Coronavirus Outbreak: Experts Explain What India Needs To Focus On, In Its Fight Against The PandemicExperts explain what are the things India needs to focus on at this stage of the #CoronavirusOutbreak and how important is the  #21DayLockdown to fight against COVID-19

New Delhi: On January 7, China made an announcement and informed the world about the spread of Novel Coronavirus. By January 30, the novel virus had made an entry in India when the country reported its first case of COVID-19 in Kerala. Today (April 1), after two months,  the number of confirmed cases in the country has gone up to 1397, of which 35 people have lost their lives, as per the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. In a status report submitted to the Supreme Court regarding the country’s preparedness to combat the pandemic recently, the centre said it had taken a proactive, pre-emptive and graded response to COVID-19, and the spread of the virus in the country is much slower than compared to several other countries.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak: A Complete List Of Places In India Where You Can Get Tested For COVID-19

According to the government a total of 15.25 lakh passengers have been screened at the airports, 40,000 were screened at the 12 major seaports and 65 minor ports and 20 lakh people were screened at all land borders posts for the spread of the virus.

The government also said one of the initial steps the country took was to send the list of all passengers, as obtained from Bureau of Immigration to the states for monitoring international passengers as per medical protocol. So far a total of 3,48,000 passengers are brought under such medical/health monitoring as per such risk profile and symptomatic cases are hospitalized and treated.

Also Read: Can Warm Weather Stop The Spread Of Coronavirus? Experts Answer

Moreover, at the start of this crisis, India had just one lab in January 2020 at Pune, now the country has a total of  118 labs with a capacity to undertake sampling of 15,000 tests per day, according to the government. The government has also roped in 47 private laboratory chains for the testing purpose, which have more than 20,000 collection centres in the country which will now be able to collect the sample for Coronavirus. The government in its status report also mentioned about the facilities and infrastructure being built in the country in this 21-days lockdown time to fight COVID-19 and added several states have already initiated actions to change existing hospitals exclusively dedicated for the COVID-19 treatment and to convert existing unoccupied ‘non-hospital buildings’ into temporary COVID-19 hospitals. Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Dr Harsh Vardhan talked about scaling up of the hospital equipments to cope with the crisis said, “15,000 ventilators have been made available dedicatedly for coronavirus and 30,000 more will be available in a week’s time. We will keep on adding the number o ventilators and other necessary equipment, I can assure, all the required efforts are being made by the health ministry of India.”

NDTV spoke to experts from around the world to know all about coronavirus fight and India’s preparedness. The experts talked about key areas India needs to focus at this crucial stage of COVID-19 outbreak, during a townhall conducted in partnership with Facebook. Here are some excerpts.

Question: What can India learn from Italy’s Experience?

Dr Daniela Cirilloa, Medical Microbiologist, Milano, Italy:  The first message what we learned from our experience in Italy is that you need to protect your doctors because if you start losing your healthcare workers or start quarantining them then your health system will collapse. In addition, there is a message for the population as well, practising social distancing is very important, you need to keep the people lockdown because if they get sick, the burden will increase on hospitals, hospitals bed, ICUs and ventilators and no country is actually prepared to take the burden of their entire population in the hospitals.

Also Read: Why Does Coronavirus Spread So Easily? Experts Explain

India should know, at their given population that they are fighting a very serious enemy, testing should be done for anyone and everyone, even for people with no symptoms because if even one person spread the virus it will affect the entire country.

Question: How can industries contribute towards the fight against COVID-19? 

Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, CMD, Biocon India Limited: Currently the main challenge in India is ‘testing’. We must keep testing to fight the war against COVID-19 but the country is not been able to test enough people. There are many who are positive for this deadly virus but we are unable to report because we have not been able to test them or identify them. We have extended testing facilities to private sectors for COVID-19 and what we are finding from them is that the kits are in short supply because these are in high demand world over.

Also Read: COVID-19: What Tests Are Needed? Who Should Take The Coronavirus Test? All You Need To Know

So, what is happening in India is that there is one company who has indigenously developed diagnostic kits but we need to add to this requirement, given the coronavirus outbreak. So, now many labs who can actually develop this kit are doing this. In order to contribute to the fight, all of us in the biotech sector are developing what we call as probes or primers so that we can actually carry out these test in large numbers. In addition to this, the biotech sector is also developing anti-body tests, vaccine development is being looked at – coronavirus is an invisible enemy which nobody knows how to counter. Ventilators, gloves, mask and other protective gears in our country is in short supply and I think, every industry should come forward and help meet this huge demand by developing whatever they can.

