Coronavirus Pandemic Exposes Broken System Of Bio-medical Waste Management; Experts Discuss The Issue And Solutions

Coronavirus Pandemic Exposes Broken System Of Bio-medical Waste Management; Experts Discuss The Issue And Solutions

According to a Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) report, India generates about 101 Metric Tonnes per day (MT/day) of COVID-19 related bio-medical waste
Coronavirus Pandemic Exposes Broken System Of Bio-medical Waste Management; Experts Discuss The Issue And SolutionsNational capital Delhi generates 11.114 tonnes of COVID-19 bio-medical waste daily
Highlights
  • Maharashtra accounts for over 17% of India’s COVID-19 bio-medical waste
  • Experts recommend waste segregation as a key to biomedical waste management
  • Ms Sambyal suggests leveraging technology to track bio-medical waste

New Delhi: The outbreak of Novel Coronavirus has not only exposed the poor healthcare infrastructure and lack of preparedness to battle a pandemic but also loopholes in the waste management process in the country. According to a report filed by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in the National Green Tribunal in July, India generates about 101 Metric Tonnes per day (MT/day) of COVID-19 related bio-medical waste. This quantity is in addition to the regular bio-medical waste generation of about 609 MT per day. The report clearly states that the available capacity for incineration of COVID-19 biomedical waste in the country is about 840 MT against the total generation of about 710 MT per day.

Coronavirus Pandemic Exposes Broken System Of Bio-medical Waste Management; Experts Discuss The Issue And Solutions
India generates about 101 Metric Tonnes per day (MT/day) of COVID-19 related bio-medical waste

Also Read: COVID-19 Waste: CPCB’s New Guidelines Advise Households To Cut And Store Waste Masks, Gloves For 3 Days Before Disposing Of

Is Incineration The Only Way To Treat Bio-medical Waste?

As per the Guidelines for Quarantine Facility COVID-19 issued by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, waste is to be bifurcated in four streams:

1. Eye protection goggles, recyclable materials like pens, plastic water bottles and bed sheets are to be kept in red bins. The collected waste is to be disinfected through autoclave or microwave or hydroclave and sent for recycling.

2. Sharp waste including metals is to be discarded in white bins. For the treatment, sterilisation is to be followed by shredding or containers mutilation or encapsulation.

3. Glassware, tube light, CFL bulbs, LED used in quarantine facility are to be kept separately in a cardboard box marked blue. The waste is to be disinfected and sent for recycling.

4. Used personal protective equipment (PPE), gloves, shoe covers, head covers, disposable bed sheets, and PPE with spill is to be discarded in a yellow bin and incinerated or buried in deep pits.

While talking to NDTV, Sourabh Manuja, Fellow, Centre for Waste Management, Environment & Waste Management Division at The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), explained the pros and cons of incineration. He said,

Incineration has an advantage that it results in converting infectious waste into biologically sterile products. The ashes produced are roughly 5-10 per cent in volumes and can be managed appropriately as by-products/aggregates if toxins or hazardous materials are below the threshold limits. The disadvantages of incineration are associated with high treatment costs and resulting air pollution in forms of Black carbon, dioxins and others, only if they are not properly handled.

Also Read: World Environment Day 2020: COVID-19 Pandemic Has Thwarted The Fight Against Single-Use Plastic, Say Experts

Dr Lata Ghanshamnani, Ophthalmologist and co-founder of NGO RNisarg Foundation believes that incineration is not the only way to treat bio-medical waste. There are many greener options available like bio-methanisation – an anaerobic digestion process to convert biodegradable waste into electricity.

India’s Top Bio-medical Waste Generators

Maharashtra Accounts For Over 17 Per Cent Of India’s COVID-19 Bio-medical Waste

Maharashtra, a state that is leading COVID-19 tally in India is also the biggest COVID-19 related bio-medical waste generator. The report which has been compiled on the basis of the data received from all states as on May 31 reveals that Maharashtra generates 17.494 TPD of COVID-19 bio-medical waste. Maharashtra is followed by Gujarat (11.693 TPD) and Delhi (11.114 TPD).

Coronavirus Pandemic Exposes Broken System Of Bio-medical Waste Management; Experts Discuss The Issue And Solutions
In India, Maharashtra generates maximum COVID-19 related bio-medical waste

Also Read: Maharashtra’s Panchgani Is Fighting COVID-19 By Segregating Bio-Medical Waste At Household Level

Talking about the bio-medical waste generation and management in Maharashtra, Dr Lata Ghanshamnani said,

In terms of bio-medical waste management prior to COVID times, the state had been crippling with waste management issues. But compared to other states of the country, it seems to be performing better. Having said that, I feel we have a long way to go since the foundation of waste management that is education and awareness on waste segregation and minimisation is lacking.

