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Make The Choices That Help Make A Difference, John Kerry, Special US Envoy On Climate Change Crisis

In an exclusive interview with NDTV, US climate envoy John Kerry talks about climate change emergency

Make The Choices That Help Make A Difference, John Kerry, Special US Envoy On Climate Change Crisis
Highlights
  • India, USA, China & EU are the largest greenhouse gases emitters: Mr Kerry
  • Best scientists are telling us that we have a short window to act: Mr Kerry
  • 10 million people die every year due to pollution: Mr Kerry

New Delhi: According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), human activity is changing the climate in unprecedented and sometimes irreversible ways. Taking in view the increasingly extreme heatwaves, droughts and flooding, and a key temperature limit of 1.5-degree Celsius rise being broken in just over a decade, the panel has issued a ‘Code Red’ warning for the humanity. In order to talk about how the world can address this climate crisis, Vishnu Som of NDTV spoke with John Kerry, Special US Envoy on Climate.

Also Read: Global Warming: ‘India Must Get Its Act Together Now’, Warn Environmentalists Predicting Extreme Climates

While talking to NDTV, Mr Kerry said that the United States of America, China, the European Union and India are the four largest emitters of greenhouse gases. He added that it is critical that the United States, India and others join together to lead the world to deal with the problem of the climate crisis. He said,

The reason behind the flood, the extreme weather is the warming of the oceans that is taking place. More moisture rising up into the atmosphere, travelling around the world and dumping record levels of rainfall. We have had them in the US too. So, between the fires, the drought, the floods, the mudslides, the warming, the glaciers melting and so forth, it is beyond time for people to get serious.

Producing More And More Of Renewable Energy Is The One Solution To The Global Warming: Mr Kerry

Mr Kerry acknowledged that India has taken an ambitious challenge of building a capacity of 450 Giga Watts of renewable energy over the next 10 years and will be able to achieve with use of better technology. He added,

We have announced partnership with India, in order to help make that happen and join together on research, development, on resilience, adaptation and do our part to try address this crisis.

On the argument that India is now being asked to become a net zero carbon emitter, despite countries like the United States having some of the most polluting economies — which triggered their economic growth in the first place — Mr Kerry said he understood India’s point of view.

Watch: Environmentalist Vimlendu Jha Decodes UN’s Climate Change Report And Takeaways For India

The problem is that mother nature does not measure whether it’s Indian gases or Chinese gases. It is the total amount that we have to deal with, Mr Kerry said.

But he also acknowledged that no single country could reduce emissions enough to solve the problem.

And so yes, there’s a reason to be concerned about the fact that India is still developing, but the choice is not between developing and not developing. We can address the climate crisis and develop at the same time, and we can do it in a responsible way with many of the new technologies, he added.

What Will Happen If We Breach The 1.5 Degree Celsius mark?

Mr Kerry reminded that the world’s best scientists are warning that we only have a short window of time within which to make decision and implement them to avoid the worst consequences. He said,

The damages that we are seeing right now are happening at 1.2 degrees’ rise. So, we have a 0.3 degree before we get to the 1.5. Every add-on of the decimal point of the degrees you get warmer means greater intensity of the problem, greater heat that the people are living in. Already people are struggling with the heat that we have. We lose 10 million people a year around the globe to pollution. Pollution comes from coal burning and from fossil fuels. So, we need to address these things.

He said that there are 20 nations in the world that are responsible for 80 per cent of all emissions and therefore, it is these 20 nations that carry added responsibility to help address the climate crisis.

While signing off, Mr Kerry stressed that people around the world need to make better choices that can help make a difference. He said that people should think about the kind of vehicle they want to drive and should rethink choices like what kind of good they buy and from where, food they choose to eat.

There are all kinds of personal choices that everybody can make every single day about lifestyle. Make the choices that help make a difference.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

22,95,44,435Cases
19,20,52,504Active
3,27,83,741Recovered
47,08,190Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,95,44,435 and 47,08,190 have died; 19,20,52,504 are active cases and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 3:49 am.

India

3,35,31,498 26,964Cases
3,01,9897,586Active
3,27,83,741 34,167Recovered
4,45,768 383Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,31,498 confirmed cases including 4,45,768 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,01,989 and 3,27,83,741 have recovered as on September 22, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,27,629 3,131

44,269 960

63,44,744 4,021

1,38,616 70

Kerala

45,39,926 15,768

1,61,765 5,813

43,54,264 21,367

23,897 214

Karnataka

29,69,361 818

13,769 617

29,17,944 1,414

37,648 21

Tamil Nadu

26,48,688 1,647

16,993 9

25,96,316 1,619

35,379 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,40,708 1,179

13,905 483

20,12,714 1,651

14,089 11

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,693 13

194 0

16,86,612 13

22,887

West Bengal

15,62,710 537

7,741 69

15,36,291 592

18,678 14

Delhi

14,38,556 39

400 21

14,13,071 18

25,085

Odisha

10,21,216 462

4,844 103

10,08,226 560

8,146 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,120 26

297 0

9,91,260 26

13,563

Rajasthan

9,54,275 12

99 8

9,45,222 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,751 14

133 0

8,15,536 14

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,410 8

90 6

7,81,803 14

10,517

Haryana

7,70,754 8

328 12

7,60,618 20

9,808

Bihar

7,25,907 6

60 9

7,16,188 15

9,659

Telangana

6,63,906 244

4,938 53

6,55,061 296

3,907 1

Punjab

6,01,359 36

304 3

5,84,554 37

16,501 2

Assam

5,98,864 441

5,081 97

5,87,970 338

5,813 6

Jharkhand

3,48,139 14

65 10

3,42,941 4

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,405 12

249 18

3,35,765 29

7,391 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,214 145

1,450 11

3,22,345 154

4,419 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,403 263

1,715 99

2,12,033 162

3,655 2

Goa

1,75,690 107

886 76

1,71,507 29

3,297 2

Puducherry

1,25,618 101

922 55

1,22,864 46

1,832

Manipur

1,18,870 197

2,174 9

1,14,861 203

1,835 3

Tripura

83,956 51

353 7

82,794 44

809

Mizoram

82,815 1,355

15,363 223

67,184 1,127

268 5

Meghalaya

79,817 150

1,878 18

76,558 167

1,381 1

Chandigarh

65,195 7

44 3

64,333 4

818

Arunachal Pradesh

54,190 64

413 3

53,504 60

273 1

Sikkim

31,014 43

627 27

30,007 70

380

Nagaland

30,959 52

470 3

29,832 46

657 3

Ladakh

20,743 6

144 6

20,392

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,360 1

9 1

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,607 7

17 4

7,461 3

129

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