One message that I would like to give in the wake of coronavirus is that COVID-19 has come as a wake-up call, we as a country have underinvested in public health, underinvested in communicable diseases, and we have neglected and ignored the study of viruses that have infected humans over the period of time. Life after coronavirus will be a lot more different, I believe, we have a lot of skills and scientific knowledge or resources, which we have not taken advantage of. Being a biotech company we are for now working on building more testing kits and giving a contribution to buy more ventilators.

Question: What are the currently available options to test patients for COVID-19 and what more is needed?



Dr Randeep Guleria, Director AIIMS: We should gradually move to testing in the house or have mobile vans which can test people in one community instead of people coming and queuing in the hospitals and getting infected from others who have this virus or infecting others with this deadly virus. That is the strategy which is being looked out and a lot of the private and government labs are now working on this strategy. Now, the government is also sending healthcare workers for home tests, when people call via helpline and if someone fits into the testing criteria then the government will send an individual who will have his protective gears to take the nasal or throat swab and bring it in the viral transport media back to the lab. This step is very crucial and necessary because we cannot have an infected person going to the hospital or lab which is crowded and spreading the infection to others. The test needs to be done at home or an isolation ward.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak: How Long The Novel Virus Lives On Surfaces Like Cardboard, Plastic, And Steel, Experts Explain

Question: To implement more home testing what are the requirements to keep in mind?

Dr Randeep Guleria, Director AIIMS: Yes, a strategy is needed to be developed in India for moving from hospital or lab testing phases to home testing. Maybe the possibility of mobile vans can be looked INTO upon and instead of individual home tests, for now, we can start with community tests. A single man can cover a larger area and can go back to the lab and give the samples for testing.

Obviously, anyone who will go out to take the test for the COVID-19 will need to have the protective gears on as they will actually come in contact with people who may be infected with the deadly virus. And if the healthcare person will put a swab down in the infected person’s throat or mouth and they cough, then the chances of the healthcare person getting the infection are high. So it is very important for health workers also to take proper care. India has announced a lockdown for 21-days and this is the crucial time to build and work on all these strategies, which the government currently along with healthcare workers and experts are actually doing.

Question: Currently, what are serious knowledge gaps related to novel coronavirus?

Soumya Swaminathan, Chief Scientist, World Health Organisation: There are quite a few knowledge gaps, when it comes to fighting coronavirus and which we need to learn about, right away. Most important being to learn about the transmission of the novel virus in the communities and what are the factors that can break the chain of the infection. We also need to know who are the most infectious people in the community – are they young adults, are they people transmitting before they show symptoms. What is the role of children, how long ARE people infectious for, when IS it is safe for them to start mixing with others and lastly what are the measures countries are taking to fight COVID-19. The virus is very new and the number of things we as scientists have learned over the past few months is very positive for the country in terms of knowledge. There are a lot of gaps when it comes to coronavirus but those shall be answered with time and everyone’s knowledge.

Question: How will the Lockdown help in fighting the coronavirus outbreak in India?


Dr Arvind Kumar, Chairman, Center for Chest Surgery and Director, Institute of Robotic Surgery at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital (SGRH), Founder & Managing Trustee, Lung Care Foundation: Lockdown has given India a crucial time to prepare for healthcare facilities in two areas – one is the infrastructure and other is the manpower bit. Government of India has already said that they already have orders for 15,000 ventilators and are trying to get 30,000 more. So, there will be around of 45,000 ventilators available by a week or two, that is the huge number to be added. We also have modifications being made where one ventilator is being connected to two or maybe four people. Large numbers of hospitals are being set up with dedicated ICU beds to fight the pandemic. This is one part, the hardware part, the next part is the software part, where India needs to train nurses, support staff or doctors to manage COVID-19 patients as these are very sick people who need to be taken care of in a specialised manner. With this lockdown, India will be more prepared to fight coronavirus and it will also reduce the mortality rate in the country, unlike what has happened in Italy and other countries.

Also Read: Opinion: Amid Coronavirus Outbreak Lockdown, Governments Must Tap Anganwadis Better To Fight Hunger; A View From Delhi

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World

2,02,84,269Cases
69,57,851Active
1,25,85,308Recovered
7,41,110Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 188 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 2,02,84,269 and 7,41,110 have died; 69,57,851 are active cases and 1,25,85,308 have recovered as on August 12, 2020 at 4:13 am.

