food, banana: Expert

New Delhi: Iodine is one of the essential dietary mineral that is required in the human body for normal thyroid function, growth, and development. If a person suffers from Iodine deficiency it can lead to a number of health conditions that can even be fatal. According to the American Thyroid Association, “The body does not make iodine, but it is an essential part of your diet. A certain amount of iodine is always required in the human body in order to create a vital chemical known as thyroid hormone.”

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The thyroid hormones affect all the cells in the human body, they are also important for the proper development of cells. The thyroid hormones also play a crucial role in increasing the metabolic rate of the body, regulate the growth of long bones and helps in the development of the brain.

However, in India, the entire population is prone to Iodine deficiency because the soil in our part of the world is iodine deficient; especially in the North and North Eastern States. To combat this, common salt in the country was fortified with iodine. 

World Iodine Deficiency Day 2020: Understanding The Importance of Iodine For The Body
Here’s how Iodine Deficiency risks human health

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As per the Lancet Report – Prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Worldwide, more than 1·9 billion individuals have inadequate iodine nutrition, of which 285 million are school-aged children. Iodine Deficiency Disorder also constituts the single largest cause of preventable brain damage worldwide leading to learning disabilities and psychomotor impairment, as per Indian Journal of Medical Research. It also states that children living in iodine-deficient areas on an average have lower intelligence quotient (IQ), by as much as 13.5 IQ points compared to children living in iodine-sufficient areas.

To overcome these challenges and make people aware about Iodine Deficiency Disorder and why Iodine so important for the human body, every year, October 21 is marked as World Iodine Deficiency Day and is also known as Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) Prevention Day.

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: Why Protecting Health And Nutrition Rights Of Children During COVID-19 Is Important For India, Experts Speak

How Much Iodine Is Enough?

Iodine is not made in our body; we get our share through the food and water we ingest. According to WHO guidelines, a daily iodine intake of 150 microgram is required to prevent iodine deficiency disorders and this can be achieved by using adequately iodised salt, i.e. salt containing a minimum of 15 parts per million (ppm) of iodine.

Expert Speak

Sharing the sources of Iodine and how one can make sure sufficient intake of this important nutrient, Dr Rupali Datta, Head of Clinical Nutrition HCL Healthcare Executive Committee, Member Indian Dietetic Association said,

One of the main sources of Iodine for us Indians is obviously the salt. In our country, sale of non-iodized salt is banned. The average salt intake in Indian homes range from 5-10g/day, of which, 30% is lost during cooking and 70% is absorbed, providing an average amount of 70µg/day. Apart from salt, milk is another source of iodine with 303µg/litre. Milk is also a great source of protein, vitamins and important minerals like calcium. Half a litre of milk is the minimum quantity needed by adults to obtain the 150µg recommended dietary allowance. Sea Food such as tuna, shrimps, cod and scallops, are also considered excellent sources of iodine. Yolks of eggs are another source of iodine, great for children as they provide another essential “brain nutrient” folate too. Don’t also ignore the intake of your vegetables and fruits – Sweet potato, onion, spinach, banana, and cantaloupe contain iodine.

Also Read: In COVID-19 Pandemic, More And More Families Are Going Hungry Thereby Impacting India’s Nutritional Status: NGO Save The Children

Highlighting precautions for people with Iodine deficiency in terms of food choices, Dr Datta added that if someone is on supplements or prone to iodine deficiency then he/she should eliminate or reduce the intake of soy, bok choy, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, mustard greens, turnip as these foods contains thiocyanates, which interfere with the uptake of iodine by the thyroid gland, so, avoiding these foods is a good strategy to be safe and healthy.

Dr Datta further talked about precautions one should take and said,

Iodine supplementation should only be done under medical supervision. Eating a healthy and varied diet is adequate to meet iodine needs. Complete elimination of iodized salts or substitution with unfortified rock salt is not a good strategy. People with hypertension or heart diseases may reduce their salt intake but ensure that they take other good sources of iodine regularly.

