Swasth Report Of Punjab: India’s Food Basket Suffers from High Prevalence Of Anaemia Among Women And Children

Swasth Report Of Punjab: India’s Food Basket Suffers from High Prevalence Of Anaemia Among Women And Children

A lowdown on Punjab’s performance on health parameters and how the state has fared in term of the health of women and children of the state
Swasth Report Of Punjab: India’s Food Basket Suffers from High Prevalence Of Anaemia Among Women And ChildrenThe government of Punjab has been running schemes to cater to the healthcare needs of children and mothers

New Delhi: Known as the “Food Basket of India”, the state of Punjab is the largest contributor of wheat and rice in the central pool of the nation, as per the Department of Agriculture, Government of Punjab. Being dominated by agriculture, the state has about 11 lakh farmers out of its total population of almost 2.8 crore, as per the Population Census 2011. Out of the total population, about 63 per cent live in the rural areas. While the agriculture census of the state boasts of high production of nutritious crops like wheat, jowar and bajara and has abundant stock of fruits like kinnow, more than 50 per cent children and women in the state suffer from deficiency diseases like anaemia and problem of having poor weight for height, as per the fourth and latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4).

The government of Punjab has been running two major schemes to cater to the healthcare needs of children and mothers – Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) and Janani-Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) which provide free health screening to children from 0-18 years and free of cost deliveries at public hospitals respectively. However, in its second edition of evaluating the health index, the NITI (National Institution of Transforming India) Aayog reported a decrease in the rank of the State from second in 2018 to fifth in 2019.

Also Read: Coronavirus: ‘Flu Corners’ To Be Set Up In Hospitals In Punjab

Here is a look at are some of the major health indicators of Punjab:

  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) Shows A Downward Trend: The infant mortality rate in Punjab in fourth and latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) is estimated at 29 deaths before the age of one year per 1,000 live births in 2015-16. This is a reduction of almost 30.95 per cent from the findings of NFHS-3 when IMR was at 42 deaths per 1,000 births in 2005-06. The state is performing better than the average in terms of IMR which stands at 41 deaths per 1,000 births in NFHS-4. The infant mortality rate is considerably higher in rural areas with 34 deaths per 1,000 live births than in urban areas with 22 deaths per 1,000 live births, as per NFHS-4.
The state is performing better than the average in terms of IMR
Punjab is performing better than the average in terms of Infant Mortality Rate
  • Under Five Child Mortality Rate In Rural Areas Is Higher Than In Urban Areas: The NFHS- 4 data reports that the state has performed well in reducing its under-five child mortality rate (U5CMR) which is 33 deaths per 1,000 live births, down substantially by 36.53 per cent from the NFHS-3 findings of 52 deaths per 1,000 births. On the U5CMR parameter as well, Punjab is performing better than the national average that stands at 50 death per 1,000 live births. Like IMR, U5CMR is quite high in the rural areas (39 WHAT) as compared to the urban areas (25 deaths per 1,000 births).
On the U5CMR parameter as well, Punjab is performing better than the national average
On the U5CMR parameter as well, Punjab is performing better than the national average
  • One In Every Four Children Under The Age Of Five Suffers Stunting In Punjab: Malnutrition which is the imbalance of nutrition can cause various hurdles in the healthy growth of a child. The state of Punjab has been able to tackle malnutrition to some extent and is performing better than the national average on this parameter. According to NFHS-4, in 2015-16, 25.7 per cent of all children, in other words, one in every four children under the age of five are still stunted or have low height-for-age. This is almost 11 per cent lower than the stunting reported in NFHS-3. The number of underweight children has also gone down. While in 2005-06, about 25 per cent children were underweight, in 2015-16 the status improved by 3.3. per cent and NFHS-4 reported that 21.6 per cent of the total children surveyed, are underweight. However, wasting or low weight-for-height among children has increased from 9.2 per cent in 2005 to 15.6 per cent in 2015-16. Wasting occurs due to inadequate food intake or a recent illness-causing weight loss.
Malnutrition in Punjab
Malnutrition in Punjab
  • More Than 50 Per Cent Children And Women In Punjab Are Anaemic: Anaemia is a condition that is marked by low levels of haemoglobin in the blood. Iron deficiency is estimated to be responsible for about half of all anaemia globally, but anaemia can also be caused by malaria, nutritional deficiencies, chronic infections, and genetic conditions. According to NFHS-4, anaemia can cause maternal mortality, weakness, reduced physical and mental capacity, increased morbidity from infectious diseases, premature delivery, low birth weight, and impaired cognitive performance and motor development in children. Anaemia is a major health problem in Punjab, especially among women and children. Among children between the ages of 6 and 59 months, a majority (57 per cent) are anaemic. The report says that children of mothers who have anaemia are more likely to be anaemic.
Anaemia among children in Punjab
Anaemia among children in Punjab
    • Anaemia is particularly high for women aged 15-49 years. Anaemia among women has increased substantially (by 16 per cent) from 38 per cent in NFHS-3 to 53.3 per cent in NFHS-4.Anaemia among women has increased substantially (by 16 per cent) from 38 per cent in NFHS-3 to 53.3 per cent in NFHS-4.
Anaemia among women in Punjab
Anaemia among women in Punjab
  • Number Of Diarrhoeal Deaths In Punjab Has Increased By More Than 22 Per Cent In Past One Year: While the state has been able to reduce the number of Diarrhoea cases by almost 15.74 per cent from 2.03 lakh in 2017 to 1.71 lakh in 2018, according to the National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 report developed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India. However, the number of deaths due to by Diarrhoea has increased by more than 22 per cent from 35 in 2017 to 43 in 2018. Out of the total cases of Diarrhoea in India in 2018 ,which was almost 1.3 crore (1,31,94,775), Punjab contributed to about 1.3 per cent.
Problem of Diarrhoea in Punjab
Problem of Diarrhoea in Punjab

