Fight Against COVID-19: An Innovation To Make Masks And Protective Gear Reusable

Fight Against COVID-19: An Innovation To Make Masks And Protective Gear Reusable

Anti-viral nano-coating is coating the surfaces with tiny particles of substances that suffocate and kill microbes like the novel coronavirus
Coronavirus Outbreak, News
- in Coronavirus Outbreak, News
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COVID-19: Making Masks And Protective Gear Reusable Through Antiviral Nano-coating SprayAccording to experts, soon there will be anti-viral sprays and textile in the market that can help in keeping frequently touched surfaces safe and making the personal protection gears and masks reusable
Highlights
  • Antiviral nano-coating is non-toxic for humans
  • It usually comprises copper-based nano particles along with polymers
  • It makes PPEs and masks reusable without the fear of spreading the virus

New Delhi: The country will soon have antiviral, antimicrobial spray that can destroy viruses including coronavirus and also textiles that can help in making reusable personal protective equipment kits and masks. As the medical community is waging a battle to tackle the spread of the current pandemic and develop a cure for COVID-19, experts focus on preventative measures in order to curb the resurgence of the coronavirus and be better prepared to deal with the disease logistically. Researchers at Punjab University and Muse Wearables, an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras incubated start-up, have developed antiviral nano-coating spray and antiviral nano-coated textile respectively that is up to 99.99 per cent effective against bacteria, moulds and viruses.

Also Read: Social Distancing Lessons From Kerala: Cabs Install Transparent Partition To Prevent Spread Of COVID-19

What Is Anti-Viral Nano-Coating?

According to KLN Sai Prasanth, 30-year-old Chief Executive Officer, Conzumex Industries, which operates the Muse Wearables and an IIT-Madras alumni who studied nano-coating during his Masters, it is the process of coating a surface with particles as small as 1 nanometer to 100 nanometers. One nanometer is one-billionth of a meter and an antiviral nano-coating refers to coating a surface with nanoparticles of such substances that have antimicrobial and antiviral properties like metals such as copper, titanium and silver along with polymers. He said,

When you coat the surface with nanoparticles of an antimicrobial substance, this means that a large number of small particles are present in an area. Therefore, these particles being in very large numbers (in billions) are able to amplify their antimicrobial mechanisms which they are not able to do in large size. This implies that the capacity of the substance to destroy the virus is elevated to a great extent. So when a virus comes in contact with the antiviral coated surface it destroys the virus instead of becoming contagious. It is absolutely non-toxic for humans to use.

He further explained that the nanoparticles attract the RNA (Ribonucleic Acid) in the genes of the virus to come out of its cell and thus the virus gets killed. Muse Wearables is working on producing antiviral nano-coated textile material that can be used in manufacturing various items of use like personal protective gears, masks, uniforms and furniture covers among others.

Also Read: Unpredictable Effects Of Novel Coronavirus On Human Body Keep Doctors Baffled

How Can Antiviral Nano Coating Help In The Fight Against COVID-19?

Professor Surinder Kumar Mehta of the Department of Chemistry of Punjab University who has developed antiviral nano-coating spray using nano-copper particles and polymers said,

We have developed an affordable antimicrobial nano-coating spray for masks and personal protective equipment (PPE) kits for healthcare workers to prevent them from COVID-19 infection and from themselves becoming a virus carrier. It can be used by anyone, on any kind of surface. When the virus touches the surface, because of its interaction with the nano-particles it will automatically get destroyed and thus making the surface safe. This will allow reusability of masks/PPEs and easy containment of the microbes and thus keeping the healthcare staff protected while also addressing the issue of lack of adequate number of PPEs for our frontline workers.

He further said that it is washable and lasts for over 45 days because the polymer used in the spray makes the coating strong. Along with PPEs and masks, the spray can be used to frequently touched surfaces like doorknobs, door handles, car steering, staircase railings, spectacle, laptops, and phones, among others. Professor Mehta said,

The innovation is affordable as Copper is relatively inexpensive than silver and titanium. Thus, even the poor can reap the benefit of this technology at their homes and place of work. It can be sprayed/dip-coated onto any kind of surface including textiles and other medical device surfaces to get rid of microbial load.

