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Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is The Difference Between Pandemic And Epidemic?

According to World Health Organization, an epidemic becomes a pandemic when it spreads to a large geographical area and affects a huge percent of the population

The COVID-19 outbreak was first declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020
Highlights
  • The novel coronavirus was declared pandemic on March 11 by WHO
  • Epidemic is used to describe a problem that has grown out of control
  • Pandemic relates to geographic spread of a disease

New Delhi: The novel coronavirus, which was first reported in China’s Wuhan on December 31, 2019, was declared a global ‘pandemic’ on March 11, 2020 by the World Health Organization. The outbreak was first declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020. A public health emergency (PHE) implies a situation that is serious, unusual or unexpected; carries implications for public health beyond the affected State’s national border; and may require immediate international action.

Before March 11, the COVID-19 was being called as an epidemic by the organisation.

The terms pandemic and epidemic are never used to indicate the severity of the disease, only the degree at which the disease is spreading. According to WHO, the public health response of a disease or outbreak depends upon the terms like pandemic and epidemic other than the nature of the disease, to better control and prevent a disease. But what does pandemic and epidemic mean?

Epidemic

In general English, epidemic is used to describe a problem that has grown out of control. WHO defines epidemic as an outbreak of a disease that spreads quickly and affects many individuals at the same time. An epidemic is an event in which a disease is actively spreading.

Epidemics are often an increase in the number of disease cases that was not anticipated. An outbreak can occur in a community, geographical area or several countries.

Pandemic

The term pandemic, on the other hand, relates to geographic spread of the disease. A pandemic affects a wider geographical area, is often worldwide and infects a larger number of people as compared to an epidemic.

Pandemic are also often caused by a new virus or a new strain of virus that has not circulated within people for a long time. Humans have little to no immunity against the virus and it spreads quickly, causes more deaths and often creates social disruption and economic loss.

In conclusion a pandemic is an epidemic on a global level. WHO explains that an epidemic becomes a pandemic when it spreads over significant geographical areas and affects a large percent of the population.

World

23,96,06,768Cases
20,13,42,617Active
3,33,82,100Recovered
48,82,051Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,96,06,768 and 48,82,051 have died; 20,13,42,617 are active cases and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 4:15 am.

India

3,40,37,592 16,862Cases
2,03,6782,908Active
3,33,82,100 19,391Recovered
4,51,814 379Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,37,592 confirmed cases including 4,51,814 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,03,678 and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,86,280 2,384

33,157 6

64,13,418 2,343

1,39,705 35

Kerala

48,29,944 9,246

96,421 1,802

47,06,856 10,952

26,667 96

Karnataka

29,82,399 310

9,607 43

29,34,870 347

37,922 6

Tamil Nadu

26,83,396 1,259

15,451 199

26,32,092 1,438

35,853 20

Andhra Pradesh

20,59,122 540

6,588 27

20,38,248 557

14,286 10

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,008 12

135 4

16,86,976 16

22,897

West Bengal

15,79,012 530

7,576 81

15,52,491 601

18,945 10

Delhi

14,39,311 28

337 1

14,13,885 29

25,089

Odisha

10,33,809 521

4,890 38

10,20,645 477

8,274 6

Chhattisgarh

10,05,614 16

203 4

9,91,841 20

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,382 8

42 6

9,45,386 2

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,244 34

215 20

8,15,943 14

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,669 12

111 1

7,82,035 11

10,523

Haryana

7,71,035 16

105 158

7,60,881

10,049 174

Bihar

7,26,016 8

42 6

7,16,313 2

9,661

Telangana

6,68,618 168

4,171 40

6,60,512 207

3,935 1

Assam

6,05,847 207

3,646 157

5,96,263 362

5,938 2

Punjab

6,01,971 33

234 11

5,85,199 16

16,538 6

Jharkhand

3,48,406 11

130 4

3,43,141 7

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,729 28

175 22

3,36,157 6

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,30,834 93

935 11

3,25,473 104

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,113 182

1,387 5

2,16,011 173

3,715 4

Goa

1,77,356 68

679 27

1,73,342 39

3,335 2

Puducherry

1,27,259 49

647 4

1,24,763 53

1,849

Manipur

1,22,432 69

1,444 15

1,19,099 84

1,889

Mizoram

1,10,719 901

13,601 435

96,744 1,332

374 4

Tripura

84,295 4

110 8

83,369 12

816

Meghalaya

82,734 87

892 31

80,411 115

1,431 3

Chandigarh

65,295 10

32 5

64,443 15

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,958 4

202 22

54,476 26

280

Sikkim

31,722 6

224 1

31,108 7

390

Nagaland

31,516 9

230 8

30,613 17

673

Ladakh

20,867 6

44 2

20,615 4

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,675

3 1

10,668 1

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

2 0

10,312

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,640 3

10 1

7,501 2

129

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