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Ahead Of COP26 Summit, China Releases Action Plan To Peak Carbon Dioxide Emissions Before 2030

Last year, Chinese President Xi Jinping had announced that China will strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060

Ahead Of COP26 Summit, China Releases Action Plan To Peak Carbon Dioxide Emissions Before 2030
As per China’s plan, by 2030, the share of non-fossil energy consumption will be around 25 per cent
Highlights
  • China plans to increase the share of non-fossil energy consumption
  • Improving energy efficiency, reducing CO2 emissions are also planned
  • Energy consumption in China will continue to grow: Official

Beijing: China, the world’s largest greenhouse gas producer, on Tuesday (October 26) released an ambitious action plan to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030, according to which the share of non-fossil energy consumption will be about 25 per cent and carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP will drop by more than 65 per cent compared to 2005 levels. China’s Cabinet known as the State Council, has put forward the main objectives for the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025) and the 15th Five-Year Plan period (2026-2030), which included increasing the share of non-fossil energy consumption, improving energy efficiency and reducing carbon dioxide emissions.

Also Read: Explainer: What Is COP26 And Why Is It So Important For Tackling Climate Change Crisis?

The plan was announced ahead of the gathering of the world leaders and climate negotiators in Glasgow next month for the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties summit, (COP26) where nations will attempt to reach a consensus on carbon emission reductions to keep global warming within 1.5 degrees Celsius to prevent catastrophic effects from climate change.

By 2030, the share of non-fossil energy consumption will be around 25 per cent, and carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP will drop by more than 65 per cent compared with the level registered in 2005, according to the plan.

Last year, Chinese President Xi Jinping had announced that China will strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. As the world’s largest developing country, China is still in the industrialisation and urbanisation stage and faces an uphill task of developing its economy and improving its people’s livelihoods, so energy consumption will continue to grow, an official with the National Development and Reform Commission said in response to media queries.

However, China’s carbon peak and neutrality goals are in line with the requirements of the Paris Agreement and demonstrate the country’s ambition, the official said, state-run Xinhua news agency reported. The country will complete the world’s most dramatic reduction in carbon emissions intensity through its carbon peaking actions, he added. The plan outlines key tasks to achieve a carbon peak before 2030, including promoting green and low-carbon transportation, advancing a circular economy and supporting technological innovation.

Also Read: UN Chief Calls For Leadership In Climate Action Ahead Of COP26 Climate Summit In Glasgow

China will develop a unified and standardised carbon emissions statistical accounting system, improve laws, regulations and standards, optimise economic policies, and establish sound market mechanisms as part of its efforts to enhance policy support. As for international cooperation, China will be deeply involved in global climate governance, carry out green cooperation in its economy, trade, technology and finance, and advance the construction of the Belt and Road initiative, as per the plan.

On October 12, while addressing the leaders’ summit of the 15th meeting of Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Xi said,

To achieve its carbon peak and neutrality targets, China will release implementation plans for peaking carbon dioxide emissions in key areas and sectors as well as a series of supporting measures, and will put in place a ‘1+N’ policy framework for carbon peak and carbon neutrality.

Also Read: Implementation Of SDGs Needs Efforts Of Society As A Whole: India’s Permanent Representative To UN

“China will continue to readjust its industrial structure and energy mix, vigorously develop renewable energy, and make faster progress in planning and developing large wind power and photovoltaic bases in sandy areas, rocky areas and deserts”, he said.

Stating that China will vigorously develop renewable energy, Xi said the country has begun constructing 100-mln-kw wind, photovoltaic power projects in desert areas. The first phase of China’s large wind power and photovoltaic projects in desert areas with an installed capacity of approximately 100 million kilowatts have recently started construction, he asserted. This is part of China’s efforts to make faster progress in planning and developing large wind power and photovoltaic bases in sandy, rocky and desert areas, he added.

Also Read: India Among World’s Top 10 Countries For Climate Technology Investment: Report

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ populationindigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity,  that is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India. 

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