COVID-19 Outbreak Explained: What Do We Know So Far About The New Coronavirus Strains Detected In The United Kingdom And South Africa

COVID-19 Outbreak Explained: What Do We Know So Far About The New Coronavirus Strains Detected In The United Kingdom And South Africa

According to experts, while the new strains of mutated coronavirus detected in the United Kingdom and South Africa are not more deadly, the increase in the rate of transmission makes it challenging to manage
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COVID-19 Outbreak Explained: What Do We Know So Far About The New Coronavirus Strains Detected In The United Kingdom And South AfricaAll viruses, including the SARS-CoV-2, naturally mutate and while most mutations go unnoticed, some may make the infections more contagious, say experts
Highlights
  • Mutations increase the ability of virus to infect cells: Experts
  • Mutation in the spike protein governs entry into human cells: Dr. Aggarwal
  • A standard RT-PCR Test can detect COVID-19 but not the type of strain

New Delhi: With the vaccine programmes for COVID-19 being rolled out in several countries including the United Kingdom (UK) and many others like India gearing up for it, the emergence of a new strain of the mutated coronavirus in the UK and in South Africa has raised an alarm among people globally. The new variants caused by mutation of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which is responsible for COVID-19 pandemic, is said to be up to 70 per cent more transmissible than the original. While it is not more dangerous than the original virus, it has also been linked with the exponential rise in the number of infected cases in both the respective countries. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), while the new strains in UK and South Africa have emerged at the same time, both are different. The UK variant has been detected in few other countries as well including India. Here is what is known, so far, about the new strains of coronavirus.

Also Read: New COVID-19 Strain Could Have Entered India Prior To December, Says AIIMS Director

What Is Mutation And How Has The Coronavirus Mutated?

According to Dr. Preeti Kumar, Vice President, Public Health System Support at the Public Health Foundation of India, mutation is a natural process that occurs when a virus multiplies. It refers to the error in the copying mechanism of the biological systems because of which the genetic sequence of a virus changes slightly. The virus that multiplies through DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid), the genetic sequence is copied into another DNA molecule almost accurately. However, among viruses like coronavirus that multiply by copying RNA (Ribonucleic acid), chances of errors are more as the replication machinery does not have the correction capabilities. These errors in the genetic material lead to mutation.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) says that all viruses including the SARS-CoV-2, change over time, but the majority of the mutations or changes do not have a direct benefit to the virus or may even be detrimental to its propagation. There have been several mutations of the novel coronavirus till now, says WHO.

According to Dr KK Aggarwal, President at Confederation of Medical Associations of Asia and Oceania, Heart Care Foundation of India, the existing dominant strain of the mutated coronavirus is called D614G which swaps between amino acids D and G. Amino Acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins. In coronavirus, these proteins are found in the spikes of the receptor of the virus that helps in binding the virus with host cells. Receptors in the virus produce an immune response in the host body.

The original strain of the coronavirus had emerged with amino acids of ‘S’ type which mutated into ‘L’ type, he further added. While the ‘L’ type strain of coronavirus became more dominant in China, the ‘S’ type coronavirus became more contagious in the rest of the world. In India, the first strain of coronavirus was ‘L’ strain that originated in Wuhan, according to Dr Aggarwal, which eventually mutated into ‘S’ and ‘G’ stains, which have spread across the country.

Also Read: Scientists Quell Concerns On New COVID-19 Variant, Say Staying Cautious Sufficient

What Is The New Strain?

The new UK variant is referred to as SARS-CoV-2 VUI 202012/01 (Variant Under Investigation, year 2020, month 12, variant 01). The authorities of the UK officially reported this variant on December 14. It was first detected in September through whole-genome sequencing of the virus. Genome sequencing is the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism’s genome which refers to its all genetic material.

Dr. Aggarwal said that the newly identified UK variant is a result of mutation in the spike N501Y of the SARS-CoV-2 which is a key part of a virus that helps it to gain entry into cells and lead to infection.

According to Dr Emma Hodcraft, Molecular Epidemiologist at the University of Basel in Switzerland, who has been studying both the UK and South African strains in detail, both variants share the same mutation in spike N501Y, but they have many separate mutations as well. While the new UK variant has been identified in several countries including Australia, Denmark, Italy, Iceland and the Netherlands, the South African variant, known as 501.V2, has been reported in South Africa only, so far, she added.

