National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification

In 2016, the Akshaya Patra Foundation introduced fortified rice in meals provided under mid-day meal scheme in Gujarat and Karnataka and recorded significant improvement in malnourishment levels among children
Gujarat, Karnataka, National Nutrition Month
- in Gujarat, Karnataka, National Nutrition Month
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National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through FortificationThe key objective of the mid-day meal is to improve the nutritional status of children and enrolment, attendance and retention rates in schools and other education centres
Highlights
  • Akshaya Patra is India’s largest mid-day meal serving organisation
  • Fortified rice was introduced in mid-day meals in Karnataka and Gujarat
  • Fortification is adopted to reduce malnutrition in school-going children

New Delhi: Pawan Kumar is a student of Government Higher Primary School, Obhichudanahalli, Kanakpura main road in Karnataka’s Bengaluru. For Pawan, mid-day meal – hot and freshly cooked meals served to emaciated children – is one of the biggest sources of daily nutrition. The key objective of the mid-day meal is to improve the nutritional status of children, their enrolment, attendance and retention rates in schools and other education centres. According to Pawan’s mother Indira, mid-day meal scheme has been successful at least in the case of her child’s growth and development.

Also Read: Poshan Month 2020: Akshaya Patra, India’s Largest Mid-Day Meal Serving Organisation, Tells NDTV About How They Are Providing Nutrition To Children Amid COVID-19

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification
Pawan Kumar

Earlier my son used to be lean and his concentrations levels were abysmally low. He would not show much interest in regular activities like playing or studying. However, now, he has gained weight, become very active and even has improved levels of interest. Pawan tells me that he gets to eat Sambar with a variety of vegetables; desserts like Payasam and sweet rice has loads of dry fruits, dates and ghee. The school in-charge also told us that now children are given fortified rice which has additional micronutrients than regular rice. At school, children are weighed every three months and the last time Pawan’s body weight was checked, an increment of 2.5 kgs was recorded, said an elated Ms Indira while speaking to NDTV.

Ms Indira also said that a similar kind of improvement has been seen among Pawan’s friends. Mid-day meal has indeed proven to be helpful but according to the Akshaya Patra Foundation, India’s largest mid-day meal serving organisation, lately, fortification of staples has provided additional benefits.

Also Read: All About Food Fortification And How It Can Make India A Healthy Country

Fortification of staples simply means adding micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) to foods irrespective of whether or not the nutrients were originally present in the food.

How Fortification Is Improving The Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals

In 2016, the Department of School Education, Government of Karnataka, and Gujarat decided to improve the nutritional and learning outcomes by using fortified staples to prepare meals served to children under Mid-day Meal in selected schools. The Akshaya Patra Foundation which is already the implementing partner of the Government of India’s flagship school feeding programme, the Mid-Day Meal Scheme, chipped in.

Elaborating on the aim of the project, the Akshaya Patra Foundation said,

The objective is to introduce cost-effective, micronutrient-rich staples to public safety net programmes like the mid-day meal scheme. Through fortification, we seek to reduce the burden of malnutrition in school-going children. For the project, the target group is children (6 to 14 years) receiving MDM.

Under the project, meals prepared with fortified rice, wheat flour, oil and double fortified salt were served to children to improve their nutritional and learning outcomes. Overall this resulted in improved attendance and retention in schools.

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification
Mid-day meals being prepared at the Akshaya Patra Foundation’s kitchen

Rice is fortified with essential nutrients including Iron, Folic acid, Vitamin B12, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Niacin and Vitamin B6 by simple, cost-effective technology.

The double fortification of salt means adding both iron and iodine to edible salt.

Also Read: POSHAN Maah 2020: Three Different Ways Of Food Fortification Explained

The Impact Of Food Fortification In Karnataka

In 2016, Sambodhi Research and Communication conducted a baseline study covering 1,988 students (6 to 10 years of age) from 50 selected schools spread across five districts in the state. The study revealed that 22.6 per cent of children were afflicted with wasting (low weight for height), 16.9 per cent with stunting (low height for age) and 28.6 per cent were found to be underweight. Noticeably a low proportion of students (68 out of 100 students) were taking iron-rich food in their daily meals at both home and school.

