Menstrual Hygiene Day 2021: Five Things To Know

Menstrual Hygiene Day 2021: Five Things To Know

On the occasion of Menstrual Hygiene Day 2021, here are five things you should know
Menstrual Hygiene
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WASH United came up with the idea for a global day of action for Menstrual Hygiene Management in May 2013WASH United came up with the idea for a global day of action for Menstrual Hygiene Management in May 2013
Highlights
  • Menstruation continues to be associated with stigma & taboo globally
  • Girls and women are facing challenges in managing their period due to COVID
  • 70% of global healthcare workforce is women who are also facing challenges

New Delhi: May 28 is observed as the Menstrual Hygiene Day across the globe. Every woman experiences a monthly biological cycle known as menstruation or a period, where the lining of the uterus breaks down and leaves the body through the vagina. Menstruation and menstrual hygiene continue to be met with silence and neglect all around the world. The mission of this day is to break the silence and taboo, raise awareness and change negative social norms surrounding menstrual hygiene management around the world. On the occasion of Menstrual Hygiene Day, here are five things to know.

1. Why May 28?

According to WASH United, a German non-profit organisation and founder of the Menstrual Hygiene Day, the average interval of a menstrual cycle is 28 days. On average, women and girls menstruate for 5 days per month. Hence 28-5, or the 28th of May was chosen to mark this day.

Also Read: Women’s Day 2021: Let’s Talk Menstruation Say Girls In This Bihar Village

2. History

WASH United came up with the idea for a global day of action for Menstrual Hygiene Management in May 2013. The organisation carried out a 28-day campaign on social media to ‘test the waters’ and see if other organisations were interested in this issue, too.

The extremely positive feedback from organisations around the world prompted the idea to create a global day of action that would allow everyone working on menstrual hygiene management around the world to bundle their voices.

3. Importance Of Menstrual Hygiene Day

Poor menstrual hygiene caused by a lack of education on the issue, persisting taboos and stigma, limited access to hygienic menstrual products and poor sanitation infrastructure undermines the educational opportunities, health and overall social status of women and girls around the world, says WASH United.

As a result, millions of women and girls are kept from reaching their full potential.

At this stage, this issue really needs the spotlight of a dedicated day to break the silence and accelerate action, the organisation says on the importance of the day.

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4. Significance

With Menstrual Hygiene day, not just WASH United, but several organisation and activists involved in the cause, aims to create a world where no woman or girl is held back because she menstruates, by 2030.

In order to ensure a world without period stigma and period poverty, every woman and girl needs to be empowered to manage her menstruation safely, hygienically, with confidence and without shame.

5. COVID-19 And Menstrual Hygiene

Since the outbreak of COVID-19 and the subsequent lockdowns, it has become clear that the pandemic has severe secondary impacts on girls’ and women’s ability to manage their menstruation and their health.

As per many experts and organisations, poorest sections of the society have been the worst affected in accessing menstrual hygiene products during the pandemic.

However, a recent analysis by UNICEF titled ‘Mitigating the impacts of COVID-19 and menstrual health and hygiene’, shows that it is not just them, but also the healthcare workers who are on the frontline’s of fighting the virus.

Globally, women make up 70 percent of the health workforce and are more likely to be front-line health
workers, especially nurses, midwives and community health workers. These women face additional challenges in managing their menstruation, which may compromise their health and dignity as well as the ability of the health system to deliver.

As per the UNICEF report, these challenges include, but are not limited to:

  1. Facility managers are not aware of and/or do not prioritise Menstrual hygiene needs of female health care workers.
  2. Lack of menstrual hygiene materials for health care workers provided by health systems.
  3. Putting on and removing PPE prevents quick changing of menstrual hygiene materials, leading women to bleed into protective suits, suppress menstruation through the use of oral contraceptive pills, or potentially miss 5 days of work.
  4. Lack of access to WASH facilities at health care facilities, preventing women from managing basic hygiene including menstrual hygiene while at work.

Also Read: “I Have Never Owned Underpants, So How Could I Use A Sanitary Pad?”

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

19,89,21,889Cases
6,44,02,340Active
13,02,83,678Recovered
42,35,871Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 194 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 19,89,21,889 and 42,35,871 have died; 6,44,02,340 are active cases and 13,02,83,678 have recovered as on August 3, 2021 at 3:55 am.

India

3,17,26,507 30,549Cases
4,04,9588,760Active
3,08,96,354 38,887Recovered
4,25,195 422Deaths
In India, there are 3,17,26,507 confirmed cases including 4,25,195 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,04,958 and 3,08,96,354 have recovered as on August 3, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

63,15,063 4,869

78,700 3,650

61,03,325 8,429

1,33,038 90

Kerala

34,25,473 13,984

1,65,834 2,057

32,42,684 15,923

16,955 118

Karnataka

29,08,284 1,285

24,045 123

28,47,627 1,383

36,612 25

Tamil Nadu

25,63,544 1,957

20,385 139

25,09,029 2,068

34,130 28

Andhra Pradesh

19,70,008 1,546

20,582 437

19,36,016 1,968

13,410 15

Uttar Pradesh

17,08,500 24

646 18

16,85,091 42

22,763

West Bengal

15,29,295 575

10,803 171

15,00,331 734

18,161 12

Delhi

14,36,401 51

538 44

14,10,809 95

25,054

Chhattisgarh

10,02,458 236

1,918 1

9,87,012 234

13,528 3

Odisha

9,79,737 1,032

13,318 820

9,60,386 1,785

6,033 67

Rajasthan

9,53,704 16

241 9

9,44,509 25

8,954

Gujarat

8,24,922 22

251 3

8,14,595 25

10,076

Madhya Pradesh

7,91,862 17

132 7

7,81,217 10

10,513

Haryana

7,69,956 14

703 12

7,59,614 25

9,639 1

Bihar

7,24,917 37

401 34

7,14,872 71

9,644

Telangana

6,45,997 591

8,819 54

6,33,371 643

3,807 2

Punjab

5,99,162 32

473 31

5,82,395 63

16,294

Assam

5,68,257 1,275

12,429 213

5,50,534 1,469

5,294 19

Jharkhand

3,47,223 23

239 15

3,41,855 38

5,129

Uttarakhand

3,42,198 37

574 35

3,34,261 71

7,363 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,21,725 118

1,254 43

3,16,090 73

4,381 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,06,369 208

1,304 75

2,01,543 132

3,522 1

Goa

1,71,295 90

1,027 16

1,67,118 72

3,150 2

Puducherry

1,21,059 54

944 38

1,18,320 92

1,795

Manipur

99,872 541

9,814 591

88,480 1,120

1,578 12

Tripura

79,026 304

3,104 12

75,167 292

755

Meghalaya

65,939 350

5,843 200

58,987 537

1,109 13

Chandigarh

61,960 6

33 3

61,116 3

811

Arunachal Pradesh

48,565 305

3,508 167

44,823 469

234 3

Mizoram

40,111 748

12,316 127

27,642 618

153 3

Nagaland

28,004 59

1,300 44

26,130 99

574 4

Sikkim

26,880 126

3,323 131

23,211 256

346 1

Ladakh

20,345 5

57 0

20,081 5

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,650

15 9

10,631 9

4

Lakshadweep

10,207 12

79 4

10,078 8

50

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,539

6 1

7,404 1

129

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