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Coronavirus Myths Explained: Are Children And Youngsters Less Vulnerable To Corona? 


NDTV speaks Dr Rajinder K Dhamija, Head of Neurology Department, Lady Hardinge Medical College to understand if children and young adults are less vulnerable to COVID-19

Coronavirus Myths Explained: Are Children And Youngsters Less Vulnerable To Corona? 


New Delhi: There is an ongoing discussion in many countries, including in India, about how to go about reopening schools and other educational institutions even as the COVID-19 pandemic rages on? The prime consideration is, of course, the safety of children from the virus itself and their role as carriers of the infection. Can children contract COViD-19 and spread it to others in schools like the staff or back home to other members of the family.

According to the analysis that has been done by the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme, which functions under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), the age-wise breakup of deaths in India until July 2 shows that mere 0.54 per cent deaths were in children aged less than 14 years. Whereas, the analysis stated that almost one in 3 deaths (32.79 per cent) due to COVID-19 was reported in the 45-59 age group, followed by 39.02 per cent in the 60-74 age group. The report also highlighted that the percentage of deaths in India were significantly low in the age groups 15-29 with 2.64 per cent and in people aged 30-44 years with 10.82 per cent.

Also Read: Should You Wear Mask While Exercising In The Wake Of Coronavirus Pandemic? Experts Explain  


NDTV spoke to Dr Rajinder K Dhamija, Head of Neurology Department, Lady Hardinge Medical College to understand if children and young adults are really less vulnerable to the highly contagious infection.

Also Read: Experts Explain The Different COVID-19 Tests: Rapid Antigen Vs RT-PCR Test, Which Is Better?

NDTV: Is It True, Children Or Young Adults Are Less Vulnerable To The Disease?

Dr Rajinder K Dhamija: Novel coronavirus outbreak is still very new to India; we have been dealing from the pandemic for only six months now and yet there is a lot of things that need to be discovered related to the disease. Everywhere, research and studies are going on, and as we move ahead, we are getting more and more information about the virus. 

There has also been a study from the USA done by Harvard University where they have done research on 65,000 children but their findings have said that children too are equally capable of spreading novel coronavirus and when they will get coronavirus, the chances of mortality are also there. The thing with coronavirus and its death rate is that it depends totally on the seriousness of the symptoms and complications. And, as coronavirus crisis spreads in the country, the more we are getting to learn about it. So, at this moment one can’t say if the study or information is true or not. 

NDTV: Can Coronavirus Affect Young Adults Later In Their Life?

Dr Rajinder K Dhamija: As of now, no one can answer this because for now everywhere short-term studies are going on, ON coronavirus and how it affects humans. Later, when we start doing long term studies on the symptoms and effect of coronavirus, maybe after one year or 5 years on what are the after-effects of coronavirus, we will be in a better position to draw conclusions.

Also Read: India’s Coronavirus Vaccine Development Timeline And What We Know About The Pandemic So Far, Director of AIIMS Dr Randeep Guleria Explains

NDTV: Is It True To Say, Young Adults or Children Spread Coronavirus Infection More And On Other Hand, Their Chances Of Catching The Virus Is Less?

Dr Rajinder K Dhamija: From the past experiences, we can say, that chances of severity or catching the virus in children is definitely less and that can be attributed either to the Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) or because of repeated infections which they are prone to get. Whereas, when it comes to spreading the infection, a child or young adult is as likely to spread the virus as any other person. So, thinking that children or young adults don’t spread the disease is not an option, precautions should be taken, whatsoever. 

And, we live in a country, where the tradition of joint family is more, so, if a house has both young children and grandparents, then the chances of the house spreading the virus are even more and they should at all cost take necessary precautions. 

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is T-Cell Immunity And How Does It Provide Defense Against COVID-19?

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

24,00,62,413Cases
20,17,73,183Active
3,33,99,961Recovered
48,89,269Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 24,00,62,413 and 48,89,269 have died; 20,17,73,183 are active cases and 3,33,99,961 have recovered as on October 16, 2021 at 4:08 am.

India

3,40,53,573 15,981Cases
2,01,6322,046Active
3,33,99,961 17,861Recovered
4,51,980 166Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,53,573 confirmed cases including 4,51,980 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,01,632 and 3,33,99,961 have recovered as on October 16, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,88,429 2,149

33,379 222

64,15,316 1,898

1,39,734 29

Kerala

48,38,811 8,867

95,349 1,072

47,16,728 9,872

26,734 67

Karnataka

29,82,869 470

9,700 93

29,35,238 368

37,931 9

Tamil Nadu

26,84,641 1,245

15,238 213

26,33,534 1,442

35,869 16

Andhra Pradesh

20,59,708 586

6,453 135

20,38,960 712

14,295 9

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,014 6

133 2

16,86,984 8

22,897

West Bengal

15,79,463 451

7,513 63

15,52,997 506

18,953 8

Delhi

14,39,337 26

327 10

14,13,921 36

25,089

Odisha

10,34,276 467

4,817 73

10,21,180 535

8,279 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,624 10

197 6

9,91,857 16

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,383 1

40 2

9,45,389 3

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,258 14

212 3

8,15,960 17

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,675 6

106 5

7,82,046 11

10,523

Haryana

7,71,049 14

116 11

7,60,884 3

10,049

Bihar

7,26,021 5

46 4

7,16,314 1

9,661

Telangana

6,68,722 104

4,056 115

6,60,730 218

3,936 1

Assam

6,05,944 97

3,458 188

5,96,547 284

5,939 1

Punjab

6,01,992 21

228 6

5,85,224 25

16,540 2

Jharkhand

3,48,415 9

130 0

3,43,150 9

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,739 10

179 4

3,36,163 6

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,30,885 51

895 40

3,25,564 91

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,203 90

1,361 26

2,16,125 114

3,717 2

Goa

1,77,410 54

648 31

1,73,423 81

3,339 4

Puducherry

1,27,296 37

611 36

1,24,836 73

1,849

Manipur

1,22,545 113

1,444 0

1,19,208 109

1,893 4

Mizoram

1,11,651 932

13,316 285

97,955 1,211

380 6

Tripura

84,299 4

102 8

83,381 12

816

Meghalaya

82,815 81

893 1

80,490 79

1,432 1

Chandigarh

65,297 2

30 2

64,447 4

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,964 6

183 19

54,501 25

280

Sikkim

31,739 17

189 35

31,159 51

391 1

Nagaland

31,547 31

228 2

30,645 32

674 1

Ladakh

20,871 4

42 2

20,621 6

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,675

3 0

10,668

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

1 1

10,313 1

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,641 1

9 1

7,503 2

129

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