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Coronavirus Myths Explained: Are Children And Youngsters Less Vulnerable To Corona? 


NDTV speaks Dr Rajinder K Dhamija, Head of Neurology Department, Lady Hardinge Medical College to understand if children and young adults are less vulnerable to COVID-19

Coronavirus Myths Explained: Are Children And Youngsters Less Vulnerable To Corona? 


New Delhi: There is an ongoing discussion in many countries, including in India, about how to go about reopening schools and other educational institutions even as the COVID-19 pandemic rages on? The prime consideration is, of course, the safety of children from the virus itself and their role as carriers of the infection. Can children contract COViD-19 and spread it to others in schools like the staff or back home to other members of the family.

According to the analysis that has been done by the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme, which functions under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), the age-wise breakup of deaths in India until July 2 shows that mere 0.54 per cent deaths were in children aged less than 14 years. Whereas, the analysis stated that almost one in 3 deaths (32.79 per cent) due to COVID-19 was reported in the 45-59 age group, followed by 39.02 per cent in the 60-74 age group. The report also highlighted that the percentage of deaths in India were significantly low in the age groups 15-29 with 2.64 per cent and in people aged 30-44 years with 10.82 per cent.

Also Read: Should You Wear Mask While Exercising In The Wake Of Coronavirus Pandemic? Experts Explain  


NDTV spoke to Dr Rajinder K Dhamija, Head of Neurology Department, Lady Hardinge Medical College to understand if children and young adults are really less vulnerable to the highly contagious infection.

Also Read: Experts Explain The Different COVID-19 Tests: Rapid Antigen Vs RT-PCR Test, Which Is Better?

NDTV: Is It True, Children Or Young Adults Are Less Vulnerable To The Disease?

Dr Rajinder K Dhamija: Novel coronavirus outbreak is still very new to India; we have been dealing from the pandemic for only six months now and yet there is a lot of things that need to be discovered related to the disease. Everywhere, research and studies are going on, and as we move ahead, we are getting more and more information about the virus. 

There has also been a study from the USA done by Harvard University where they have done research on 65,000 children but their findings have said that children too are equally capable of spreading novel coronavirus and when they will get coronavirus, the chances of mortality are also there. The thing with coronavirus and its death rate is that it depends totally on the seriousness of the symptoms and complications. And, as coronavirus crisis spreads in the country, the more we are getting to learn about it. So, at this moment one can’t say if the study or information is true or not. 

NDTV: Can Coronavirus Affect Young Adults Later In Their Life?

Dr Rajinder K Dhamija: As of now, no one can answer this because for now everywhere short-term studies are going on, ON coronavirus and how it affects humans. Later, when we start doing long term studies on the symptoms and effect of coronavirus, maybe after one year or 5 years on what are the after-effects of coronavirus, we will be in a better position to draw conclusions.

Also Read: India’s Coronavirus Vaccine Development Timeline And What We Know About The Pandemic So Far, Director of AIIMS Dr Randeep Guleria Explains

NDTV: Is It True To Say, Young Adults or Children Spread Coronavirus Infection More And On Other Hand, Their Chances Of Catching The Virus Is Less?

Dr Rajinder K Dhamija: From the past experiences, we can say, that chances of severity or catching the virus in children is definitely less and that can be attributed either to the Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) or because of repeated infections which they are prone to get. Whereas, when it comes to spreading the infection, a child or young adult is as likely to spread the virus as any other person. So, thinking that children or young adults don’t spread the disease is not an option, precautions should be taken, whatsoever. 

And, we live in a country, where the tradition of joint family is more, so, if a house has both young children and grandparents, then the chances of the house spreading the virus are even more and they should at all cost take necessary precautions. 

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is T-Cell Immunity And How Does It Provide Defense Against COVID-19?

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

26,43,68,460Cases
22,50,84,762Active
3,40,45,666Recovered
52,38,032Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,43,68,460 and 52,38,032 have died; 22,50,84,762 are active cases and 3,40,45,666 have recovered as on December 3, 2021 at 1:36 pm.

India

3,46,15,757 9,216Cases
99,976 213Active
3,40,45,666 8,612Recovered
4,70,115 391Deaths
In India, there are 3,46,15,757 confirmed cases including 4,70,115 deaths. The number of active cases is 99,976 and 3,40,45,666 have recovered as on December 3, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,37,221 796

10,882 180

64,85,290 952

1,41,049 24

Kerala

51,51,919 4,700

45,030 252

50,66,034 4,128

40,855 320

Karnataka

29,96,833 363

6,772 169

29,51,845 191

38,216 3

Tamil Nadu

27,28,350 715

8,155 45

26,83,691 748

36,504 12

Andhra Pradesh

20,73,252 159

2,138 11

20,56,670 169

14,444 1

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,417 12

93 1

16,87,413 11

22,911

West Bengal

16,17,408 657

7,690 22

15,90,208 667

19,510 12

Delhi

14,41,190 217

307 21

14,15,785 196

25,098

Odisha

10,49,597 252

2,211 26

10,38,971 276

8,415 2

Chhattisgarh

10,06,870 37

328 12

9,92,949 25

13,593

Rajasthan

9,54,827 21

213 10

9,45,659 11

8,955

Gujarat

8,27,570 50

318 25

8,17,158 24

10,094 1

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,199 12

128 4

7,82,543 8

10,528

Haryana

7,71,760 27

178 9

7,61,528 18

10,054

Bihar

7,26,230 5

32 0

7,16,534 4

9,664 1

Telangana

6,76,376 189

3,680 50

6,68,701 137

3,995 2

Assam

6,17,163 124

2,535 77

6,08,517 198

6,111 3

Punjab

6,03,352 32

344 13

5,86,402 18

16,606 1

Jharkhand

3,49,271 15

95 1

3,44,035 13

5,141 1

Uttarakhand

3,44,325 22

182 4

3,36,735 18

7,408

Jammu And Kashmir

3,37,263 177

1,697 10

3,31,089 167

4,477

Himachal Pradesh

2,27,354 85

835 29

2,22,669 113

3,850 1

Goa

1,79,046 56

367 40

1,75,295 16

3,384

Mizoram

1,35,765 315

3,717 55

1,31,545 368

503 2

Puducherry

1,28,998 33

299 10

1,26,826 23

1,873

Manipur

1,25,269 33

663 4

1,22,627 28

1,979 1

Tripura

84,835 15

94 6

83,916 8

825 1

Meghalaya

84,534 24

296 2

82,764 25

1,474 1

Chandigarh

65,475 4

65 1

64,590 5

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,285 6

36 1

54,969 5

280

Sikkim

32,267 15

137 10

31,727 5

403

Nagaland

32,128 3

128 5

31,302 6

698 2

Ladakh

21,642 41

306 21

21,122 20

214

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

0 1

10,679 1

4

Lakshadweep

10,397 1

18 8

10,328 9

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,686 3

7 2

7,550 1

129

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