Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: Different Types Of Tests For COVID-19 And Their Efficacy

Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: Different Types Of Tests For COVID-19 And Their Efficacy

There are two types of tests for COVID-19 – tests for antibodies and tests directly for the virus. Currently, in India, RT-PCR test is being followed for the diagnosis of COVID-19
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Highlights
  • Types of test for COVID-19 – tests for antibodies, tests for the virus
  • Antibody test shows accurate results only after a week of being infected
  • In India, RT-PCR test is being followed for the diagnosis of COVID-19

New Delhi: Test, isolate and trace is what the World Health Organisation’s advice on strategy to deal with the coronavirus pandemic. As India scales up its testing even as it tries to slow down the rate of transmission with the extension of the lockdown till May 3, India has updated its testing guidelines. On April 9, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the nodal body for the fight against COVID-19, updated the coronavirus testing strategy for India for the fourth time and noted that individuals present in the hotspots and showing symptoms like fever, cough, sore throat, and runny nose, will be tested. Initially, ICMR resorted to testing individuals returning from foreign countries and showing symptoms.

Also, earlier RT-PCR (Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) test was done. Later, ICMR introduced antibody test for COVID-19 and on April 13, ICMR issued an advisory on the feasibility of using pooled samples for molecular testing of COVID-19.

Given the different kinds of tests for COVID-19, NDTV spoke to experts to learn more about these tests and their effectiveness.

Also Read: What Is The Difference Between Pandemic And Epidemic?

Why Are Tests Crucial For Combating COVID-19?

Before we move to understanding these tests for COVID-19, let’s quickly understand why testing is required. Time and again, experts have mentioned that testing is the only way to know the accurate status of the pandemic. Testing is essential to see who, why, where, and how many are infected by the coronavirus.

In a media briefing, Dr Tedros Adhanom, Director general of the World Health Organisation has also emphasised on testing and said,

We have a simple message for all countries: test, test, test. Test every suspected case. The most effective way to prevent infections and save lives is breaking the chains of transmission. And to do that, you must test and isolate.

In the case of lack of testing, if two people get infected and they have not been diagnosed and quarantined then they can spread the virus to potentially 800 people. Whereas, in case of adequate testing, if two people get infected, and identified then they can be in quarantine; and so the spread of infection curtailed as these two can potentially infect a maximum five people, as compared to 800 in the earlier scenario.

Also Read: Look After Your Mental Health During Coronavirus, Experts Predict Rise In Cases Of Anxiety And Panic

Types Of Covid-19 Tests

There are two types of tests for COVID-19 – tests for antibodies and tests directly for the virus – RT-PCR test and NAT test.

Antibody Test For COVID-19

Antibody tests are similar to a blood test, using a few drops of blood to determine whether the human body has antibodies for coronavirus. Antibodies are proteins produced by a human body and used by the immune system to identify and neutralise foreign objects such as bacteria and viruses. Though antibody test costs Rs. 500 and gives result in 20-30 minutes, but testing for anti-body can be misleading in the first week of infection.

Coronavirus In India: Experts Explain Different Types Of Tests For COVID-19 And Their Efficacy
Pros and cons of anti-body test to diagnose coronavirus

From the day of contracting the virus to day 7, an individual will start showing the symptoms of COVID-19 and may start infecting others as well but even after repetitive tests, there is a possibility antibody test will give a false negative. The reason being, antibodies take eight days to develop and actually appear. This means, antibody test will give accurate results from the eighth day of being infected.

Also Read: Coronavirus Will Be With Us For A Long Time: World Health Organisation

Talking about the relevance of antibody test and at which stage it should be done, Gagandeep Kang, Executive Director at Translational Health Science and Technology Institute (THSTI) said,

The antibody test looks really easy to do but there is a problem with a test, not just in that they become positive only in the second week of illness but the validation of these tests are also much harder than validating molecular tests like PCR and NAT. Since antibody tests have not been around for a very long time, there is a lot of testing that needs to be done before we create an appropriate use case for them anytime early in illness. In late illness or looking to see who can safely go back to work, definitely these antiboDY tests have value but in early illness, they will provide you with false results.

