115 Million Children Risk Malnutrition Due To COVID-19 Pandemic: India Child Well-being Report

115 Million Children Risk Malnutrition Due To COVID-19 Pandemic: India Child Well-being Report

According to India Child Well-being Report 2020, released by World Vision India, many children in the country are no longer having three meals a day and many are missing school mid-day meals
115 Million Children Risk Malnutrition Due To COVID-19 Pandemic: India Child Well-being ReportMany children in the country are no longer having three meals a day due to the disruptive impact of COVID-19 pandemic on household incomes and nutritional services, finds India Child Well-being Report 2020 of World Vision India
Highlights
  • Pandemic has caused a decline in household incomes: Report
  • Over 1.5 million schools have been closed due to the pandemic: UNICEF
  • Children are unable to get take-home ration from schools: Expert

New Delhi: The disruptive effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have intensified the burden of malnutrition among children in the country, especially from the vulnerable and economically poor families, finds India Child Well-being Report 2020, released on Tuesday (November 24) by World Vision India, a non-governmental organisation that works towards helping the underprivileged children. According to the report, COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown has put almost 115 million children at the risk of malnutrition.

Also Read: India Is Home To The World’s Most Wasted Children, As Per The Global Hunger Index 2020

The report highlights that due to the pandemic, decline in household incomes, changes in the availability and affordability of nutritious foods and interruptions to health, nutrition and social protection services increased. Because of this, many children in the country are no longer having three meals a day and many are missing school mid-day meal. The report further says that an increase in malnutrition can decrease the economic growth of a nation by approximately 8 per cent due to loss in productivity caused by reduced schooling and cognitive impairments. While talking about the report, Madhav Bellamkonda, National Director and CEO, World Vision India said,

The delivery of health and nutrition services have been impacted badly since the pandemic hit the nation. The report is clearly calling for more investments in the early childhood development and child protection.

The report which captures data on health, bodily integrity, protection and emotional well-being of children from 640 districts across 28 states and 9 Union Territories highlighted that the districts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir are among the better performing states in terms of child well-being. The districts of Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, on the other hand, scored low.

The report also highlighted that when it comes to access to health facilities, districts in the states of Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Puducherry, are top-performing states. However, districts from Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Nagaland are the worst-performing states in terms of access to health facilities for a child.

Also Read: Maharashtra’s Palghar Is Fighting A Dual Battle – Malnutrition and COVID-19: An On-Ground Report

Districts of Odisha, Jharkhand and Bihar, according to the report, are performing poorly on indicators such as sex ratio, which is the ratio of males to females in a population, among children less than six years of age, birth weight, infant mortality and under-five mortality rate.

Commenting on the findings of the report, Arjan De Wagt, Deputy Representative- Programmes, UNICEF said,

It is a very important report because we need data to speak to the people. The report clearly shows that when it comes to child well-being in India, the time to act has come and we cannot ignore this anymore. COVID-19 is affecting the vulnerable children to an imaginable level. The data we have right now from the ground is still very limited. Over 1.5 million schools have been closed for over 10 months now. But when these schools will open, many of the children may not even go back to school because poverty is increasing due to the pandemic. The children are unable to get the take-home ration from many schools and Anganwadi centres. To improve the well-being of children in the country, the water and sanitation services also need to reach every child.

Basanta Kumar Kar, Recipient of the Global Nutrition Leadership Award, said that while children are not the face of the pandemic, they are certainly the victims of it. He added that while the report gives us a look at important aspects of children’s well-being in the country, it would have been even more fruitful to have included the national or state governments in this effort for greater ownership and legitimacy. He said,

Apart from highlighting the ground reality, which is extremely important, there is a need to sensitise the policymakers for desired actions.

Also Read: How Has COVID-19 Impacted The Nutritional Status Of India’s Children? An On-Ground Report From Non-Profit Organisation CRY

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

17,59,54,708Cases
5,81,66,715Active
11,39,84,189Recovered
38,03,804Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 193 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 17,59,54,708 and 38,03,804 have died; 5,81,66,715 are active cases and 11,39,84,189 have recovered as on June 14, 2021 at 3:36 am.

India

2,95,10,410 70,421Cases
9,73,15853,001Active
2,81,62,947 1,19,501Recovered
3,74,305 3,921Deaths
In India, there are 2,95,10,410 confirmed cases including 3,74,305 deaths. The number of active cases is 9,73,158 and 2,81,62,947 have recovered as on June 14, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

59,08,992 10,442

1,58,617 167

56,39,271 7,504

1,11,104 2,771

Karnataka

27,65,134 7,810

1,80,856 10,961

25,51,365 18,646

32,913 125

Kerala

27,28,239 11,584

1,23,433 6,478

25,93,625 17,856

11,181 206

Tamil Nadu

23,53,721 14,016

1,49,927 12,146

21,74,247 25,895

29,547 267

Andhra Pradesh

18,09,844 6,770

85,637 5,780

17,12,267 12,492

11,940 58

Uttar Pradesh

17,02,624 452

8,986 820

16,71,852 1,221

21,786 51

West Bengal

14,61,257 3,984

17,651 1,403

14,26,710 2,497

16,896 84

Delhi

14,31,139 255

3,466 144

14,02,850 376

24,823 23

Chhattisgarh

9,86,963 459

13,677 1,405

9,59,969 1,858

13,317 6

Rajasthan

9,49,684 308

7,441 959

9,33,421 1,260

8,822 7

Odisha

8,51,782 4,469

51,681 3,309

7,96,799 7,733

3,302 45

Gujarat

8,20,321 455

10,249 614

8,00,075 1,063

9,997 6

Madhya Pradesh

7,88,183 274

4,251 524

7,75,380 780

8,552 18

Haryana

7,65,861 339

4,661 525

7,52,208 821

8,992 43

Bihar

7,17,215 487

5,312 389

7,02,411 868

9,492 8

Telangana

6,03,369 1,280

21,137 996

5,78,748 2,261

3,484 15

Punjab

5,87,903 956

12,981 1,083

5,59,360 1,980

15,562 59

Assam

4,59,497 2,167

41,373 3,272

4,14,173 5,403

3,951 36

Jharkhand

3,43,458 154

3,395 571

3,34,979 723

5,084 2

Uttarakhand

3,36,879 263

4,633 388

3,25,311 644

6,935 7

Jammu And Kashmir

3,07,412 774

15,081 1,203

2,88,145 1,965

4,186 12

Himachal Pradesh

1,98,550 237

4,777 625

1,90,382 855

3,391 7

Goa

1,62,468 420

4,882 175

1,54,658 581

2,928 14

Puducherry

1,12,528 402

5,331 414

1,05,513 809

1,684 7

Chandigarh

61,110 54

520 20

59,798 71

792 3

Manipur

59,852 530

8,499 211

50,379 726

974 15

Tripura

59,321 235

5,170 382

53,531 610

620 7

Meghalaya

41,906 305

4,623 248

36,550 547

733 6

Arunachal Pradesh

31,282 134

2,885 302

28,252 434

145 2

Nagaland

23,644 82

3,502 131

19,689 208

453 5

Ladakh

19,561 17

658 88

18,706 105

197

Sikkim

18,414 157

3,553 230

14,580 387

281

Mizoram

15,364 97

3,549 111

11,748 203

67 5

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,463 1

78 17

10,381 18

4

Lakshadweep

9,209 34

576 39

8,589 72

44 1

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,261 18

110 11

7,025 29

126

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