World Iodine Deficiency Day 2020: Understanding The Importance of Iodine For The Body
Dr Rupali Datta, Head of Clinical Nutrition HCL Healthcare Executive Committee, Member Indian Dietetic Association highlights the main sources of Iodine for Indians 

 

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

17,59,54,708Cases
5,81,66,715Active
11,39,84,189Recovered
38,03,804Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 193 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 17,59,54,708 and 38,03,804 have died; 5,81,66,715 are active cases and 11,39,84,189 have recovered as on June 14, 2021 at 3:36 am.

India

2,95,10,410 70,421Cases
9,73,15853,001Active
2,81,62,947 1,19,501Recovered
3,74,305 3,921Deaths
In India, there are 2,95,10,410 confirmed cases including 3,74,305 deaths. The number of active cases is 9,73,158 and 2,81,62,947 have recovered as on June 14, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

59,08,992 10,442

1,58,617 167

56,39,271 7,504

1,11,104 2,771

Karnataka

27,65,134 7,810

1,80,856 10,961

25,51,365 18,646

32,913 125

Kerala

27,28,239 11,584

1,23,433 6,478

25,93,625 17,856

11,181 206

Tamil Nadu

23,53,721 14,016

1,49,927 12,146

21,74,247 25,895

29,547 267

Andhra Pradesh

18,09,844 6,770

85,637 5,780

17,12,267 12,492

11,940 58

Uttar Pradesh

17,02,624 452

8,986 820

16,71,852 1,221

21,786 51

West Bengal

14,61,257 3,984

17,651 1,403

14,26,710 2,497

16,896 84

Delhi

14,31,139 255

3,466 144

14,02,850 376

24,823 23

Chhattisgarh

9,86,963 459

13,677 1,405

9,59,969 1,858

13,317 6

Rajasthan

9,49,684 308

7,441 959

9,33,421 1,260

8,822 7

Odisha

8,51,782 4,469

51,681 3,309

7,96,799 7,733

3,302 45

Gujarat

8,20,321 455

10,249 614

8,00,075 1,063

9,997 6

Madhya Pradesh

7,88,183 274

4,251 524

7,75,380 780

8,552 18

Haryana

7,65,861 339

4,661 525

7,52,208 821

8,992 43

Bihar

7,17,215 487

5,312 389

7,02,411 868

9,492 8

Telangana

6,03,369 1,280

21,137 996

5,78,748 2,261

3,484 15

Punjab

5,87,903 956

12,981 1,083

5,59,360 1,980

15,562 59

Assam

4,59,497 2,167

41,373 3,272

4,14,173 5,403

3,951 36

Jharkhand

3,43,458 154

3,395 571

3,34,979 723

5,084 2

Uttarakhand

3,36,879 263

4,633 388

3,25,311 644

6,935 7

Jammu And Kashmir

3,07,412 774

15,081 1,203

2,88,145 1,965

4,186 12

Himachal Pradesh

1,98,550 237

4,777 625

1,90,382 855

3,391 7

Goa

1,62,468 420

4,882 175

1,54,658 581

2,928 14

Puducherry

1,12,528 402

5,331 414

1,05,513 809

1,684 7

Chandigarh

61,110 54

520 20

59,798 71

792 3

Manipur

59,852 530

8,499 211

50,379 726

974 15

Tripura

59,321 235

5,170 382

53,531 610

620 7

Meghalaya

41,906 305

4,623 248

36,550 547

733 6

Arunachal Pradesh

31,282 134

2,885 302

28,252 434

145 2

Nagaland

23,644 82

3,502 131

19,689 208

453 5

Ladakh

19,561 17

658 88

18,706 105

197

Sikkim

18,414 157

3,553 230

14,580 387

281

Mizoram

15,364 97

3,549 111

11,748 203

67 5

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,463 1

78 17

10,381 18

4

Lakshadweep

9,209 34

576 39

8,589 72

44 1

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,261 18

110 11

7,025 29

126

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