NAT And RT-PCR Tests For COVID-19

For testing the virus, there are two kinds of tests available – NAT (Nucleic Acid Test) and RT-PCR (Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) test. Both tests require a nasal and throat swab. While NAT costs Rs. 2,800 without duty and takes about an hour, RT-PCR costs Rs. 4,500 and requires five to six hours to test the samples thoroughly.

Coronavirus In India: Experts Explain Different Types Of Tests For COVID-19 And Their Efficacy
Advantages and disadvantages of NAT test to diagnose COVID-19

Both NAT and RT-PCR test lookout for virus hence they give positive results from day one. Though NAT test has been approved by FDA (Food and Drug Administration), currently, in India, RT-PCR is being followed for the diagnosis of COVID-19.

Also Read: Why Is A Lockdown Important?

Elaborating on NAT and RT-PCR test, Dr Navin Dang, founder of Dang’s Lab said,

The need of the hour is the PCR test because even a single patient who skips the test at an early stage is capable of infecting a large number of patients. But, if we immediately test, quarantine, the number of contacts which he/she would have infected will be much lower. At the moment, when the disease is in an early stage, when the infection is in an early stage, the need is only PCR test.

Coronavirus In India: Experts Explain Different Types Of Tests For COVID-19 And Their Efficacy
Currently, in India, RT-PCR test is being done to diagnose COVID-19

Echoing the same, Ms Kang said,

If you look at what needs to be done in early infection, very clearly we need to go for PCR or NAT test if we can get it. The problem right now with NAT test is, it’s not available. And we should be putting in efforts to making sure that we can get the test.

Also Read: What Is Herd Immunity And Can It Control The Coronavirus Pandemic?

Complexity Of COVID-19 Tests

Of the three tests, RT-PCR is not only expensive but requires highly qualified technicians and the entire process – from collecting the sample to delivery of report – takes a day. Talking about the complexity of three tests, Ms Kang said,

Doing PCR does require a fair degree of complexity and training because you have to be very careful not to cause contamination of the area that you are working in. NAT tests are easier to do and antibody test is the easiest of all. In fact, in many parts of the world, people are thinking of doing it as an at-home test which can be shipped to houses so you can test yourself at home, similar to doing a diabetes test.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: Experts Guide On “How To Wash Hands Properly” And Why It Is So Crucial

Should India Stock Up Antibody Tests?

Considering the fact that antibody tests give accurate results only after a week of getting infected, in its latest testing strategy dated April 9, ICMR has made it clear that individuals living in hotspots and showing influenza-like illness (ILI) symptoms will undergo RT-PCR test. Only after seven days of illness, anti-body test will be done.

Since India is following RT-PCR, should a country stock up antibody tests? Answering the same, Ms Kang said,

Absolutely, zero epidemiology is one of the key tools of public health. Understanding what proportion of the population has been infected allows you to direct public health efforts accordingly. If you look at what is happening now, there is more and more evidence that people can spread infection when they are asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic. So, we will never know who has had contacts with whom and the only way to detect this at a population level is to look for the presence of a signature in the blood which is antibodies demonstrating that you have been previously exposed to the virus.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is Personal Protective Equipment? 

What Is Pooled Testing?

A pooled testing algorithm involves the RT-PCR screening of a pool comprising multiple individual patient samples. If a pool turns out to be negative, all individual samples involved in that particular pool are regarded as negatives. On the other hand, if a pool tests positive, pool de-convolution – individual testing of samples is done.

Why Is Pool Testing Done?

The pooled strategy testing is being adopted in other countries like Germany. On April 13, to increase the number of tests in India, ICMR also issued an advisory on the feasibility of using pooled samples for molecular testing of COVID-19. In its advisory, ICMR has suggested the pooling of only five samples.

