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New Climate Action Plans Must Cover All Gases, Sectors Of Economy: COP Presidencies Troika

At the opening of the Copenhagen Climate Ministerial, COP28 President Dr. Sultan Al Jaber highlighted the role that the COP Presidencies Troika will play in keeping our collective North Star of 1.5°C within reach

New Climate Action Plans Must Cover All Gases, Sectors Of Economy: COP Presidencies Troika
Developing countries, including India, are calling for USD 1 trillion a year to support their climate plans

New Delhi: The next round of countries’ national climate plans to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius should cover all greenhouse gases, including methane, and sectors of economy, the presidencies of the previous COP and the next two UN climate change conferences said on Thursday (March 21). The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) should include policies which deliver 60 per cent emission reduction compared to 2019 levels, before 2035, the COP Presidencies Troika said at the opening segment of the two-day Copenhagen climate ministerial which began in the Danish capital on Thursday.

The ministerial meeting is the first major climate gathering since COP28 in Dubai last December and an opportunity for climate leaders to set expectations and priorities for COP29 in Azerbaijan in November.

Also Read: Annual Climate Finance Requirement Estimated To Cross USD 10 Trillion By 2050: CAG Girish Chandra Murmu

The discussions will have a strong focus on the next climate finance goal – the biggest issue on the COP29 agenda – and the next generation of national climate plans NDCs) that all countries are required to update by early 2025.

COP28 President Sultan Al Jaber said the next round of NDCs represent “a critical tool for correcting course” on climate action. He said,

Parties must do the work now to ensure that their NDCs meet the urgency of the moment – and are submitted at least nine months before COP30. NDCs should be economy-wide and cover all greenhouse gases – including methane.

The COP28 president called for attendees to “follow the science” and ensure energy transition pathways are “just, orderly and responsible”.

The COP Presidencies Troika also issued a letter to Parties, committing the three Presidencies’ host countries to submit 1.5 degrees Celsius aligned NDCs by early 2025.

The Troika has also submitted a letter to United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to “ensure there is a unified, coherent, and effective technical support framework to member states, particularly developing countries, to prepare and implement the next generation of their NDCs”.

The ministerial meeting will focus on the next climate finance goal – the biggest issue on the COP29 agenda – and the next generation of national climate plans that all countries are required to update by early 2025.

Also Read: 2023 Broke Every Single Climate Indicator: World Meteorological Organization

The next two years until COP30 are the most consequential of the ‘critical decade’ for climate safety and for keeping multilateralism alive in a context of geopolitical turmoil, experts have said.

The Troika has also submitted a letter to United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to “ensure there is a unified, coherent, and effective technical support framework to member states, particularly developing countries, to prepare and implement the next generation of their NDCs”.

The president of the next UN climate conference, Mukhtar Babayev, said negotiations on the new climate finance goal at COP29 in Azerbaijan will be an opportunity to unlock funds and rebuild trust between the parties. Mr Babayev said,

Finance underpins everything and is a critical enabler of climate action… “Finance is at the heart of climate diplomacy this year.

He said many are losing trust in the UNFCCC process due to the “growing gap in their needs and what’s available” and urged all to work tirelessly to mobilise resources.

UNFCCC Secretary General Simon Steill said climate finance needs to be “bigger and better” to undo the deadlock between developed and developing countries. He said,

We’re talking trillions, not billions. That is going to require more from all sources and serious conversations about making new innovative sources real, rather than just words on a page.

Developing countries, including India, are calling for USD 1 trillion a year to support their climate plans, which is tough as rich countries have yet to deliver on their commitment to provide USD 100 billion to developing countries to deal with climate impacts.

According to the latest assessments, developed countries mobilised and delivered USD 89.6 billion in 2021. The failure to meet the USD 100 billion goal fully has eroded trust and been a continual source of contention during negotiations.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via the Banega Swachh India initiative, which in its Season 10 is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Ayushmann Khurrana. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ populationindigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In a world post COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental well-being, self-care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity, which is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.

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