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National Safe Motherhood Day 2021: Five Things To Know

Every year on April 11, India observes National Safe Motherhood Day, to raise awareness about adequate access to care during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal services

National Safe Motherhood Day 2021: Five Things To Know

New Delhi: National Safe Motherhood Day is an initiative of the non-profit organisation, White Ribbon Alliance (WRA) working with an aim to ensure that pregnancy and childbirth are safe for all women and newborns. In 2003, Government of India declared that the country will observe this day on April 11 every year, becoming the first country to do so. The country decided to observe National Safe Motherhood Day on April 11, to honour Kasturba Gandhi on her birth anniversary.

Also Read: Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan Launches Tribal Health Collaborative ‘Anamaya’ To Enhance Health And Nutrition

Importance Of National Safe Motherhood Day

White Ribbon Alliance decided to observe National Safe Motherhood Day each year with an aim to raise awareness about adequate access to care during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal services along with a focus on reducing anaemia.

The day also calls for the prevention of child marriages because it may be an indirect cause of maternal deaths, as per WRA.

It is the right of every woman to take good quality nutrition, proper healthcare services during and after pregnancy and childbirth, says WRA.

Facts About Maternal Mortality

  • Approximately 830 women die every day from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth, as per WHO.
  • Worldwide maternal mortality has dropped by about 44 per cent in between 1990 and 2015, reports WHO.
  • 50-98 per cent of maternal deaths are caused by direct obstetric causes – hemorrhage, infection, hypertensive disorders, ruptured uterus, hepatitis, and anaemia, says the WHO.
  • Skilled care before, during and after childbirth can save the lives of women and newborn babies, as per WHO.
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India for the period 2016-18, as per the latest report of the national Sample Registration system (SRS) data is 113 per 100,000 live births, declining by 17 points, from 130 per 100,000 live births in 2014-16.

Sustainable Development Goal 3

As part of the Third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), countries have united behind a new target to accelerate the decline of maternal mortality by 2030. The target of this SDG is to reduce the global MMR to less than 70 per 100,000 births, with no country having a maternal mortality rate of more than twice the global average.

Also Read: National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5): Child Mortality Rate And Vaccination Improve But Concerns Around Malnutrition And Anaemia Remain

Government Initiative To Ensure Safe Motherhood

There have been many national initiatives by the government to ensure safe motherhood for women. Most prominently, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) was launched in 2011 to motivate those who still choose to deliver at their homes to opt for institutional deliveries.

Under the initiative, every woman who is pregnant becomes eligible to deliver child in public health institutions for free of cost which also includes cesarean births.

The entitlements also include free drugs and consumables, free diagnostics, free blood if required, and free diet for three days during normal delivery and seven days for C-section. Furthermore, JSSK provides free transport from home to institution. These entitlements are also applied to pre and post-natal complications of pregnancy.

Nutrition An Important Aspect To Ensure Safe Pregnancy And Motherhood: Expert

Dr. Meena Sawant, Secretary at Indian Society of Perinatology and Reproductive Biology (ISOPARB), suggests that maternal nutrition is the foundation stone for a child’s growth and development. Moreover, it is also critical for a woman’s health and well-being across life stages but especially pregnancy. She says,

Many mothers face problems of nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite and unusual cravings. All of these may affect the nutrition of the mother. Most of these can be tackled with time and doctor’s prescription. Knowledge about the right food is essential for the mother and her family members.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

22,70,55,138Cases
18,97,86,461Active
3,25,98,424Recovered
46,70,253Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,70,55,138 and 46,70,253 have died; 18,97,86,461 are active cases and 3,25,98,424 have recovered as on September 17, 2021 at 5:36 am.

India

3,33,81,728 34,403Cases
3,39,0563,867Active
3,25,98,424 37,950Recovered
4,44,248 320Deaths
In India, there are 3,33,81,728 confirmed cases including 4,44,248 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,39,056 and 3,25,98,424 have recovered as on September 17, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,11,525 3,595

52,893 310

63,20,310 3,240

1,38,322 45

Kerala

44,46,228 22,182

1,86,754 4,559

42,36,309 26,563

23,165 178

Karnataka

29,65,191 1,108

16,202 282

29,11,434 808

37,555 18

Tamil Nadu

26,40,361 1,693

16,756 120

25,88,334 1,548

35,271 25

Andhra Pradesh

20,34,786 1,367

14,708 105

20,06,034 1,248

14,044 14

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,628 23

193 11

16,86,549 11

22,886 1

West Bengal

15,59,567 707

8,025 25

15,32,922 725

18,620 7

Delhi

14,38,373 28

409 5

14,12,880 22

25,084 1

Odisha

10,18,298 580

5,335 105

10,04,845 681

8,118 4

Chhattisgarh

10,04,988 31

352 2

9,91,077 29

13,559

Rajasthan

9,54,230 4

103 1

9,45,173 5

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,677 22

149 0

8,15,446 22

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,374 7

119 5

7,81,738 12

10,517

Haryana

7,70,697 9

327 8

7,60,562 17

9,808

Bihar

7,25,864 12

72 6

7,16,134 6

9,658

Telangana

6,62,785 259

5,282 43

6,53,603 301

3,900 1

Punjab

6,01,180 30

314 11

5,84,399 38

16,467 3

Assam

5,97,074 468

5,381 15

5,85,914 479

5,779 4

Jharkhand

3,48,102 6

102 8

3,42,867 14

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,330 20

284 12

3,35,657 32

7,389

Jammu And Kashmir

3,27,466 170

1,421 72

3,21,630 98

4,415

Himachal Pradesh

2,16,430 127

1,568 82

2,11,215 206

3,647 3

Goa

1,75,183 95

699 1

1,71,195 96

3,289

Puducherry

1,25,170 107

963 63

1,22,380 42

1,827 2

Manipur

1,17,913 216

2,614 7

1,13,478 219

1,821 4

Tripura

83,787 31

427 26

82,553 56

807 1

Meghalaya

78,958 229

1,804 140

75,784 86

1,370 3

Mizoram

76,591 1,121

13,888 85

62,449 1,202

254 4

Chandigarh

65,168 4

31 2

64,319 2

818

Arunachal Pradesh

53,990 47

536 9

53,183 56

271

Sikkim

30,802 64

775 28

29,648 36

379

Nagaland

30,763 32

505 14

29,610 44

648 2

Ladakh

20,631 6

41 1

20,383 5

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

5 0

10,661

4

Lakshadweep

10,353

4 0

10,298

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,595 3

15 2

7,451 1

129

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