The study was followed with intervention – fortified mid-day meals – the impact of which is evident with the decline in the levels of different forms of malnourishment. After two years, an end line study was conducted which noted about 9 per cent reduction in underweight cases, 3.8 per cent decrease in stunting and 3.5 per cent drop in child wasting.

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification
In Karnataka, introduction of food fortification in mid-day meals led to reduction in different forms of malnutrition among children

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: What Has Been The Impact Of COVID-19 Pandemic On India’s Malnutrition Targets

There was an overall decrease in the incidence of fever from 12 per cent to 8.9 per cent and a sharp decline in diarrhoea cases from 4.33 per cent to 0.83 per cent.

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification
In Karnataka, introduction of food fortification led to reduction in instances of fever and diarrhoea

The baseline study had also noted poor cognitive performance of almost all students, both in Mathematics and English. But, in the end line study, 43.5 per cent students showed improvement in Mathematics and English scores.

The Impact Of Food Fortification In Gujarat

To assess the impact of fortified mid-day meals on the growth of children, a case control study was conducted for an intervention period of eight months. While Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar were intervention districts, Vadodara was the control district. Students in intervention districts were provided fortified mid-day meals whereas children in the control district were given regular mid-day meals. A total of 484 children from the intervention group and 489 from control group were enrolled and followed to measure the outcome of interest.

The impact of rice fortification is evident with a reduction in the proportion of severely malnourished children by almost 4 per cent from 19.1 per cent to 15 per cent. In contrast, in the control district, the proportion of severely malnourished children reduced by little over one per cent from 18.5 per cent to 17.2 per cent.

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification
The impact of rice fortification on students of Gujarat

Similarly, the prevalence of underweight children reduced by 5.3 per cent in the intervention districts as opposed to 3.9 per cent in the control district.

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: Why Protecting Health And Nutrition Rights Of Children During COVID-19 Is Important For India, Experts Speak

What Are The Challenges Of Fortification?

The Copenhagen Consensus estimates that every Rs. 1 spent on fortification results in Rs. 9 in benefits to the economy. It requires an initial investment to purchase both the equipment and the vitamin and mineral premix, but the overall costs of fortification are extremely low. Nutrients are added to staple foods since they are widely consumed thus making it an excellent way to improve the health of a large section of the population, all at once. Also, neither does fortification changes the characteristics of the food nor does it requires any changes in eating patterns or food habits of people, explained the Akshaya Patra Foundation.

Though it’s an easy way to make children consume vital micronutrients, lack of availability of fortified food and food manufacturers is a challenge. While implementing fortified rice in mid-day meal scheme in schools of Karnataka and Gujarat, one of the biggest challenges the team faced was the lack of fortified rice kernel (rice like grains) manufacturers.

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification
Fortified rice kernels being prepared at the Akshaya Patra Foundation’s kitchen

Also Read: In COVID-19 Pandemic, More And More Families Are Going Hungry Thereby Impacting India’s Nutritional Status: NGO Save The Children

Elaborating more on the challenges in the process of food fortification, the organisation said,

Initial capital investment for machineries like blenders and microdosers; lack of experience in manufacturing blenders and microdosers; fewer numbers of approved millers; regular funding is also a major concern.

India has been promoting food fortification since 1950s but still, not many people have knowledge about it. According to the Akshaya Patra Foundation that has been implementing the project on the ground, for successful uptake of the program, both teachers and parents must be made aware about the fallout of micronutrient malnourishment through sound communication outreach strategies.

Apart from the dietary fortification, we also require the WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) training for school children as a complementary strategy, stated the organisation.

National Nutrition Month: Akshaya Patra Foundation Is Improving Nutritional Quality Of Mid-day Meals Through Fortification
Children enjoying their nutritious and fortified mid-day meal in a school

The fortification project has been appreciated by NITI Aayog and also got a mention in ‘Health and Nutrition Practice Insight Volume II’ – a compendium that showcases innovative approaches and effective strategies that have led to a desirable change in the health and nutrition outcomes.

