World Health Day 2021, The Day Dedicated To Building A Fairer, Healthier World For Everyone

World Health Day 2021, The Day Dedicated To Building A Fairer, Healthier World For Everyone

Here’s a quick lowdown on the importance and theme for April 7, which is marked as World Health Day
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World Health Day 2021, The Day Dedicated To Building A Fairer, Healthier World For EveryoneA quick lowdown on things you should know about #WorldHealthDay 2021, the day that is dedicated to build a fairer, healthier world for everyone
Highlights
  • World Health Day is marked every year on April 7
  • This year, the theme is to build a fairer and healthier world for everyone
  • First World Health Day was celebrated in 1950

New Delhi: Every year April 7 is celebrated as World Health Day, to draw everyone’s attention towards global health issues. At a time like this, when the whole world is battling the worst pandemic in over a century, World Health Day and its theme this year assumes an added significance. The theme for World Health Day 2021 is ‘Building A Fairer, Healthier World for Everyone’. As the Covid-19 outbreak has shown that the inherent inequities in society, be it economic or social in nature, have a direct bearing on how vulnerable or protected people are during a disease outbreak and also determines their accessibility to basics like healthcare facilities. The gap is even more glaring now with the Covid-19 vaccine rollout. While some countries have leveraged their dominant economic status to procure more doses of the vaccine than needed for their population, majority of the poor countries are still waiting for even the first batch of vaccines or are shelling out more than they can afford to procure insufficient quantity of doses to start vaccinating their population. So given this harsh reality, here’s why the World Health Day and its this year’s theme matter.

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The World Health Organisation states that the health systems can only function with health workers; improving health service coverage and realising the highest attainable standard of health, which is dependent on the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality. However, WHO estimates a projected shortfall of 18 million health workers by 2030, mostly in low- and lower-middle income countries.

Healthcare Workers: Status in India

In India, according to the economic survey 2020-21, the shortage of doctors in India is still an issue. As per the recent economic survey, the doctor-population ratio in India is 1:1456 against the World Health Organisation recommendation of 1:1000. Moreover, the National Health Profile, India 2019 data suggest that only eleven among India’s 28 states meet the WHO recommendation of standard ratio while none in the public healthcare sector manage to make the cut. The report highlighted that the public healthcare system in the country operates at a dismal ratio of 0.08 doctors for 1000 people.

Theme Of World Health Day

‘Building Fairer, Healthier World for Everyone’ highlights the importance of good health and equal access to health services for all.

After all while some struggle to make ends meet with their little daily income, given fewer employment opportunities. They end up with poor housing conditions and education, experience greater gender inequality, and have little or no access to safe environments, clean water and air, food security and health services. Lack of access to basic things like these leads to unnecessary suffering, avoidable illness, and premature death.

Over the past 50 years, WHO, through World Health Day has highlighted important health issues like mental health, maternal and child care, and climate change. The theme for World Health Day 2020 was ‘Support nurses and midwives’. Last year, the theme aimed to remind world leaders of the critical role nurses and midwives play in ensuring a healthy world.

Also Read: The Unsung Heroes Of India’s Primary Healthcare The Anganwadi Workers And ASHAs

World Health Day Plans This Year

This year’s World Health Day aims to call on leaders to ensure that everyone has living and working conditions that are conducive to good health.  At the same time, WHO aims to target world leaders to monitor health inequities and ensure that all people are able to access quality health services when and where they need them.

World Health Day: Historical Background

World Health Day is a World Health Organization (WHO) initiative to raise awareness about the overall health and well-being of people across the world.

Back in 1948, the World Health Organisation organised the first World Health Assembly which called for the creation of a “World Health Day”. Two years later, in 1950, the first World Health Day was celebrated on April 7 and since then, it is observed every year on the same day.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

19,89,21,889Cases
6,44,02,340Active
13,02,83,678Recovered
42,35,871Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 194 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 19,89,21,889 and 42,35,871 have died; 6,44,02,340 are active cases and 13,02,83,678 have recovered as on August 3, 2021 at 3:55 am.

India

3,17,26,507 30,549Cases
4,04,9588,760Active
3,08,96,354 38,887Recovered
4,25,195 422Deaths
In India, there are 3,17,26,507 confirmed cases including 4,25,195 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,04,958 and 3,08,96,354 have recovered as on August 3, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

63,15,063 4,869

78,700 3,650

61,03,325 8,429

1,33,038 90

Kerala

34,25,473 13,984

1,65,834 2,057

32,42,684 15,923

16,955 118

Karnataka

29,08,284 1,285

24,045 123

28,47,627 1,383

36,612 25

Tamil Nadu

25,63,544 1,957

20,385 139

25,09,029 2,068

34,130 28

Andhra Pradesh

19,70,008 1,546

20,582 437

19,36,016 1,968

13,410 15

Uttar Pradesh

17,08,500 24

646 18

16,85,091 42

22,763

West Bengal

15,29,295 575

10,803 171

15,00,331 734

18,161 12

Delhi

14,36,401 51

538 44

14,10,809 95

25,054

Chhattisgarh

10,02,458 236

1,918 1

9,87,012 234

13,528 3

Odisha

9,79,737 1,032

13,318 820

9,60,386 1,785

6,033 67

Rajasthan

9,53,704 16

241 9

9,44,509 25

8,954

Gujarat

8,24,922 22

251 3

8,14,595 25

10,076

Madhya Pradesh

7,91,862 17

132 7

7,81,217 10

10,513

Haryana

7,69,956 14

703 12

7,59,614 25

9,639 1

Bihar

7,24,917 37

401 34

7,14,872 71

9,644

Telangana

6,45,997 591

8,819 54

6,33,371 643

3,807 2

Punjab

5,99,162 32

473 31

5,82,395 63

16,294

Assam

5,68,257 1,275

12,429 213

5,50,534 1,469

5,294 19

Jharkhand

3,47,223 23

239 15

3,41,855 38

5,129

Uttarakhand

3,42,198 37

574 35

3,34,261 71

7,363 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,21,725 118

1,254 43

3,16,090 73

4,381 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,06,369 208

1,304 75

2,01,543 132

3,522 1

Goa

1,71,295 90

1,027 16

1,67,118 72

3,150 2

Puducherry

1,21,059 54

944 38

1,18,320 92

1,795

Manipur

99,872 541

9,814 591

88,480 1,120

1,578 12

Tripura

79,026 304

3,104 12

75,167 292

755

Meghalaya

65,939 350

5,843 200

58,987 537

1,109 13

Chandigarh

61,960 6

33 3

61,116 3

811

Arunachal Pradesh

48,565 305

3,508 167

44,823 469

234 3

Mizoram

40,111 748

12,316 127

27,642 618

153 3

Nagaland

28,004 59

1,300 44

26,130 99

574 4

Sikkim

26,880 126

3,323 131

23,211 256

346 1

Ladakh

20,345 5

57 0

20,081 5

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,650

15 9

10,631 9

4

Lakshadweep

10,207 12

79 4

10,078 8

50

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,539

6 1

7,404 1

129

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