COVID-19 Affecting Children More Than In First Wave, Says A Pediatrician

COVID-19 Affecting Children More Than In First Wave, Says A Pediatrician

According to Dr Subash Rao, Consultant Pediatrician at Reliance Hospital and Fortis Hospital, Navi Mumbai, the COVID-19 virus has undergone a double mutation (changes in genetic structure), and the current strain is highly infectious infecting many people, especially children
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COVID-19 Affecting Children More Than In First Wave, Says A PediatricianOne of the reasons behind rising infection among children is increasing exposure due to playing outdoor, travelling and inappropriate behaviour and laxity, said Dr Subash Rao, Consultant Pediatrician
Highlights
  • Children can act as silent carriers or super- spreaders: Dr Subash Rao
  • No need to admit the child to a hospital if he/she tests positive: Dr Rao
  • Children can be monitored at home after consulting the pediatrician: Dr Rao

New Delhi: India reported more than one lakh daily coronavirus cases for the first time on Monday (April 5) with cases surging during the second wave of the pandemic. According to Dr Subash Rao, Consultant Pediatrician at Reliance Hospital and Fortis Hospital, Navi Mumbai, the COVID-19 virus has undergone a double mutation (changes in genetic structure), and the current strain is highly infectious infecting many people, especially children. Answering the most frequent queries of parents about the impact of Coronavirus on children, Dr Rao said that a reverse trend is being seen in the second wave where children develop symptoms before the adults.

Also Read: COVID-19 Second Wave In India May Peak By Mid-April, Say Scientists

The second wave of COVID is known to affect the children much more than in the first wave. Also, a reverse trend is being seen that is – children develop symptoms first, and then adults are getting it from them. The difference is while in the first wave most of the children were asymptomatic, in the second wave they are coming with symptoms like fever, cold, dry cough, loose motions, vomiting, not feeding well, fatigue, loss of appetite, among other common symptoms. Few may also have breathing difficulties and rashes like any other viral fever, he said.

“Also another reason of rising infection among children is increasing exposure due to playing outdoor, travelling and inappropriate behaviour and laxity,” he added.

The pediatrician said that if a child is showing symptoms of COVID-19 infection, an RT PCR test should be done by the second day.

Don’t delay or hesitate out of fear to do the test. Early diagnosis helps in early treatment. In case of an asymptomatic child with both parents COVID-19 positive, there is no need for a test but they should be kept in home quarantine for 14 days, he told the parents.

Also Read: COVID-19 Appropriate Behaviour Will Not Let Any Variant Spread: AIIMS Chief On Current Surge And New Strain

The doctor said if a child had a fever for two days, but recovered later, they should be home quarantined for 14 days unless they were tested for COVID-19 and their report is negative on the fifth day.

Keep in mind children can act as silent carriers or “super- spreaders” and spread it to other children and adults, who can suffer severe diseases, he said.

He added the in case a parent is tested positive, it is the “most dangerous” thing to send the children to live with someone else.

Keep in mind your child would already be harbouring the virus even though they have no symptoms. They can innocently pass on the infection to the elders where you have sent them. Hence it would be wiser to keep them in your home along with you quarantined for 14 days. If possible isolate the index (affected) patient in a separate room and other members who are unaffected can remain in the same house, he said.

Dr Rao said that in case a child tests positive for COVID-19, there is no need to rush them to the hospital and have them admitted.

They can be monitored at home after consulting the pediatrician. Watch for red flag and danger signs of breathlessness, fever beyond five days, poor oral intake, rash among other symptoms, he said.

Also Read: Compromised COVID Appropriate Behaviour Is Single Largest Reason For Cases Upsurge: Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital’s Director

He added that even if one member of the family is COVID-19 positive, the entire family should quarantine for 14 days.

However, if going out of home is inevitable, then COVID RT PCR test can be done on day 5 for asymptomatic members. If the report is negative, they can go out, Dr Rao said.

Dr Rao further added that even if people have been vaccinated or have tested positive and recovered, they still need to wear masks and follow other COVID-19 norms.