Also Read: National Nutrition Month: Can India Piggy Bank On Food Fortification To Achieve The Goal Of POSHAN Abhiyaan?

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

19,59,54,660Cases
6,30,45,359Active
12,87,22,004Recovered
41,87,297Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 194 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 19,59,54,660 and 41,87,297 have died; 6,30,45,359 are active cases and 12,87,22,004 have recovered as on July 29, 2021 at 4:00 am.

India

3,15,28,114 43,509Cases
4,03,840 4,404Active
3,07,01,612 38,465Recovered
4,22,662 640Deaths
In India, there are 3,15,28,114 confirmed cases including 4,22,662 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,03,840 and 3,07,01,612 have recovered as on July 29, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

62,82,914 6,857

85,913 466

60,64,856 6,105

1,32,145 286

Kerala

33,27,301 22,056

1,50,040 4,164

31,60,804 17,761

16,457 131

Karnataka

28,99,195 1,531

22,592 82

28,40,147 1,430

36,456 19

Tamil Nadu

25,53,805 1,756

21,521 667

24,98,289 2,394

33,995 29

Andhra Pradesh

19,59,942 2,010

20,999 34

19,25,631 1,956

13,312 20

Uttar Pradesh

17,08,313 87

768 30

16,84,790 116

22,755 1

West Bengal

15,25,773 815

11,370 10

14,96,294 811

18,109 14

Delhi

14,36,093 67

573 3

14,10,471 61

25,049 3

Chhattisgarh

10,01,651 164

2,226 164

9,85,905 327

13,520 1

Odisha

9,72,517 1,703

15,765 65

9,51,049 1,699

5,703 69

Rajasthan

9,53,605 30

268 10

9,44,384 40

8,953

Gujarat

8,24,802 28

274 11

8,14,452 39

10,076

Madhya Pradesh

7,91,778 11

130 8

7,81,135 18

10,513 1

Haryana

7,69,828 32

702 1

7,59,499 28

9,627 3

Bihar

7,24,673 76

480 4

7,14,554 80

9,639

Telangana

6,43,093 657

9,314 77

6,29,986 578

3,793 2

Punjab

5,98,947 65

559 24

5,82,102 84

16,286 5

Assam

5,62,731 1,276

14,499 536

5,43,031 1,791

5,201 21

Jharkhand

3,47,049 27

237 10

3,41,686 36

5,126 1

Uttarakhand

3,41,934 60

672 13

3,33,901 47

7,361

Jammu And Kashmir

3,21,026 160

1,139 15

3,15,511 144

4,376 1

Himachal Pradesh

2,05,499 116

953 30

2,01,026 84

3,520 2

Goa

1,70,810 81

1,082 48

1,66,586 127

3,142 2

Puducherry

1,20,627 97

923 0

1,17,912 96

1,792 1

Manipur

95,824 1,003

10,922 120

83,392 871

1,510 12

Tripura

77,788 376

3,861 107

73,177 267

750 2

Meghalaya

63,014 541

5,456 124

56,510 409

1,048 8

Chandigarh

61,943 5

36 1

61,098 6

809

Arunachal Pradesh

47,142 342

4,301 14

42,617 325

224 3

Mizoram

36,407 1,110

11,610 686

24,657 424

140

Nagaland

27,586 114

1,350 34

25,684 78

552 2

Sikkim

25,856 240

3,117 42

22,406 198

333

Ladakh

20,320 6

64 6

20,049 12

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,642 3

41 3

10,597 6

4

Lakshadweep

10,155 6

76 6

10,029 11

50 1

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,531 1

7 5

7,395 6

129

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2 Comments

  1. the poor kids look like skelitons and could do with lamb kebabs/burgers and fries with coke//curry goat//

  2. fortifaction premix contains vitamin and minerals extracted from cows and other animals processed in labs and just called vitamins and mineral premix///

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