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How Will A Night Curfew Imposed In Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh And Rajasthan Help In Containing The Spread Of COVID-19

To curb the spike in COVID-19 cases, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh state governments have imposed night curfews in selected districts

How Will A Night Curfew Imposed In Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh And Rajasthan Help In Containing The Spread Of COVID-19
Highlights
  • In 8 districts of Rajasthan night curfew is being imposed from 8 pm to 6 am
  • Himachal Pradesh has also announced curfew 8 pm to 6 am in four districts
  • Madhya Pradesh has imposed curfew in 5 districts from 10 pm to 6 am

New Delhi: States in India like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana and others are reporting a surge in COVID-19 cases. On November 23, Rajasthan reported the highest single-day spike of 3,260 cases. Similarly, Madhya Pradesh that was earlier in October reporting less than 1,000 cases a day is now recording close to 2,000 cases. Amid the rise in COVID-19 cases, states are imposing night curfew within cities. Starting November 20, a curfew has been imposed in Gujarat’s Ahmedabad from 9 pm to 6 am. From November 21, Rajkot, Surat, and Vadodara followed the suite. According to Gujarat’s Deputy Chief Minister Nitin Patel, the night curfew will remain in force till further announcement.

Also Read: Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate Shows 70 Per Cent Efficacy, Produces Strong Immune Response Among Elderlies

The Rajasthan government has imposed the night curfew from 8 pm to 6 am in eight district headquarters- Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner, Udaipur, Ajmer, Alwar and Bhilwara in view of COVID-19 spread.

In eight districts, the number of patients increased exponentially. In view of winter, it is estimated that the situation will become serious. Hence the government is taking decisions to protect people’s lives, stated an official release of the Chief Minister’s Office (CMO).

According to the information shared by Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot, during the night curfew, people going to the wedding ceremony, people involved in essential services including medicines and those traveling in bus, train and airplane will be allowed to travel.

Also Read: Fight Against Coronavirus: Where Are We In The COVID-19 Vaccine Race?

Madhya Pradesh, after reporting over 1,500 positive cases on November 21, which was the highest in over a month, imposed a curfew from 10 pm to 6 am in five districts – Bhopal, Ratlam, Vidisha, Indore and Gwalior – starting Saturday. This curfew exempts people associated with essential services, goods transport and night shifts at factories.

Himachal Pradesh government on Monday (November 23) imposed night curfew from 8 pm to 6 am in Mandi, Shimla, Kullu and Kangra districts. The night curfew will begin from November 24 and will be in place till December 15.

Also Read: India Says Local COVID-19 Vaccine Final Trials Could End Within Two Months

But the question is, how will a night curfew help in containing the spread of COVID-19? Explaining the purpose behind the night curfew, Dr Ravindra M Mehta, Senior Consultant & HOD – Pulmonology & Interventional pulmonology, Apollo Speciality Hospitals Jayanagar, said, by and large, it is for the night activity, which is pubs and bars where social distancing and masking may break down. He added,

Night activities are mostly related to clubs, pubs, dance areas and other places. It is then under the influence of alcohol people meet and social distancing and the practice of wearing masks breaks down. Also, the challenges for law enforcement authorities are much higher in the night; so if you reduce people cohering in an unlawful way, especially under the influence of alcohol, you may be able to at least curtail that part of social distancing and that is the logic behind the night curfew.

Also Read: Air Pollution And COVID-19: Is It About Time To Shift From Cloth Mask To Pollution Safe N95 Or N99 Mask?

Dr Rohan Sequeira, Consultant General Medicine, Jaslok Hospital & Research Centre, had a differing opinion and said that not many people go out to clubs and pubs and the number of people out on the roads during night time is comparatively less than the people going out and doing business during the day time. He said,

Imposing a curfew from 9 pm to 6 am won’t create much impact but if you do it from 6 pm to 9 am, it will help.

Dr Sequeria said that imposing a curfew is one thing and restricting movement is another. He stressed on the multi-factorial approach to control the spread of the pandemic and suggested to couple night curfew with basic COVID precautionary measures that include social distancing and wearing a face mask.