Note: For the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 4, information for Punjab was gathered from a sample of over 16,449 households, which covered 19,484 women, and 3,027 men. In NFHS 3, information was collected from 2,968 households including 3,681 women and 1,329 men.

Also Read: Deprived Of Toilets For The Longest Time, Residents Of Ludhiana In Punjab Witness A Sanitation Revolution

World

1,08,63,518Cases
45,97,471Active
57,44,883Recovered
5,21,164Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 188 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 1,08,63,518 and 5,21,164 have died; 45,97,471 are active cases and 57,44,883 have recovered as on July 3, 2020 at 3:55 am.

India

6,25,544 20903Cases
2,27,439 492Active
3,79,892 20032Recovered
18,213 379Deaths
In India, there are 6,25,544 confirmed cases including 18,213 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,27,439 and 3,79,892 have recovered as on July 3, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Akola757
Aurangabad1974
Dhule228
Jalgaon1039
Mumbai45478
Mumbai Suburban5363
Nagpur692
Nashik1575
Palghar1421
Pune9920
Satara629
Solapur1291
Thane13660
Yavatmal150
Ahmednagar190
Amravati291
Beed54
Bhandara41
Buldhana88
Chandrapur32
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Kolhapur646
Latur139
Nanded176
Nandurbar42
Parbhani78
Raigad1462
Ratnagiri350
Sangli145
Gadchiroli42
gondia69
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Wardha11
Washim13

186626 6328

77276

101172 8018

8178 125

DistrictCases
Chittoor319
Guntur511
Krishna557
Kurnool795
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Prakasam104
Srikakulam183
Visakhapatnam103
West Godavari199
Y.S.R.205
Vizianagaram23

16097 845

8586 515

7313 325

198 5

DistrictCases
Bengaluru Rural40
Bengaluru Urban529
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Ballari60
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Chikkaballapura149
Dakshina Kannada179
Dharwad61
Gadag45
Kalaburagi669
Mandya346
Tumakuru36
Uttara Kannada95
Vijayapura201
Chamarajanagara0
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Davangere204
Hassan205
Haveri24
Kodagu4
Kolar29
Koppal5
Raichur369
Ramanagara3
Shivamogga67
Udupi1176
Yadgir538

