New Delhi: Emphasizing that the Central Government has taken various steps to tackle the issue of stubble burning, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav on Thursday (October 13) presided over a workshop to kick start an initiative to tackle stubble burning. The Central Government has taken various steps to tackle the issue of stubble burning and a large quantity of paddy straw is now being managed through in-situ and ex-situ management options.
The Minister released Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) Guidelines for the grant of one-time financial support for promoting the establishment of paddy straw-based pelletisation and torrefaction plants.
According to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, these plants, once set up, would utilise a sizeable portion of the unmanaged paddy straw and help address the issue of crop residue burning and the resultant air pollution.
Speaking at the workshop Mr. Yadav said,
The Government has taken various steps to tackle the issue of stubble burning and a large quantity of paddy straw is now being managed through in-situ and ex-situ management options.
The Minister said that statutory directions have been issued to thermal power plants to co-fire biomass-based Pellets, Torrefied Pellets/Briquettes (with a focus on paddy straw) with Coal (up to 5-10 per cent) and to industries operating in NCR other than GNCT of Delhi to switch over to PNG or biomass fuels during 2022.
These have led to a large demand for biomass-based pellets, though supply is on lower side due to slow/ limited growth of aggregators/ suppliers. Thus, CPCB guidelines would bridge a crucial gap in the biomass supply chain, he said.
The guidelines give preference to units proposing to install equipment that is made in India. Preference is also given to those units which have agreements with farmers located in the NCT of Delhi, States of Punjab and Haryana and the NCR districts of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, to ensure an assured supply of paddy straw.
The Union Minister expressed that paddy straw burning in Northern regions of India has emerged as one of the major causes of air pollution during winters, especially in Delhi-NCR.
Under CPCB guidelines, individuals/entrepreneurs/companies, interested in setting up pelletisation and torrefaction plants, using only paddy straw generated in the NCT of Delhi, States of Punjab & Haryana, and NCR districts of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh can submit an application for obtaining a one-time grant on capital investment, he said.
The Minister urged the farmers to avoid stubble burning and promote its utilization being a valuable resource. He also urged agricultural entrepreneurs or agripreneurs to apply for availing grants under the guidelines.
Mr Yadav said that it has the potential to create employment among the rural youth.
Emphasis was laid on the need for collaborative efforts of State Pollution Control Boards/Committees, and other concerned agencies for the effective implementation of guidelines, he said.
The Minister expressed confidence that the positive momentum created from the State Environment Ministers’ Meet will help in executing a collective and cohesive approach in managing air pollution.
Under the guidelines, a maximum grant of Rs 14 lakh per Ton/hr for a non-torrefied pellet plant and Rs 28 lakh per Ton/hr for a torrefied pellet plant is being provided under the guidelines, with an overall cap of Rs 70 lakhs for the former and Rs 1.4 crore for the latter. A corpus of Rs 50 crores has been earmarked for utilisation through the guidelines. Assuming complete utilization of the corpus, over 1 million metric tonnes of paddy straw-based pellets are expected to be generated every year. With supplemental efforts by other stakeholders, the guidelines are expected to enhance paddy straw utilization in power plants and industries, catalyse rural economy and further the spirit of entrepreneurship, Mr. Yadav said.
The Ministry has also granted 190 Environment Clearances (EC) so far for Grain based Ethanol production projects aggregating 34368 KLPD and all these projects have been granted EC in a record time of around 45-50 days, the Minister said.
The Minister said that the first 2G Ethanol Plant in Panipat, which Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated to the nation two months ago, is expected to utilize ~2 lakh metric tonnes of paddy straw every year.
Senior officials including the Chairman of the Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM), the Director General of Forests, the Chairman, Central Pollution Control Board, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Chairman of SPCBs, Representatives from NITI Aayog, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Ministry of Power, Deputy Commissioners of NCR districts and Punjab, NTPC, industries and agriculture departments in the State Governments of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, UP and GNCT of Delhi, NCR State Pollution Control Boards, DPCC and other major stakeholders such as pellet manufacturers and manufacturing associations were also present in the workshop.
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)
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