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Close-Knit Society, Delta Variant, Ignoring Covid-Appropriate Behaviour Behind Rising Cases In Mizoram: Reports

According to a recent study, a close-knit Mizo society wherein casual visit to relatives, friends, and neighbours or dining together is a common practice even during lockdown has resulted in high transmission of the infection

Close-Knit Society, Delta Variant, Ignoring Covid-Appropriate Behaviour Behind Rising Cases In Mizoram: Reports
Highlights
  • Mizoram has only one dedicated COVID-19 hospital
  • The state has so far reported 510 cases of new COVID-19 variants
  • Aggressive vaccination should be done: Expert

Aizawl: A close-knit society, negligence towards COVID-19 appropriate behaviour (CAB) and presence of the highly contagious Delta variant have resulted in a significant increase in the transmission of coronavirus infections in Mizoram, recent studies have revealed. The state registered a sustained rise in COVID-19 cases since April this year and over 1,000 single-day cases were reported several times.

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Mizoram has only one dedicated COVID-19 hospital, Zoram Medical College (ZMC), and one laboratory for conducting RT-PCR tests. According to state nodal officer and official spokesperson on COVID-19 Dr Pachuau Lalmalsawma, a recent study conducted by experts in the northeastern state has revealed that a close-knit Mizo society wherein casual visit to relatives, friends, and neighbours or dining together within the family circle or with others is a common or regular practice even during lockdown has resulted in high transmission of the infection.

Another study conducted by two members of a Central team recently also attributed the rise in COVID-19 cases to the close-knit society and non-compliance with coronavirus-related public health measures in Mizoram.

Chairman of Medical Operational Team on COVID-19 Dr ZR Thiamsanga said a recent study conducted by his team among at least 10,000 people showed low transmission among people, who strictly followed Covid Appropriate Behaviour, while those who did not abide by the protocol were found to contract the virus more. Both Dr Pachuau and Dr Thiamsanga said the presence of new variants of COVID-19 like Delta and Delta plus has also given rise to widespread community transmission as these variants are highly contagious.

If highly transmissible COVID-19 variants are already present, it is clear that transmission rate will be high or vast in a close-knit society Dr Thiamsanga, who is also a legislator from Champhai North, told PTI.

The state has so far reported 510 cases of new COVID-19 variants, including three Delta Plus and one each of Alpha and Eta variants. Dr Vanlalsiama Chhangte, Managing Director of a private hospital in Aizawl, also attributed the high transmissibility of coronavirus in Mizoram to a close-knit society but said lack of natural immunity or antibody among people could have been one of the reasons behind the rising number of COVID-19 cases.

He suggested aggressive vaccination and giving priority to the diagnosis of the high-risk group and asymptomatic patients for early treatment besides ramping up health facilities, including setting up laboratories for conducting RT-PCR tests and Intensive Care Units. Dr Pachuau attributed the sustained rise in daily COVID-19 cases to mass sample tests, aggressive contact tracing, and screening of high-risk groups or suspected persons.

He said that local volunteers and medical teams are actively involved in contact tracing. Despite massive efforts to contain the spread of COVID-19, the rising number of coronavirus cases is of great concern and it is not controllable as of now because the pandemic has extensively spread among the community, Dr Thiamsanga said.

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However, he claimed that the state has not completely failed in COVID-19 management because it still manages to maintain a low casualty rate. With the COVID-19 death toll at 268, the death rate in Mizoram stood at 0.32 per cent on Wednesday. He attributed early diagnosis and treatment and the pro-active role of medical teams to the low fatality rate despite poor health infrastructure.

Meanwhile, opposition parties have alleged that the rising number of coronavirus cases was due to the usage of the Rapid Antigen Test as the main tool for diagnosis, which gave many false-negative results resulting in the spread of COVID-19 by positive carriers. Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM) leader and MLA Lalduhoma said that the average proportion of samples tested through RT-PCR facility during June to August was a meagre 22.66 per cent against 70.89 per cent done by Rapid Antigen Test.