18016 1502

9410 1212

8334 271

272 19

DistrictCases
North Goa57
South Goa69

1482 95

744 31

734 64

4

DistrictCases
Chengalpattu1314
Chennai23324
Kanchipuram503
Madurai322
Namakkal83
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Thiruvallur774
Thiruvarur67
Tiruppur116
Vellore71
Virudhunagar185
Ariyalur444
Coimbatore188
Cuddalore477
Dharmapuri15
Dindigul175
Erode75
Kallakurichi324
Kanniyakumari110
Karur88
Nagapattinam99
Perambalur133
Pudukkottai53
Ramanathapuram119
Salem258
Sivaganga46
Tenkasi103
The Nilgiris17
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Tirunelveli433
Tirupathur45
Tiruvannamalai496
Tuticorin333
Villupuram509
Krishnagiri43

98392 4343

41050 1191

56021 3095

1321 57

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kottayam73
Alappuzha76
Idukki40
Kasaragod333
Kollam118
Kozhikode90
Malappuram119
Palakkad224
Pathanamthitta98
Thiruvananthapuram104
Thrissur106
Ernakulam60
Wayanad36

4753 160

2088

2640 201

25 1

DistrictCases
Raipur46
Korba100
Balod41
Baloda Bazar85
Balrampur17
Bastar2
Bemetara21
Bijapur2
Bilaspur100
Dantewada0
Dhamtari6
Durg31
Gariyaband10
Janjgir-Champa56
Jashpur77
Kabirdham52
Kanker19
Kondagaon0
Korea39
Mahasamund54
Mungeli87
Narayanpur0
Raigarh47
Rajnandgaon52
Sukma0
Surajpur9
Surguja14

3013 73

614

2385 82

14

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2475
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Vikarabad40
Warangal Urban32
Adilabad22
Jagitial77
Jangoan8
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Kamareddy11
Karimnagar17
Khammam26
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Mahabubnagar30
Mancherial43
Medak11
Nalgonda33
Narayanpet3
Nirmal21
Nizamabad76
RajannaSircilla16
Sangareddy26
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Mahabubabad10
Mulugu3
Nagarkurnool8
Peddapalli5
Siddipet7
Wanaparthy1
Warangal Rural4
YadadriBhuvanagiri40

18570 1213

9226 218

9069 987

275 8

DistrictCases
Baleshwar190
Bhadrak137
Jajapur322
Dhenkanal36
Kalahandi33
Kendrapara164
Khordha238
Koraput16
Sundargarh102
Anugul26
Balangir129
Bargarh16
Boudh34
Cuttack155
Deogarh33
Gajapati61
Ganjam581
Jagatsinghapur91
Jharsuguda8
Kandhamal28
Kendujhar34
Malkangiri20
Mayurbhanj73
Nabarangpur2
Nayagarh86
Nuapada69
Puri103
Rayagada2
Sambalpur16
Sonepur29

7545 229

2016 78

5502 149

27 2

DistrictCases
Barwani60
Bhopal1880
Dewas140
Dhar132
East Nimar266
Gwalior211
Indore3839
Jabalpur276
Ujjain799
Agar Malwa15
Alirajpur3
Betul35
Burhanpur351
Chhindwara16
Dindori29
Harda4
Hoshangabad37
Khargone196
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Raisen71
Ratlam51
Sagar228
Shajapur39
Shandol14
Sheopur26
Tikamgarh18
Vidisha37
Anuppur22
Ashoknagar13
Balaghat9
Bhind87
Chhatarpur35
Damoh26
Datia12
Guna8
Jhabua14
Katni3
Mandla15
Narsinghpur17
Neemuch319
Niwari0
Panna20
Rajgarh31
Rewa39
Satna24
Sehore12
Seoni2
Shivpuri15
Sidhi17
Singrauli13
Umaria10

14106 245

2702 77

10815 160

589 8

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17125
Anand107
Arvalli134
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Gandhinagar410
PanchMahals107
Surat2311
Vadodara1555
Bharuch56
Botad55
Chhotaudepur37
Dang5
Dohad43
GirSomnath45
Jamnagar63
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Mahesana159
Mahisagar125
Narmada25
Naysari35
Patan105
Rajkot135
SabarKantha101
Surendranagar55
Tapi6
Valsad47
Amreli16
DevbhumiDwarka22
Junagadh31
Morbi4
Porbandar11

