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World Environment Day 2020: COVID-19 Pandemic Has Thwarted The Fight Against Single-Use Plastic, Say Experts

World Environment Day 2020 calls for action to stop the degradation of the natural world, which according to experts, is accelerating with the increased use of single-use plastic in the form of personal protective gears against COVID-19

World Environment Day 2020: COVID-19 Pandemic Has Thwarted The Fight Against Single-Use Plastic, Say Experts

New Delhi: While on one hand, the world is scrambling to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic which has claimed over 3.9 lakh deaths worldwide, now, on the other hand, there are also threats of the reversing of gains made by anti-single-use plastic initiatives and experts are projecting even further increase of plastic waste due to the coronavirus. Expressing concerns over the rising plastic waste and the pandemic hampering efforts towards fighting the issue, experts say that on the occasion of World Environment Day, people should rethink their reliance on single-use plastic including single-use masks and gloves.

Also Read: World Environment Day 2020: All You Need To Know

According to Priti Mahesh, Chief Programme Coordinator at Toxics Link, a group of environmental activists working for environmental justice and freedom from toxins,

COVID-19 will be part of our lives for the time to come, as the World Health Organisation (WHO) is estimating, even with the development of the vaccine. In this scenario, it is obvious that states will open up and as the lockdown rules ease, demand for all kinds of personal protective gears like masks, gloves, goggles, Hazmat suits and others by the individuals is only going to increase. Along with this will grow the need for single-use plastic bags to take to the stores for buying essentials which can be discarded later.

She further added that a surge in the domestic dry waste and hazardous waste generation has been observed in the past 2-3 months. She said,

There is a lack of data on the amount of domestic hazardous waste generation but this gap should be filled soon. This is because considering the plastic pollution crisis we are still battling, and the lessons we are learning from this pandemic about the need to work with nature instead of against it, efforts need to be made in developing plastic-free masks and gloves alternative as soon as possible.

Swati Singh Sambyal, a municipal solid waste expert, based in New Delhi highlighted the need of raising awareness on the safe disposal of PPE (Personal Protective Equipments). She said,

There has been an increase in hazardous waste and dry waste components of domestic waste. People are using single-use disposable masks and gloves in large numbers. While there is a lot of messaging on using masks while stepping out, making masks at home but there is still a lot to be done in building awareness on proper disposal of single use masks so that these don’t end up as litter on streets, in dumpsites or contaminate water bodies. Also, the COVID19 times have demolished the little progresses that cities and states had made on single use plastics and in switching to sustainable options. Usage of single use plastic/packaging items have accelerated and disposable PPEs is the new addition to the single use plastic stream..

Also Read: This World Environment Day And Every Day, Let’s Ensure We All Come Together To Protect Our Nature: Actor Dia Mirza

COVID-19 Pandemic Has Highlighted Gaps In Waste Management In The Country: Experts

According to the Bio-Medical Waste (BMW) Management Rules 2016, medical waste is segregated with five different collection bags to avoid collision with other corporation solid waste. The new regulations framed during the pandemic insist on carrying the garbage in two safe containers to prevent leakage when handling the additional waste. Under the guidelines, The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has made it mandatory to put “COVID-19 Waste” label on all biomedical waste generated during the treatment of the infection. However, these rules are majorly targeting hospitals, isolation wards, quarantine centres and other medical centres. Experts seek norms and better waste management system for the disposal of COVID-19 medical waste at the household level.

Ms. Sambyal highlighted that Solid Waste Management Rules 2016 clearly states that the waste should be segregated into three bins for wet, dry and hazardous waste. However, even before COVID-19 pandemic hit the country, there was no waste segregation happening into the third component, she said. She added,

If at all some cities that practice segregation, it is majorly in two categories- dry and wet waste. The third bin is missing from almost the entire country. So first and foremost, the third bin component needs to be brought into the waste management system in cities. It requires a lot of awareness building. It is important that the masks and gloves used and thrown by the household on a daily basis does not get mixed with domestic dry waste. The waste generated because of COVID-19 includes gloves, masks, medicine wrappers, tissues papers, wipes, cotton swabs, among others. These should be separates, sorted, wrapped up in some newspaper, put in a bag, labelled and then given to the collector.

Also Read: Will Coronavirus Lockdown Delay India’s Commitment To Phase Out Single-use Plastic By 2022?

She further said that there is no clear inventorisation on domestic hazardous waste. As per an estimate, this fraction is almost 1 per cent of the total municipal solid waste collected by the civic body.

Ms. Mahesh asserted that at many places, the medical waste is getting mixed with household dry waste and this poses an extreme threat to sanitation workers as they can get in contact with contaminated medical waste.

According to Shakuntala Shrivastava, a senior official at New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC), bio-hazardous waste is being managed efficiently in the area and is being treated at a Common Bio-Medical Waste Treatment (CBMWT) facility. She added,

Bio-hazardous waste generated at homes, hospitals and quarantine centres need to be segregated at source and are being collected separately.

In terms of managing its hazardous waste, Panchgani, a small city in Maharashtra is a model city. Laxmi Karhadakar, President, Panchgani Hill Station Municipal Corporation shared that each household has been asked to segregate and store masks and gloves separately which is collected by the civic body and is sent to a CBMWT in the nearby town Satara. She added that the municipal council has imposed a fine of Rs. 500 on failing to segregate the waste before handing it over to the waste collector.