Besides the lone dedicated COVID-19 hospital, there are 18 Dedicated COVID-19 Health Centres (DCHCs), 69 state-run COVID-19 Care Centres (CCCs), seven CCCs run by forces and 417 Community COVID-19 Care Centres (CCCCs) run by local people in the state. There are also two paid CCCs in Aizawl. The northeastern state on Wednesday reported 1,355 new COVID-19 cases, pushing the state’s tally to 82,819. As many as 67,184 people have recovered from the infection taking the total recovery rate to 81.12 per cent. Of the 268 people who died of COVID-19, more than 80 per cent had comorbidities, according to officials. The state has tested over 10.34 lakh samples for COVID-19 to date.

Also Read: Vaccine Explainer: How Does Immunisation Protect Against A Disease?

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

26,71,08,375Cases
22,77,48,418Active
3,40,89,137Recovered
52,70,820Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,71,08,375 and 52,70,820 have died; 22,77,48,418 are active cases and 3,40,89,137 have recovered as on December 8, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

3,46,48,383 6,822Cases
95,0143,402Active
3,40,79,612 10,004Recovered
4,73,757 220Deaths
In India, there are 3,46,48,383 confirmed cases including 4,73,757 deaths. The number of active cases is 95,014 and 3,40,79,612 have recovered as on December 7, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,39,296 518

10,528 298

64,87,593 811

1,41,175 5

Kerala

51,69,198 3,277

41,386 2,724

50,86,044 5,833

41,768 168

Karnataka

29,98,400 301

7,096 65

29,53,067 359

38,237 7

Tamil Nadu

27,31,235 719

8,013 28

26,86,683 737

36,539 10

Andhra Pradesh

20,73,852 122

2,030 92

20,57,369 213

14,453 1

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,485 10

137 3

16,87,437 7

22,911

West Bengal

16,19,722 465

7,590 49

15,92,579 505

19,553 9

Delhi

14,41,398 40

344 26

14,15,955 65

25,099 1

Odisha

10,50,354 105

2,010 144

10,39,921 248

8,423 1

Chhattisgarh

10,07,011 44

337 7

9,93,081 37

13,593

Rajasthan

9,54,920 29

221 0

9,45,743 28

8,956 1

Gujarat

8,27,745 38

350 1

8,17,300 37

10,095

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,258 17

137 4

7,82,593 13

10,528

Haryana

7,71,851 32

203 18

7,61,594 14

10,054

Bihar

7,26,244 7

28 2

7,14,126 5

12,090

Telangana

6,77,138 195

3,810 23

6,69,328 171

4,000 1

Assam

6,17,758 182

2,544 54

6,09,088 122

6,126 6

Punjab

6,03,509 21

333 28

5,86,565 46

16,611 3

Jharkhand

3,49,352 10

131 4

3,44,080 6

5,141

Uttarakhand

3,44,364 11

172 2

3,36,781 13

7,411

Jammu And Kashmir

3,37,915 108

1,661 45

3,31,771 151

4,483 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,27,630 112

776 21

2,23,001 90

3,853 1

Goa

1,79,209 35

413 1

1,75,409 34

3,387

Mizoram

1,36,784 330

3,120 19

1,33,156 310

508 1

Puducherry

1,29,093 8

250 30

1,26,968 38

1,875

Manipur

1,25,389 29

341 12

1,23,063 38

1,985 3

Tripura

84,866 8

93 3

83,948 5

825

Meghalaya

84,599 16

246 2

82,878 14

1,475

Chandigarh

65,500 12

62 4

64,618 8

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,294 1

35 1

54,979 2

280

Sikkim

32,374 5

214 1

31,755 6

405

Nagaland

32,140 4

120 3

31,321 1

699

Ladakh

21,723 9

270 25

21,238 34

215

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

0 0

10,679

4

Lakshadweep

10,404

10 0

10,343

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,690 2

3 1

7,558 3

129

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