Talking about the effectiveness of pooled testing, Ms Kang said,

Pooling is very useful when you have a low prevalence of infection in a population. Once you get up to a considerable part of the population potentially infected then pooling loses its value because you will have to go back to the individual samples if your pool turns out positive. To start with, yes, absolutely, pooling is a cost-efficient way of testing a lot of samples. Later in the course of epidemic, that might not be the case.

In its advisory, ICMR has recommended the use of pooled testing only in areas with a low prevalence of COVID-19 (areas detecting up to 2 per cent positive samples). In areas with the positivity of 2-5 per cent, pooling of samples may be considered only in community survey or surveillance among asymptomatic individuals. The pooling of samples is not recommended in areas or AMONG A population with positivity rates of over 5 per cent.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is Pool Testing And Can It Expedite COVID-19 Detection In The Country?

Conclusion

According to the ICMR’s SARS-CoV-2 testing update, over 8 lakh (8,30,201) samples have been tested as on April 30, 2020, 9 AM. To ramp up the testing, India is procuring test kits from different countries like China, South Korea. On April 16, China dispatched 6.5 lakh coronavirus medical kits to India to help in quickly IN identifying and isolating COVID-19 patients. The shipment, part of a total order of around 20 lakh kits to be delivered over 15 days, includes Rapid Antibody Test kits – a blood-based test that is more accurate and allows for quicker detection of the novel coronavirus.

On April 18, nearly 3 lakh rapid antibody test kits were airlifted to transport them to Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is The Post-Pandemic Stage? 

World

2,02,84,269Cases
69,57,851Active
1,25,85,308Recovered
7,41,110Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 188 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 2,02,84,269 and 7,41,110 have died; 69,57,851 are active cases and 1,25,85,308 have recovered as on August 12, 2020 at 4:13 am.

India

23,29,638 60963Cases
6,43,948 4019Active
16,39,599 56110Recovered
46,091 834Deaths
In India, there are 23,29,638 confirmed cases including 46,091 deaths. The number of active cases is 6,43,948 and 16,39,599 have recovered as on August 12, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Akola757
Aurangabad1974
Dhule228
Jalgaon1039
Mumbai45478
Mumbai Suburban5363
Nagpur692
Nashik1575
Palghar1421
Pune9920
Satara629
Solapur1291
Thane13660
Yavatmal150
Ahmednagar190
Amravati291
Beed54
Bhandara41
Buldhana88
Chandrapur32
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Kolhapur646
Latur139
Nanded176
Nandurbar42
Parbhani78
Raigad1462
Ratnagiri350
Sangli145
Gadchiroli42
gondia69
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Wardha11
Washim13

535601 11088

148860 818

368435 10014

18306 256

DistrictCases
Chittoor319
Guntur511
Krishna557
Kurnool795
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Prakasam104
Srikakulam183
Visakhapatnam103
West Godavari199
Y.S.R.205
Vizianagaram23

244549 9024

87597

154749 9113

2203 87

DistrictCases
Bengaluru Rural40
Bengaluru Urban529
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Ballari60
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Chikkaballapura149
Dakshina Kannada179
Dharwad61
Gadag45
Kalaburagi669
Mandya346
Tumakuru36
Uttara Kannada95
Vijayapura201
Chamarajanagara0
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Davangere204
Hassan205
Haveri24
Kodagu4
Kolar29
Koppal5
Raichur369
Ramanagara3
Shivamogga67
Udupi1176
Yadgir538

188611 6257

79614

105599 6473

3398 86

DistrictCases
North Goa57
South Goa69

9444 415

2878 137

6480 272

86 6

DistrictCases
Chengalpattu1314
Chennai23324
Kanchipuram503
Madurai322
Namakkal83
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Thiruvallur774
Thiruvarur67
Tiruppur116
Vellore71
Virudhunagar185
Ariyalur444
Coimbatore188
Cuddalore477
Dharmapuri15
Dindigul175
Erode75
Kallakurichi324
Kanniyakumari110
Karur88
Nagapattinam99
Perambalur133
Pudukkottai53
Ramanathapuram119
Salem258
Sivaganga46
Tenkasi103
The Nilgiris17
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Tirunelveli433
Tirupathur45
Tiruvannamalai496
Tuticorin333
Villupuram509
Krishnagiri43

