NDTV spoke to Dr Soumya Swaminathan, WHO Chief Scientist, who says that scientists are still learning on a day to day basis how this virus behaves and how vaccines are still far awayNDTV spoke to Dr Soumya Swaminathan, WHO Chief Scientist, who says that scientists are still learning on a day to day basis how this virus behaves and how vaccines are still far away

New Delhi: Two new cases of coronavirus have been reported in Delhi and Telangana and there is one suspected case in Rajasthan. One of the passengers of an Air India flight from Vienna to Delhi on February 25 is suspected to be infected. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on Tuesday (March 3), took to Twitter to address the outbreak in the country and urged people to not panic. He said,

Had an extensive review regarding preparedness on the COVID-19 Novel Coronavirus. Different ministries & states are working together, from screening people arriving in India to providing prompt medical attention. There is no need to panic. We need to work together, take small yet important measures to ensure self-protection.

NDTV spoke to Dr Soumya Swaminathan, WHO Chief Scientist, who says that scientists are still learning on a day to day basis how this virus behaves and how vaccines are still far away.

Also Read: Coronavirus: ‘Flu Corners’ To Be Set Up In Hospitals In Punjab

This is at the highest kevel being dealt at WHO. What according to you is the worst case scenario?

The Corona virus is circulating in every continent, and in every WHO region except Antarctica. It has really gone beyond just an outbreak in China as the number of affected countries is increasing by the hour, with about 66 countries affected today. I think the response globally needs to change with the changing epidemic ad that is why WHO has raised the level of risk and wants every country to be prepared against the outbreak whether they have a case right now or not. We got sometime on hand right now owing to the travel restrictions put in place by China on their own citizens but eventualy the virus has spread to other countries and hence WHO wants every nation to be prepared.

A lot of people have been discussing about the cure. People and viewers have question about the cure for Corona Virus so what’s the scientific answer to that

We have to remember that this is a new virus and before December we did not know about the existence of this virus. Of course, we know about the other Coronaviruses from the same family and people will remember the SARS and MERS outbreak that we’ve had in the past. But this particular variant is a completely new virus its neither SARS nor MERS or influenza. Scientists are working round the clock and in fact at this very moment, I’m in a meeting where we are discussing the research priorities, what’s going on today and expect to have answers soon. Its quote natural that people want to know but the fact remains that today, we are still learning on a day by day basis about how this virus behaves.

At the moment, there are many clinic trials ongoing to different bio relations and diferent therapies, Of course vaccines are still a far fetched reality. Urgent priority is to get the the diagnostics done as that’s what you need right at the beginning, to get diagnosed and thanks to the advances in biotechnology today, the moment the genetic sequence of the virus was known, it was possible almost overnight to create the diagnostic for the virus. People should not panic, as this virus as a whole affects people as a mild respiratory infection. Of course there are those who get severely ill and we need to be prepared to treat them as well.

Also Read: Coronavirus: No Need To Panic, Says Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan After COVID-19 Cases

In a situation like this when we need scientific solution to a medical crisis, when you get in our country for examples, political leaders saying things like co dung or cow urine can be beneficial in fixing something like coronavirus, do we end up taking a step back after such statements, as we need to deal with the issue in a modern scientific manner.

I completely agree, I think all the public figures including politicians need to be extra careful when it comes to making such statements, because they have such a huge following. Its really important for them to say things that are based on some scientific evidence and rationing This includes saying things using protective equipments, and masks, which for your information, ordinary people do not need to wear masks as your healthy and if you’re not in contact with anyone affected with Coronavirus. Also when it comes to the claims of cures of this infection we should be extremely careful about our statements and it should be made by the people who know what they’re talking about. And has to be baked by evidence,

There have been claims by the Chinese government about the declining trend in the cases of Coronavirus. Is that the case?

Yes, there is clearly a declining trend in China. In fact, out side the Wuhan province, there have only been a handful number of cases detected everyday over the last week or so. Even in Wuhan, the suspected and confirmed cases have come down, which shows that the measures taken by the Chinese government used in quarantine, isolation and social distancing have paid off.