India

23,29,638 60963Cases
6,43,948 4019Active
16,39,599 56110Recovered
46,091 834Deaths
In India, there are 23,29,638 confirmed cases including 46,091 deaths. The number of active cases is 6,43,948 and 16,39,599 have recovered as on August 12, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Akola757
Aurangabad1974
Dhule228
Jalgaon1039
Mumbai45478
Mumbai Suburban5363
Nagpur692
Nashik1575
Palghar1421
Pune9920
Satara629
Solapur1291
Thane13660
Yavatmal150
Ahmednagar190
Amravati291
Beed54
Bhandara41
Buldhana88
Chandrapur32
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Kolhapur646
Latur139
Nanded176
Nandurbar42
Parbhani78
Raigad1462
Ratnagiri350
Sangli145
Gadchiroli42
gondia69
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Wardha11
Washim13

535601 11088

148860 818

368435 10014

18306 256

DistrictCases
Chittoor319
Guntur511
Krishna557
Kurnool795
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Prakasam104
Srikakulam183
Visakhapatnam103
West Godavari199
Y.S.R.205
Vizianagaram23

244549 9024

87597

154749 9113

2203 87

DistrictCases
Bengaluru Rural40
Bengaluru Urban529
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Ballari60
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Chikkaballapura149
Dakshina Kannada179
Dharwad61
Gadag45
Kalaburagi669
Mandya346
Tumakuru36
Uttara Kannada95
Vijayapura201
Chamarajanagara0
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Davangere204
Hassan205
Haveri24
Kodagu4
Kolar29
Koppal5
Raichur369
Ramanagara3
Shivamogga67
Udupi1176
Yadgir538

188611 6257

79614

105599 6473

3398 86

DistrictCases
North Goa57
South Goa69

9444 415

2878 137

6480 272

86 6

DistrictCases
Chengalpattu1314
Chennai23324
Kanchipuram503
Madurai322
Namakkal83
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Thiruvallur774
Thiruvarur67
Tiruppur116
Vellore71
Virudhunagar185
Ariyalur444
Coimbatore188
Cuddalore477
Dharmapuri15
Dindigul175
Erode75
Kallakurichi324
Kanniyakumari110
Karur88
Nagapattinam99
Perambalur133
Pudukkottai53
Ramanathapuram119
Salem258
Sivaganga46
Tenkasi103
The Nilgiris17
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Tirunelveli433
Tirupathur45
Tiruvannamalai496
Tuticorin333
Villupuram509
Krishnagiri43

308649 5834

52810

250680 6005

5159 118

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kottayam73
Alappuzha76
Idukki40
Kasaragod333
Kollam118
Kozhikode90
Malappuram119
Palakkad224
Pathanamthitta98
Thiruvananthapuram104
Thrissur106
Ernakulam60
Wayanad36

36932 1417

12770

24042 1426

120 5

DistrictCases
Raipur46
Korba100
Balod41
Baloda Bazar85
Balrampur17
Bastar2
Bemetara21
Bijapur2
Bilaspur100
Dantewada0
Dhamtari6
Durg31
Gariyaband10
Janjgir-Champa56
Jashpur77
Kabirdham52
Kanker19
Kondagaon0
Korea39
Mahasamund54
Mungeli87
Narayanpur0
Raigarh47
Rajnandgaon52
Sukma0
Surajpur9
Surguja14

12929 481

3586 250

9239 226

104 5

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2475
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Vikarabad40
Warangal Urban32
Adilabad22
Jagitial77
Jangoan8
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Kamareddy11
Karimnagar17
Khammam26
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Mahabubnagar30
Mancherial43
Medak11
Nalgonda33
Narayanpet3
Nirmal21
Nizamabad76
RajannaSircilla16
Sangareddy26
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Mahabubabad10
Mulugu3
Nagarkurnool8
Peddapalli5
Siddipet7
Wanaparthy1
Warangal Rural4
YadadriBhuvanagiri40

84544 1897

22596

61294 1920

654 9

DistrictCases
Baleshwar190
Bhadrak137
Jajapur322
Dhenkanal36
Kalahandi33
Kendrapara164
Khordha238
Koraput16
Sundargarh102
Anugul26
Balangir129
Bargarh16
Boudh34
Cuttack155
Deogarh33
Gajapati61
Ganjam581
Jagatsinghapur91
Jharsuguda8
Kandhamal28
Kendujhar34
Malkangiri20
Mayurbhanj73
Nabarangpur2
Nayagarh86
Nuapada69
Puri103
Rayagada2
Sambalpur16
Sonepur29