308649 5834

52810

250680 6005

5159 118

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kottayam73
Alappuzha76
Idukki40
Kasaragod333
Kollam118
Kozhikode90
Malappuram119
Palakkad224
Pathanamthitta98
Thiruvananthapuram104
Thrissur106
Ernakulam60
Wayanad36

36932 1417

12770

24042 1426

120 5

DistrictCases
Raipur46
Korba100
Balod41
Baloda Bazar85
Balrampur17
Bastar2
Bemetara21
Bijapur2
Bilaspur100
Dantewada0
Dhamtari6
Durg31
Gariyaband10
Janjgir-Champa56
Jashpur77
Kabirdham52
Kanker19
Kondagaon0
Korea39
Mahasamund54
Mungeli87
Narayanpur0
Raigarh47
Rajnandgaon52
Sukma0
Surajpur9
Surguja14

12929 481

3586 250

9239 226

104 5

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2475
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Vikarabad40
Warangal Urban32
Adilabad22
Jagitial77
Jangoan8
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Kamareddy11
Karimnagar17
Khammam26
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Mahabubnagar30
Mancherial43
Medak11
Nalgonda33
Narayanpet3
Nirmal21
Nizamabad76
RajannaSircilla16
Sangareddy26
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Mahabubabad10
Mulugu3
Nagarkurnool8
Peddapalli5
Siddipet7
Wanaparthy1
Warangal Rural4
YadadriBhuvanagiri40

84544 1897

22596

61294 1920

654 9

DistrictCases
Baleshwar190
Bhadrak137
Jajapur322
Dhenkanal36
Kalahandi33
Kendrapara164
Khordha238
Koraput16
Sundargarh102
Anugul26
Balangir129
Bargarh16
Boudh34
Cuttack155
Deogarh33
Gajapati61
Ganjam581
Jagatsinghapur91
Jharsuguda8
Kandhamal28
Kendujhar34
Malkangiri20
Mayurbhanj73
Nabarangpur2
Nayagarh86
Nuapada69
Puri103
Rayagada2
Sambalpur16
Sonepur29

48796 1341

13694

34806 1785

296 10

DistrictCases
Barwani60
Bhopal1880
Dewas140
Dhar132
East Nimar266
Gwalior211
Indore3839
Jabalpur276
Ujjain799
Agar Malwa15
Alirajpur3
Betul35
Burhanpur351
Chhindwara16
Dindori29
Harda4
Hoshangabad37
Khargone196
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Raisen71
Ratlam51
Sagar228
Shajapur39
Shandol14
Sheopur26
Tikamgarh18
Vidisha37
Anuppur22
Ashoknagar13
Balaghat9
Bhind87
Chhatarpur35
Damoh26
Datia12
Guna8
Jhabua14
Katni3
Mandla15
Narsinghpur17
Neemuch319
Niwari0
Panna20
Rajgarh31
Rewa39
Satna24
Sehore12
Seoni2
Shivpuri15
Sidhi17
Singrauli13
Umaria10

40734 843

9105

30596 922

1033 18

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17125
Anand107
Arvalli134
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Gandhinagar410
PanchMahals107
Surat2311
Vadodara1555
Bharuch56
Botad55
Chhotaudepur37
Dang5
Dohad43
GirSomnath45
Jamnagar63
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Mahesana159
Mahisagar125
Narmada25
Naysari35
Patan105
Rajkot135
SabarKantha101
Surendranagar55
Tapi6
Valsad47
Amreli16
DevbhumiDwarka22
Junagadh31
Morbi4
Porbandar11

