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Coronavirus Outbreak

‘Janata Curfew’ To Vaccination: India’s Year-Long Fight Against COVID-19

Last year, PM Modi announced a 21-day nationwide lockdown effective from the intervening night of March 24 and 25 to contain the rising number of COVID-19 cases and break the chain of transmission

'Janata Curfew' To Vaccination: India's Year-Long Fight Against COVID-19
  • From June 1, the MHA announced phased reopening process from the lockdown
  • Follow COVID appropriate behaviour and do not become complacent: Centre
  • Strictly enforce the test-track-treat protocol: Centre to state

New Delhi: It has been a year since India’s 1.3 billion people responded positively to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for a ‘janata curfew’ to break the chain of novel coronavirus, which had then started to spread in some parts of the country. Since the 14 hour-long ‘janata curfew’ on March 22, 2020, announced by PM Modi “for the people, by the people”, there has been no looking back in India’s fight against COVID-19 to control the virus which, as on Wednesday, has infected 1,17,34,058 people and claimed 1,60,441 lives.

Also Read: New Double Mutant Variant Of SARS-CoV-2, Several ‘Variants Of Concern’ Found In India: Government

PM Modi subsequently announced a 21-day nationwide lockdown effective from the intervening night of March 24 and 25. Soon, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) issued its first guidelines clarifying about services to be exempted from the lockdown that include those involved in essential services like health and sanitary workers, police, food stores, vegetable vendors and pharmacies.

However, markets, malls, cinema halls, barbar shops, swimming polls were ordered to remain shut and there was complete ban on outdoor activities like public gatherings, visit to religious places and sports events.

As the lockdown was announced suddenly with people getting less than four hours to put their things in place or travel to places as they desired, a humanitarian crisis had emerged when thousands of people, mostly migrant workers, started returning to their homes on foot.

With stories and pictures of exhausted, hungry, thirsty people, who were desperate to reach homes even walking hundreds of kilometres, started appearing in media, government issued advisories to the state government to make arrangements for their food and shelter.

The MHA even allowed the state governments to use the National Disaster Response Funds as emergency measures to help the migrant workers who were trying to travel from places like as far away Gujarat to Assam or Tamil Nadu to Uttar Pradesh. Many voluntary organisations also came out to help the migrant workers by providing them food and shelter on the way.

While some state governments arranged buses for the transport of their people, the MHA allowed the Railways to run special trains for the convenience of the migrants from their places of work to the home states.

Tragedy also struck in between as over 100 people lost their lives in road accidents while a few others, who were taking rest on the track after long walk, were mowed down by the trains. Delhi’s Nizamuddin was in the news for wrong reasons as it emerged as one of the coronavirus ‘hotspots’ after a large number of attendees at a religious congregation called ‘Tablighi Jaamat’ tested positive.

Also Read: India’s Coronavirus Vaccination: People Above 45 Years Of Age To Get COVID-19 Vaccine From April 1

After three weeks, the lockdown was further extended till May 3 with the ever increasing number of COVID-19 cases. On April 20, the MHA allowed the e-commerce, agriculture industry to resume functioning along with farm activities, construction of roads and buildings in the hinterland which has so far been less affected by the coronavirus, giving much needed relief to many.

On April 25, the government allowed shops, including those located in residential complexes within municipal areas, to remain open at a 50 per cent strength. Lockdown was further extended till May 17 and subsequently till May 31 with considerable relaxation in the districts falling in the green and orange zones — those areas where relatively low cases were reported.

All red zones or COVID hotspot districts continue to stay under strict lockdown. From June 1, the MHA announced phased reopening process terming it as ‘Unlock-1’ with activities like visit to religious places, opening of hotels, restaurants and other hospitality services and shopping malls allowing to function from June 8, after 75 days of strict lockdown. From July 1, the central government announced ‘Unlock 2’ where limited domestic and international flights and train services allowed in calibrated way.

The third phase of Unlock came into force from August 1 with the MHA allowing gymnasiums and yoga centres to function, and revoking the night curfew order. The central government allowed metro services to start from September 7, larger gatherings with 100 people allowed from September 21.

After remaining shut for six months, schools located outside containment zones were partially allowed to reopen to enable students studying in classes 9 to 12 to visit their institutions on a voluntary basis for taking guidance from their teachers in September.

On September 30, the MHA announced allowing more activities in areas outside the containment zones that include opening up cinemas, theatres and multiplexes with up to 50 per cent of their seating capacity from October 15.