Also Read: COVID-19: All About The New Coronavirus Virus And Step Being Taken To Contain The Outbreak

Therefore, I assume that your concerns at the moment would be Iran, Italy South Korea. What are some of your biggest concerns in these countries and when it comes to their approach of managing the virus.

Our major concern is that this virus enters the countries with weak and fragile health system. Because if we’re not I control of the healthcare system, things can go terribly wrong. In terms of Iran, they have a very good primary healthcare system, but lately that has weakened due to some of the sanctions imposed on them. However, they are doing their best and so is South Korea and Italy and WHO is working closely with each of these nations to with the ministries of health there. Again, it’s concerning if the virus reaches Africa, currently, two African countries have reported Coronavirus, Nigeria and Algeria, but if it goes into other countries which have limited resources for both treatment and diagnosis, as well as surveillance and follow up then we have a really worrisome situation ahead of us. We are working really hard to strengthen those health systems, so they can respond if and when the virus reaches to those nations.

In terms of how India is handling the situation, there have been five confirmed cases and one suspected case, which is been reported in Jaipur. Of that three people are okay now and have been released while, there are still two confirmed cases and one likely case. For a country which is as big as ours, is India doing relatively well in controlling the spread of the virus?

Overall, India’s response and surveillance has been quite robust. Espeicially the initial wave of people who came from China. Subsequently India is testing people travelling from the affected countries upon reaching the Indian airports, the quarantine, surveillance, and follow ups. But I think, as we move onto this next phase of the virus, where there seems to be a community transmission in many countries, over the last week, we’ve seen many countries seeing community transmission, India also perhaps, need to think about what other kind of surveillance needs t be put in place. For example, we need to have a very high index, for looking out for healthcare workers who may be getting affected with influenza like sickness.

India could consider Coronavirus or COVID 19 screening against the viral diseases like pneumonia or influenza which could turn into influenza negative. There could be other measures put in place just to ensure that we’re not missing, any transmission happening in the community because people could be coming in asymptomatic. One of the things of this virus is that the screening at the airport is not going to pick up each and everybody who is affected so people could be coming in without knowing that they are carrying the infection and then further spread it. So it’s important to look out at places other than these points of entry.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak: How To Protect Oneself From Catching The Virus

to a large extent by individuals travelling on flights, is it necessary for airlines and government to quarantine those who may have been on a flight where a NOVED case has been detected. As you said, airport screening might not always catch the affected or is full-proof.

There does need to be a way of tracking them, it is perhaps not necessary to quarantine them all in a particular facility but being able to track them, tell them what to expect and if possible as them to self quarantine themselves at home and report immediately if they notice any symptoms. I think that’s the urgent follow up action that needs to be taken at this moment. I think it is possible now that we will see more such cases.

A lot of people are worried or scared, perhaps we should be scared up to a certain extent, but to prevent a panic, what is your message to out viewers and readers?

I would say that since it is a new virus, it is natural to be a little fearful because you don’t know what to expect. But I think we have 90,000 people who have been affected by this globally. And we know quite a lot about what has happened in China, so it is clear that about 80 per cent infections are mild it is just like a flu or common cold. About 15 per cent, of these cases get severe and need hospitalization and the remaining 5 per cent, roughly, become critically ill and this is usually the people who are older that 60 years or have an underlying lung condition or diabetes and so on. So for a vast majority of people who get infected with this virus are not going to get very sick. So that is the first thing we need to remember to calm the panic.

Secondly, you can take simple preventive measures like wash your hands or do not touch your face too much. We know that this is a droplet infection which spreads either by being in direct contact with someone who has been infected or by contact with surface. So washing hands frequently or using an alcohol based sanitizer is a must.

If you have any symptoms of cough and cold, please stay inside your house and they are the ones who should be wearing masks so that they do not transmit it to others. Avoid crowded places if you’re sick and hospitals and health facilities need to follow a set of particular procedures to make sure that they are isolating the suspected cases. We shouldn’t panic as right now what we need is basic health measure tools until we have better tools to prevent and treat this infection.

