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High Immunity, Proper Hygiene Key Safeguards Against All Fungal Infections, Says AIIMS Director Randeep Guleria

According to Dr Randeep Guleria, Director of All India Institue of Medical Sciences, number of fungus cases being reported is increasing, but it is not a communicable disease, meaning it does not spread from one person to another like COVID-19 does

High Immunity, Proper Hygiene Key Safeguards Against All Fungal Infections, Says AIIMS Director Randeep Guleria
Highlights
  • Mucormycosis is fungi mostly seen on COVID recovered patients: Expert
  • Dr Guleria said 90 - 95% of patients getting infected with Mucormycosis
  • These fungi are mainly found in sinuses, nose, bone around the eyes: Expert

New Delhi: Dr Randeep Guleria, Director of All India Institue of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Delhi on Monday (May 24) said that people with low immunity are the ones affected by mucormycosis (black fungus) adding that maintenance of hygiene is the major safeguard against fungal infections. Dr Guleria said it is better not to use the term black fungus while talking of mucormycosis, as it leads to a lot of avoidable confusion.

Also Read: First Case Of Patient Infected With Black, White And Yellow Fungus Reported From UP’s Ghaziabad

Addressing a Union Health Ministry briefing on COVID-19, Dr Guleria said,

Black fungus is another family; this term got associated with mucormycosis due to the presence of black dots among the culture of white fungal colonies. In general, there are various types of fungal infections such as candida, aspergillosis, cryptococcus, histoplasmosis and coccidioidomycosis. Mucormycosis, candida and aspergillosis are the ones observed more in those with low immunity. These fungi are mainly found in sinuses, nose, bone around the eyes and can enter the brain. They are occasionally found in lungs(pulmonary mucormycosis) or in the gastrointestinal tract.

Mucormycosis is the fungi mostly seen on COVID-19 recovered patients, he said. Occasionally Aspergillus is reported and very few instances of Candida are being seen, he further said.

The colour of fungus can be seen differently if it develops in different areas. The number of cases being reported is increasing, but it is not a communicable disease, meaning it does not spread from one person to another like COVID-19 does, he said adding that

Dr Guleria said that 90 – 95 per cent of patients getting infected with Mucormycosis are found to have been either diabetic or taking steroids.

Also Read: COVID-19 Could Become Like Common Cold In Future, Study Suggests

Some warning signs for mucormycosis such as headache, rusting or bleeding from nose, swelling below the eye, lowering of facial sensation, if observed in high-risk patients or those taking steroids, need to be informed to doctors so that early diagnosis and treatment can be given,”he warned adding that immediate medical attention should be sought in such cases.

Candida fungal infection can manifest with symptoms such as white patches in the mouth, oral cavities and tongue, he said.

It can infect private parts and can also be found in the blood (in which case it can become serious). Aspergillosis, which is relatively not common, affects and invades the lungs by creating cavities in the lungs, he added.

Dr Guleria reminded that regular washing of hands and ensuring that Oxygen apparatus being used are cleaned regularly is imperative. Regarding Post COVID-19 symptoms, Guleria said,

There are few symptoms that are seen post COVID. If the symptoms are seen for 4-12 weeks, it is called ongoing symptomatic COVID or post-acute COVID syndrome. If symptoms are seen for more than 12 weeks, it is called post-COVID syndrome. Chronic fatigue syndrome is seen, which requires symptomatic treatment. There is another symptom generally termed as ‘brain fog’ on social media, seen in COVID recovered who find difficulty in concentration & suffer from insomnia & depression.

It has been said that children will be infected the most in the third wave but Pediatrics Association has said that this is not based on facts. It might not impact children so people should not fear, he added. With 4,454 more fatalities in the last 24 hours, India’s official death toll due to COVID-19 has reached over 3 lakh. The country saw 2,22,315 new cases in the last 24 hours. A total of 2,40,842 fresh infections were reported on Sunday and 2,76,070 new COVID-19 cases on Saturday.

Also Read: Union Ministry Invites Applications From Startups, Companies For Developing New Tech To Tackle COVID-19 Wave

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

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