Also Read: CSIR-NAL Develops Non-Invasive Ventilator To Treat COVID-19 Patients

When Will The Antiviral Textile And Nano-Coating Spray Become Available For Mass Use?

According to Professor Mehta the coating will be available for commercial purchase by the end of next month. He said that the formula developed by his team has been given to a start-up which is currently waiting for clinical tests, analyzing logistics and will soon start the mass production of the spray.

Muse Wearables, on the other hand, is also waiting for the end-point assessment on textiles using the SAR-CoV-2 virus itself which according to Prasanth can happen at only two places in the country- ICMR (Indian Council Of Medical Research) and NIV (National Institute of Virology), Pune. He said,

Academically everything is set and the process has been tested with a large number of viruses. We are waiting for our slot at the ICMR facility and soon after publishing the findings of the test with coronavirus, we may start selling the technology from June first week. We have already been approached by 60 companies, mostly textile. We have filed for two patents till now.

Considering the effectiveness of nano-coating technology, the Department of Science and Technology (DST) of the Union Ministry of Science and Technology has recently called for research in upscaling antiviral nano-coating for producing anti-COVID-19 Triple Layer Medical masks and N-95 respirator in large quantities.

By next month, there are two anti-viral nano-coated products that are likely to hit the market- an anti-viral nano-coating spray that can be used by anyone including the general public and manufacturers and anti-viral nano-coated textile that can be used by manufactures making PPEs, masks, uniforms, sheets and furniture covers among others. As Professor Mehta noted, doctors and nurses may soon be dressed to kill the virus.

Also Read: Fighting COVID19: Health Ministry To Conduct Population-Based Sero Survey In Select Districts

World

11,37,66,047Cases
4,70,18,510Active
6,42,23,265Recovered
25,24,272Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 192 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 11,37,66,047 and 25,24,272 have died; 4,70,18,510 are active cases and 6,42,23,265 have recovered as on February 28, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

1,10,96,731 16752Cases
1,64,511 4921Active
1,07,75,169 11718Recovered
1,57,051 113Deaths
In India, there are 1,10,96,731 confirmed cases including 1,57,051 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,64,511 and 1,07,75,169 have recovered as on February 28, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

21,46,777 8,623

73,734 4,924

20,20,951 3,648

52,092 51

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

10,56,149 3,792

50,803 876

10,01,164 4,650

4,182 18

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

9,50,730 523

5,657 137

9,32,747 380

12,326 6

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,89,799 118

667 32

8,81,963 86

7,169

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

8,51,063 486

4,036 10

8,34,534 491

12,493 5

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

6,39,092 243

1,307 76

6,26,876 164

10,909 3

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

6,03,427 77

2,146 38

5,92,556 115

8,725

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

5,74,926 210

3,333 10

5,61,327 217

10,266 3

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,37,104 86

670 30

3,34,519 56

1,915

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

3,20,180 102

1,254 23

3,16,139 78

2,787 1

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

3,12,419 240

2,767 60

3,05,819 295

3,833 5

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,98,807 176

1,951 12

2,95,222 163

1,634 1

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,70,610 199

1,205 102

2,66,358 94

3,047 3

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

2,69,482 451

2,258 122

2,62,815 328

4,409 1

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,62,509 45

404 27

2,60,564 71

1,541 1

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

2,61,403 390

2,666 148

2,54,874 241

3,863 1

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,17,527 9

1,620 14

2,14,815 23

1,092

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,81,597 593

4,436 214

1,71,336 368

5,825 11

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,26,383 97

828 25

1,23,599 72

1,956

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,19,905 42

492 0

1,18,325 41

1,088 1

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

97,031

489 1

94,850

1,692 1

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

58,598 55

292 31

57,311 24

995

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

54,932 61

598 11

53,540 50

794

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

39,717 20

197 3

38,852 16

668 1

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

33,417 10

41 9

32,985 1

391

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

29,271 11

44 7

28,854 4

373

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

21,719 60

357 35

21,011 25

351

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,836

3 0

16,777

56

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

13,961

17 2

13,796 2

148

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

12,199 1

10 1

12,098

91

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

9,818 2

54 0

9,634 2

130

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

6,137 2

44 1

5,958 3

135

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

5,018 1

4 1

4,952

62

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

4,423 1

25 1

4,388 2

10

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,406

4 0

3,400

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

359 26

98 18

260 8

1

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