Sputnik V, The Third Approved COVID-19 Vaccine Launched In India, To Cost Rs.995.4 Per Shot

Sputnik V, The Third Approved COVID-19 Vaccine Launched In India, To Cost Rs.995.4 Per Shot

Sputnik V, developed by Moscow’s Gamaleya Institute which has been proved to be 91.6 per cent effective against COVID-19 has been launched in the country by Hyderabad-based pharmaceutical company Dr Reddy's Laboratories Limited
Sputnik V, The Third Approved COVID-19 Vaccine Launched In India, To Cost Rs. 995.4 Per ShotHere’s all you need to know about Sputnik V, the third approved COVID vaccine launched in the country amid the surging second wave of COVID-19
Highlights
  • 15.6 crore doses of Sputnik V vaccine will be manufactured in India: Centre
  • Sputnik V is expected to work against mutations
  • It is very important to get vaccinated again COVID: GV Prasad

New Delhi: Russia’s Gam-COVID-Vac combined vector vaccine, popularly called Sputnik-V vaccine has been launched in the country on May 14 by Hyderabad-based pharmaceutical company Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Limited (DRL). The company carried out phase two and three clinical trials of the vaccine in the country. According to the company, the first consignment of the imported doses of Sputnik V arrived in the country on May 1 and has received regulatory clearance from the Central Drugs Laboratory, Kasauli on May 13. Dr Reddy’s Laboratories has administered the first dose of Sputnik V Coronavirus vaccine in Hyderabad today as part of a soft launch and will be eventually rolled out at 35 centres across India.

Russia’s Sputnik Light could also be the first single-dose vaccine to be used in India and Dr Reddy’s will hold talks with the government and the regulator in June for immediate launch, sources told NDTV.

Sputnik V has been developed by Gamaleya National Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology in Moscow, Russia with support from the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF). The Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) gave a regulatory nod to Sputnik-V under the emergency use authorisation last month. It is the third COVID-19 vaccine to be approved by DGCI. The country has been using two COVID-19 vaccines- Covaxin of Bharat Biotech and Covishield of Oxford-AstraZeneca manufactured by Serum Institute of India in Pune in its ongoing vaccination drive against COVID-19 which was initiated on January 16 this year.

Also Read: Gap Between Two Doses Of Covishield Extended To 12-16 Weeks: Government

Here is all you need to know about Sputnik V:

How Does Sputnik V Vaccine Work?

According to Dr K K Aggarwal, Former President, Indian Medical Association (IMA), Sputnik V vaccine is based on the same method as Covishield. He said that it uses two human adenoviruses that cause the common cold. So, the genetic code similar to coronavirus protein is put replacing the gene from the weakened virus, Dr Aggarwal explained, adding that the inserted element is safe for the body. It stimulates the immune system to generate response and produce antibodies that protect the body from the COVID-19 infection, he said.

When Can We Expect Sputnik V To Be Rolled Out In The Rest Of India?

In an interview with NDTV, Dr Kirill Dmitriev, CEO, Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) that makes investments in Russian companies and is marketing Sputnik V across the world said that RDIF plans to become a meaningful player in India’s vaccination drive. Dr Dmitriev added that RIDF has reached an agreement with five pharmaceutical companies in the country which will be manufacturing at least 5 crore doses per month initially.

The first batch of the vaccine is being made at Panacea Biotec Limited’s facility at Baddi in Himachal Pradesh from where it will be shipped to Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology in Russia for quality control.

How Will Sputnik V Be Priced In India?

An imported dose of Sputnik V vaccine costs Rs. 995.40 in India, according to Dr Reddy’s Laboratories. The price of the imported doses will include a five per cent GST (Goods and Services Tax) per dose. Doses of Sputnik V which are made in India are likely to be cheaper.

Also Read: Dr Reddy’s Laboratories To Submit Additional Immunogenicity Data For Emergency Approval Of COVID-19 Vaccine Sputnik V

What Is The Efficacy Of Sputnik V And How Safe It Is?

The efficacy of Sputnik V was is 91.6 per cent in the interim analysis of phase 3 clinical trial, which included data on 19,866 volunteers in Russia, as per the peer-reviewed study recently published in the medical journal the Lancet. It also said that the vaccine provides 100 per cent protection against severe cases. There are no serious adverse events and no strong allergies caused by Sputnik V, it said.

How Effective Will Sputnik V Be Against The Variants That Are Being Reported In India?

GV Prasad, Managing Director of Dr Reddy’s Labs said to NDTV that all vaccines seem to have some level of efficacy against the mutations of the coronavirus. He said,

We do have a very early-stage data on that aspect, however, the important thing is, even if the mutant is there, and if you are vaccinated, the symptoms are relatively mild. Being vaccinated is very important, I think like the seasonal flu, we will see booster shots tailored for mutants every season. And eventually, the pattern will establish but at this point, it is a bit too early to speculate on that.

Sputnik V Is Also A Two Dose Vaccine Like Covishield And Covaxin But Uses Two Different Formulae

According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), the vaccine is to be administered intramuscularly in two doses of 0.5 ml each with an interval of 21 days. The vaccines use two different formulae for each dose (Day 0: Formula I and Day 21: Formula II) which are not interchangeable, the union ministry said.

