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Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: Centre Tags 170 Districts As ‘Coronavirus Hotspots’, Here’s All You Need To Know

Government has divided India in three colours amid coronavirus crisis – Red zone is where more than 15 cases of COVID-10 are reported, an orange zone is the area where there are less than 15 positive cases. And,  if no case is there, the area falls under a green zone

Centre Tags 170 Districts As ‘Coronavirus Hotspots’, Here’s All You Need To Know
Highlights
  • Centre has identified 170 districts of India as coronavirus hotspot 
  • An area with more than 15 cases is termed as a hotspot
  • In these areas, there is a strict restriction on movements 

New Delhi: Almost three months after the first case of novel coronavirus was detected in India, the spread of the virus has been controlled as per the government data, compared to the huge transmission and fatality rates seen in some countries outside China, where the SARS-COV2 virus was first reported. Even the world health organisation (WHO) said that the COVID-19 outbreak in India is confined to clusters rather than widespread community transmission seen in some of the worst affected countries. Given the nature of the outbreak in India, the government’s strategy has been that of identifying hotspots and focussing on containing and controlling the outbreak within these defined areas.

Also Read: Explainer: What Is The Difference Between Pandemic And Epidemic?

What Is A Hotspot?

Of the country’s over 700 districts, 170 – roughly a quarter have been identified by the Centre as ‘coronavirus hotspots’ and have been marked under the red zone. According to the guidelines by the health ministry, an area with more than 15 COVID-19 cases is considered as a hotspot or a red zone.

What Does It Mean To Live In A Hotspot Area?

Lav Agarwal, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare while explaining the guidelines said that any place which is a hotspot or a red zone, no activity will be allowed there. He said,

The authorities will implement a strict lockdown in those areas and activities of only essential services will be allowed such as groceries, medicines and all. No one from that respective area will be allowed to go out and no one will be allowed to enter. A police officer with one or more member of the team will be present in the hotspot to ensure the lockdown is strictly implemented.

The ministry of health and family welfare says that special teams will be working in the hotspot areas, for door-to door survey and testing of people, which will be not just for COVID-19 but also influenza-related illness and SARI (Severe Acute Respiratory Illness). The ministry is yet to come out with a detailed plan for testing.

Moreover, as per the guidelines, in all the red zone or hotspots areas, relaxations after April 20 which the government announced one day after the lockdown 2.0 was implemented, will not be allowed. The relaxations include resumption of certain industries, services and agriculture related activities to restart economic activity after the nation-wide lockdown, while ensuring strict social distancing and sanitisation norms.

Also Read: What Are The Different Stages Of COVID-19 Transmission, Experts Explain

How Do Authorities Identify A Hotspot?

The rapid response teams present in different districts identify such hotspots. The decision of tagging an area as a hotspot is completely based on the number of new and existing cases which are traced by the authority at a given point of time. According to the health ministry guidelines, the hotspot inclusion criteria is based on the following:

1. Highest caseload contributing to over 80% cases in India or
2. Districts contributing to 80% cases for each state or
3. Districts with a doubling rate of COVID-19 cases in less than 4 days

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak: Understanding What Is Flattening The Curve And Its Importance

Apart From Hotspot or Red Zone, There Is A Orange And Green Zone, What Does It Means?

Along with the red zone, the centre has divided zones into orange and green categories. According to the guidelines, Green zones will be districts where there are no COVID-19 cases. While orange zones will be places which see less than 15 cases and report no increase in the number of positive cases over a period of time.

Also Read: To Fight Coronavirus Pandemic, This Company Has Developed A Contactless Mobile Van That Will Provide Doorstep Testing For COVID-19


When Does A Hotspot Become A Non-Hotspot Area?

The ministry says if in a hotspot area, no new case is reported for 14 days, the area will be earmarked as orange zone as the number of cases will fall below 15 because patients will recover also. And,  if no case is reported for 28 days, the districts will become a green zone.

[coronavirus_hotspots]

Source: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare 

World

24,06,78,961Cases
20,23,40,977Active
3,34,39,331Recovered
48,98,653Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 24,06,78,961 and 48,98,653 have died; 20,23,40,977 are active cases and 3,34,39,331 have recovered as on October 18, 2021 at 4:17 am.

India

3,40,81,315 13,596Cases
1,89,6946,152Active
3,34,39,331 19,582Recovered
4,52,290 166Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,81,315 confirmed cases including 4,52,290 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,89,694 and 3,34,39,331 have recovered as on October 18, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,91,697 1,715

32,230 994

64,19,678 2,680

1,39,789 29

Kerala

48,54,321 7,555

88,186 3,292

47,39,270 10,773

26,865 74

Karnataka

29,83,459 326

9,479 58

29,36,039 380

37,941 4

Tamil Nadu

26,87,092 1,218

14,814 208

26,36,379 1,411

35,899 15

Andhra Pradesh

20,60,472 432

6,034 159

20,40,131 586

14,307 5

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,028 9

119 10

16,87,011 19

22,898

West Bengal

15,80,530 624

7,421 24

15,54,132 634

18,977 14

Delhi

14,39,390 32

320 6

14,13,981 38

25,089

Odisha

10,35,077 443

4,542 68

10,22,250 508

8,285 3

Chhattisgarh

10,05,654 16

183 2

9,91,901 14

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,390 2

42 2

9,45,394 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,290 10

207 6

8,15,997 16

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,684 5

84 12

7,82,077 17

10,523

Haryana

7,71,076 15

123 9

7,60,904 6

10,049

Bihar

7,26,026 5

48 4

7,16,317 1

9,661

Telangana

6,68,955 122

3,924 55

6,61,093 176

3,938 1

Assam

6,06,468 205

3,436 46

5,97,082 245

5,950 6

Punjab

6,02,035 27

227 8

5,85,264 16

16,544 3

Jharkhand

3,48,430 7

122 1

3,43,173 8

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,756 9

178 1

3,36,181 8

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,31,062 95

843 12

3,25,793 107

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,437 131

1,303 5

2,16,414 125

3,720 1

Goa

1,77,522 60

604 6

1,73,572 62

3,346 4

Puducherry

1,27,396 52

585 13

1,24,961 64

1,850 1

Manipur

1,22,737 104

1,422 0

1,19,418 102

1,897 2

Mizoram

1,12,848 249

11,633 1,143

1,00,829 1,389

386 3

Tripura

84,321 16

104 4

83,401 12

816

Meghalaya

82,953 55

845 32

80,673 86

1,435 1

Chandigarh

65,302 3

25 3

64,457 6

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,987 7

140 30

54,567 37

280

Sikkim

31,749 4

174 8

31,184 12

391

Nagaland

31,611 40

248 12

30,689 28

674

Ladakh

20,878 2

36 10

20,634 12

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,676 1

4 1

10,668

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

0 0

10,314

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,641

9 0

7,503

129

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