The only silver lining, if there is any is that Maharashtra has 29 Common Biomedical Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF). As per CPCB, Maharashtra has adequate existing treatment facility and has also made stand-by arrangement with TSDFs (Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities) in Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur.

Explaining Maharashtra’s waste management strategy and what other states can learn from it Mr Manuja said,

Interlinking with TSDF facilities indicate that the state is making all possible linkages to avoid the spread of disease through waste routes. However, it should be ensured that all waste are segregated and managed appropriately. Appropriate monitoring through state pollution control board as well as other third party agencies should also be conducted to verify the claims and plug in gaps if any. States experiencing or expecting similar issues can also place such contracts with TSDFs/incineration facilities and ensure management of generated BMW.

Also Read: Will Coronavirus Lockdown Delay India’s Commitment To Phase Out Single-use Plastic By 2022?

Delhi Needs To Ensure Proper Segregation, Says CPCB

National capital Delhi accounts for 11 per cent of India’s daily COVID-19 bio-medical waste generation. Delhi has only two incinerators and 70 per cent of their capacity is already utilised. CPCB has recommended Delhi to ensure waste segregation. Talking about the same, Swati Sambyal, a Delhi-based waste management expert said,

We have the solid waste management by-laws in place since 2017 as per which, households have to segregate waste into wet, dry and domestic hazardous waste. Also, there are fines and penalties for non-segregation. A sustainable action plan for waste management for Delhi exists on paper, but it’s about time we implement it on the ground; that is the only way out. To strengthen source segregation, set up systems to support segregation, opt for decentralised action and constantly work on behaviour change by involving civic society institutions, volunteers, resident welfare associations (RWAs) of Delhi. Behavior change is the real game-changer.

Also Read: COVID-19: Delhi’s Bio-Medical Waste Treatment Facilities Under Pressure Due To Increased Load

According to CPCB, the segregation of waste will increase disposal capacity of incinerators. The reason being, currently, the lack of waste segregation at source is leading to mixed waste making its way to incinerators. Elaborating on the same, Mr Manuja said,

The waste quantities which are to be incinerated at BMW facilities are only the once which are infectious and non-recyclable. As bio-medical waste gets segregated, the loads on incineration facilities get reduced as more waste gets diverted to disinfection and recycling routes. It will not increase the capacity of incinerators, but allow the bio-medical waste treatment facilities to handle more waste.

For states like Delhi with 70 per cent or more capacity utilisation of incinerators, CPCB recommends considering use of deep-burial pits as a last option. Ms Sambyal echoes the same and said,

Only if incineration is not available, this remains a safe option to reduce any risk of infection.

Detailing the advantages and disadvantages associated with deep-burial of bio-medical waste, Mr Manuja said,

Deep burials can be practiced at any isolated area, and do not allow contamination to travel to surface. However, these methods are expensive and require adequate monitoring post closure of site. In case there is any leakage of contaminant to environment, transferring materials to another location is again a herculean task and an expensive affair.

Also Read: Waste Management During Coronavirus Pandemic: 27-year-old Recycles Bio-medical Waste Into Eco-friendly Bricks

How Can India Tide Over The Crisis Of Bio-Medical Waste Even After The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Over?

According to Dr Lata Ghanshamnani, India needs to take up challenges in bio-medical management on a war footing. She believes that COVID-19 did not break the system instead it only helped in revealing a broken system. Giving out tips on how India can reduce its COVID specific bio-medical generation, Dr Lata Ghanshamnani suggested three crucial steps – define COVID waste; identify different types of waste generators; launch a large scale campaign for education and awareness related to PPE usage for both healthcare and non-healthcare sectors.

In addition to this, Mr Manuja suggests following the first 2Rs that are reduce and reuse. While waste segregation can reduce the burden on environment, use of reusable masks and gloves by general public who are not in quarantine or isolation can help further.

Sharing some more ways to reduce bio-medical waste generation and improve treatment process, Mr Manuja said,

The first step should be on spreading awareness among concerned stakeholders on waste segregation and management. As a second step, augmenting the capacities of BMW treatment units in our country with appropriate monitoring strategies and performance based contracts can help to tide over the crisis. Further, there is a need to have appropriate public private partnership models that allow innovations and widespread networks for linking health care facilities to BMW treatment units.

