How To Treat Covid-19 Patients At Home, Here Is What Doctors Recommend

How To Treat Covid-19 Patients At Home, Here Is What Doctors Recommend

Given the dire situation with hospital beds in the country, experts say that not everyone needs hospitalisation. Here are the things to know about Covid care at home
How To Treat Covid-19 Patients At Home, Here Is What Doctors RecommendDoctors say not every #COVID19 patient needs hospitalisation. So how to home treat #Coronavirus, what are some of the red-flags to look out for, doctors break it down for you

New Delhi: In last 24-hours, India reported the world’s biggest-ever daily surge with 3.14 lakh new cases and 2,104 deaths since April 20 (Wednesday). This is the fastest rise in cases and deaths any country has seen so far in this pandemic. Every hour, reports are coming in on how India is running out of hospital beds, oxygen and how the medical infrastructure can’t take the any further load of the COVID-19 patients. Doctors and experts have now started to advise patients to take home care. So, how should you be tackling coronavirus at home? What is the best way for home treatment for COVID-19 patients – NDTV speaks with experts.

Also Read: As COVID Cases In India Sets World Record, Centre Recommends “Proning”. Here’s All You Need To Know

Who Can Be Isolated At Home?

According to doctors and experts, asymptomatic patients or people who have very mild illness can be treated easily at home. Doctors say people who have symptoms like fever, cough, sore throat, muscle pain, nausea, diarrhoea and loss of taste and smell fall under this category. People who don’t have a symptom of shortness of breath also falls under this category.

The other category that too can be isolated at home includes patients with moderate illness for example if you have evidence of lower respiratory during imaging, which is your CT scans and your saturation of oxygen is more than 94 per cent.

Answering one of the common questions related to COVID treatment – when does one need to go for a CT scan, Dr Rajeev Jayadevan, Vice Chairman IMA, COVID Task Force said,

CT scan is basically a test in which we look at your lungs in this case – it can see things which chest ex-ray can’t. So if you have a patient whose symptoms are suggesting of a lung disease, your doctor will tell you to get this test done. However, one thing we need to know is that among all the patients fighting COVID-19, the number of people who need to go for this test is very very small. So, only get this test done when asked for.

Also Read: Four Steps To Fight COVID Effectively Explained By AIIMS Chief Dr Randeep Guleria

When To Go To The Hospital?

Doctors say when patients start to experience shortness of breath, if their CT scans show increased patching in their lungs that is the time when they need to look for hospitalisation otherwise one can treat coronavirus at home.

Speaking to NDTV about the severity of the patient and when should they be alarmed, Dr Rajeev Jayadevan said,

We need to know that there are few demographics with COVID – someone who is older will have a greater risk to coronavirus and can develop a severe disease. And if someone is younger they are less likely to develop the severe disease. So that will be the biggest differentiating factor. Also, there are few vital signs one should look out for like pulse, oxygen saturation level, blood pressure and temperature. People taking care of the COVID-19 patient at home should also keep in mind one basic factor – the appearance of the patient, how do they look – if they are in some distress then it should be immediately reported.

Also Read: Wear A Double Mask, Ensure Cross Ventilation: Experts On Ways To Eliminate Airborne Transmission Of COVID-19

Treating COVID At Home – Equipments To Keep Handy

If you are treating coronavirus at home there are two essential equipments that are required – one is pulse oximeter and another one is thermometer. According to doctors, both needs to be used twice a day by the patient and records need to be tracked.

Talking about tips for maintaining a good oxygen level at home and keeping lungs healthy, Dr Praveen Chandra, Medanta Hospital Gurugram said,

First of all understand, even if you have COVID – do not panic. Once you are diagnosed with COVID, do lot of breathing exercises to keep your lungs healthy and take a lot of steam. You can do normal activities as well until unless you have the warning signs like shortness of breath and low oxygen levels.

Dr Praveen Chandra also urged patients not to start panicking for oxygen cylinders from before and stocking it at home until necessary. Explaining at what stage one can need oxygen concentrator, he said,

Those patients who are having severe respiratory symptoms with oxygen levels going below 90 and 80 per cent only need to take an added oxygen supply. Don’t panic and take extra oxygen, thinking that will help. It won’t.

Also Read: COVID-19 Explained: Triple Mutation In India

What You Must Do – Few Essential Steps To Treat COVID-19

Doctors recommend few essentials steps for patients treating their illness at home:

1. Drink a lot of fluids
2. Wash your hands with soap and water frequently
3. Triple layer of mask, which needs to be discard after 8 hours after disinfection
4. Disinfect frequently touched surfaces as well
5. Avoid day-time naps, don’t stay in bed except for sleeping
6. Keep a doctor’s number handy just incase of any emergency
7. Steam inhalations and warm gargles are also recommended

Requesting people not to start taking a lot of vitamins when treating a COVID positive patient at home or giving it to the patient who is fighting the battle, Dr Praveen Chandra added,

What is happening is that people who are treating COVID-19 at home are consuming too much of vitamins – that is not required at all. Vitamin C people can take because that is proven to be beneficial against fighting any kind of viral. Vitamin D also people can take as many people have deficiencies related to it. However, I must say that there is no study that has found that if you consume big doses of vitamins you will prevent having COVID infection.

