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Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Are The Different Stages Of COVID-19 Transmission

An Expert from Madhya Pradesh Medical Council explains the different stages of the pandemic COVID-19

There have been 1,965 confirmed cases of coronavirus in India, with 151 recoveries and 50 deaths, according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

New Delhi: With the 21-day nationwide lockdown completing a week, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has claimed that the move has fetched positive results and has prevented India from entering ‘community transmission’ stage. As per the World Health Organization, there are four stages of the pandemic novel coronavirus outbreak around the globe. At present, the government says India is still on Stage 2, when there is local transmission from infected persons. Several health experts have stressed that India will be in a very tough spot if the COVID-19 transmission enters the third stage of outbreak in the country. Let’s take a look at what are these four stages of transmission are.

A medical expert from Madhya Pradesh Medical Council (MPMC) explained to NDTV that out of the four stages, Stage 1 is when cases are imported from affected countries. In this stage, the virus doesn’t spread locally – cases reported are usually due to the people who have A travel history to an affected country. Stage one sees only these test positive.

Also Read: COVID-19 Outbreak: As The Country Enters Week 2 Of Lockdown, Centre Says Restrictions Have Helped Limiting Transmission In Community

When it comes to stage two, the virus could be transmitted through contact with affected people. Here, people who have brought the virus into the country transmit it to people they come in contact with, usually friends and family.

The source of the virus in the second stage is known and it is easier to trace the chain and quarantine people, as opposed to community transmission, he said.

In local transmission, less people are affected as compared to the stage three, community transmission, Luv Agarwal from Indian Council of Medical Research said.

The third stage, community transmission, is when the source of the virus is untraceable; this stage is identified when people who haven’t had travel history to affected place, get diagnosed with the virus, explains the MPMC expert..

Once we reach the community transmission stage, spread is extremely contagious and difficult to control, hence is a matter of concern for India, a country of 1.3 billion people, he added.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak: Understanding What Is Flattening The Curve And Its Importance

Stage four for a pandemic occurs when the spread of the virus goes out of control and there are many major clusters of infection all over the country.

Until now, only China has faced the wrath of the stage four of the novel coronavirus outbreak, MPMC expert explained.

Coronavirus Outbreak in India

There have been 1,965 confirmed cases of coronavirus in India. This  includes 151 recoveries and 50 deaths, according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare data as on April 2. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 24 imposed a 21-day lockdown in the entire country to deal with the spread of coronavirus, saying that ‘social distancing’ is the only option to deal with the disease, which spreads rapidly.

World

23,23,25,643Cases
19,46,11,603Active
3,29,58,002Recovered
47,56,038Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,23,25,643 and 47,56,038 have died; 19,46,11,603 are active cases and 3,29,58,002 have recovered as on September 28, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

3,36,97,581 18,795Cases
2,92,2067,414Active
3,29,58,002 26,030Recovered
4,47,373 179Deaths
In India, there are 3,36,97,581 confirmed cases including 4,47,373 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,92,206 and 3,29,58,002 have recovered as on September 28, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,44,325

41,396 32

63,64,027

1,38,902 32

Kerala

46,41,587 11,699

1,57,733 6,122

44,59,193 17,763

24,661 58

Karnataka

29,73,899 504

12,833 409

29,23,320 893

37,746 20

Tamil Nadu

26,58,923 1,657

17,261 24

26,06,153 1,662

35,509 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,47,459 618

12,482 566

20,20,835 1,178

14,142 6

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,778 6

176 0

16,86,712 6

22,890

West Bengal

15,66,865 472

7,584 99

15,40,530 556

18,751 15

Delhi

14,38,746 32

366 5

14,13,295 37

25,085

Odisha

10,24,764 444

5,102 214

10,11,482 653

8,180 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,269 27

282 3

9,91,423 30

13,564

Rajasthan

9,54,316 13

86 9

9,45,276 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,872 21

142 9

8,15,648 30

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,504 8

118 2

7,81,868 6

10,518

Haryana

7,70,825 7

329 6

7,60,686 13

9,810

Bihar

7,25,947 3

57 11

7,16,230 14

9,660

Telangana

6,65,284 216

4,585 27

6,56,785 241

3,914 2

Punjab

6,01,538 38

284 2

5,84,747 35

16,507 1

Assam

6,01,031 412

4,587 42

5,90,593 362

5,851 8

Jharkhand

3,48,198 4

79 1

3,42,986 5

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,504 14

218 8

3,35,893 22

7,393

Jammu And Kashmir

3,29,125 117

1,513 1

3,23,190 118

4,422

Himachal Pradesh

2,18,523 209

1,730 16

2,13,124 225

3,669

Goa

1,76,145 50

862 56

1,71,980 106

3,303

Puducherry

1,26,127 37

866 35

1,23,423 72

1,838

Manipur

1,20,000 116

2,111 14

1,16,042 129

1,847 1

Mizoram

90,539 1,846

15,843 358

74,394 1,481

302 7

Tripura

84,085 19

275 3

82,999 22

811

Meghalaya

80,897 108

1,752 125

77,750 230

1,395 3

Chandigarh

65,217 7

44 3

64,354 4

819

Arunachal Pradesh

54,395 43

319 4

53,802 47

274

Sikkim

31,291 25

601 11

30,303 35

387 1

Nagaland

31,167 17

426 19

30,078 35

663 1

Ladakh

20,786 5

148 8

20,431 13

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,361

5 0

10,305

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,619 1

11 2

7,479 3

129

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