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Unpredictable Effects Of Novel Coronavirus On Human Body Keep Doctors Baffled

With much still unknown about the new coronavirus, doctors around the world are grappling to understand the ways in which COVID-19 can affect humans

Unpredictable Effects Of Novel Coronavirus On Human Body Keep Doctors Baffled
Highlights
  • Different COVID-19 Patients are exhibiting different symptoms: Experts
  • Experts say it will take years to understand how COVID-19 damages organs
  • People with weakened immunity are more vulnerable to COVID-19

Washington D.C.: Doctors today across the globe are focusing on treating the inflammatory reactions caused by the coronavirus but more than four months of clinical experience across Europe and North America has shown the pathogen does much more than invade the lungs. It attacks the heart, weakening its muscles and disrupting its critical rhythm. It savages kidneys so badly some hospitals have run short of dialysis equipment. It crawls along the nervous system, destroying taste and smell and occasionally reaching the brain. It creates blood clots that can kill with sudden efficiency and inflames blood vessels throughout the body.

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This proves that the widespread recognition the novel virus is far more unpredictable than a simple respiratory virus. The contagion is often believed to attack the lungs in a human body, but doctors fear it may also strike anywhere from the brain to the toes, The Washington Post reported.

Learning about a new disease on the fly, with more than 78,000 deaths in the United States attributed to the pandemic itself, doctors have little solid research to guide them, the Post stated further.

The World Health Organization’s database already listed more than 14,600 papers on Covid-19. Even the world’s premier public health agencies, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, have constantly altered their advice to keep pace with new developments.

“We don’t know why there are so many disease presentations,” said Angela Rasmussen, a virologist at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health.

“Bottom line, this is just so new that there’s a lot we don’t know,” she stressed.

More than four months of clinical experience across Asia, Europe and North America has shown the pathogen does much more than invade the lungs.

“No one was expecting a disease that would not fit the pattern of pneumonia and respiratory illness,” David Reich, a cardiac anesthesiologist and president of Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, told the Post.

Also Read: Prolonged Self-isolation Due To Lockdown May Make Humans Feel Depressed, Powerless, Says Israeli Professor

It can begin with a few symptoms or none at all, then days later, squeeze the air out of the lungs without warning. It picks on the elderly, people weakened by the previous disease, and, disproportionately, the obese. It harms men more than women, but there are also signs it complicates pregnancies.

Last week, doctors warned of a rare inflammatory reaction with cardiac complications among children that may be connected to the virus. On Friday, New York Governor Andrew M. Cuomo announced that 73 children had fallen severely ill in the state and a 5-year-old boy in New York City had become the first child to die of the syndrome. Two more children had succumbed as of Saturday.

That news has shaken many doctors, who felt they were finally grasping the full dimensions of the disease in adults. Mr. Reich said,

We were all thinking this is a disease that kills old people, not kids.

Mount Sinai Hospital in New York has treated five children with the condition. Mr. Reich said each started with gastrointestinal symptoms, which turned into inflammatory complications that caused very low blood pressure and expanded their blood vessels. This led to heart failure in the case of the first child who died.

“The pattern of disease was different than anything else with COVID,” he said.

Of the millions, perhaps billions, of coronaviruses, six were previously known to infect humans.

Four cause colds that spread easily each winter, barely noticed. Another was responsible for the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome that killed 774 people in 2003. Yet another sparked the outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome in 2012, which kills 34 per cent of the people who contract it. But few do.

Had SARS or MERS spread as widely as this virus, Rasmussen said, they might have shown the same capacity to attack beyond the lungs. But they were snuffed out quickly, leaving only a small sample of disease and death.

Trying to define a pathogen in the midst of an ever-spreading epidemic is fraught with difficulties. Experts say it will be years until it is understood how the disease damages organs and how medications, genetics, diets, lifestyles and distancing impact its course.

Also Read: Fighting COVID19: Health Ministry To Conduct Population-Based Sero Survey In Select Districts

World

24,15,50,353Cases
20,31,59,099Active
3,34,78,247Recovered
49,13,007Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 24,15,50,353 and 49,13,007 have died; 20,31,59,099 are active cases and 3,34,78,247 have recovered as on October 20, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

3,41,08,996 14,623Cases
1,78,0985,020Active
3,34,78,247 19,446Recovered
4,52,651 197Deaths
In India, there are 3,41,08,996 confirmed cases including 4,52,651 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,78,098 and 3,34,78,247 have recovered as on October 20, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,94,820 1,638

30,408 1,202

64,24,547 2,791

1,39,865 49

Kerala

48,68,640 7,643

80,857 2,922

47,60,781 10,488

27,002 77

Karnataka

29,84,022 349

9,129 64

29,36,926 399

37,967 14

Tamil Nadu

26,89,463 1,179

14,326 244

26,39,209 1,407

35,928 16

Andhra Pradesh

20,61,287 483

5,654 55

20,41,316 534

14,317 4

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,047 11

118 5

16,87,031 16

22,898

West Bengal

15,81,946 726

7,428 12

15,55,520 705

18,998 9

Delhi

14,39,441 36

322 24

14,14,029 11

25,090 1

Odisha

10,35,973 556

4,281 66

10,23,398 618

8,294 4

Chhattisgarh

10,05,701 20

188 1

9,91,943 21

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,392

38 5

9,45,400 5

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,326 18

185 8

8,16,055 26

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,700 10

79 2

7,82,098 12

10,523

Haryana

7,71,101 9

126 0

7,60,926 9

10,049

Bihar

7,26,033 5

42 2

7,16,330 7

9,661

Telangana

6,69,365 202

3,940 11

6,61,484 190

3,941 1

Assam

6,07,119 353

3,585 124

5,97,577 229

5,957

Punjab

6,02,081 22

216 3

5,85,316 20

16,549 5

Jharkhand

3,48,461 17

128 3

3,43,198 14

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,765 6

175 1

3,36,193 7

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,31,221 84

803 13

3,25,990 97

4,428

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,826 222

1,348 78

2,16,751 142

3,727 2

Goa

1,77,659 80

620 20

1,73,685 56

3,354 4

Puducherry

1,27,479 55

490 33

1,25,137 86

1,852 2

Manipur

1,22,899 95

1,358 25

1,19,640 116

1,901 4

Mizoram

1,14,466 665

10,768 606

1,03,305 1,269

393 2

Tripura

84,349 6

102 11

83,431 17

816

Meghalaya

83,079 65

740 37

80,900 101

1,439 1

Chandigarh

65,310 4

25 1

64,465 3

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,031 17

145 0

54,606 17

280

Sikkim

31,783 27

181 16

31,210 10

392 1

Nagaland

31,641 14

247 5

30,718 18

676 1

Ladakh

20,883 2

34 0

20,641 2

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,676

4 0

10,668

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

0 0

10,314

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,646 4

8 1

7,509 3

129

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