World

58,29,522Cases
30,38,673Active
24,30,080Recovered
3,60,769Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 188 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 58,29,522 and 3,60,769 have died; 30,38,673 are active cases and 24,30,080 have recovered as on May 29, 2020 at 11:06 am.

India

1,65,799 7466Cases
89,987 3877Active
71,106 3414Recovered
4,706 175Deaths
In India, there are 1,65,799 confirmed cases including 4,706 deaths. The number of active cases is 89,987 and 71,106 have recovered as on May 29, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Akola514
Aurangabad1465
Dhule125
Jalgaon562
Mumbai36382
Mumbai Suburban3436
Nagpur463
Nashik1116
Palghar841
Pune7573
Satara463
Solapur803
Thane9643
Yavatmal119
Ahmednagar91
Amravati205
Beed45
Bhandara25
Buldhana57
Chandrapur26
Hingoli138
Jalna131
Kolhapur424
Latur110
Nanded118
Nandurbar33
Parbhani54
Raigad1065
Ratnagiri212
Sangli101
Gadchiroli31
gondia60
Osmanabad67
Sindhudurg31
Wardha8
Washim11

59546 2598

38948 1815

18616 698

1982 85

DistrictCases
Chittoor257
Guntur412
Krishna478
Kurnool699
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*168
Anantapur344
East Godavari208
Prakasam64
Srikakulam85
Visakhapatnam78
West Godavari127
Y.S.R.160
Vizianagaram17

3251 80

1067 11

2125 68

59 1

DistrictCases
Bengaluru Rural15
Bengaluru Urban305
Mysuru101
Bagalkote83
Ballari47
Belagavi182
Bidar125
Chikkaballapura136
Dakshina Kannada107
Dharwad45
Gadag37
Kalaburagi266
Mandya265
Tumakuru36
Uttara Kannada79
Vijayapura98
Chamarajanagara0
Chikkamagaluru12
Chitradurga11
Davangere150
Hassan135
Haveri12
Kodagu4
Kolar21
Koppal4
Raichur135
Ramanagara1
Shivamogga36
Udupi128
Yadgir225

2533 115

1652 62

834 53

47

DistrictCases
North Goa39
South Goa25

69 1

31

38 1

0

DistrictCases
Chengalpattu699
Chennai13166
Kanchipuram330
Madurai274
Namakkal94
Ranipet99
Thanjavur126
Thiruvallur578
Thiruvarur50
Tiruppur115
Vellore48
Virudhunagar144
Ariyalur412
Coimbatore167
Cuddalore443
Dharmapuri8
Dindigul135
Erode70
Kallakurichi283
Kanniyakumari71
Karur81
Nagapattinam63
Perambalur124
Pudukkottai32
Ramanathapuram85
Salem184
Sivaganga39
Tenkasi85
The Nilgiris16
Theni115
Tiruchirappalli87
Tirunelveli377
Tirupathur31
Tiruvannamalai343
Tuticorin195
Villupuram432
Krishnagiri28

19372 827

8679 176

10548 639

145 12

DistrictCases
Kannur275
Kottayam51
Alappuzha40
Idukki28
Kasaragod276
Kollam62
Kozhikode62
Malappuram69
Palakkad132
Pathanamthitta48
Thiruvananthapuram57
Thrissur48
Ernakulam47
Wayanad30

1088 84

526 81

555 3

7

DistrictCases
Raipur11
Korba41
Balod24
Baloda Bazar14
Balrampur9
Bastar0
Bemetara13
Bijapur1
Bilaspur49
Dantewada0
Dhamtari2
Durg12
Gariyaband5
Janjgir-Champa15
Jashpur16
Kabirdham13
Kanker12
Kondagaon0
Korea9
Mahasamund1
Mungeli81
Narayanpur0
Raigarh14
Rajnandgaon35
Sukma0
Surajpur8
Surguja7