No vaccine for any disease gives 100 per cent protection. Of course, they do protect against severe disease as studies have shown. So one must wear a mask even though they have taken the vaccine, for their own and others protection, he said.

He added that because at present there is no approval to use the COVID vaccine on children, hence people should sanitize hands, wear a mask when going out and practice social distancing.

Adults are role models for children. As parents what you practice your kids will copy the same, he concluded.

Also Read: Administer 5-10 Million COVID Vaccine Doses Per Day, Do Genomic Surveillance For Variants: Expert On COVID In India

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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World

19,66,15,634Cases
6,33,31,644Active
12,90,85,240Recovered
41,98,750Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 194 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 19,66,15,634 and 41,98,750 have died; 6,33,31,644 are active cases and 12,90,85,240 have recovered as on July 30, 2021 at 4:07 am.

India

3,15,72,344 44,230Cases
4,05,155 1,315Active
3,07,43,972 42,360Recovered
4,23,217 555Deaths
In India, there are 3,15,72,344 confirmed cases including 4,23,217 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,05,155 and 3,07,43,972 have recovered as on July 30, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

62,90,156 7,242

81,933 3,980

60,75,888 11,032

1,32,335 190

Kerala

33,49,365 22,064

1,55,327 5,287

31,77,453 16,649

16,585 128

Karnataka

29,01,247 2,052

23,277 685

28,41,479 1,332

36,491 35

Tamil Nadu

25,55,664 1,859

21,207 314

25,00,434 2,145

34,023 28

Andhra Pradesh

19,62,049 2,107

21,279 280

19,27,438 1,807

13,332 20

Uttar Pradesh

17,08,373 60

784 16

16,84,834 44

22,755

West Bengal

15,26,539 766

11,300 70

14,97,116 822

18,123 14

Delhi

14,36,144 51

554 19

14,10,541 70

25,049

Chhattisgarh

10,01,781 130

2,086 140

9,86,175 270

13,520

Odisha

9,74,132 1,615

15,276 489

9,53,088 2,039

5,768 65

Rajasthan

9,53,622 17

259 9

9,44,410 26

8,953

Gujarat

8,24,829 27

268 6

8,14,485 33

10,076

Madhya Pradesh

7,91,796 18

130 0

7,81,153 18

10,513

Haryana

7,69,858 30

712 10

7,59,516 17

9,630 3

Bihar

7,24,719 46

481 1

7,14,596 42

9,642 3

Telangana

6,43,716 623

9,188 126

6,30,732 746

3,796 3

Punjab

5,99,005 58

553 6

5,82,162 60

16,290 4

Assam

5,64,030 1,299

14,114 385

5,44,695 1,664

5,221 20

Jharkhand

3,47,105 56

259 22

3,41,720 34

5,126

Uttarakhand

3,41,982 48

669 3

3,33,952 51

7,361

Jammu And Kashmir

3,21,207 181

1,144 5

3,15,686 175

4,377 1

Himachal Pradesh

2,05,728 229

1,098 145

2,01,110 84

3,520

Goa

1,70,900 90

1,077 5

1,66,679 93

3,144 2

Puducherry

1,20,725 98

972 49

1,17,961 49

1,792

Manipur

96,824 1,000

10,895 27

84,408 1,016

1,521 11

Tripura

78,059 271

3,640 221

73,665 488

754 4

Meghalaya

63,745 731

5,750 294

56,933 423

1,062 14

Chandigarh

61,948 5

37 1

61,102 4

809

Arunachal Pradesh

47,477 335

4,252 49

43,000 383

225 1

Mizoram

37,171 764

11,862 252

25,168 511

141 1

Nagaland

27,653 67

1,299 51

25,798 114

556 4

Sikkim

26,132 276

3,297 180

22,498 92

337 4

Ladakh

20,324 4

60 4

20,057 8

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,643 1

36 5

10,603 6

4

Lakshadweep

10,162 7

70 6

10,042 13

50

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,534 3

10 3

7,395

129

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