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Key Takeaways From The U.N. Panel’s Report That Raises Alarm, Says Time Running Out To Limit The Global Warming

According to the United Nations panel on climate change, the world is likely to hit 1.5 degree Celsius warming limit within 20 years. Here are some of the major highlights from the report

Key Takeaways From The U.N. Panel's Report That Raises Alarm, Says Time Running Out To Limit The Global Warming
Highlights
  • India to face climate crises like sea-level rise, cyclones, floods: IPCC
  • Human activity is changing the climate in unprecedented way: Report
  • Cities are hotspots of global warming because these trap heat: Report

New Delhi: The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned the world on Monday (August 9) that global warming is dangerously close to being out of control and humans are to be blamed for it. In its report titled ‘Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis’, IPCC, of which India is one of the 195 members, said that scientists are observing changes in the Earth’s climate in every region and across the whole climate system. It flagged that some of the changes such as continued sea-level rise are irreversible over thousands of years.

Also Read: Climate Change Is The Most Critical Challenge Before Humanity: President

Calling the IPCC’s report as a “code red for humanity”, the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said,

If we combine forces now, we can avert climate catastrophe. But, as today’s report makes clear, there is no time for delay and no room for excuses. I count on government leaders and all stakeholders to ensure COP26 (2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference to be held in the city of Glasgow, UK from 31 October to 12 November 2021) is a success.

Here are 10 key takeaways from the IPCC’s Climate Change 2021 report:

  1. The report says that human activities are the main drivers of unprecedented changes happening to the climate. “It is unequivocal that human influence has warmed the atmosphere, oceans and land,” it said.
  2. The Earth is becoming warmer sooner and the global rise in temperature is about to hit 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2040, a decade earlier than projected previously, the report flagged. If emissions aren’t slashed in the next few years, this will happen even earlier, it added. The report further said that the past five years have been the hottest on record since 1850.
  3. The average rate of sea-level rise has nearly tripled in the past century. It has increased from 1.3 millimeters per year in 1901-1971 to 3.7 millimeters per year between 2006-2018, the report stated. It added that this rise will affect both ocean ecosystems and the people that rely on them.
  4. Hot extremes (including heatwaves) have become more frequent and more intense across most land regions since the 1950s, while cold extremes (including cold waves) have become less frequent and less severe, the report has highlighted. It added that once-in-10-year and once-in-50-year events of extreme heat, heavy rain and droughts will become more frequent and intense.
  5. The report said that as a consequence of the temperature rise going past 1.5 degrees Celsius, extreme weather events are likely to be of larger magnitude, increased frequency, new locations, different timing, new combinations i.e. two or more extreme events occurring together, heatwave and drought for example.
  6. Cities are hotspots of global warming because these trap heat and there’s a lack of cooling areas like water and vegetation.
  7. The report has also flagged that India may face damaging impacts of climate crisis including a glacial retreat in the Himalayas, compounding effects of sea-level rise and intense tropical cyclones leading to flooding, an erratic monsoon, and intense heat stress.
  8. The Indian Ocean, which includes the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal, has warmed faster than the global average, according to the IPCC. The oceans factsheet of the panel released on Monday indicates that sea surface temperature over the Indian ocean is likely to increase by about 1 degrees Celsius when there is 1.5 degrees Celsius to 2 degrees Celsius global warming.
  9. At 1.5 degrees Celsius global warming, heavy precipitation and associated flooding are projected to intensify and be more frequent in most regions in Africa and Asia, the report said.
  10. Drastic and rapid cuts in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases only can limit climate change, the IPCC report has said. It added, “Nations have to agree to do this. Even if by some miracle nations agree, when they meet in Glasgow later this year, on immediate, and drastic cuts it could take 20-30 years to see global temperatures stabilize although benefits for air quality would come quickly.”

Commenting on the findings of the IPCC report, Sunita Narain, Director General of Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a Delhi based non-governmental think thank working on environmental issues said,

There are no ‘maybes’ anymore – the threat is real; dangers are imminent, and the future is catastrophic. This message from the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) confirms what we already know and can see in the world around us – from wildfires because of extreme heat and moisture loss; to devastating floods because of extreme rain events; and tropical cyclones because of the changing temperatures between the sea and land surface. The future is here, and it should worry us enormously. Indeed, this report, coming as it is from the normally conventional and conformist world of buttoned-up scientists, should scare us into action—real and meaningful. We can no longer lose time in prevarication or in finding new excuses not to act—including empty promises of net zero by 2050.

Also Read: World Must Remove 1 Billion Tonnes Carbon Dioxide By 2025 To Meet Climate Goal: Report

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

22,95,44,435Cases
19,20,52,504Active
3,27,83,741Recovered
47,08,190Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,95,44,435 and 47,08,190 have died; 19,20,52,504 are active cases and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 3:49 am.

India

3,35,31,498 26,964Cases
3,01,9897,586Active
3,27,83,741 34,167Recovered
4,45,768 383Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,31,498 confirmed cases including 4,45,768 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,01,989 and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,27,629 3,131

44,269 960

63,44,744 4,021

1,38,616 70

Kerala

45,39,926 15,768

1,61,765 5,813

43,54,264 21,367

23,897 214

Karnataka

29,69,361 818

13,769 617

29,17,944 1,414

37,648 21

Tamil Nadu

26,48,688 1,647

16,993 9

25,96,316 1,619

35,379 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,40,708 1,179

13,905 483

20,12,714 1,651

14,089 11

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,693 13

194 0

16,86,612 13

22,887

West Bengal

15,62,710 537

7,741 69

15,36,291 592

18,678 14

Delhi

14,38,556 39

400 21

14,13,071 18

25,085

Odisha

10,21,216 462

4,844 103

10,08,226 560

8,146 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,120 26

297 0

9,91,260 26

13,563

Rajasthan

9,54,275 12

99 8

9,45,222 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,751 14

133 0

8,15,536 14

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,410 8

90 6

7,81,803 14

10,517

Haryana

7,70,754 8

328 12

7,60,618 20

9,808

Bihar

7,25,907 6

60 9

7,16,188 15

9,659

Telangana

6,63,906 244

4,938 53

6,55,061 296

3,907 1

Punjab

6,01,359 36

304 3

5,84,554 37

16,501 2

Assam

5,98,864 441

5,081 97

5,87,970 338

5,813 6

Jharkhand

3,48,139 14

65 10

3,42,941 4

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,405 12

249 18

3,35,765 29

7,391 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,214 145

1,450 11

3,22,345 154

4,419 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,403 263

1,715 99

2,12,033 162

3,655 2

Goa

1,75,690 107

886 76

1,71,507 29

3,297 2

Puducherry

1,25,618 101

922 55

1,22,864 46

1,832

Manipur

1,18,870 197

2,174 9

1,14,861 203

1,835 3

Tripura

83,956 51

353 7

82,794 44

809

Mizoram

82,815 1,355

15,363 223

67,184 1,127

268 5

Meghalaya

79,817 150

1,878 18

76,558 167

1,381 1

Chandigarh

65,195 7

44 3

64,333 4

818

Arunachal Pradesh

54,190 64

413 3

53,504 60

273 1

Sikkim

31,014 43

627 27

30,007 70

380

Nagaland

30,959 52

470 3

29,832 46

657 3

Ladakh

20,743 6

144 6

20,392

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,360 1

9 1

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,607 7

17 4

7,461 3

129

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