Also Read: COVID-19: Disposed Personal Protective Equipment Could Be Turned Into Biofuel, Say Indian Scientists

Dr Lata Ghanshamnani also recommends taking inputs from all the stakeholders including doctors, innovators and medical items and equipment manufacturers. She said,

As a doctor I can openly say that though we are the main waste generators, we still have very few doctors who understand the issue of waste generated by them. Also, every item used for patient treatment should go through a LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) report. This will help in proper segregation and thereby help in sending the waste generated to correct end destination. We also need to implement Extended Producers Responsibility (EPR), a policy approach under which producers are given a significant responsibility for the collection and treatment of post-consumer products. Lastly, encourage start-ups and institutions to come UP with better recycling and waste management solutions.

Also Read: Bar Code System Used To Manage Bio-Medical Waste In Punjab: Health Minister

While signing off, Ms Sambyal again stressed on waste segregation quoting the findings of the CPCB report that highlighted improper segregation of waste from COVID-19 isolation wards, quarantine centres. She said,

Address infrastructure gaps and work on how technology can be leveraged to track bio-medical waste. We also need to map and track effective best management practices of bio-medical waste management within the country and try to replicate them. These learnings from various corners of the country shall help in strengthening bio-medical management systems.

Also Read: Can India Be A ‘Plastic-Free Country’ By 2022?

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

6,03,21,440Cases
2,02,30,230Active
3,86,71,119Recovered
14,20,091Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 191 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 6,03,21,440 and 14,20,091 have died; 2,02,30,230 are active cases and 3,86,71,119 have recovered as on November 26, 2020 at 3:37 am.

India

92,66,705 44489Cases
4,52,344 7598Active
86,79,138 36367Recovered
1,35,223 524Deaths
In India, there are 92,66,705 confirmed cases including 1,35,223 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,52,344 and 86,79,138 have recovered as on November 26, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

17,95,959 6,159

85,488 1,250

16,63,723 4,844

46,748 65

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

8,78,055 1,630

24,909 278

8,41,432 1,333

11,714 19

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,64,674 831

12,673 351

8,45,039 1,176

6,962 6

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

7,74,710 1,534

11,520 355

7,51,535 1,873

11,655 16

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

5,78,363 6,491

65,234 695

5,11,008 5,770

2,121 26

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

5,45,787 5,246

38,287 214

4,98,780 5,361

8,720 99

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

5,33,355 2,305

24,876 948

5,00,835 1,328

7,644 29

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

4,66,991 3,528

24,752 128

4,34,067 3,605

8,172 51

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,16,001 730

6,212 14

3,08,102 728

1,687 16

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,66,904 862

10,784 102

2,54,676 961

1,444 3

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

2,53,767 3,285

26,320 1,123

2,25,229 2,144

2,218 18

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,31,539 694

5,225 328

2,25,077 362

1,237 4

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

2,29,203 1,877

24,676 1,861

2,01,744

2,783 16

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,24,489 2,197

20,948 183

2,01,250 1,972

2,291 42

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,12,021 182

3,277 63

2,07,766 117

978 2

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

2,01,949 1,540

14,287 243

1,83,756 1,283

3,906 14

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

1,98,284 1,773

13,742 763

1,81,345 996

3,197 14

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,48,435 770

7,129 295

1,36,622 444

4,684 31

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,08,158 237

2,160 82

1,05,040 316

958 3

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,07,819 489

5,264 93

1,00,892 570

1,663 12

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

72,642 482

4,658 20

66,799 450

1,185 12

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

47,193 125

1,281 60

45,229 61

683 4

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

36,820 51

540 51

35,671

609

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

36,566 837

7,875 725

28,106 99

585 13

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

32,578 50

767 23

31,441 73

370

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

24,133 193

3,248 73

20,640 115

245 5

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

16,925 77

1,127 1

15,532 77

266 1

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,174 30

968 36

15,157 66

49

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

11,513 59

915 22

10,488 37

110

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

10,991 60

1,467 6

9,463 66

61

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

8,119 91

886 32

7,125 56

108 3

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

4,819 42

236 2

4,481 44

102

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

4,677 10

137 5

4,479 15

61

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

3,765 20

441 1

3,319 21

5

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,327 2

35 2

3,290 4

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0 0

0

0

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