73163 1132

14024

56444 1140

2695 23

DistrictCases
Ajmer379
Banswara91
Bharatpur563
Jaipur2177
Jhalawar329
Jodhpur1748
Kota503
Nagaur500
Alwar90
Barmer34
Bhilwara250
Bikaner112
Chittorgarh188
Churu81
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Dungarpur374
Hanumangarh31
Jaisalmer53
Jhunjhunu64
Karauli17
Pali352
Rajsamand140
SawaiMadhopur26
Sikar231
Tonk171
Udaipur724
Baran59
Bundi5
Ganganagar8
Jalore164
Pratapgarh14
Sirohi130

54887 1217

13677

40399 1339

811 11

DistrictCases
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Ambala93
Bhiwani60
CharkiDadri43
Fatehabad38
Gurugram2950
Hisar98
Jhajjar114
Jind38
Kaithal48
Karnal104
Kurukshetra55
Nuh68
Palwal120
Panchkula39
Panipat78
Rohtak145
Sirsa50
Yamunanagar19
Mahendragarh47
Rewari56

43227 798

6645 197

36082 590

500 11

DistrictCases
Agra933
Aligarh215
Amroha80
Bareilly17
Bijnor157
Bulandshahr166
Firozabad190
Gautam Buddha Nagar1119
Kanpur Nagar286
Lucknow386
Mathura129
Meerut504
Moradabad252
Muzaffarnagar117
Rae Bareli78
Rampur203
Saharanpur298
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Varanasi243
Auraiya37
Ayodhya120
Azamgarh138
Baghpat68
Bahraich73
Balrampur49
Banda27
Basti214
Bhadohi60
Budaun23
Etah52
Etawah46
Ghaziabad794
Ghazipur159
Gonda59
Gorakhpur166
Hapur225
Hardoi49
Jalaun41
Jaunpur194
Jhansi41
Kannauj69
Kasganj16
Kaushambi6
Mainpuri46
Mau48
Mirzapur22
Pilibhit15
Pratapgarh15
Prayagraj30
Sambhal116
Shamli40
Shravasti23
Sitapur32
Sultanpur97
Unnao42
Ambedkar Nagar92
Amethi206
Ballia60
Barabanki168
Chandauli38
Chitrakoot4
Deoria143
Farrukhabad36
Fatehpur3
Hamirpur3
Hathras43
Kanpur Dehat4
Kheri72
Kushi Nagar67
Lalitpur3
Maharajganj85
Mahoba3
Shahjahanpur25
Siddharth Nagar159
Sonbhadra10

131763 5041

48998 1120

80589 3865

2176 56

DistrictCases
Central4817
East2472
New Delhi3405
North3059
North East1914
North West5463
Shahdara1580
South2329
South East2446
South West2391
West4768

147391 1257

10868 522

132384 727

4139 8

DistrictCases
Dhubri30
Goalpara19
Marigaon50
Baksa14
Barpeta28
Biswanath16
Bongaigaon12
Cachar80
Charaideo29
Chirang6
Darrang20
Dhemaji47
Dibrugarh61
Dima Hasao86
Golaghat203
Hailakandi57
Hojai89
Jorhat24
Kamrup42
Kamrup Metro276
KarbiAnglong13
Karimganj85
Kokrajhar37
Lakhimpur57
Majuli2
Nagaon143
Nalbari23
Sivasagar20
Sonitpur27
South SalmaraMancachar4
Tinsukia84
Udalguri28
West KarbiAnglong5

64406 2669

19178 1178

45073 1487

155 4

DistrictCases
East District3
North District0
South District3
West District0

913 3

378

534 24

1

DistrictCases
Buxar134
Gaya115
Munger188
Patna279
Rohtas256
Arwal52
Aurangabad75
Banka134
Begusarai243
Bhagalpur266
Bhojpur103
Darbhanga143
Gopalganj123
Jehanabad178
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Lakhisarai72
Madhepura82
Madhubani199
Nalanda123
Nawada122
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Saran101
Siwan139
Vaishali87
Araria68
Jamui47
Katihar175
Khagaria253
Kishanganj75
Muzaffarpur96
Pashchim Champaran57
Saharsa88
Samastipur139
Sheikhpura118
Sheohar20
Sitamarhi73
Supaul87