Science has explained that wearing a face mask and practising social distancing is as good as getting a vaccine. The precautionary measures are as efficacious as a vaccine. The rules are in place. Wearing a face mask is mandatory but it needs enforcement. We need to impose strong fines that push people to adhere to wearing a mask that too the correct way. A fine of Rs. 200 won’t make people take the rules seriously. A hefty fine becomes a deterrent, said Dr Sequeria.

Also Read: Under Its ‘Health Cannot Wait’ Campaign, NGO Smile Foundation Is Promoting Hygiene And Sanitation Amid COVID-19

He also asserted that the efficacy of night curfew is debatable and a divided issue. But ultimately, a curfew is only effective when other measures are in place. Giving an example, he said,

Let’s say a person has got COVID-19 and a night curfew is in place. He/she will not go out at night but this doesn’t mean he/she will not step out the next day and transmit the virus to others.

According to Dr Sequeria, maximum transmission happens during the day as that is when people are on road. He said, night curfew is one of the options but what we need to remember is that COVID-19 spreads in close proximity and hence, it is essential to follow COVID precautionary measures.

Also Read: AIIMS Director On COVID-19 Spike In Delhi And How Air Pollution Increases The Number And Severity Of Cases

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

22,90,75,864Cases
19,16,26,474Active
3,27,49,574Recovered
46,99,816Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,90,75,864 and 46,99,816 have died; 19,16,26,474 are active cases and 3,27,49,574 have recovered as on September 21, 2021 at 3:56 am.

India

3,35,04,534 26,115Cases
3,09,5758,606Active
3,27,49,574 34,469Recovered
4,45,385 252Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,04,534 confirmed cases including 4,45,385 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,09,575 and 3,27,49,574 have recovered as on September 21, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,24,498 2,583

45,229 1,281

63,40,723 3,836

1,38,546 28

Kerala

45,24,158 15,692

1,67,578 6,623

43,32,897 22,223

23,683 92

Karnataka

29,68,543 677

14,386 1,025

29,16,530 1,678

37,627 24

Tamil Nadu

26,47,041 1,661

16,984 15

25,94,697 1,623

35,360 23

Andhra Pradesh

20,39,529 839

14,388 311

20,11,063 1,142

14,078 8

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,680 11

194 4

16,86,599 15

22,887

West Bengal

15,62,173 524

7,810 96

15,35,699 608

18,664 12

Delhi

14,38,517 20

379 8

14,13,053 28

25,085

Odisha

10,20,754 510

4,947 96

10,07,666 600

8,141 6

Chhattisgarh

10,05,094 38

297 7

9,91,234 43

13,563 2

Rajasthan

9,54,263 9

91 10

9,45,218 19

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,737 14

133 3

8,15,522 17

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,402 8

96 0

7,81,789 8

10,517

Haryana

7,70,746 13

340 6

7,60,598 7

9,808

Bihar

7,25,901 7

69 1

7,16,173 8

9,659

Telangana

6,63,662 208

4,991 14

6,54,765 220

3,906 2

Punjab

6,01,323 59

307 10

5,84,517 38

16,499 31

Assam

5,98,423 455

4,984 72

5,87,632 517

5,807 10

Jharkhand

3,48,125 9

55 1

3,42,937 10

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,393 11

267 6

3,35,736 17

7,390

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,069 128

1,461 32

3,22,191 159

4,417 1

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,140 234

1,616 54

2,11,871 177

3,653 3

Goa

1,75,583 85

810 36

1,71,478 48

3,295 1

Puducherry

1,25,517 54

867 56

1,22,818 109

1,832 1

Manipur

1,18,673 178

2,183 6

1,14,658 183

1,832 1

Tripura

83,905 51

346 10

82,750 40

809 1

Mizoram

81,460 1,731

15,140 1,008

66,057 721

263 2

Meghalaya

79,667 174

1,896 5

76,391 168

1,380 1

Chandigarh

65,188 7

41 4

64,329 3

818

Arunachal Pradesh

54,126 56

410 12

53,444 67

272 1

Sikkim

30,971 16

654 59

29,937 74

380 1

Nagaland

30,907 43

467 17

29,786 59

654 1

Ladakh

20,737 7

138 4

20,392 3

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 1

10,666 1

4

Lakshadweep

10,359 3

8 3

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,600

13 0

7,458

129

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