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Experts Call To Prioritise Reopening Of Schools, Stress On COVID Protocols And Vaccination

In India, various states like Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Delhi and Karnataka are planning to reopen schools and resume offline classes partially. What are the things to keep in mind for schools to resume safely?

Experts Call To Prioritise Reopening Of Schools, Stress On COVID Protocols And Vaccination
Highlights
  • In India, schools were closed in March 2020 after declaration of a pandemic
  • Impact on children's mental, physical, cognitive health will last long: WHO
  • Experts recommend phased reopening of schools in India

New Delhi: Schools for more than 168 million children globally have been completely closed for almost an entire year due to COVID-19 lockdowns, according to data released in March by UNICEF. Furthermore, around 214 million children globally or 1 in 7 have missed more than three-quarters of their in-person learning. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a closure of schools across the world. In India, various states like Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Delhi and Karnataka are planning to reopen schools and resume offline classes partially.

Also Read: COVID-19: All You Need To Know About Delhi Government’s Back-To-School Guidelines

The Need To Reopen Schools

In a conversation with NDTV, Dr Harish Shetty, Child Psychiatrist said, an individual’s development, interaction, movement, and learning happens through schools. Explaining how the role of a school is not only to teach what’s written in textbooks, Dr Shetty said,

School teaches you skills of life, socialising skill and some amount of learning is a part of it. All of this can never happen on zoom or any other online medium as energy is not felt. No matter what attempts you make, you can never get those vibes through an online meeting.

Dr Randeep Guleria, Director, AIIMS also feels that offline classes should begin in a graded manner as ‘schools are much more than just online learning’. In an interview with NDTV recently, Dr Guleria said,

There is a lot of other interaction which children need to have with their peers and teachers. It’s an issue of social interaction and character building and all of that is very important as far as children are concerned. And there are many children in primary classes who have never even gone to school and therefore, a lot of education is suffering especially for the marginalised who don’t have access to internet or computer. They are really suffering and probably have dropped out of school. We really need to start physical classes in a graded manner, develop strategies and hopefully by October-November or the end of the year, when children start getting vaccinated, we should be in a position to have schools opened totally in a physical manner as we were doing in the past.

Also Read: Understanding The Impact Of COVID-19 On Children And The Ways To Protect Them From Contracting The Disease

Sharing similar views, Dr Badshah Khan, Consultant Pediatrician, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road called online schooling ‘a growing matter of concern’ for the school staff as well as parents. He said,

E-learning involves a lot of problems like network issues, there is a communication gap, children fail to pay attention and are unable to focus on their studies, they tend to skip online classes, and also are encountering back, neck, and eye problems. Resuming school safely as soon as possible is the need of the hour. It can help children develop physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially.

How Should Schools Be Reopened Amid COVID-19

Highlighting the impact of closure of schools on children, WHO Chief Scientist Dr Soumya Swaminathan also called for reopening of schools and wrote on social media, “The impact on children’s mental, physical and cognitive well-being will last a long time. School openings must be prioritised with distancing, masking, avoiding indoor singing and gatherings, hand hygiene and vaccination of all adults.”

Also Read: Reopening Of Schools Amid COVID-19: Experts Say It Is Reasonable, Recommend COVID Precautionary Measures

WHO’s Chief Scientist had talked about reopening of schools earlier in June as well in a special ‘Science in 5’ series by WHO where she emphasised on vaccination and said,

We have to remember the fact that it’s not necessary that children must get the vaccine before they can go back to school. We’ve seen in many countries that schools have been kept open very successfully. As long as the adults who are working in the school environment are vaccinated and adults in the community are getting the vaccine so that infection rates start dropping, then by following the other public health measures that have been advised for school safety, schools should be able to reopen safely.

