India May Face Kidney Diseases Due To Air Pollution: Researchers

India May Face Kidney Diseases Due To Air Pollution: Researchers

According to researchers from the Johns Hopkins University, USA, exposure to higher amounts of fine particulate matter was associated with a higher degree of albuminuria which can cause kidney dysfunction
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India May Face Kidney Diseases Due To Air Pollution: ResearchersThere is a need to conduct studies to examine the impact of air pollution on health, as per researchers

New York: Researchers have found that people living in countries with higher levels of air pollution such as India and China may face higher risks of developing kidney diseases. The findings may be especially important for parts of the world with higher air pollution where fine particulate matter levels are five to 10 times higher than in the US, the study said. It’s known that breathing in air pollution can have detrimental health effects beyond the lungs, but few studies have shown how it impacts the kidneys, which act as filters for the blood. study researcher Matthew F. Blum from the Johns Hopkins University in the US said,

As rates of chronic kidney disease rise worldwide, it is important to understand whether and how exposure to air pollution plays a role.

Also Read: Air Pollution Linked To Changes In Brain Structure In Kids, Finds A Study

For the findings, published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, the research team examined information on 10,997 adults across four sites in the US who were followed from 1996-1998 through 2016.

The researchers estimated the monthly average levels of tiny particles of air pollution–called fine particulate matter–based on participants’ home addresses. Fine particulate matter comes from a variety of sources including fossil fuel combustion, industrial processes, and natural sources, they said.

The team found that exposure to higher amounts of fine particulate matter was associated with a higher degree of albuminuria — a marker of kidney dysfunction — at the start of the study as well as a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease over time.

According to the researchers, future studies should examine whether efforts to improve air quality yield health benefits, including reducing rates of chronic kidney disease.

Also Read: More Monitoring Stations Needed, All Polluted Cities Should Be Under Clean Air Programme: Indian Medical Association

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