New Delhi: The World Health Organization (WHO) released its Global TB (Tuberculosis) Report 2023 on Tuesday (November 8), and as per the report, India has made tremendous progress in improving case detection and reversed the impact of COVID-19 on the TB programme, said a press release by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The official release further mentioned that the treatment coverage has improved to 80 per cent of the estimated TB cases, an increase of 19 per cent over the previous year.
India’s efforts have resulted in the reduction of TB incidence by 16 per cent in 2022 (from 2015), almost double the pace at which global TB incidence is declining (which is 8.7 per cent) while the mortality of TB has also reduced by 18 per cent during the same period in India and globally, said the official statement.
The World Health Organization has made a downward revision of the TB mortality rates from 4.94 lakhs in 2021 to 3.31 lakhs in 2022, a reduction of over 34 per cent, added the official release.
The press note further mentioned that in the Global TB Report 2022, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and India’s Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, had agreed to publish the data for India as an “Interim” with an understanding that the WHO would work with the technical team of the ministry, to finalize the figures.
Following this, there were more than 50 meetings between the technical teams of WHO and the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, wherein the country team presented all the newer evidence generated, the in-country mathematical modelling developed including the data from Ni-kshay portal which captures the lifecycle of every TB patient during the course of their treatment.
The WHO team intensively reviewed all data presented and not only accepted but also appreciated the efforts made by the country, said the release.
This year, the Global TB Report has acknowledged and published the revised estimates for India with a downward revision of the burden estimates, especially TB-related mortality figures, added the release.
According to the press release, the report notes that India’s intensified case detection strategies have resulted in the highest-ever notification of cases – in 2022, during which, over 24.22 lakh TB cases were notified, surpassing the pre-COVID levels.
The key initiatives launched and scaled up by the government like specialised active case finding drives, scaling up of molecular diagnostics to block levels, decentralization of screening services through Ayushman Bharat Health & Wellness Centres and private sector engagement have resulted in significantly bridging the gap in missing cases, said the official statement.
The Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan has received a tremendous response across the country with over 1 lakh Ni-kshay Mitras from all walks of life coming forward to adopt over 11 lakh TB patients, added the official statement.
Under the Ni-kshay Poshan Yojana, about Rs 2613 crore have been disbursed to over 95 lakh TB patients since its launch in 2018, and newer patient-centric initiatives like Family Care Giver Model and Differentiated Care have been introduced to ensure further reduction in mortality and improvement in treatment success rates.
The Global TB Report report also notes that India has taken bold steps to prioritize TB elimination efforts by investing additional resources in the National TB Elimination Programme being implemented under the aegis of the National Health Mission.
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)
NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via the Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – theLGBTQ population,indigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the currentCOVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (Water,SanitationandHygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fightmalnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health,adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity, which is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues likeair pollution,waste management,plastic ban,manual scavengingand sanitation workers andmenstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India wheretoiletsare used andopen defecation free (ODF)status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched byPrime Minister Narendra Modiin 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.