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One In Every 31 Infants Die Within First Year Of Their Life In The Country: Registrar General of India

According to the new data released by Registrar General of India, the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in 2018 in the country stood at 32 deaths per 1,000 livebirths, a marginal fall from 33 in 2017

One In Every 31 Infants Die Within First Year Of Their Life In The Country: Registrar General of India
Highlights
  • IMR is a vital indicator for health and human development: Experts
  • In 2018, Madhya Pradesh had maximum IMR and Nagaland minimum
  • IMR in females is more than in males in the country

New Delhi: Infant mortality rate (IMR) in the country has dropped from 33 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017 to 32 during 2018. This denotes that one in every 31 infants die within the first year of their life. May, 2020 bulletin of Sample Registration System (SRS), released by the Registrar General of India, based on data collected for 2018, shows that the IMR for rural areas was 36 deaths per 1,000 live births while in the urban areas it was 23 deaths per 1,000 live births. Infant mortality is the death of children under the age of one year. And Infant Mortality Rate is measured as the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births.

Also Read: Child, Maternal Malnutrition Led To 68 Per Cent Under-Five Fatalities In India

One In Every 31 Infants Die Within First Year Of Their Life In The Country: Registrar General of India

Infant Mortality Rate in rural areas in the country is worse than national average

SRS is the national demographic survey that provides estimates of birth rate, death rate and other fertility and mortality indicators, annually since 1964. The present sample consists of 81 lakh population, spread across all States and Union territories.

The data further highlights that the country has made progress in terms of IMR as it has declined from 50 to 32 deaths per 1,000 live births in the last decade. Even though the IMR has reduced in 2018 compared to the previous year, the SRS data shows that it continues to be slightly higher among girls than boys. While it is 32 deaths per 1,000 live births among boys, IMR among girls is 33 deaths per 1,000 live births.

The SRS IMR data further shows that Madhya Pradesh with 48 infant deaths per 1,000 live births has the worst infant mortality rate in the country while Nagaland with 4 infant deaths per 1,000 live births has the best. MP’s IMR, in fact, has worsened slightly from 2017 when it stood at 47 deaths. The urban-rural differential in MP is huge with the rural IMR at 51, while the urban IMR at 32. Kerala is the best performer among large states with IMR 7 deaths per 1,000 live births. The largest decline in IMR has been registered by Mizoram with a decline from 15 to 5.

One In Every 31 Infants Die Within First Year Of Their Life In The Country: Registrar General of India

Nagaland is the best and Madhya Pradesh is the worst performing states in terms of IMR

Also Read: COVID-19 Could Cause Hundreds Of Thousands Of Additional Child Death: United Nations

What Does The IMR Data Indicates And What Jeopardises The Lives Of Children In The Country?

According to Dr. Dileep Mavalankar, Director, Indian Institute Of Public Health, Gandhinagar, the IMR of a country indicates the status of health and human development. It shows how well public health infrastructure is able to take care of mother and child during the first 1,000 days which start from the conception of the baby, he said. He further added that maternal education plays an important role in infant and child mortality and thus IMR is also an indicator of how much importance is given to female education in a country.

Dr. Mavalankar also pointed out that in the country, the SRS registration system should include all births and deaths to provide a clearer picture of the mortality indicators which is crucial for understanding the state of human development in the country and effective planning towards improving it.

Dr. S. P. Singh, Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee said that poor quality of preventive and primary healthcare system in the country jeopardises the lives of children. He asserted that in most cases, child deaths happen due to preventable infections like diarrhoea and pneumonia which can be treated at the primary level. He further said,

Infant deaths are a result of social issues like malnutrition, anaemia, lack of access to sanitation, safe drinking water, and hygiene, lack of access to immunization, poor education among parents, especially mothers and gender discrimination. The economic disparity among districts is a huge problem too when it comes to child survival as the states that are more developed have better health infrastructure in both rural and urban areas as compared to the lesser developed districts. Within a district, the IMR throws light at the rural-urban divide in terms of health facilities. The rural areas are suffering from an acute shortage of health infrastructure and healthcare personnel including ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) and ANM (Auxiliary Nurse Midwifery).