399 30

316 30

83

0

DistrictCases
Hyderabad1601
MedchalMalkajgiri46
Ranga Reddy100
Suryapet84
Vikarabad38
Warangal Urban29
Adilabad22
Jagitial59
Jangoan7
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Jogulamba Gadwal41
Kamareddy10
Karimnagar11
Khammam11
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad6
Mahabubnagar18
Mancherial33
Medak7
Nalgonda23
Narayanpet2
Nirmal21
Nizamabad74
RajannaSircilla12
Sangareddy17
Bhadradri Kothagudem4
Mahabubabad10
Mulugu3
Nagarkurnool4
Peddapalli3
Siddipet4
Wanaparthy0
Warangal Rural3
YadadriBhuvanagiri36

2256 158

844 93

1345 61

67 4

DistrictCases
Baleshwar143
Bhadrak111
Jajapur245
Dhenkanal17
Kalahandi25
Kendrapara71
Khordha128
Koraput8
Sundargarh43
Anugul21
Balangir68
Bargarh2
Boudh33
Cuttack87
Deogarh32
Gajapati34
Ganjam397
Jagatsinghapur55
Jharsuguda6
Kandhamal15
Kendujhar20
Malkangiri18
Mayurbhanj19
Nabarangpur2
Nayagarh66
Nuapada26
Puri87
Rayagada0
Sambalpur8
Sonepur5

1660 67

766

887 154

7

DistrictCases
Barwani42
Bhopal1483
Dewas96
Dhar122
East Nimar240
Gwalior132
Indore3426
Jabalpur238
Ujjain743
Agar Malwa13
Alirajpur3
Betul23
Burhanpur297
Chhindwara9
Dindori19
Harda4
Hoshangabad37
Khargone124
Mandsaur110
Morena89
Raisen68
Ratlam31
Sagar163
Shajapur10
Shandol9
Sheopur7
Tikamgarh9
Vidisha21
Anuppur5
Ashoknagar12
Balaghat8
Bhind53
Chhatarpur18
Damoh16
Datia9
Guna3
Jhabua14
Katni2
Mandla13
Narsinghpur10
Neemuch160
Niwari0
Panna4
Rajgarh10
Rewa39
Satna24
Sehore9
Seoni2
Shivpuri8
Sidhi13
Singrauli11
Umaria6

7453 192

3082 61

4050 123

321 8

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad12840
Anand100
Arvalli115
Banas Kantha112
Bhavnagar125
Gandhinagar252
PanchMahals84
Surat1626
Vadodara1018
Bharuch42
Botad55
Chhotaudepur25
Dang3
Dohad39
GirSomnath46
Jamnagar53
Kachchh68
Kheda75
Mahesana102
Mahisagar122
Narmada18
Naysari24
Patan83
Rajkot110
SabarKantha93
Surendranagar35
Tapi6
Valsad33
Amreli10
DevbhumiDwarka11
Junagadh28
Morbi4
Porbandar8

15562 367

6599

8003 454

960 22

DistrictCases
Ajmer344
Banswara103
Bharatpur131
Jaipur1954
Jhalawar247
Jodhpur1332
Kota429
Nagaur440
Alwar55
Barmer22
Bhilwara196
Bikaner108
Chittorgarh220
Churu24
Dausa50
Dholpur33
Dungarpur287
Hanumangarh24
Jaisalmer48
Jhunjhunu64
Karauli12
Pali185
Rajsamand110
SawaiMadhopur23
Sikar69
Tonk169
Udaipur644
Baran8
Bundi1
Ganganagar7
Jalore97
Pratapgarh13
Sirohi77

8067 364

3070

4817 360

180 7

DistrictCases
Faridabad372
Sonipat197
Ambala51
Bhiwani14
CharkiDadri15
Fatehabad15
Gurugram1200
Hisar29
Jhajjar122
Jind30
Kaithal12
Karnal42
Kurukshetra26
Nuh68
Palwal42
Panchkula45
Panipat61
Rohtak35
Sirsa9
Yamunanagar8
Mahendragarh38
Rewari24

