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Coronavirus Explained: All You Need To Know About The SARS Epidemic Of 2002

According to WHO, the main reason behind the outbreak of SARS in 2002 were chains of human-to-human transmission

Coronavirus Explained: All You Need To Know About The SARS Epidemic Of 2002
Highlights
  • SARS is a type of coronavirus which is caused by SARS-CoV virus
  • 2002-2004 SARS epidemic affected 26 countries, with more than 8000 cases
  • No reports of transmission of SARS since the 2003 outbreak: WHO

New Delhi: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS is a type of coronavirus which is caused by SARS-CoV virus (now known as Stars-CoV-1 after the novel coronavirus). As per the World Health Organization, SARS-CoV is thought to be an animal virus from an as-yet-uncertain animal reservoir, perhaps bats, that spread to other animals (civet cats) and first infected humans in the Guangdong province of southern China on November 16, 2002.

The symptoms of SARS are similar to influenza symptoms and include fever, malaise, myalgia, headache, diarrhoea, and shivering.

No individual symptom or cluster of symptoms has proved to be specific for a diagnosis of SARS. Although fever is the most frequently reported symptom, it is sometimes absent on initial measurement, especially in elderly and immunosuppressed patients, says WHO.

Severe cases of SARS often develop rapidly, progressing to respiratory distress and requiring intensive medical care.

Also Read: We Need A Plan To Ensure 100 Percent Coverage For The COVID-19 Vaccine, Experts Speak

The 2002-2004 SARS epidemic affected 26 countries across the globe with more than 8000 cases and that claimed 810 lives in 2003.

According to WHO, the main reason behind the outbreak of SARS in 2002 were chains of human-to-human transmission. The worst affected countries in the outbreak were Mainland China with more than 5,000 cases, Hong Kong with almost 1800 cases, Taiwan with 346 cases and Canada with 251 cases. India saw 3 cases of the virus, with a full rate of recovery.

Most cases of human-to-human transmission during the outbreak occurred in the health care setting, in the absence of adequate infection control precautions. Implementation of appropriate infection control practices brought the global outbreak to an end, says WHO.

WHO declared SARS contained in July 2003, but a small number of SARS cases were reported until May 2004 in Singapore and  Taipei. WHO claims that those cases were a result of laboratory accidents or, possibly, through animal-to-human transmission.

Also Read: Experts Weigh In On The Impact of India’s Lockdown 3.0 On The COVID-19 Curve

When it comes to a possible future outbreak of SARS, WHO states,

Currently, no areas of the world are reporting transmission of SARS since the 2003 outbreak. Should SARS re-emerge in epidemic form, WHO will provide guidance on the risk of travel to affected areas. Travellers should stay informed about current travel recommendations. However, even during the height of the 2003 epidemic, the overall risk of SARS-CoV transmission to travellers was low.

There are no vaccines to prevent SARS at the given time while experimental vaccines are under development.

World

26,14,68,997Cases
22,22,61,229Active
3,40,08,183Recovered
51,99,585Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,14,68,997 and 51,99,585 have died; 22,22,61,229 are active cases and 3,40,08,183 have recovered as on November 29, 2021 at 3:42 am.

India

3,45,72,523 8,774Cases
1,05,6911,328Active
3,39,98,278 9,481Recovered
4,68,554 621Deaths
In India, there are 3,45,72,523 confirmed cases including 4,68,554 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,05,691 and 3,39,98,278 have recovered as on November 28, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,33,612 507

11,905 248

64,80,799 738

1,40,908 17

Kerala

51,29,359 4,741

49,152 957

50,40,528 5,144

39,679 554

Karnataka

29,95,285 322

6,783 143

29,50,306 176

38,196 3

Tamil Nadu

27,24,731 740

8,382 36

26,79,895 765

36,454 11

Andhra Pradesh

20,72,446 248

2,158 5

20,55,856 253

14,432

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,373 5

86 5

16,87,377 9

22,910 1

West Bengal

16,14,152 701

7,820 27

15,86,882 717

19,450 11

Delhi

14,40,834 27

290 11

14,15,448 37

25,096 1

Odisha

10,48,492 264

2,222 6

10,37,864 255

8,406 3

Chhattisgarh

10,06,733 27

326 7

9,92,814 20

13,593

Rajasthan

9,54,741 26

187 13

9,45,599 13

8,955

Gujarat

8,27,382 28

291 17

8,16,999 45

10,092

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,120 23

112 9

7,82,480 14

10,528

Haryana

7,71,654 11

159 1

7,61,441 10

10,054

Bihar

7,26,212 3

39 6

7,16,510 9

9,663

Telangana

6,75,479 160

3,545 11

6,67,946 148

3,988 1

Assam

6,16,435 123

2,720 71

6,07,624 189

6,091 5

Punjab

6,03,190 17

313 22

5,86,284 39

16,593

Jharkhand

3,49,216 20

109 0

3,43,967 20

5,140

Uttarakhand

3,44,183 14

150 6

3,36,626 8

7,407

Jammu And Kashmir

3,36,386 149

1,724 5

3,30,189 141

4,473 3

Himachal Pradesh

2,26,941 82

809 18

2,22,287 97

3,845 3

Goa

1,78,839 40

275 9

1,75,183 31

3,381

Mizoram

1,34,279 358

4,117 110

1,29,672 466

490 2

Puducherry

1,28,860 35

326 5

1,26,662 30

1,872

Manipur

1,25,117 19

673 1

1,22,474 18

1,970 2

Tripura

84,784 13

89 9

83,874 3

821 1

Meghalaya

84,414 20

308 27

82,635 44

1,471 3

Chandigarh

65,443 5

52 4

64,571 1

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,269 9

37 4

54,952 5

280

Sikkim

32,211 4

114 5

31,694 9

403

Nagaland

32,100 4

135 1

31,269 5

696

Ladakh

21,494 27

249 6

21,032 21

213

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

1 0

10,678

4

Lakshadweep

10,394

28 1

10,315 1

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,680 2

5 2

7,546

129

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