According to Dr. Singh, many infant deaths can be prevented by widening the reach of good quality antenatal care, institutional births, postnatal care for the mother and the baby, and care of sick newborns. He added,

Deaths of infants below the age of one year can be prevented by methods like breastfeeding in the first hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months, skin-to-skin contact with mother, temperature monitoring, and providing care against infections and breathing difficulties.

He highlighted that one of the reasons for the reduction in IMR may be the increase in institutional deliveries.

Dr. Singh further asserted that the country is still far behind its neighbours in terms of IMR as the infant mortality rate in China stands at 7, in Sri Lanka, it is less than 7, in Bangladesh, it is 25 and Nepal it is 26.

Also Read: Top Highlights: Nutrition India Programme Annual Report 2019

World

24,06,78,961Cases
20,23,40,977Active
3,34,39,331Recovered
48,98,653Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 24,06,78,961 and 48,98,653 have died; 20,23,40,977 are active cases and 3,34,39,331 have recovered as on October 18, 2021 at 4:17 am.

India

3,40,81,315 13,596Cases
1,89,6946,152Active
3,34,39,331 19,582Recovered
4,52,290 166Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,81,315 confirmed cases including 4,52,290 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,89,694 and 3,34,39,331 have recovered as on October 18, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,91,697 1,715

32,230 994

64,19,678 2,680

1,39,789 29

Kerala

48,54,321 7,555

88,186 3,292

47,39,270 10,773

26,865 74

Karnataka

29,83,459 326

9,479 58

29,36,039 380

37,941 4

Tamil Nadu

26,87,092 1,218

14,814 208

26,36,379 1,411

35,899 15

Andhra Pradesh

20,60,472 432

6,034 159

20,40,131 586

14,307 5

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,028 9

119 10

16,87,011 19

22,898

West Bengal

15,80,530 624

7,421 24

15,54,132 634

18,977 14

Delhi

14,39,390 32

320 6

14,13,981 38

25,089

Odisha

10,35,077 443

4,542 68

10,22,250 508

8,285 3

Chhattisgarh

10,05,654 16

183 2

9,91,901 14

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,390 2

42 2

9,45,394 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,290 10

207 6

8,15,997 16

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,684 5

84 12

7,82,077 17

10,523

Haryana

7,71,076 15

123 9

7,60,904 6

10,049

Bihar

7,26,026 5

48 4

7,16,317 1

9,661

Telangana

6,68,955 122

3,924 55

6,61,093 176

3,938 1

Assam

6,06,468 205

3,436 46

5,97,082 245

5,950 6

Punjab

6,02,035 27

227 8

5,85,264 16

16,544 3

Jharkhand

3,48,430 7

122 1

3,43,173 8

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,756 9

178 1

3,36,181 8

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,31,062 95

843 12

3,25,793 107

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,437 131

1,303 5

2,16,414 125

3,720 1

Goa

1,77,522 60

604 6

1,73,572 62

3,346 4

Puducherry

1,27,396 52

585 13

1,24,961 64

1,850 1

Manipur

1,22,737 104

1,422 0

1,19,418 102

1,897 2

Mizoram

1,12,848 249

11,633 1,143

1,00,829 1,389

386 3

Tripura

84,321 16

104 4

83,401 12

816

Meghalaya

82,953 55

845 32

80,673 86

1,435 1

Chandigarh

65,302 3

25 3

64,457 6

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,987 7

140 30

54,567 37

280

Sikkim

31,749 4

174 8

31,184 12

391

Nagaland

31,611 40

248 12

30,689 28

674

Ladakh

20,878 2

36 10

20,634 12

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,676 1

4 1

10,668

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

0 0

10,314

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,641

9 0

7,503

129

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