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The Decision To Lockdown India Was Taken Early And It Was Smart But Testing Needs To Scale Up: Expert On Country’s Fight Against Coronavirus

Dr Ashish Jha, Director of Harvard Global Health Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, talks abut India’s model of the lockdown and what the country needs to focus on to contain the spread of coronavirus 

The Decision To Lockdown India Was Taken Early And It Was Smart But Testing Needs To Scale Up: Expert On Country’s Fight Against Coronavirus
Highlights
  • India was under lockdown for 3 weeks till April 14
  • PM Modi on April 14 further extended the lockdown till May 3
  • Expert Ashish Jha thinks India’s model is ’Smart’

New Delhi: On March 24, Prime Minister Narendra Modi put 1.3 billion people of India under a strict lockdown for three weeks. On April 14, PM Modi extended the lockdown for three more weeks to slow the spread of the deadly virus that has taken lives of 1.14 lakh people globally. Has this lockdown made any impact in the country so far? Was this model of tackling coronavirus good or bad? According to the data reported by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), the lockdown has worked and may have flattened the curve in the country to some extent, especially in certain states and cities like Delhi, Tamil Nadu to name a few. NDTV’s Sonia Singh speaks with Dr Ashish Jha, Director of Harvard Global Health Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on the India model of the lockdown amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Here are the things discussed:

Also Read: Are Homemade Masks Effective To Fight Coronavirus? Experts Explain

NDTV: Has India’s lockdown model worked versus the model adopted globally by the countries to slow the spread of coronavirus?

Dr Ashish Jha: All of the western democracies like Italy, United Kingdom, the USA or Sweden, to name a few, have really made a mess-up by waiting too long for the lockdown. Moreover, these countries also didn’t have a very progressive testing strategy. On the other hand, India’s lockdown model which was adopted early was very smart, though I believe that the country needs to scale up the testing much more than it already has.

There are still questions on strategies after lockdown that should be adopted, when should India end this lockdown period and how does India prevent itself from going back in the lockdown. Those are still very important questions that needed to be asked.

NDTV: What will be the best way to come out of the lockdown in India with many migrant workers staying in the country without the proper livelihood?

Dr Ashish Jha: This is a very difficult situation, particularly for a country like India where the population of poor and daily wage workers is much high. Social distancing and lockdown measures do work for slowing the spread of such infectious virus but there is a very high cost attached to such measures, especially for the poor and vulnerable people. The choice here cannot be between the lockdown or letting poor people die of hunger or due to virus. And that’s why the government here needs to put up a really progressive support plan and make sure there is food and money going to migrant or poor people in the country and then unlocking as soon as it is safe to go out. And that’s why it is important for India to develop a very aggressive strategy after the lockdown is over.

NDTV: Globally, which are the models that have worked in beating the spread of coronavirus and which have been disastrous?

Dr Ashish Jha: We know that there are some countries that have worked well in slowing the spread of this highly infectious virus. The countries like Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, and even Japan that initially started to slow the spread and then now is having some problems..Germany has relatively done a good job and on the other hand countries like UK, Spain, Italy and the USA have not done a good job in the way they responded. If you fell behind in this war it is very hard to catch up..India has gotten ahead to cope up with the disease and now the country needs to focus on not falling behind.

Also Read: Taking Cue From Other Countries, Centre Launches Arogya Setu Mobile App To Monitor Coronavirus Cases, Curb Transmission

NDTV: Can rising temperatures help in slowing the spread of coronavirus in India?

Dr Ashish Jha: Summers will help in slowing the spread of coronavirus in India to some extent but I am not counting that as a major source of benefit since there is no medical research or proof on this fact as of now. What will work is three important things – social distancing, getting hospitals ready and testing aggressively. As everything else is just hope and hope is not a good strategy.

Also Read: Myths About Coronavirus: From 5G Network To Exposure To High Temperature, Here Are Some COVID-19 Mythbusters From WHO

NDTV: A big message for India and its policymakers on coming back to life after the lockdown?

