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Upward Trend In Suicide Cases: How Can You Identify Red Signals In Time?

Studies show that suicide is the leading cause of death among 15-29 year old in India. What compels young adults to take their own lives – and how can you reach out to those around you who may need help? Experts explain

हिन्दी में पढ़े
Upward Trend In Suicide Cases: How Can You Identify Red Signals In Time?

New Delhi: World Health Organisation says that every 40 seconds, someone in the world takes their own life. It states that 75% of these cases are from low- or middle-income countries. WHO states that India has the highest suicide rate in South-East Asia. In 2019, the country reported the average of 381 suicide cases daily. It also said this rate increased in 2019 by 3.4% as compared to 2018. WHO also stated that 50% of these cases were from five states – Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. Breaking it down in terms of gender, WHO said that for every 100 suicide deaths, 70.2 were male and 29.8 were female. Many studies have also pointed out time and again that suicide is the leading cause of death in India among 15-29 year olds.

Also Read: Each COVID-19 Surge Poses A Risk For Healthcare Workers: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

According to National Crime Records Bureau, deaths due to suicide has shown an upward trend in India. As per the data, in 2016, 1,31,008 people died annually from suicides. In 2018, it went up by 2.68% in 2018 to 1,34,516 and in 2019 it went up by another 3.42% to 1,39,123.

Experts think suicide is preventable, if timely intervention is done. September 10 is observed as World Suicide Prevention Day, and this is the day to raise awareness on suicides and promote preventive measures with an overall aim to reduce deaths due to suicides across the world. This year, the theme for the day is, ‘Creating hope through action’.

NDTV speaks with experts to know more about suicide prevention, how can one identify warning signs in time and prevent suicides from happening.

Talking about why suicide rates are higher in younger population, Dr Gini K Gopinath, Chief Psychology Officer, YourDOST, said,

In general, the kind of exposure the younger population has in today’s time is very different from other age groups. Their thought process, level of understanding – all is very different. We have also seen the frustration, tolerance among younger lot is very less as they get whatever they want very easily. In family circumstances, we have also seen, the dependence on mobile for younger population is more. So, many a times, even families miss out on the warning signs of suicides.

Also Read: Consultations For Anxiety, Depression, Gaming Addiction Doubled During COVID-19 Pandemic: Study

He further said that the warning signs which one should look out for, to prevent suicides from happening, is a change in behaviour. He added,

See their day-to-day behaviour, if you notice a change, closely observe them, talk it out, try and find out what is going on with an individual.

On the other hand, talking about the rise in suicide cases now compared to previous years, Puroitree Majumdar, Senior Clinical Psychologist, YourDOST said,

Don’t think this is a generation shift issue. I do think, mental illness, lack of awareness about it existed even before generation Z came in. However, now there is more talk about the issue, more cases are being identified and more and more people are taking therapies. Having said that, I do think, the pressure to perform in personal or social life or to be like a particular kind has increased over the past few years and that creates a different space for the younger lot, as a result they sometimes think that suicide is the only option. I also think there is a lot of communication gap, there are also a lot of judgements on what is right and wrong.

Stressing on the solutions and how can we prevent suicides from happening, Dr Gini K Gopinath said,

We need to break the stigma associated with mental health, we need to think of ways through which we can easily talk it out, especially with our families. We need to learn to speak our mind out. Asking for help is my right – we need to believe in that direction. We need to start with open communications with our friends and family.

Also Read: Impact Of COVID-19 On The Mental Health Of Children And How Parents Can Help Them

Talking about how society, people around can help in the prevention, Puroitree Majumdar said,

First thing one can do is to show up – make sure you tell the vulnerable person or person in need that you are there to listen. For most people, we have seen that they were thinking of taking suicide as the ultimate step, they were planning to do the same for long. So, I think, for people around them, this is the biggest cue, if you see someone is not in their best behaviour, just try and talk it out with them. It is not just about having the first conversation, people need to keep showing up. Let them know that you will check on them in two or three days.

Also Read: How To Ensure Mental Wellbeing Of Children During The COVID-19 Crisis

If you need support or know someone who does, please reach out to your nearest mental health specialist.

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World

22,95,44,435Cases
19,20,52,504Active
3,27,83,741Recovered
47,08,190Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,95,44,435 and 47,08,190 have died; 19,20,52,504 are active cases and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 3:49 am.

India

3,35,31,498 26,964Cases
3,01,9897,586Active
3,27,83,741 34,167Recovered
4,45,768 383Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,31,498 confirmed cases including 4,45,768 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,01,989 and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,27,629 3,131

44,269 960

63,44,744 4,021

1,38,616 70

Kerala

45,39,926 15,768

1,61,765 5,813

43,54,264 21,367

23,897 214

Karnataka

29,69,361 818

13,769 617

29,17,944 1,414

37,648 21

Tamil Nadu

26,48,688 1,647

16,993 9

25,96,316 1,619

35,379 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,40,708 1,179

13,905 483

20,12,714 1,651

14,089 11

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,693 13

194 0

16,86,612 13

22,887

West Bengal

15,62,710 537

7,741 69

15,36,291 592

18,678 14

Delhi

14,38,556 39

400 21

14,13,071 18

25,085

Odisha

10,21,216 462

4,844 103

10,08,226 560

8,146 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,120 26

297 0

9,91,260 26

13,563

Rajasthan

9,54,275 12

99 8

9,45,222 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,751 14

133 0

8,15,536 14

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,410 8

90 6

7,81,803 14

10,517

Haryana

7,70,754 8

328 12

7,60,618 20

9,808

Bihar

7,25,907 6

60 9

7,16,188 15

9,659

Telangana

6,63,906 244

4,938 53

6,55,061 296

3,907 1

Punjab

6,01,359 36

304 3

5,84,554 37

16,501 2

Assam

5,98,864 441

5,081 97

5,87,970 338

5,813 6

Jharkhand

3,48,139 14

65 10

3,42,941 4

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,405 12

249 18

3,35,765 29

7,391 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,214 145

1,450 11

3,22,345 154

4,419 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,403 263

1,715 99

2,12,033 162

3,655 2

Goa

1,75,690 107

886 76

1,71,507 29

3,297 2

Puducherry

1,25,618 101

922 55

1,22,864 46

1,832

Manipur

1,18,870 197

2,174 9

1,14,861 203

1,835 3

Tripura

83,956 51

353 7

82,794 44

809

Mizoram

82,815 1,355

15,363 223

67,184 1,127

268 5

Meghalaya

79,817 150

1,878 18

76,558 167

1,381 1

Chandigarh

65,195 7

44 3

64,333 4

818

Arunachal Pradesh

54,190 64

413 3

53,504 60

273 1

Sikkim

31,014 43

627 27

30,007 70

380

Nagaland

30,959 52

470 3

29,832 46

657 3

Ladakh

20,743 6

144 6

20,392

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,360 1

9 1

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,607 7

17 4

7,461 3

129

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