1504 123

604 79

881 43

19 1

DistrictCases
Agra904
Aligarh145
Amroha66
Bareilly15
Bijnor93
Bulandshahr112
Firozabad172
Gautam Buddha Nagar597
Kanpur Nagar258
Lucknow303
Mathura96
Meerut421
Moradabad212
Muzaffarnagar77
Rae Bareli76
Rampur179
Saharanpur264
Sant Kabeer Nagar83
Varanasi177
Auraiya24
Ayodhya97
Azamgarh71
Baghpat26
Bahraich65
Balrampur36
Banda25
Basti148
Bhadohi32
Budaun21
Etah31
Etawah38
Ghaziabad499
Ghazipur111
Gonda42
Gorakhpur80
Hapur150
Hardoi37
Jalaun40
Jaunpur162
Jhansi39
Kannauj46
Kasganj6
Kaushambi4
Mainpuri24
Mau20
Mirzapur21
Pilibhit14
Pratapgarh10
Prayagraj14
Sambhal84
Shamli29
Shravasti24
Sitapur29
Sultanpur77
Unnao22
Ambedkar Nagar62
Amethi94
Ballia39
Barabanki147
Chandauli30
Chitrakoot4
Deoria71
Farrukhabad29
Fatehpur1
Hamirpur3
Hathras24
Kanpur Dehat4
Kheri60
Kushi Nagar20
Lalitpur2
Maharajganj48
Mahoba1
Shahjahanpur18
Siddharth Nagar102
Sonbhadra5

7170 179

2758

4215 224

197 15

DistrictCases
Central3136
East1149
New Delhi2460
North2137
North East1055
North West3071
Shahdara1002
South1174
South East1344
South West1387
West2518

16281 1024

8470 780

7495 231

316 13

DistrictCases
Dhubri15
Goalpara14
Marigaon26
Baksa3
Barpeta10
Biswanath3
Bongaigaon8
Cachar44
Charaideo13
Chirang5
Darrang6
Dhemaji8
Dibrugarh5
Dima Hasao8
Golaghat121
Hailakandi16
Hojai67
Jorhat11
Kamrup21
Kamrup Metro213
KarbiAnglong11
Karimganj36
Kokrajhar3
Lakhimpur29
Majuli1
Nagaon54
Nalbari21
Sivasagar8
Sonitpur19
South SalmaraMancachar4
Tinsukia14
Udalguri4
West KarbiAnglong0

856 75

748 58

104 17

4

DistrictCases
East District0
North District0
South District1
West District0

1

1

0

0

DistrictCases
Buxar133
Gaya74
Munger152
Patna224
Rohtas254
Arwal38
Aurangabad58
Banka84
Begusarai125
Bhagalpur140
Bhojpur74
Darbhanga103
Gopalganj94
Jehanabad145
Kaimur (bhabua)61
Lakhisarai43
Madhepura61
Madhubani167
Nalanda94
Nawada70
PurbiChamparan100
Purnia40
Saran53
Siwan66
Vaishali78
Araria42
Jamui34
Katihar111
Khagaria123
Kishanganj35
Muzaffarpur52
Pashchim Champaran48
Saharsa65
Samastipur79
Sheikhpura76
Sheohar7
Sitamarhi48
Supaul45

3296 235

2070 107

1211 128

15

DistrictCases
24 Paraganas North583
24 Paraganas South157
Darjeeling22
Howrah1015
Jalpaiguri14
Kalimpong7
Kolkata1979
Maldah150
Medinipur East89
Medinipur West32
Hooghly265
Murshidabad81
Nadia76
Paschim Bardhaman48
Purba Bardhaman78
Alipurduar6
Bankura29
Birbhum111
Coochbehar39
Dinajpur Dakshin7
Dinajpur Uttar153
Jhargram9
Purulia11