The United Nations has called on countries to treat waste management as “urgent and essential” to combat Covid-19 and prevent knock-on effects on public health and the environment. India generates about 550.9 tonnes of biomedical waste every day as per the data published in ‘Unearthing the Growth Curve and Necessities of Bio-Medical Waste Management in India, 2018’. Experts assert that post-pandemic, the quantity will increase exponentially.

Also Read: Drowning In Plastic: Visualising The World’s Addiction To Plastic Bottles

Shun Surgical Masks, Take #PlasticUpvaas

Country’s first Plogger Ripu Daman Bevli reminds that single-use plastic has taken over the lives of people and ruining the planet. He said,

Seeping into the groundwater from landfills, or destroying the marine ecosystem, single-use also enters the food chain and comes back to impact our health. All this while polluting the environment. The need to fight is extremely urgent! And it’s not just single-use plastic, but single-use anything which creates waste is bad for us and the environment.

By starting an online movement, #PlasticUpvaas, Mr. Bevli is urging people to mark this World Environment Day by starting giving up single-use plastic items. He says,

Start with just one item, like surgical masks and switch to reusable cloth masks. Gradually move on to shunning single-use plastic bottles, polythene bags, straws, tissue papers or anything similar.

He further added that scientists have estimated that by 2050, there will be more plastic by weight in the oceans than fishes but considering the huge spurt in plastic and single-use consumption in the form of PPEs, masks, gloves, protective body bags, this may happen earlier.

About World Environment Day 2020

Every year on June 5, the world marks a day for nature which is known as the World Environment Day. It was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. Two years later, in 1974 the first world environment day was celebrated. The theme for World Environment Day is biodiversity- a call to action to stop the loss of specials and degradation of the natural world, both of which are accelerating.

Also Read: Supreme Court Takes Note Of Plastics Lying On Both Sides Of Railway Lines In Outer Delhi

World

22,70,55,138Cases
18,97,86,461Active
3,25,98,424Recovered
46,70,253Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,70,55,138 and 46,70,253 have died; 18,97,86,461 are active cases and 3,25,98,424 have recovered as on September 17, 2021 at 5:36 am.

India

3,33,81,728 34,403Cases
3,39,0563,867Active
3,25,98,424 37,950Recovered
4,44,248 320Deaths
In India, there are 3,33,81,728 confirmed cases including 4,44,248 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,39,056 and 3,25,98,424 have recovered as on September 17, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,11,525 3,595

52,893 310

63,20,310 3,240

1,38,322 45

Kerala

44,46,228 22,182

1,86,754 4,559

42,36,309 26,563

23,165 178

Karnataka

29,65,191 1,108

16,202 282

29,11,434 808

37,555 18

Tamil Nadu

26,40,361 1,693

16,756 120

25,88,334 1,548

35,271 25

Andhra Pradesh

20,34,786 1,367

14,708 105

20,06,034 1,248

14,044 14

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,628 23

193 11

16,86,549 11

22,886 1

West Bengal

15,59,567 707

8,025 25

15,32,922 725

18,620 7

Delhi

14,38,373 28

409 5

14,12,880 22

25,084 1

Odisha

10,18,298 580

5,335 105

10,04,845 681

8,118 4

Chhattisgarh

10,04,988 31

352 2

9,91,077 29

13,559

Rajasthan

9,54,230 4

103 1

9,45,173 5

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,677 22

149 0

8,15,446 22

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,374 7

119 5

7,81,738 12

10,517

Haryana

7,70,697 9

327 8

7,60,562 17

9,808

Bihar

7,25,864 12

72 6

7,16,134 6

9,658

Telangana

6,62,785 259

5,282 43

6,53,603 301

3,900 1

Punjab

6,01,180 30

314 11

5,84,399 38

16,467 3

Assam

5,97,074 468

5,381 15

5,85,914 479

5,779 4

Jharkhand

3,48,102 6

102 8

3,42,867 14

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,330 20

284 12

3,35,657 32

7,389

Jammu And Kashmir

3,27,466 170

1,421 72

3,21,630 98

4,415

Himachal Pradesh

2,16,430 127

1,568 82

2,11,215 206

3,647 3

Goa

1,75,183 95

699 1

1,71,195 96

3,289

Puducherry

1,25,170 107

963 63

1,22,380 42

1,827 2

Manipur

1,17,913 216

2,614 7

1,13,478 219

1,821 4

Tripura

83,787 31

427 26

82,553 56

807 1

Meghalaya

78,958 229

1,804 140

75,784 86

1,370 3

Mizoram

76,591 1,121

13,888 85

62,449 1,202

254 4

Chandigarh

65,168 4

31 2

64,319 2

818

Arunachal Pradesh

53,990 47

536 9

53,183 56

271

Sikkim

30,802 64

775 28

29,648 36

379

Nagaland

30,763 32

505 14

29,610 44

648 2

Ladakh

20,631 6

41 1

20,383 5

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

5 0

10,661

4

Lakshadweep

10,353

4 0

10,298

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,595 3

15 2

7,451 1

129

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