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Green Cover On Both Sides Of Highways Essential To Curb Vehicular Pollution: National Green Tribunal

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) issued the direction after acknowledging that green cover on both sides of highways is absolutely essential to mitigate adverse impact of vehicular pollution on the highways

Green Cover On Both Sides Of Highways Essential To Curb Vehicular Pollution: National Green Tribunal

New Delhi: The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed that while granting environmental clearance, the Ministry of Environment must ensure that an effective monitoring mechanism exists to ensure compliance with requisite safeguards including the plantations on the roadsides and keeping such roadsides free from encroachments upto specified distance. The NGT issued this direction after acknowledging that “green cover on both sides of highways is absolutely essential to mitigate adverse impact of vehicular pollution on the highways.”

Also Read: Forest Man of India: A Farmer From Assam Has Grown A Forest On Barren Land By Planting Trees For Last 40 Years

A NGT bench headed by its Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel said that the stand of the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) that the roads are constructed by Concessioners and it is only their responsibility to comply with the mandate of law is patently untenable and shows indifference and breach of public trust and statutory duties.

The NGT also pointed out that if the NHAI in the course of its activities hires its agents, the liability of the principal does not end and “the Criminal as well as Civil liability of NHAI and its highest officers under the Environmental Law to be prosecuted and to be required to pay compensation continues.”

It also ruled that such inalienable duty cannot be abandoned on specious plea that a contractor is being hired and, moreover, being public authorities, taking such plea shows lack of responsibility or lack of knowledge of law.

The NHAI as well as the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL) have to be the role model to ensure compliance of environmental norms and same is expected from the State Public Works Department (PWD) and other concerned Authorities, it recommended.

Also Read: This Gujarat Institute Mandates Tree Plantation As Form Of Punishment

There has to be continuous meaningful and responsible monitoring at highest levels. It is not a charity but constitutional mandate, the NGT said.

The NGT has said that the record shows that on every occasion the matter has been taken up, the Tribunal has regretfully found lack of involvement of the concerned authorities on the subject.

We are stating so with a hope that the authorities realise their responsibility in the matter and coercive measures are avoided against erring officers. We expect the highest in the organisations to look into these aspects to ensure change of attitude and counselling, the NGT said adding that it is compelled to make these observations after observing indifference for long.

Accordingly, the NGT directed the NHAI and the NHIDCL and concerned Central and State Ministries to develop appropriate mechanism for compliance of the law, which may be overseen by the Environmental Regulatory Authorities in the Central Government as well as in the States.

Also Read: Heroes Of Swachh lndia: Meet Peepal Baba, The Man Who Has Been Planting Trees For Last 42 Years To Make India Clean And Green

We further direct that while granting Environmental Clearance, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) must ensure that an effective monitoring mechanism exists to ensure compliance of requisite safeguards including the plantations on the road sides and keeping such roadsides free from encroachments upto specified distance, the NGT said.

NHAI and NHIDCL must give undertaking of responsible level officers to take ownership of maintaining environmental norms instead of taking a plea that it was not their basic responsibility and responsibility was of the contractor, it said.

The NGT also held that it was acknowledged by the concerned authorities that green cover on both sides of highways is absolutely essential to mitigate adverse impact of vehicular pollution on the highways.

The dust leads to increase of PM 2.5 and PM 10 and consequential health hazards and the pollution is aggravated by permitting constructions close to the highways, making it impossible to provide green cover, the NGT noted.

Also Read: National Green Tribunal Directs NCR Local Bodies To Ensure Sprinkling Water Before Sweeping Roads

The NGT was hearing an application filed by NGO named Society for Protection of Culture, Heritage, Environment, Traditions and Promotion of National Awareness.

The issue for consideration was the remedial action for protection of environment along the highways. The steps include green cover to minimise the impact of dust pollution on account of traffic, leaving of space on both sides of highways for tree plantation and expansion, preventing direct access to the highways without bye-lanes/exit routes and regulating the opening of access to the buildings directly from the highways.

The applicant approached this Tribunal for directions under Section 15 of the NGT Act, 2010 for mandatory green cover on both sides of highways on the pattern of notification dated 25.07.2012 issued by the Town and Country Planning Department (“T&CPD”), Government of Haryana under Section 5(4) of the Punjab Scheduled Roads and Controlled Areas Restriction of Unregulated Development Act, 1963.

The applicant alleged that continuous movement of vehicles caused dust pollution and increase of PM 2.5 and PM 10 and consequential health hazards. Large number of structures were built on the sides of highways having direct illegal access to NH8, destroying the space for mandatory green cover.

Also Read: Tree Plantation Drive Across Uttar Pradesh: Over 10 Lakh Saplings Planted Across Noida, And Greater Noida

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene


Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,81,49,892 and 46,85,562 have died; 19,07,93,163 are active cases and 3,26,71,167 have recovered as on September 19, 2021 at 3:52 am.


3,34,48,163 30,773Cases
3,26,71,167 38,945Recovered
4,44,838 309Deaths
In India, there are 3,34,48,163 confirmed cases including 4,44,838 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,32,158 and 3,26,71,167 have recovered as on September 19, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths

65,18,502 3,391

51,472 530

63,28,561 3,841

1,38,469 80


44,88,813 19,325

1,81,411 8,084

42,83,963 27,266

23,439 143


29,67,083 889

15,783 205

29,13,713 1,080

37,587 14

Tamil Nadu

26,43,683 1,653

16,893 50

25,91,480 1,581

35,310 22

Andhra Pradesh

20,37,353 1,174

14,653 144

20,08,639 1,309

14,061 9

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,652 9

193 2

16,86,572 7


West Bengal

15,61,014 728

7,967 41

15,34,406 757

18,641 12


14,38,469 41

404 3

14,12,980 44



10,19,621 695

5,929 689


8,128 6


10,05,042 28

332 14

9,91,150 42



9,54,246 8

102 2

9,45,190 10



8,25,715 13

143 11

8,15,490 24


Madhya Pradesh

7,92,386 6

97 12

7,81,772 18



7,70,711 6

323 0

7,60,580 6



7,25,881 10

65 0

7,16,158 10



6,63,281 255

5,148 75

6,54,230 329

3,903 1


6,01,236 30

316 7

5,84,453 23



5,97,709 365

5,063 102

5,86,856 465

5,790 2


3,48,114 3

74 20

3,42,907 23



3,43,376 21

282 0

3,35,704 20

7,390 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,27,773 152

1,479 39

3,21,878 113


Himachal Pradesh

2,16,813 174

1,610 30

2,11,554 142

3,649 2


1,75,414 123

771 40

1,71,351 81

3,292 2


1,25,384 128

924 5

1,22,631 122

1,829 1


1,18,261 140

2,180 92

1,14,251 228

1,830 4


83,840 31

367 37

82,665 67

808 1


79,325 119

1,876 76

76,075 192

1,374 3


79,171 1,104

14,456 161

64,456 938

259 5


65,176 4

35 1

64,323 3


Arunachal Pradesh

54,060 32

461 44

53,328 76



30,893 54

728 28

29,786 82



30,840 60

491 20

29,696 39

653 1



109 0



Dadra And Nagar Haveli


1 4

10,665 4




6 1

10,299 1


Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,598 2

14 0

7,455 2


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