33913 681

7434 99

24593 563

1886 19

DistrictCases
Ajmer379
Banswara91
Bharatpur563
Jaipur2177
Jhalawar329
Jodhpur1748
Kota503
Nagaur500
Alwar90
Barmer34
Bhilwara250
Bikaner112
Chittorgarh188
Churu81
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Dungarpur374
Hanumangarh31
Jaisalmer53
Jhunjhunu64
Karauli17
Pali352
Rajsamand140
SawaiMadhopur26
Sikar231
Tonk171
Udaipur724
Baran59
Bundi5
Ganganagar8
Jalore164
Pratapgarh14
Sirohi130

18662 350

3284

14948 374

430 9

DistrictCases
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Ambala93
Bhiwani60
CharkiDadri43
Fatehabad38
Gurugram2950
Hisar98
Jhajjar114
Jind38
Kaithal48
Karnal104
Kurukshetra55
Nuh68
Palwal120
Panchkula39
Panipat78
Rohtak145
Sirsa50
Yamunanagar19
Mahendragarh47
Rewari56

15509 568

4239 37

11019 520

251 11

DistrictCases
Agra933
Aligarh215
Amroha80
Bareilly17
Bijnor157
Bulandshahr166
Firozabad190
Gautam Buddha Nagar1119
Kanpur Nagar286
Lucknow386
Mathura129
Meerut504
Moradabad252
Muzaffarnagar117
Rae Bareli78
Rampur203
Saharanpur298
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Varanasi243
Auraiya37
Ayodhya120
Azamgarh138
Baghpat68
Bahraich73
Balrampur49
Banda27
Basti214
Bhadohi60
Budaun23
Etah52
Etawah46
Ghaziabad794
Ghazipur159
Gonda59
Gorakhpur166
Hapur225
Hardoi49
Jalaun41
Jaunpur194
Jhansi41
Kannauj69
Kasganj16
Kaushambi6
Mainpuri46
Mau48
Mirzapur22
Pilibhit15
Pratapgarh15
Prayagraj30
Sambhal116
Shamli40
Shravasti23
Sitapur32
Sultanpur97
Unnao42
Ambedkar Nagar92
Amethi206
Ballia60
Barabanki168
Chandauli38
Chitrakoot4
Deoria143
Farrukhabad36
Fatehpur3
Hamirpur3
Hathras43
Kanpur Dehat4
Kheri72
Kushi Nagar67
Lalitpur3
Maharajganj85
Mahoba3
Shahjahanpur25
Siddharth Nagar159
Sonbhadra10

24825 769

6869 160

17221 592

735 17

DistrictCases
Central4817
East2472
New Delhi3405
North3059
North East1914
North West5463
Shahdara1580
South2329
South East2446
South West2391
West4768

92175 2373

26304

63007 3015

2864 61

DistrictCases
Dhubri30
Goalpara19
Marigaon50
Baksa14
Barpeta28
Biswanath16
Bongaigaon12
Cachar80
Charaideo29
Chirang6
Darrang20
Dhemaji47
Dibrugarh61
Dima Hasao86
Golaghat203
Hailakandi57
Hojai89
Jorhat24
Kamrup42
Kamrup Metro276
KarbiAnglong13
Karimganj85
Kokrajhar37
Lakhimpur57
Majuli2
Nagaon143
Nalbari23
Sivasagar20
Sonitpur27
South SalmaraMancachar4
Tinsukia84
Udalguri28
West KarbiAnglong5

9013 431

2895 176

6106 255

12

DistrictCases
East District3
North District0
South District3
West District0

102 1

49 1

53

0

DistrictCases
Buxar134
Gaya115
Munger188
Patna279
Rohtas256
Arwal52
Aurangabad75
Banka134
Begusarai243
Bhagalpur266
Bhojpur103
Darbhanga143
Gopalganj123
Jehanabad178
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Lakhisarai72
Madhepura82
Madhubani199
Nalanda123
Nawada122
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Saran101
Siwan139
Vaishali87
Araria68
Jamui47
Katihar175
Khagaria253
Kishanganj75
Muzaffarpur96
Pashchim Champaran57
Saharsa88
Samastipur139
Sheikhpura118
Sheohar20
Sitamarhi73
Supaul87