The new South African strain is also very contagious and has been causing a lot of cases and hospitalisations. Dr. Aggarwal said that the new strain in South Africa is more concerning than the UK one, in terms of clinical outcome.

Also Read: Non-judicious Use Of Therapies For COVID-19 Leads To Virus Mutations: ICMR Chief

Where Has The New Strain Come From?

Dr Ravindra Gupta, Professor of Clinical Microbiology at the University of Cambridge said that the new variant is unusually highly mutated as almost 17 mutations have occurred on the same virus. He said,

The most likely explanation for this is that the variant has emerged in a patient who has been carrying the virus for a long period of time.

He further said that one of the conditions for coronavirus mutations is using the convalescent plasma therapy to treat COVID-19 patients. He said,

If you use plasma or antibody therapy on somebody with poor immune function, then the virus is fighting against only one kind of antibody that has been injected in the patient. This antibody probably may not be all of the places where the virus is dividing or making copies. So, we do need to be careful while using therapies like these in people with very poor immune function and they should be kept in isolation with regular testing and sequencing of the virus to ensure that the muta{tions are not emerging.

Dr Aggarwal says that infected persons with a weakened immune system that is unable to beat the virus, is breeding ground for the virus to mutate.

The Mutant Virus Spreads 70 Per Cent More Transmiaaible Than The Existing Virus But Is Not More Fatal

The initial analysis of the stain indicates that the new variant may spread more rapidly between people but it is not worsening the disease and is not more deadly than the existing strain. The WHO said that experiments are still ongoing to investigate if the new variant can cause any changes in the severity of symptoms or antibody generation. Thus it is too early to say how fatal it is, say experts.

According to Dr. Aggarwal, since the new strains are almost 70 per cent more contagious, the Reproduction(R) number will rise. R number represents the number of people an infected person is passing the infection to and is a key factor in gauging the coronavirus pandemic. R number for a disease should remain below 1, as per experts.

Dr. Aggarwal said that due to the new strain, R is expected to increase in the UK by 0.4, bringing it to a range of 1.5 to 1.7. This means that if infected people were previously infecting 1.1 persons each on an average, they will now infect 1.5 persons each.

While talking about the contagious new variant, Dr Chand Nagpaul, the Chair of the British Medical Association’s Council said that this increase in the rate of transmission makes managing the pandemic even more challenging. He highlighted that in the UK, about 90 per cent of capacity of all hospital beds is presently occupied, on account of the new strain of the virus. He stressed on continuing the implementation of preventive measures to contain the transmission and said that the lockdown in the UK may be stretched for a while. He suggested ramping up vaccinating patients on priority to fight the virus strain.

Also Read: COVID-19 Has Shown The Importance Of Strengthening Epidemic Prevention To Avoid Global Health Crisis: WHO Chief

A Standard RT-PCR Test Cannot Identify The Type Of Strain

Dr Rakesh Mishra, director of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad, highlighted that while the RT-PCR (Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) test, which is considered better and the rapid antigen and antibody tests, can detect presence coronavirus, it does not have the ability to identify the type of strain present. He said that only whole-genome sequencing of the virus can detect the strain which can help in determining how widespread and dominant the new strain is. For this, the samples that are COVID-19 positive are taken to the sequencing lab where the sequence of the genome is determined which can pick up even a very small change in the virus, he said. These changes characterise the new variants.

WHO advises all countries to increase the routine sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 viruses where possible and share the data with internationally to help identify the same strain in other countries. This, as per WHO, will help in scientific collaborations in order to contain and fight the strain.

Experts Believe That, As Of Now, Vaccines Will Be Effective Against The New Variants As Well

As of now, the new variant does not cause any change in the response of the body’s immune system to the vaccines available or those being developed, particularly in India, said Dr V K Paul, Member- Health, NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog during a press briefing on Tuesday.

In a statement, German pharmaceutical company BioNTech which has developed a COVID-19 vaccine in collaboration with USA based Pfizer said that it is confident that its coronavirus vaccine works against the new UK variant, but further studies are needed to be completely sure. Pfizer-BioNTech’s COVID-19 vaccines have got emergency use approval in a few countries including the UK and the USA.