48796 1341

13694

34806 1785

296 10

DistrictCases
Barwani60
Bhopal1880
Dewas140
Dhar132
East Nimar266
Gwalior211
Indore3839
Jabalpur276
Ujjain799
Agar Malwa15
Alirajpur3
Betul35
Burhanpur351
Chhindwara16
Dindori29
Harda4
Hoshangabad37
Khargone196
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Raisen71
Ratlam51
Sagar228
Shajapur39
Shandol14
Sheopur26
Tikamgarh18
Vidisha37
Anuppur22
Ashoknagar13
Balaghat9
Bhind87
Chhatarpur35
Damoh26
Datia12
Guna8
Jhabua14
Katni3
Mandla15
Narsinghpur17
Neemuch319
Niwari0
Panna20
Rajgarh31
Rewa39
Satna24
Sehore12
Seoni2
Shivpuri15
Sidhi17
Singrauli13
Umaria10

40734 843

9105

30596 922

1033 18

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17125
Anand107
Arvalli134
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Gandhinagar410
PanchMahals107
Surat2311
Vadodara1555
Bharuch56
Botad55
Chhotaudepur37
Dang5
Dohad43
GirSomnath45
Jamnagar63
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Mahesana159
Mahisagar125
Narmada25
Naysari35
Patan105
Rajkot135
SabarKantha101
Surendranagar55
Tapi6
Valsad47
Amreli16
DevbhumiDwarka22
Junagadh31
Morbi4
Porbandar11

73163 1132

14024

56444 1140

2695 23

DistrictCases
Ajmer379
Banswara91
Bharatpur563
Jaipur2177
Jhalawar329
Jodhpur1748
Kota503
Nagaur500
Alwar90
Barmer34
Bhilwara250
Bikaner112
Chittorgarh188
Churu81
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Dungarpur374
Hanumangarh31
Jaisalmer53
Jhunjhunu64
Karauli17
Pali352
Rajsamand140
SawaiMadhopur26
Sikar231
Tonk171
Udaipur724
Baran59
Bundi5
Ganganagar8
Jalore164
Pratapgarh14
Sirohi130

54887 1217

13677

40399 1339

811 11

DistrictCases
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Ambala93
Bhiwani60
CharkiDadri43
Fatehabad38
Gurugram2950
Hisar98
Jhajjar114
Jind38
Kaithal48
Karnal104
Kurukshetra55
Nuh68
Palwal120
Panchkula39
Panipat78
Rohtak145
Sirsa50
Yamunanagar19
Mahendragarh47
Rewari56

43227 798

6645 197

36082 590

500 11

DistrictCases
Agra933
Aligarh215
Amroha80
Bareilly17
Bijnor157
Bulandshahr166
Firozabad190
Gautam Buddha Nagar1119
Kanpur Nagar286
Lucknow386
Mathura129
Meerut504
Moradabad252
Muzaffarnagar117
Rae Bareli78
Rampur203
Saharanpur298
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Varanasi243
Auraiya37
Ayodhya120
Azamgarh138
Baghpat68
Bahraich73
Balrampur49
Banda27
Basti214
Bhadohi60
Budaun23
Etah52
Etawah46
Ghaziabad794
Ghazipur159
Gonda59
Gorakhpur166
Hapur225
Hardoi49
Jalaun41
Jaunpur194
Jhansi41
Kannauj69
Kasganj16
Kaushambi6
Mainpuri46
Mau48
Mirzapur22
Pilibhit15
Pratapgarh15
Prayagraj30
Sambhal116
Shamli40
Shravasti23
Sitapur32
Sultanpur97
Unnao42
Ambedkar Nagar92
Amethi206
Ballia60
Barabanki168
Chandauli38
Chitrakoot4
Deoria143
Farrukhabad36
Fatehpur3
Hamirpur3
Hathras43
Kanpur Dehat4
Kheri72
Kushi Nagar67
Lalitpur3
Maharajganj85
Mahoba3
Shahjahanpur25
Siddharth Nagar159
Sonbhadra10

131763 5041

48998 1120

80589 3865

2176 56

DistrictCases
Central4817
East2472
New Delhi3405
North3059
North East1914
North West5463
Shahdara1580
South2329
South East2446
South West2391
West4768

147391 1257

10868 522

132384 727

4139 8

DistrictCases
Dhubri30
Goalpara19
Marigaon50
Baksa14
Barpeta28
Biswanath16
Bongaigaon12
Cachar80
Charaideo29
Chirang6
Darrang20
Dhemaji47
Dibrugarh61
Dima Hasao86
Golaghat203
Hailakandi57
Hojai89
Jorhat24
Kamrup42
Kamrup Metro276
KarbiAnglong13
Karimganj85
Kokrajhar37
Lakhimpur57
Majuli2
Nagaon143
Nalbari23
Sivasagar20
Sonitpur27
South SalmaraMancachar4
Tinsukia84
Udalguri28
West KarbiAnglong5