4536 344

2573 248

1668 90

295 6

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

33

0

33

0

DistrictCases
Pondicherry52
Karaikal2
Mahe4
Yanam0

51 5

37 3

14 2

0

DistrictCases
Anjaw0
Changlang0
Dibang Valley0
East Kameng0
East Siang0
Kamle0
KraDaadi0
KurungKumey0
Leparada0
Lohit1
Longding0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0
Lower Subansiri0
Namsai0
PakkeKessang1
Papum Pare2
Shi Yomi0
Siang0
Tawang0
Tirap0
Upper Siang0
Upper Subansiri0
West Kameng0
West Siang0

3 1

2 1

1

0

DistrictCases
Dimapur3
Kiphire0
Kohima0
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Mon0
Peren0
Phek0
Tuensang2
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

18 14

18 14

0

0

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli3

2

2

0

0

DistrictCases
Ranchi139
Bokaro17
Deoghar5
Dhanbad16
Garhwa58
Giridih17
Hazaribagh55
Jamtara3
Koderma32
Simdega10
Chatra2
Dumka3
East Singhbum38
Godda2
Gumla18
Khunti3
Latehar10
Lohardaga4
Pakur4
Palamu19
Ramgarh15
Sahebganj0
SaraikelaKharsawan4
West Singhbhum15

469 21

253

212 27

4

DistrictCases
Gomati30
North Tripura7
Dhalai171
Khowai13
Sepahijala10
South Tripura6
Unakoti2
West Tripura10

242 12

75 10

167 2

0

DistrictCases
Kargil57
LehLadakh35

73 20

30 20

43

0

DistrictCases
Anantnag253
Bandipora141
Shopian107
Srinagar203
Baramulla136
Budgam71
Ganderbal27
Jammu53
Kathua33
Kulgam190
Kupwara153
Rajouri14
Ramban67
Reasi14
Samba12
Udhampur63
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0
Doda2
Kishtwar4
Poonch16
Pulwama44

2036 115

1150 109

859 5

27 1

DistrictCases
Chamba20
Hamirpur98
Kangra73
Sirmaur4
Solan23
Una32
Bilaspur18
Kinnaur0
Kullu1
Lahaul And Spiti0
Mandi13
Shimla8

276 3

201 3

70

5

DistrictCases
Jalandhar263
Ludhiana247
Patiala124
Amritsar379
Barnala24
Faridkot70
Firozepur50
Gurdaspur143
Hoshiarpur120
Kapurthala41
Mansa32
Moga65
Pathankot46
S.A.S Nagar120
Sangrur105
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)95
Sri Muktsar Sahib68
Tarn Taran174
Bathinda52
Fatehgarh Sahib48
Fazilka50
Rupnagar (Ropar)63

2158 19

172

1946 28

40

DistrictCases
Haridwar36
Dehradun138
Nainital144
Almora41
Bageshwar16
Chamoli18
Champawat10
PauriGarhwal17
Pithoragarh22
Rudraprayag18
Tehri Garhwal61
Udam Singh Nagar61
Uttar Kashi11

500 31

417 31

79

4

DistrictCases
Bishnupur0
Chandel2
Churachandpur20
Imphal East4
Imphal West6
Jiribam0
Kakching0
Kamjong3
Kangpokpi2
Noney0
Pherzawl0
Senapati1
Tamenglong0
Tengnoupal2
Thoubal1
Ukhrul0

55 11

50 10

5 1

0

DistrictCases
Chandigarh290

288 9

95 7

189 2

4

DistrictCases
Daman0
Diu0

0

0

0

0

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills18
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
North Garo Hills1
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0
West Garo Hills2
West Jaintia Hills0
West Khasi Hills0

21 1

8 1

12

1

DistrictCases
Aizawl1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Kolasib0
Lawngtlai0
Lunglei0
Mamit0
Saiha0
Saitual0
Serchhip0

1

0

1

0

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0

0

0

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NITI Aayog has noted that in case the outbreak leads to a high number of infected individuals, India's public health facilities will face tremendous load to take care of a large number of patients