Also Read: COVID Vaccination: Increase Interval Between Two Doses Of Covishield To 4-8 Weeks, Centres Tells States

The state and union territory governments were given the flexibility to take a decision on re-opening of schools and coaching institutions after October 15 in a graded manner. The government also allowed political gatherings as assembly elections in Bihar was supposed to be held on October 28 with attendance of a maximum of 200 people in a close space or hall and in an open space depending on its size.

On November 25, the MHA allowed the states and union territories to impose local restrictions like night curfew to check the spread of COVID-19 as many states witnessing spurt in coronavirus cases. The Centre, however, made it clear that the states will have to consult the central government before imposing any lockdown outside the containment zones.

On December 28, the MHA said even though COVID-19 cases decreasing, there is a need to maintain surveillance, containment and caution, keeping in view the surge in the number of cases globally and the emergence of a new variant of the virus in the UK.

On January 27, the government allowed cinema halls and theatres to operate with more people while swimming pools have been permitted for use by all. As vaccination campaign has started, the MHA in a fresh advisory on February 26 advised the states and union territories to speed up the vaccination of the target population so as to break the chain of transmission and overcome the pandemic.

Amid a spike in COVID-19 cases in some parts of the country, the Centre Tuesday asked all states and union territories to increase RT-PCR tests, strictly enforce test-track-treat protocol and speed up the pace of vaccination to cover all priority groups.

Issuing fresh guidelines for April, the home ministry said keeping in view the fresh surge in COVID-19 cases, the new positive cases, detected as a result of intensive testing, need to be isolated or quarantined at the earliest and provided timely treatment. The state governments and union territory administrations should strictly enforce the test-track-treat protocol in all parts of the country, ensure observance of COVID-19-appropriate behaviour by everyone and, scale up the vaccination drive to cover all the target groups, the guidelines said. All contacts have to be traced at the earliest, and similarly isolated and quarantined, it said.

Also Read: A Year On From Lockdown, India Reports Worst Day For COVID-19 In Months

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene


Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,06,51,261 and 51,89,331 have died; 22,14,73,133 are active cases and 3,39,88,797 have recovered as on November 27, 2021 at 4:06 am.


3,45,63,749 8,318Cases
3,39,88,797 10,967Recovered
4,67,933 465Deaths
In India, there are 3,45,63,749 confirmed cases including 4,67,933 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,07,019 and 3,39,88,797 have recovered as on November 27, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths


12,153 699

64,80,061 665

1,40,891 34


51,24,618 4,677

50,109 2,343

50,35,384 6,632

39,125 388


29,94,963 402

6,640 119

29,50,130 277

38,193 6

Tamil Nadu

27,23,991 746

8,418 24

26,79,130 759

36,443 11

Andhra Pradesh

20,72,198 184

2,163 31

20,55,603 214

14,432 1

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,368 8

91 0

16,87,368 8


West Bengal

16,13,451 710

7,847 20

15,86,165 721

19,439 9


14,40,807 23

301 8

14,15,411 31



10,48,228 219

2,216 5

10,37,609 222

8,403 2


10,06,706 33

319 7

9,92,794 26



9,54,715 21

174 19

9,45,586 2



8,27,354 27

308 7

8,16,954 34


Madhya Pradesh

7,93,097 9

103 1

7,82,466 8



7,71,643 21

158 2

7,61,431 19



7,26,209 5

45 1

7,16,501 6



6,75,319 171

3,534 3

6,67,798 167

3,987 1


6,16,312 175

2,791 44

6,07,435 219



6,03,173 41

335 21

5,86,245 18

16,593 2


3,49,196 12

109 0

3,43,947 12



3,44,169 13

144 13

3,36,618 26


Jammu And Kashmir

3,36,237 174

1,719 13

3,30,048 157

4,470 4

Himachal Pradesh

2,26,859 102

827 8

2,22,190 107

3,842 3


1,78,799 34

266 11

1,75,152 22

3,381 1


1,33,921 359

4,227 111

1,29,206 469

488 1


1,28,825 31

321 3

1,26,632 28



1,25,098 28

674 13

1,22,456 39

1,968 2


84,771 10

80 4

83,871 6



84,394 16

335 4

82,591 20



65,438 8

48 7

64,570 1


Arunachal Pradesh

55,260 2

33 1

54,947 3



32,207 9

119 6

31,685 15



32,096 4

136 5

31,264 9



21,467 32

243 8

21,011 24


Dadra And Nagar Haveli


1 0




10,394 11

29 11



Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,678 1

3 0

7,546 1


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