86413 3863

29291 1226

56709 2621

413 16

DistrictCases
24 Paraganas North1031
24 Paraganas South281
Darjeeling97
Howrah1435
Jalpaiguri88
Kalimpong18
Kolkata2777
Maldah235
Medinipur East153
Medinipur West159
Hooghly604
Murshidabad125
Nadia139
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purba Bardhaman130
Alipurduar39
Bankura116
Birbhum206
Coochbehar210
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Dinajpur Uttar216
Jhargram9
Purulia66

101390 2931

25846

73395 3067

2149 49

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

1764 139

994 98

749 40

21 1

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Karaikal2
Mahe4
Yanam0

5900 276

2277 97

3532 177

91 2

DistrictCases
Anjaw0
Changlang31
Dibang Valley0
East Kameng0
East Siang1
Kamle0
KraDaadi0
KurungKumey0
Leparada0
Lohit3
Longding0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0
Lower Subansiri0
Namsai2
PakkeKessang1
Papum Pare8
Shi Yomi0
Siang0
Tawang1
Tirap0
Upper Siang1
Upper Subansiri0
West Kameng0
West Siang1

2327 96

690 54

1634 42

3

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Kiphire3
Kohima7
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Mon8
Peren2
Phek1
Tuensang3
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

3031 20

2032 2

991 18

8

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

1653 40

442

1209 42

2

DistrictCases
Ranchi148
Bokaro16
Deoghar5
Dhanbad32
Garhwa80
Giridih19
Hazaribagh110
Jamtara2
Koderma58
Simdega48
Chatra1
Dumka5
East Singhbum170
Godda2
Gumla28
Khunti10
Latehar14
Lohardaga8
Pakur4
Palamu27
Ramgarh75
Sahebganj0
SaraikelaKharsawan20
West Singhbhum21

19225 502

8658

10375 651

192 4

DistrictCases
Gomati74
North Tripura14
Dhalai196
Khowai24
Sepahijala174
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45

6482 110

1601

4838 182

43

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

1770 53

506 35

1255 18

9

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Bandipora175
Shopian255
Srinagar300
Baramulla271
Budgam110
Ganderbal37
Jammu138
Kathua53
Kulgam295
Kupwara231
Rajouri39
Ramban151
Reasi26
Samba25
Udhampur155
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0
Doda27
Kishtwar10
Poonch35
Pulwama108

25931 564

7462

17979 604

490 12

DistrictCases
Chamba29
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Sirmaur11
Solan32
Una41
Bilaspur21
Kinnaur2
Kullu4
Lahaul And Spiti0
Mandi21
Shimla10

3497 34

1206

2273 68

18 1

DistrictCases
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Patiala132
Amritsar485
Barnala25
Faridkot74
Firozepur50
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Moga65
Pathankot86
S.A.S Nagar137
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Tarn Taran163
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Rupnagar (Ropar)74

25889 1000

8463

16790 1055

636 32

DistrictCases
Haridwar94
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Almora71
Bageshwar31
Chamoli36
Champawat45
PauriGarhwal36
Pithoragarh43
Rudraprayag30
Tehri Garhwal110
Udam Singh Nagar83
Uttar Kashi24

10432 411

3826 240

6470 169

136 2

DistrictCases
Bishnupur7
Chandel5
Churachandpur32
Imphal East10
Imphal West21
Jiribam3
Kakching2
Kamjong5
Kangpokpi26
Noney1
Pherzawl3
Senapati6
Tamenglong2
Tengnoupal9
Thoubal18
Ukhrul4

3941 88

1801 81

2128 6

12 1

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

1670 75

629 63

1015 11

26 1

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
North Garo Hills1
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Garo Hills4
South West Khasi Hills0
West Garo Hills5
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1

1136 22

621 11

509 11

6

DistrictCases
Aizawl10
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Kolasib11
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Mamit8
Saiha0
Saitual1
Serchhip0

648 25

325 25

323

0

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0

0

0

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