10471 222

2374 141

8020 74

77 7

DistrictCases
24 Paraganas North1031
24 Paraganas South281
Darjeeling97
Howrah1435
Jalpaiguri88
Kalimpong18
Kolkata2777
Maldah235
Medinipur East153
Medinipur West159
Hooghly604
Murshidabad125
Nadia139
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purba Bardhaman130
Alipurduar39
Bankura116
Birbhum206
Coochbehar210
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Dinajpur Uttar216
Jhargram9
Purulia66

19819 649

6083 124

13037 509

699 16

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

109 9

58 8

51 1

0

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Karaikal2
Mahe4
Yanam0

802 88

459 29

331 59

12

DistrictCases
Anjaw0
Changlang31
Dibang Valley0
East Kameng0
East Siang1
Kamle0
KraDaadi0
KurungKumey0
Leparada0
Lohit3
Longding0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0
Lower Subansiri0
Namsai2
PakkeKessang1
Papum Pare8
Shi Yomi0
Siang0
Tawang1
Tirap0
Upper Siang1
Upper Subansiri0
West Kameng0
West Siang1

195

128

66

1

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Kiphire3
Kohima7
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Mon8
Peren2
Phek1
Tuensang3
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

501 42

319 28

182 14

0

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

0

0

0

0

DistrictCases
Ranchi148
Bokaro16
Deoghar5
Dhanbad32
Garhwa80
Giridih19
Hazaribagh110
Jamtara2
Koderma58
Simdega48
Chatra1
Dumka5
East Singhbum170
Godda2
Gumla28
Khunti10
Latehar14
Lohardaga8
Pakur4
Palamu27
Ramgarh75
Sahebganj0
SaraikelaKharsawan20
West Singhbhum21

2584 63

586 11

1983 52

15

DistrictCases
Gomati74
North Tripura14
Dhalai196
Khowai24
Sepahijala174
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45

1435 39

288

1146 53

1

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

990

259

730 36

1

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Bandipora175
Shopian255
Srinagar300
Baramulla271
Budgam110
Ganderbal37
Jammu138
Kathua53
Kulgam295
Kupwara231
Rajouri39
Ramban151
Reasi26
Samba25
Udhampur155
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0
Doda27
Kishtwar10
Poonch35
Pulwama108

7849 154

2760 26

4974 118

115 10

DistrictCases
Chamba29
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Sirmaur11
Solan32
Una41
Bilaspur21
Kinnaur2
Kullu4
Lahaul And Spiti0
Mandi21
Shimla10

1014 35

376 21

628 14

10

DistrictCases
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Patiala132
Amritsar485
Barnala25
Faridkot74
Firozepur50
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Moga65
Pathankot86
S.A.S Nagar137
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Tarn Taran163
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Rupnagar (Ropar)74

5784 116

1488

4144 277

152 3

DistrictCases
Haridwar94
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Almora71
Bageshwar31
Chamoli36
Champawat45
PauriGarhwal36
Pithoragarh43
Rudraprayag30
Tehri Garhwal110
Udam Singh Nagar83
Uttar Kashi24

2984 37

537

2405 88

42 1

DistrictCases
Bishnupur7
Chandel5
Churachandpur32
Imphal East10
Imphal West21
Jiribam3
Kakching2
Kamjong5
Kangpokpi26
Noney1
Pherzawl3
Senapati6
Tamenglong2
Tengnoupal9
Thoubal18
Ukhrul4

1279 19

662

617 38

0

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

450 4

55

389 22

6

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
North Garo Hills1
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Garo Hills4
South West Khasi Hills0
West Garo Hills5
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1

56 4

13 4

42

1

DistrictCases
Aizawl10
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Kolasib11
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Mamit8
Saiha0
Saitual1
Serchhip0

162 2

36

126 3

0

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0

0

0

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