Also Read: WHO Guidelines On How To Stay Healthy At Home During COVID-19 Times

Sharing his thoughts on how schools can be reopened while keeping the risk of COVID-19 infection at bay, Dr Shetty said,

Open school twice a week, two hours for every standard. You can call three classes a day at a gap of one hour and use separate classrooms for different batches. Divide those two hours as one hour of curriculum and one hour of fun. Now, if you will ask what about the syllabus? Reduce it and it should be enforced strictly by the top level. Children will be able to learn only when they are in a good mental state. I have children coming to me, complaining of depression because of online classes and being under the radar all the time.

Children are often touted as super-spreaders because they don’t exhibit the symptoms of an infection but they can easily transmit to others. This is one of the reasons, it’s not considered safe to open schools. Replying to this, Dr Shetty said,

Aren’t children going out with their parents on a trip or dinner? There is something called ‘citizenship responsibility’; it is not the responsibility of only government or NGOs to contain the pandemic. A risk-benefit analysis is required before reopening schools and a conversation between parents, schools, and governments is essential.”

Also Read: Coronavirus Explained: How Does COVID-19 Impact Children And How Can They Be Kept Safe?

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

22,95,44,435Cases
19,20,52,504Active
3,27,83,741Recovered
47,08,190Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,95,44,435 and 47,08,190 have died; 19,20,52,504 are active cases and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 3:49 am.

India

3,35,31,498 26,964Cases
3,01,9897,586Active
3,27,83,741 34,167Recovered
4,45,768 383Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,31,498 confirmed cases including 4,45,768 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,01,989 and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,27,629 3,131

44,269 960

63,44,744 4,021

1,38,616 70

Kerala

45,39,926 15,768

1,61,765 5,813

43,54,264 21,367

23,897 214

Karnataka

29,69,361 818

13,769 617

29,17,944 1,414

37,648 21

Tamil Nadu

26,48,688 1,647

16,993 9

25,96,316 1,619

35,379 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,40,708 1,179

13,905 483

20,12,714 1,651

14,089 11

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,693 13

194 0

16,86,612 13

22,887

West Bengal

15,62,710 537

7,741 69

15,36,291 592

18,678 14

Delhi

14,38,556 39

400 21

14,13,071 18

25,085

Odisha

10,21,216 462

4,844 103

10,08,226 560

8,146 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,120 26

297 0

9,91,260 26

13,563

Rajasthan

9,54,275 12

99 8

9,45,222 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,751 14

133 0

8,15,536 14

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,410 8

90 6

7,81,803 14

10,517

Haryana

7,70,754 8

328 12

7,60,618 20

9,808

Bihar

7,25,907 6

60 9

7,16,188 15

9,659

Telangana

6,63,906 244

4,938 53

6,55,061 296

3,907 1

Punjab

6,01,359 36

304 3

5,84,554 37

16,501 2

Assam

5,98,864 441

5,081 97

5,87,970 338

5,813 6

Jharkhand

3,48,139 14

65 10

3,42,941 4

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,405 12

249 18

3,35,765 29

7,391 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,214 145

1,450 11

3,22,345 154

4,419 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,403 263

1,715 99

2,12,033 162

3,655 2

Goa

1,75,690 107

886 76

1,71,507 29

3,297 2

Puducherry

1,25,618 101

922 55

1,22,864 46

1,832

Manipur

1,18,870 197

2,174 9

1,14,861 203

1,835 3

Tripura

83,956 51

353 7

82,794 44

809

Mizoram

82,815 1,355

15,363 223

67,184 1,127

268 5

Meghalaya

79,817 150

1,878 18

76,558 167

1,381 1

Chandigarh

65,195 7

44 3

64,333 4

818

Arunachal Pradesh

54,190 64

413 3

53,504 60

273 1

Sikkim

31,014 43

627 27

30,007 70

380

Nagaland

30,959 52

470 3

29,832 46

657 3

Ladakh

20,743 6

144 6

20,392

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,360 1

9 1

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,607 7

17 4

7,461 3

129

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