Sputnik V Can Be Stored In A Conventional Refrigerator

RDIF said that the storage temperature of Sputnik V at -18 degree Celsius in its liquid form. However, it can be stored at 2-8 degree C in its freeze-dried form in a conventional refrigerator, making it easier to transport and store, as per Dr Dmitriev of RDIF.

On the question of challenges related to the storage of Sputnik V doses, Mr. Prasad said,

Sputnik V is stored at between -18 to -24 degrees. We have an existing measles vaccine supply chain in India, which is historically stored at -20 degrees Celsius so we are planning to leverage that. We have also augmented some of that cold chain and cold storage points at various PLACES across the country. So the cold storage and cold chain are well established now. And we have validated it, with multiple dry runs and we feel comfortable with that.

The Country Needs More Vaccines To Fill The Immunisation Gap: Experts

While talking to NDTV about the shortage of vaccines and the slow pace of the ongoing vaccination drive, Dr Aviral Roy, Consultant, Critical Care, Medica Superspecialty Hospital, Kolkata said that the country needs to revamp its vaccination efforts exponentially and regulatory approval of new vaccines is an important step towards it. He said,

The number of patients is increasing every day. The situation is already overwhelming and it is when we have not even reached the peak of the second wave. People need to understand that stopping the infection has to be their most important priority. Increasing the number of vaccines out there is another important thing that needs to be done. I am happy that we have three vaccines now and all three manufacturers have promised large quantities of doses to be manufactured in the coming days. Now, it is important that the government help these manufacturers get the required raw material and also ensure adequate stock of syringes, vials, packaging and cold chain to break the chain of transmission.

Also Read: High And Upper-Middle Countries With 53 Per Cent Population Received 83 Per Cent Of World’s COVID Vaccine: WHO

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

17,66,30,634Cases
5,80,25,717Active
11,47,82,895Recovered
38,22,022Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 193 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 17,66,30,634 and 38,22,022 have died; 5,80,25,717 are active cases and 11,47,82,895 have recovered as on June 16, 2021 at 3:30 am.

India

2,96,33,105 62,224Cases
8,65,43247,946Active
2,83,88,100 1,07,628Recovered
3,79,573 2,542Deaths
In India, there are 2,96,33,105 confirmed cases including 3,79,573 deaths. The number of active cases is 8,65,432 and 2,83,88,100 have recovered as on June 16, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

59,24,773 7,652

1,41,440 8,982

56,69,179 15,176

1,14,154 1,458

Karnataka

27,77,010 5,041

1,62,303 9,859

25,81,559 14,785

33,148 115

Kerala

27,48,204 12,246

1,12,792 1,456

26,23,904 13,536

11,508 166

Tamil Nadu

23,78,298 11,805

1,25,215 11,669

22,23,015 23,207

30,068 267

Andhra Pradesh

18,20,134 5,741

75,134 4,879

17,32,948 10,567

12,052 53

Uttar Pradesh

17,03,207 270

7,221 890

16,74,072 1,104

21,914 56

West Bengal

14,68,044 3,268

20,046 1,125

14,30,949 2,068

17,049 75

Delhi

14,31,498 228

3,078 148

14,03,569 364

24,851 12

Chhattisgarh

9,88,172 609

11,717 943

9,63,113 1,544

13,342 8

Rajasthan

9,50,133 172

5,619 848

9,35,658 1,006

8,856 14

Odisha

8,59,526 3,405

44,358 3,436

8,11,780 6,799

3,388 42

Gujarat

8,21,078 352

8,884 658

8,02,187 1,006

10,007 4

Madhya Pradesh

7,88,649 224

3,610 331

7,76,424 528

8,615 27

Haryana

7,66,357 228

3,703 374

7,53,584 564

9,070 38

Bihar

7,17,949 410

4,360 412

7,04,075 813

9,514 9

Telangana

6,06,436 1,556

19,933 528

5,82,993 2,070

3,510 14

Punjab

5,89,153 628

10,802 1,111

5,62,701 1,691

15,650 48

Assam

4,66,590 3,415

41,184 475

4,21,378 2,906

4,028 34

Jharkhand

3,43,793 184

2,646 416

3,36,058 596

5,089 4

Uttarakhand

3,37,449 274

3,642 266

3,26,822 515

6,985 25

Jammu And Kashmir

3,08,726 715

12,407 1,125

2,92,114 1,830

4,205 10

Himachal Pradesh

1,99,197 321

4,050 382

1,91,737 691

3,410 12

Goa

1,63,048 327

4,175 231

1,55,926 548

2,947 10

Puducherry

1,13,192 355

4,668 279

1,06,828 629

1,696 5

Chandigarh

61,200 40

486 21

59,917 58

797 3

Manipur

61,096 785

8,744 301

51,354 476

998 8

Tripura

60,385 536

4,886 65

54,870 596

629 5

Meghalaya

42,759 450

4,430 99

37,579 542

750 7

Arunachal Pradesh

31,938 290

2,849 40

28,934 326

155 4

Nagaland

23,854 101

2,972 229

20,423 327

459 3

Ladakh

19,649 38

552 20

18,898 57

199 1

Sikkim

18,659 209

3,239 67

15,136 273

284 3

Mizoram

15,899 268

3,637 45

12,191 312

71 1

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,473 9

61 2

10,408 7

4

Lakshadweep

9,297 61

484 36

8,768 96

45 1

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,280 11

105 4

7,049 15

126

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