64406 2669

19178 1178

45073 1487

155 4

DistrictCases
East District3
North District0
South District3
West District0

913 3

378

534 24

1

DistrictCases
Buxar134
Gaya115
Munger188
Patna279
Rohtas256
Arwal52
Aurangabad75
Banka134
Begusarai243
Bhagalpur266
Bhojpur103
Darbhanga143
Gopalganj123
Jehanabad178
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Lakhisarai72
Madhepura82
Madhubani199
Nalanda123
Nawada122
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Saran101
Siwan139
Vaishali87
Araria68
Jamui47
Katihar175
Khagaria253
Kishanganj75
Muzaffarpur96
Pashchim Champaran57
Saharsa88
Samastipur139
Sheikhpura118
Sheohar20
Sitamarhi73
Supaul87

86413 3863

29291 1226

56709 2621

413 16

DistrictCases
24 Paraganas North1031
24 Paraganas South281
Darjeeling97
Howrah1435
Jalpaiguri88
Kalimpong18
Kolkata2777
Maldah235
Medinipur East153
Medinipur West159
Hooghly604
Murshidabad125
Nadia139
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purba Bardhaman130
Alipurduar39
Bankura116
Birbhum206
Coochbehar210
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Dinajpur Uttar216
Jhargram9
Purulia66

101390 2931

25846

73395 3067

2149 49

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

1764 139

994 98

749 40

21 1

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Karaikal2
Mahe4
Yanam0

5900 276

2277 97

3532 177

91 2

DistrictCases
Anjaw0
Changlang31
Dibang Valley0
East Kameng0
East Siang1
Kamle0
KraDaadi0
KurungKumey0
Leparada0
Lohit3
Longding0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0
Lower Subansiri0
Namsai2
PakkeKessang1
Papum Pare8
Shi Yomi0
Siang0
Tawang1
Tirap0
Upper Siang1
Upper Subansiri0
West Kameng0
West Siang1

2327 96

690 54

1634 42

3

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Kiphire3
Kohima7
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Mon8
Peren2
Phek1
Tuensang3
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

3031 20

2032 2

991 18

8

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

1653 40

442

1209 42

2

DistrictCases
Ranchi148
Bokaro16
Deoghar5
Dhanbad32
Garhwa80
Giridih19
Hazaribagh110
Jamtara2
Koderma58
Simdega48
Chatra1
Dumka5
East Singhbum170
Godda2
Gumla28
Khunti10
Latehar14
Lohardaga8
Pakur4
Palamu27
Ramgarh75
Sahebganj0
SaraikelaKharsawan20
West Singhbhum21

19225 502

8658

10375 651

192 4

DistrictCases
Gomati74
North Tripura14
Dhalai196
Khowai24
Sepahijala174
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45

6482 110

1601

4838 182

43

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

1770 53

506 35

1255 18

9

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Bandipora175
Shopian255
Srinagar300
Baramulla271
Budgam110
Ganderbal37
Jammu138
Kathua53
Kulgam295
Kupwara231
Rajouri39
Ramban151
Reasi26
Samba25
Udhampur155
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0
Doda27
Kishtwar10
Poonch35
Pulwama108

25931 564

7462

17979 604

490 12

DistrictCases
Chamba29
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Sirmaur11
Solan32
Una41
Bilaspur21
Kinnaur2
Kullu4
Lahaul And Spiti0
Mandi21
Shimla10

3497 34

1206

2273 68

18 1

DistrictCases
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Patiala132
Amritsar485
Barnala25
Faridkot74
Firozepur50
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Moga65
Pathankot86
S.A.S Nagar137
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Tarn Taran163
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Rupnagar (Ropar)74

25889 1000

8463

16790 1055

636 32

DistrictCases
Haridwar94
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Almora71
Bageshwar31
Chamoli36
Champawat45
PauriGarhwal36
Pithoragarh43
Rudraprayag30
Tehri Garhwal110
Udam Singh Nagar83
Uttar Kashi24

10432 411

3826 240

6470 169

136 2

DistrictCases
Bishnupur7
Chandel5
Churachandpur32
Imphal East10
Imphal West21
Jiribam3
Kakching2
Kamjong5
Kangpokpi26
Noney1
Pherzawl3
Senapati6
Tamenglong2
Tengnoupal9
Thoubal18
Ukhrul4

3941 88

1801 81

2128 6

12 1

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

1670 75

629 63

1015 11

26 1

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
North Garo Hills1
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Garo Hills4
South West Khasi Hills0
West Garo Hills5
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1

1136 22

621 11

509 11

6

DistrictCases
Aizawl10
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Kolasib11
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Mamit8
Saiha0
Saitual1
Serchhip0

648 25

325 25

323

0

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0

0

0

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