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India's Garbage Crisis

Fighting India’s Garbage Crisis: How Urban India Can Embrace The Practice Of 3 R’s – Reduce, Reuse And Recycle

Out of 62 million tonnes of waste being produced by urban India, mere 11.9 million tonnes is treated – it is time to rethink the way we have been generating and managing waste

Fighting India’s Garbage Crisis: How Urban India Can Embrace The Practice Of 3 Rs – Reduce, Reuse And Recycle

New Delhi: “The dump killed my son,” these were the words of a 19-year-old Abhishek Gautam’s mother. Her son was killed on an afternoon of September 2017, when capital’s oldest garbage dump site in east Delhi – Ghazipur, which was and still is like a landmark of the garbage crisis in urban India, collapsed. Along with changing Abhishek’s life, the tragedy killed one more person and left many injured. Today, one and a half year after the incident the state of waste management has not changed much, the 80 feet tall mountain of garbage is still standing strong, waiting for another tragedy to happen.

Fighting India’s Garbage Crisis: How Urban India Can Embrace The Practice Of 3 Rs – Reduce, Reuse And Recycle

Instead of taking a cue from the incident that left a huge question mark on the way urban population of the country manages its waste, the irony is that the citizens are still continuing the practice of mindlessly dumping waste into the dustbins. 28-year-old Rashmi Mathur from Skylark Apartments, Ghazipur adds,

Every morning, a garbage van comes to our apartment playing ‘Swachh Bharat Ka Hai Irada, Kar Liya Humne Apne Desh Se Yeh Waada’, that’s when everyone in the society gets to know that they have to bring their garbage bags down for dumping. I have been following the routine of segregating my waste at home since the time the tragedy in Ghazipur took life of two people. The grim reality of garbage pile taking lives of people moved me to take a step towards waste management. But, the funny part is even though I am following the necessary stepS of segregating my waste at source, none of my society members are doing that. Moreover, the van that comes to collect our garbage has only one compartment – so, I end up dumping my segregated waste in a mixed form only. As a result, my step to effectively manage waste is not making any difference.

From Ghazipur to another part of New Delhi, 29-year-old Anju Pandey along with 150 families who lives in Oriental Apartment, Rohini have decided to go zero waste in wake of the 164 feet height of the garbage pile up at North Delhi’s Bhalswa landfill.

Here’s what the apartment is doing that is today making a difference –

1. Waste Segregation To Waste Collection – A Complete Chain

Fighting India’s Garbage Crisis: How Urban India Can Embrace The Practice Of 3 R's – Reduce, Reuse And Recycle

In Oriental Apartment, Rohini, individuals segregate their own waste and waste pickers are fully trained to collect the segregated waste only in two bins

As a first step towards effective waste management, the apartment authorities decided to initiate the basic step of waste segregation in the colony, wherein houses were asked to segregate their waste into two categories – Dry and Wet waste. Dry waste includes items such as newspaper, packaging material, tetra packs etc. Whereas wet waste includes items from your kitchen such as vegetable peels, fruit peels, small amounts of wasted cooked food etc.

To ensure the waste segregation being done by all the residents completes the waste management chain, the apartment joined hands with Scrapped, a recycling company that gets involved with resident welfare apartments and societies to help them manage their waste. First Scrapped institutionalised the residents with the process of segregating waste then assured a chain of waste collection and waste management, but that remains unbroken.

We engaged a local waste collector in the system, his job is to go and collect waste from each of the houses. If a particular house gives him a mixed waste, the waste collector will simply deny picking the waste from the house. This ensures that each of the houses in the apartment is segregating their waste. Moreover, the waste collector has been given training on how to collect the waste from the households – he collects the segregated waste in two bins so that even at the collection point, only segregated waste is being collected which many a times gets broken as the collector end up collecting the segregated waste in one bin only, says Oriental Apartments RWA President B.K. Bajpai.

2. Waste To Wealth – A Second Part To Effective Waste Management

Once the waste from the households is collected in Oriental Apartment, the waste collector further segregates the waste in four categories – Recyclable waste, Non-recyclable waste, Organic waste and Reject and Inert. Organic waste is used for the purpose of composting, for which the unit has been installed in the society only. Whereas, all the recyclable waste is sent for the purpose of recycling and the waste which cannot be recycled is sent to Pune where the society has tied up with one of the company’s that helps convert that waste into poly-fuel. B.K. Bajpai adds,

The idea is to not send any amount of waste out of our colony. Today, there are hundreds of organisations which are ready to manage your waste for you – all individuals have to do is change their waste management and producing practice. Our society has joined hands with multiple vendors – some are taking care of the plastic waste that our society is generating, whereas some are taking care of the paper waste, non-recyclable waste. The wet waste of the society is put for the use of composting. Following this waste management chain not only we have been able to reduce our waste load from the nearby landfill but have also been able to make money. We have been selling the compost we are making at the rate of Rs 20 per kilograme and so far we have sold around 1000 kilograms of waste. Along with composting, we are also selling newspapers, plastic waste to vendors, through it also we are making money, which is then being used in the development activities of the society.