Dr Nimit Shah, HN Reliance Hospital, Mumbai said,

There are definitely  no studies that suggest that taking vitamins can help fight COVID. But one thing we need to understand is that there is no specific harm in taking small doses of vitamins or zinc. Doctors do recommend taking Vitamin C or Zinc to the patients fighting COVID-19 or give it to family members who have a COVID-19 infected patient at home. The vitamins are given relief to the anxiety among patients and that is why it is recommended.

Red Flags To Look Out For

There are some of the red flags which patients need to keep in mind to report to their doctors and perhaps that’s the time when they need to look for hospitalisation:

1. Dip in oxygen level – If your oxygen meter goes below 92 per cent
2. If you have slurred speech
3. If you have weakness in your limbs – something that has gone up suddenly as compared to past few days
4. If you have difficulty in breathing
5. If you have pain and difficulty in your chest
6. And if you see discolouration of your lips/face, sometimes in your nails and fingers

Highlighting some of the signs that one should look out for, Dr Nimit Shah, added,

One of the essential thing for treating Covid at home is to get in touch with a doctor. There should definitely be one doctor who should guide you on the treatment, who can review your symptoms every morning and evening – that’s something which is of utmost importance.

Talking about the warning sign, he said,

If you have some kind of pain and that does not go when you take simple Dolo or Paracetamol then it should be reported. If the patient is not breathless and just has mild symptoms like cough and sore throat – there is not much to worry. But cough along with breathlessness and if oxygen saturation is getting low with some chest pain or discomfort – then these are the signs for hospitalisation.

Self-Isolation When Living With Other People – Things To Know

According to doctors the best practice for self-isolation while living with the family is when you have a separate room with a separate bathroom and the room should have enough ventilation. It is recommended that patient should not share vessels, linen or other personal use items with any member of the family while treating Covid-19 at home.

Only one person in the family should be allotted as a caregiver, who will always have double mask on or an N95 and that person should maintain at least 1 metre distance when catering to them or looking after the patient at all times.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

19,78,31,904Cases
6,39,24,968Active
12,96,89,916Recovered
42,17,020Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 194 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 19,78,31,904 and 42,17,020 have died; 6,39,24,968 are active cases and 12,96,89,916 have recovered as on August 1, 2021 at 3:55 am.

India

3,16,55,824 41,831Cases
4,10,952 2,032Active
3,08,20,521 39,258Recovered
4,24,351 541Deaths
In India, there are 3,16,55,824 confirmed cases including 4,24,351 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,10,952 and 3,08,20,521 have recovered as on August 1, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

63,03,715 6,959

80,138 733

60,90,786 7,467

1,32,791 225

Kerala

33,90,761 20,624

1,65,011 3,679

32,08,969 16,865

16,781 80

Karnataka

29,05,124 1,987

23,820 318

28,44,742 1,632

36,562 37

Tamil Nadu

25,59,597 1,986

20,716 218

25,04,805 2,178

34,076 26

Andhra Pradesh

19,66,175 2,058

21,180 18

19,31,618 2,053

13,377 23

Uttar Pradesh

17,08,441 31

712 17

16,84,973 48

22,756

West Bengal

15,28,019 769

11,113 58

14,98,770 819

18,136 8

Delhi

14,36,265 58

581 1

14,10,631 56

25,053 1

Chhattisgarh

10,02,008 102

1,863 102

9,86,621 203

13,524 1

Odisha

9,77,268 1,578

14,538 389

9,56,828 1,899

5,902 68

Rajasthan

9,53,667 17

248 6

9,44,465 22

8,954 1

Gujarat

8,24,877 27

252 8

8,14,549 35

10,076

Madhya Pradesh

7,91,828 22

122 1

7,81,193 21

10,513

Haryana

7,69,913 29

712 0

7,59,566 27

9,635 2

Bihar

7,24,835 44

457 1

7,14,735 45

9,643

Telangana

6,44,951 621

9,069 72

6,32,080 691

3,802 2

Punjab

5,99,104 51

534 10

5,82,277 60

16,293 1

Assam

5,66,198 989

13,322 510

5,47,616 1,480

5,260 19

Jharkhand

3,47,173 36

252 8

3,41,793 44

5,128

Uttarakhand

3,42,139 116

632 13

3,34,145 129

7,362

Jammu And Kashmir

3,21,462 118

1,176 5

3,15,908 113

4,378

Himachal Pradesh

2,06,027 153

1,217 80

2,01,289 72

3,521 1

Goa

1,71,146 94

1,058 35

1,66,941 128

3,147 1

Puducherry

1,20,915 100

962 17

1,18,158 115

1,795 2

Manipur

98,499 801

10,540 195

86,403 981

1,556 15

Tripura

78,583 222

3,482 2

74,346 224

755

Meghalaya

65,000 686

5,966 175

57,949 499

1,085 12

Chandigarh

61,953 1

31 5

61,111 5

811 1

Arunachal Pradesh

48,122 266

3,954 188

43,939 451

229 3

Mizoram

38,925 861

12,388 213

26,387 643

150 5

Nagaland

27,872 159

1,329 55

25,977 99

566 5

Sikkim

26,548 237

3,400 98

22,804 137

344 2

Ladakh

20,338 10

56 6

20,075 4

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,650 6

29 1

10,617 7

4

Lakshadweep

10,189 11

84 7

10,055 4

50

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,537 2

8 0

7,400 2

129

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