According to Dr. Mishra, the vaccines built by Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna are mRNA (messenger RNA) based vaccines target one particular protein (spike protein in the case of SARS-CoV-2 virus) and the change that has happened in the mutated virus is very small which will not affect the efficiency of the vaccine. He added that vaccines trigger the immune system to generate multiple antibodies against the same protein and the multiple kinds of viral proteins are recognised by the immune system through the antibodies. In the case of other vaccines, like the ones that are being made domestically in India like Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin or AstraZeneca-Oxford’s vaccine which is being manufactured as Covishield by the Pune based Serum Institute of India, the whole virus is targeted and not just one protein. Therefore, these vaccines are not at all going to be affected by the mutations as these are targeting multiple proteins of the virus, said Dr. Mishra.

No Matter Which Variant Of Coronavirus Dominates, The Public Health Response Needs To Be The Same: Experts

While the countries need to assess their type of strain and the level of transmission, they must continue implementing preventive measures irrespective of the coronavirus variant present, say experts. These measures include following physical distancing, frequent handwashing, wearing face masks, avoid non-essential travelling, contact tracing, quarantining, isolating among others along with enhancing medical facilities and adapting healthcare response as per the guidelines of the health authorities.

Also Read: 5 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases To Be Tested For Whole Genome Sequencing Due To New Virus Strain In UK: Centre

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

9,44,80,918Cases
4,04,55,265Active
5,20,03,739Recovered
20,21,914Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 191 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 9,44,80,918 and 20,21,914 have died; 4,04,55,265 are active cases and 5,20,03,739 have recovered as on January 17, 2021 at 4:06 am.

India

1,05,57,985 15144Cases
2,08,826 -2207Active
1,01,96,885 17170Recovered
1,52,274 181Deaths
In India, there are 1,05,57,985 confirmed cases including 1,52,274 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,08,826 and 1,01,96,885 have recovered as on January 17, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

19,87,678 2,910

53,163 181

18,84,127 3,039

50,388 52

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

9,31,252 584

8,713 96

9,10,377 676

12,162 4

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,85,824 114

1,987 212

8,76,698 326

7,139

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

8,42,843 5,960

68,633 922

7,70,768 5,011

3,442 27

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

8,30,183 610

6,128 171

8,11,798 775

12,257 6

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

6,32,183 299

2,691 104

6,18,754 397

10,738 6

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

5,96,137 523

9,162 419

5,78,405 930

8,570 12

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

5,64,707 609

7,151 72

5,47,515 666

10,041 15

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,33,127 178

1,910 53

3,29,318 230

1,899 1

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

3,14,920 238

5,286 322

3,06,888 558

2,746 2

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

2,93,178 566

6,867 56

2,82,760 615

3,551 7

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,91,666 299

4,191 82

2,85,898 379

1,577 2

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,66,131 167

2,129 55

2,61,019 218

2,983 4

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,57,474 281

4,046 66

2,51,975 343

1,453 4

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

2,55,354 505

6,588 262

2,44,403 764

4,363 3

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

2,51,223 365

6,524 433

2,40,948 793

3,751 5

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,16,809 32

2,930 33

2,12,809 61

1,070 4

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,70,366 175

2,578 161

1,62,289 322

5,499 14

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,23,217 109

1,280 148

1,20,016 256

1,921 1

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,17,599 119

1,249 40

1,15,300 158

1,050 1

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

94,691 226

2,349 57

90,736 279

1,606 4

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

56,873 71

755 12

55,154 82

964 1

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

52,345 83

877 11

50,712 69

756 3

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

38,611 16

286 8

37,683 22

642 2

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

33,331 2

38 3

32,902 5

391

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

28,835 24

380 56

28,089 79

366 1

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

20,503 39

238 28

19,935 67

330

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,808 6

62 2

16,690 8

56

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

13,693 2

148 13

13,401 15

144

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

12,054 15

117 13

11,849 2

88

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

9,649 1

93 11

9,428 12

128

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

6,029 5

158 5

5,741 10

130

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

4,982 3

25 3

4,895

62

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

4,322 8

85 5

4,228 3

9

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,388

9 0

3,377

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0 0

0

0

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