New Delhi: The city of Muzaffarpur is emerging as an example of a clean city in urban Bihar thanks to a joint initiative by Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), the Muzaffarpur Municipal Corporation (MMC) and ITC limited. Under the initiative, ‘Swachhata Swasthya Samridhi,’ which was launched in December 2016, Muzzaffarpur has become the first city in the state to have its own bye-laws on solid waste management. The main aim of the programme is to advocate source segregation through community awareness campaigns.
Awareness plays a vital role in #WasteManagement. Propagation of #PlasticBan in #muzaffarpur to avoid ambiguity among household and commercial establishments. pic.twitter.com/fsMd25OqHE
— MuzaffarpurSmartCity (@Muzaffarpur_SCM) January 3, 2019
In two years of the campaign, 70 volunteers have signed up to keep a check on waste collection and educate people on the necessity of waste segregation. Swati Singh Sambyal, Programme Manager CSE, explains,
With the help of volunteers, Mazaffarpur regularly organises mass awareness drives throughout the city, explaining the harmful effects of plastic on the environment.
@Muzaffarpur_SCM says not to #plastic. Citizens are made aware of #PlasticBan through mass awareness programs.@CSEINDIA pic.twitter.com/kUJOYrT72L
— MuzaffarpurSmartCity (@Muzaffarpur_SCM) January 11, 2019
The city also organises a weekly group discussions called “Swachhta Pe Charcha” where they invite hotel owners, religious groups, media, local industrialists, and other stakeholders to talk about the need for waste management. Ms. Sambyal said,
They discuss the challenges faced by them in maintaining cleanliness and suggest viable solutions to each other
Muzaffarpur and its processing centres have now become an education site in Bihar with the urban development department pushing to replicate their waste management model in 42 major local bodies of the state including cities like Patna, Gaya and Hazipur. Muzaffarpur currently has three decentralised processing centres as well as a model learning centre, where seminars regarding waste management, composting, and plastic waste management is taught to the interested audience. Ms. Sambyal added,
This audience often includes Urban Local Bodies, volunteers, local NGOs, and other citizens of the city or even other cities who want to learn waste management to keep their city clean
The model integrates rag pickers and waste collectors into the mainstream of waste management. The principles of organic compost is taught, promoted and sold under the trademark “Muzaffarpur Jaivik Khad”. Mr. Sanjay Dubey, Municipal Commissioner, MMC added,
Two years into the programme, Muzaffarpur is now amongst the cleanest cities in Bihar. About 70 volunteers have been working to do door to door propagation to educate residents on segregation of waste into wet, dry and domestic hazardous waste. Muzaffarpur is the first city in Bihar to have its own solid waste management bye-laws and is enforcing the ban on plastic carry bags which was recently announced by the state government,
Household #composting is inbuilt in Indian DNA. Citizens of #muzaffarpur are going back to basics of #WasteManagement #segregation #backyadcomposting pic.twitter.com/7ngaYQOtpw
— MuzaffarpurSmartCity (@Muzaffarpur_SCM) December 27, 2018
These efforts are not going to waste as 41 out of the 49 wards in the city are practising waste segregation at source, as of 15th January 2019 and the rest are expected to follow through by February.
"Teach us to #segregate and #muzaffarpur_SCM will be a city with 100% #sourcesegregation and segregated transportation," says the citizens. pic.twitter.com/7SOqcn8X9W
— MuzaffarpurSmartCity (@Muzaffarpur_SCM) January 10, 2019
NDTV – Dettol Banega Swachh India campaign lends support to the Government of India’sSwachh Bharat Mission (SBM). Helmed by Campaign AmbassadorAmitabh Bachchan, the campaign aims to spread awareness abouthygieneandsanitation, the importance of buildingtoiletsand making Indiaopen defecation free (ODF)by October 2019, a target set byPrime Minister Narendra Modi, when he launched Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in 2014. Over the years, the campaign has widened its scope to cover issues likeair pollution,waste management,plastic ban,manual scavengingandmenstrual hygiene. The campaign has also focused extensively onmarine pollution,clean Ganga Projectand rejuvenation ofYamuna, two of India’s major river bodies.