Dr Ashish Jha: There are three things India needs to focus at this crucial time – First, even after lockdown, you will still need to keep some amount of social distancing. You just cannot go back to business routines like before. Second, India needs to focus on preparing hospitals because when you open up there will be more cases, there will be a surge in COVID-19 infected people, you need to start focussing on how will you protect and others in that circumstances. And India should also make sure there are proper gears and equipments with its doctors, nurses and healthcare workers. Thirdly, and this is very very crucial, India must scale up its testing for coronavirus. If India wants to stay open and doesn’t want to do another lockdown then the only way to do is via very extensive testing strategy.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak: Understanding What Is Flattening The Curve And Its Importance

Watch 

World

26,78,24,983Cases
22,84,48,447Active
3,40,97,388Recovered
52,79,148Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,78,24,983 and 52,79,148 have died; 22,84,48,447 are active cases and 3,40,97,388 have recovered as on December 9, 2021 at 3:47 am.

India

3,46,66,241 9,419Cases
94,742 1,009Active
3,40,97,388 8,251Recovered
4,74,111 159Deaths
In India, there are 3,46,66,241 confirmed cases including 4,74,111 deaths. The number of active cases is 94,742 and 3,40,97,388 have recovered as on December 9, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,40,888 893

9,964 157

64,89,720 1,040

1,41,204 10

Kerala

51,78,892 5,038

41,615 887

50,95,263 4,039

42,014 112

Karnataka

29,99,098 399

7,284 155

29,53,565 238

38,249 6

Tamil Nadu

27,32,648 703

7,946 36

26,88,142 728

36,560 11

Andhra Pradesh

20,74,217 181

2,011 3

20,57,749 176

14,457 2

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,502 10

139 7

16,87,452 3

22,911

West Bengal

16,20,803 574

7,576 0

15,93,659 568

19,568 6

Delhi

14,41,514 65

404 28

14,16,010 36

25,100 1

Odisha

10,50,760 255

1,931 11

10,40,403 264

8,426 2

Chhattisgarh

10,07,075 37

341 9

9,93,140 27

13,594 1

Rajasthan

9,54,984 40

236 16

9,45,792 24

8,956

Gujarat

8,27,873 67

417 45

8,17,361 22

10,095

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,288 14

140 1

7,82,619 13

10,529

Haryana

7,71,904 29

223 15

7,61,626 14

10,055

Bihar

7,26,259 9

36 6

7,14,133 3

12,090

Telangana

6,77,546 205

3,871 19

6,69,673 185

4,002 1

Assam

6,18,042 134

2,541 24

6,09,374 158

6,127

Punjab

6,03,578 22

350 0

5,86,614 20

16,614 2

Jharkhand

3,49,383 16

129 7

3,44,113 23

5,141

Uttarakhand

3,44,402 17

192 3

3,36,799 14

7,411

Jammu And Kashmir

3,38,198 151

1,639 38

3,32,070 111

4,489 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,27,753 69

722 14

2,23,174 81

3,857 2

Goa

1,79,307 65

441 37

1,75,478 28

3,388

Mizoram

1,37,377 320

3,049 10

1,33,819 309

509 1

Puducherry

1,29,128 23

230 1

1,27,022 22

1,876

Manipur

1,25,429 23

325 5

1,23,119 28

1,985

Tripura

84,888 14

94 11

83,968 3

826

Meghalaya

84,631 12

240 11

82,916 23

1,475

Chandigarh

65,515 7

67 2

64,628 5

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,298 3

29 2

54,989 5

280

Sikkim

32,390 8

200 2

31,785 6

405

Nagaland

32,143 1

116 2

31,328 3

699

Ladakh

21,749 14

230 17

21,304 31

215

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

0 0

10,679

4

Lakshadweep

10,405

11 0

10,343

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,691 1

3 0

7,559 1

129

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