Patna: The high prevalence of anaemia among postnatal mothers and children aged between 6 and 59 months in Bihar is posing a challenge to health authorities, Deputy Chief Minister Tejashwi Yadav said. The district authorities have been instructed to create awareness among postnatal mothers pertaining to reduction of the prevalence and severity of anaemia and the positive effect of routine iron-folic acid supplementation, Ms. Yadav, who also holds the health portfolio, said in the assembly on Friday (March 3).
Nearly 63 per cent women and 69 per cent children (6 to 59 months) are anaemic in the state. The coverage for anaemic postnatal mothers in Bihar stands at 42.6 per cent which is certainly a matter of concern. The prenatal coverage for anaemia among pregnant women is 80 per cent in Bihar, Mr. Yadav said.
Anaemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or the haemoglobin concentration within them is lower than normal. Haemoglobin is needed to carry oxygen and if it is not adequate, there is a decreased capacity of the blood to carry oxygen to the tissues in the body.
Iron is a key component of haemoglobin, and the most common cause of anaemia include nutritional deficiencies, particularly iron deficiency. Diseases like malaria, tuberculosis and parasitic infections also cause anaemia.
According to the Bihar Economic Survey (2022-23) report, recently tabled in the assembly,
There is an increase in the percentage of anaemic children from 63.5 per cent in 2015-16 to 69.4 per cent in 2019-21, an increase of 5.9 per cent. Out of 38 districts in the state, three districts with a higher prevalence of anaemia among the children aged between 6 and 59 months are Jamui (81.9 per cent), Nalanda (80.3 per cent) and Sheikhpura (80.01 per cent). Three districts with the lowest prevalence of anaemia are Gopalganj (56.1 per cent), East Champaran (61.0 per cent) and West Champaran (61.6 per cent).
Anaemia can result in maternal mortality, weakness, diminished physical and mental capacity, increased morbidity from infectious diseases, perinatal mortality, premature delivery, low birth weight and, in children it can affect cognitive performance, motor development and scholastic achievement.
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)
NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via the Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ population, indigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity, which is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollution, waste management, plastic ban, manual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.