3. There Is More Than Just Dry And Wet Waste

Apart from managing the two of the bulk categories of waste – dry and wet waste in an effective way, the Oriental apartment has also been leading the way in handling e-waste and menstrual waste. What the society has done is simple – with the ideology of not dumping anything in the dustbin carelessly, the apartment has educated its society members to even send their e-waste for recycling by calling different e-waste units home. Along with that, women of society have been made aware about using compostable or eco-friendly pads or menstrual cups.

19-year-old Divya Pandey says,

There are sessions within the society every month on some or the other topic of waste management. When initially the practice of waste management was kick-started in the apartment no one thought about menstrual waste. But slowly even that waste started coming in question, that is when women and girls of the society decided to switch to eco-friendly products. This change has been possible because each and every household is today segregating their waste, they know the difference between wet and dry waste. Once you become aware about the waste management chain, you get involved and that is when you make a difference in the society.

50-year-old Raghav Chadda adds,

Now that we know how effectively waste management is done, every time I want to discard my electronics, I look out for vendors that will come home and collect the waste. It is easy and it is the solution to the mass problem of waste we are currently facing.

Explaining how e-waste recycling works, Deepak from ScreenPro, company that helps in recycling e-waste said,

What we do is simple, once we receive the call from people of the apartment; we make an appointment, reach their place and take the respective electronic with us. If the electronic has some value then we give that amount to the owner otherwise just take it away for free of cost. At our centre, we dissect the electronic into different categories and then further use it to repair or refurbish products.

Also Read: Free India From Waste Burden: 5 Swaps To Make To Lead A Zero Waste And Sustainable Lifestyle

4. After Recycling, Residents Following Two Other R’s Of Waste Management – Reuse And Reduce

Fighting India’s Garbage Crisis: How Urban India Can Embrace The Practice Of 3 R's – Reduce, Reuse And Recycle

Recycling done right – At Oriental Apartment, people follow one thumb rule – reduce the waste and reuse waste items in a creative way

It is not just about managing the dry, wet and other types of waste well, it is also about initiating the practice of generating less waste. Oriental society has also mastered this technique by educating each and every member of the society on how they can replace plastic waste from their life and switch to eco-friendly alternatives. In society, where 150 families are living, no one uses plastic cutlery at home nor utilises any type of disposable items. The members have switched to steel cutlery and during parties call out either for eco-friendly cutlery or simply uses the steel ones.

Ditch Single-Use Plastic As This Duo From Karnataka Turn Waste Palm Leaves Into Eco-Friendly Tableware

Oriental Society individuals use eco-friendly cutlery instead of traditional disposable plastic cutlery

Usha Shah adds,

To add my contribution in my society’s good waste management practice, I have started upcycling waste products at home. I am using plastic bottles and giving them a makeover of planters. Sometimes, I even use big plastic bottles as stands which then gets utilised in the kitchen or wash basin for storage purpose.

Also Read: Free India From Plastic: Bid Goodbye To These 10 Plastic Items And Adopt Their Eco-friendly Alternatives

5. A Case Study For Others To Follow

What started as a simple waste segregation practice, today has made 400 people living in Oriental apartment of Rohini adopt a zero-waste lifestyle. Along with this, today they are more aware about their actions and how they can make a difference in making this planet a lot safer and cleaner place to live in.

Along with this, society has benefitted the rag pickers who had worked all their life in managing waste in the informal sector of our society. Today, instead of searching for waste and risking their lives in the landfills, they have been employed by the recycling companies like Scrapped that are associated with the society to manage its waste.

Now, imagine if 377 million urban people living in 7,935 towns and cities of India that are today generating 62 million tonnes of municipal solid waste per annum decide to adopt the model of Oriental Apartment, then how much waste load from our dying landfills of India can be saved.

In India, out of 62 million tonnes of waste, only 43 million tonnes of the waste gets collected, whereas, mere 11.9 million tonnes is treated and 31 million tonnes is straight away dumped in landfill sites. Because of this statistics today all are major landfills such as Ghazipur, Deonar or Dhapa are exhausted and overburdened by the daily disposal of waste. So, as a conscious citizen of the country, it becomes our duty to rethink the way we have been generating and managing our waste.

Fighting India’s Garbage Crisis

Fighting India’s Garbage Crisis is a special series by NDTV-Banega Swachh India team. As a part of the series, we want to highlight the basics of waste management system in India along with an on-ground report of the National Capital Region about the challenges it is facing when it comes to managing its waste effectively.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swachh India campaign lends support to the Government of India’s Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). Helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan, the campaign aims to spread awareness about hygiene and sanitation, the importance of building toilets and making India open defecation free (ODF) by October 2019, a target set by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, when he launched Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in 2014. Over the years, the campaign has widened its scope to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and menstrual hygiene. The campaign has also focused extensively on marine pollutionclean Ganga Project and rejuvenation of Yamuna, two of India’s major river bodies.

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